Questions tagged [phenomenology]

Phenomenology is a philosophical movement associated with Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Jean-Paul Sartre. It is also a philosophical study of the structures of experience and consciousness.

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What optical features do we use to distinguish “life” from “non-life”? [closed]

Let's first define "living". A living thing is an object that shares some traits with other living things, e.g. it has a metabolism, it has been "born" (in the broadest sense, including cell division ...
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Making It with Death: The complicity of Phenomenology with Effort

In his essay, Making it with Death, Nick Land makes some assertions about Phenomenology: Work is also complicit with phenomenology, which grounds the experience of effort, rather than treating this ...
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Why Dasein has only a pre-ontological Being rather than an ontological Being?

In the book Being and Time, Heidegger wrote that: We have already intimated that Dasein has a pre-ontological Being as its ontically constitutive state. It's intuitive to me only when I thought ...
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How does one know one is not dreaming?

How does one know one is not dreaming? How could one logically demonstrate to a skeptic that one is "really" there, awake and not just dreaming the entire situation/world around him? Specifically ...
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Have any modern philosophers redone Descartes' Meditations?

With insights we get from the cognitive sciences, and advancement in philosophy in general (such as the coherentist theory of Truth) we would definitely do the Meditations differently.
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How do epiphenomenalists make sense of discussions about qualia?

Epiphenomenalists believe that mental events have no causal effect on the physical. They may differ in what they consider "mental events" but it seems all of them would consider qualia / phenomenal ...
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253 views

Why is Sartre averse to “images” in consciousness?

Jean-Paul Sartre, in his book The Imaginary, describes a mental image of a chair as follows: "My perception is, in accordance with the terminology that we have adopted, a certain consciousness ...
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Is there a theory that trying to solve intuition and fear at the same time?

I'm looking for a school of thought or theory that solves these problems, preferably at once: The way to make a profound, advanced knowledge more straightforward and imaginative, without having to ...
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What is a Horizon?

What do phenomenologists mean by "Horizon". I thought I understood it from the context when I first saw it, but every time I see it I get more confused. Now I have no idea. Can someone explain what ...
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Is “the self” a relativistic referential abstraction? What current philosophy form does this fit into?

I wrote this about 8 years ago. Consider the following ideas as though I, me, my and mine were substituted for the word self. · Self-awareness ·Self-concept · Self-consciousness · Self-identity ...
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how do we stop caring about what others think of us?

I realized it's a universal problem (after reading an explanation for Sartre's "hell is other people"), that nobody is free from (except obsessed people), but all i'm left with is myself. I know it's ...
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Have any philosophers put forth phenomenological arguments for immortality besides Husserl?

For reference, here's a link to Paul MacDonald's 2007 paper on Husserl and immortality: http://www.ipjp.org/online-issues/send/30-edition-2-september-2007/119-paulmacdonald7e2 (Note: The IPJP site ...
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Is there any use for non-predictive method?

"Scientific method", as controversial as this phrase is, almost always contains the need for predictions - a theory will be scientific if it's (among other things, but at the very least) able to ...
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Have phenomenology influenced much of our contemporary science?

I'm reading the phenomenology page on IEP, which talks about the relation between phenomenology and science, and I must say, not that I haven't met with phenomenology before, but as it's presented on ...
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Phenomenology of abstraction

I'm looking for philosophical articles / books that try to describe the process of human abstraction, and what it actually consists of, from a first person perspective. Examples of the type of ...
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183 views

What importance, if any, do infinitesimals still have for philosophers?

What importance, if any, do infinitesimals still have to philosophers? It seems like many people are baffled by them. E.g., there's a slew of questions relating to Zeno on this site (not least by ...
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Difference between Husserl and Sartre on ego?

Have seen some sites like IEP. But still not clear about the difference.
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What does Husserl mean by essences?

Husserl insists on two "reductions" in his pure phenomenology. The second reduction is a separation of the existence of ourselves and our attitudes and "their observable essences (Taylor Carman , ...
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The phenomenon of Négatité

I am a novice to JP Sartre's philosophy of existentialism and I came across the notion that in Being and Nothingness,The Origin of Negation where he claims that "nothingness is at the origin of ...
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Are there some facets of perceptual experience which cannot be characterized as conceptual?

Some philosophers (e.g John McDowell) argue that the content of perceptual experience is necessarily characterized by conceptual terms; namely - the content of the experience is entirely built of ...
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Any chapter length study on the phenomenology of my reflection in a mirror?

Is there any chapter length study on the phenomenology of my reflection in a mirror? I'm just looking for a philosophical description of what's happening there, it has nothing to do with my (highly ...
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Textbook(s) on epistemology

I was following a course on Merleau-Ponty​ and realised from the first few readings that I knew too little about theories of truth to truly appreciate what I was reading. Are there any books I could ...
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Eastern European Philosophy

According to this (at least when it comes to citations and ratings), the most influential philosophers are continental/analytical and are active in either US or Britain. Are there any important ...
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How does Berkeley's idealism differ from others that might be called idealist

Having read Berkeley's work, I am aware of his theory, and definitely disagree with large parts of it - I would like to know how his idealism compares with that of other philosophers, particularly ...
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Can we fit the worldhood of the world in the world we have in common?

Is 'world' perhaps a charac­teristic of Dasein's Being ? And in that case, does every Dasein 'proximally' have its world ? Does not 'world' thus become something 'subjective' ? How, then, can ...
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What does the “essence of time” mean for Merleau-Ponty?

“it is of the essence of time to be not only actual time, or time which flows, but also time which is aware of itself … the archetype of the relationship of self to self” What does he mean by '...
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What phenomenological research methods exist?

I am trying to understand the methods that have been used to develop theory in phenomenology. As far as I can make out these boil down to:- Introspection and intuition (and ? mindfullness) ...
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How does Husserl's “bracketing” secure a truly presuppositionless study?

I'm reading from an anthology of essays by and about Husserl (collected by Joseph Kockelmans): More specifically, Husserl makes a strong argument against some of the internal problems of various ...
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Criticisms on Absurdism

Camus' idea to keep the absurd alive by accepting our innate desire for meaning and even pursuing and yet not giving into hope of ever reaching a meaning to life, what he calls the revolt against the ...
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How many different usages of being is there in this short paragraph of Heidegger?

Quite close to the beginning of Being and Time, [SuZ p. 7] in what might be taken as the preamble and introduction; Heidegger writes the following: Regarding, understanding, grasping, choosing and ...
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In what ways is Merleau-Ponty following (late/unpublished) Husserl?

... or, to put it differently: to what extent has Husserl already ancitipated in his unpublished writings what Merleau-Ponty has been developing later? The standard narrative goes that Husserl ...
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Is there a name for this type of situation in the most abstract sense?

This is hard to describe so please bear with me. Is there a name for the condition of a 'meta property' that arises from some sorts of artifacts, becoming a governing, self-sustaining situation, but ...
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What are some good books on phenomenology for a mathematician?

I have a background in Mathematics, and am starting to wander into the complex realm of Philosophy. I'm interested in trying to understand what is the meaning of the scientific investigation in ...
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What is the connection between Hegel's “world of senses” “1st supersensible world” & “2nd supersensible world”?

Question In the Phenomenology of Spirit, in the chapter "Force and Understanding" Hegel claims that the understanding (Verstand) encounters the 2nd law, which in turn creates the 2nd ...
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Sartre's use of the word “Transcendence” and its meaning

I have been looking into some resources explaining Husserl's idea of transcendence and they point out that Sartre's idea of transcendence is based on Husserl's. Here are the different aspects/ideas of ...
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Are Lockean Ideas phenomenological?

When Locke describes gold, a favourite example of his, he writes: the greatest part of the Ideas, that make up our complex Idea of Gold, are Yellowness, Great Weight, Ductility, Fusibility, and ...
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Wittgenstein and Husserl

If Wittgenstein's Tractatus is right that: He must surmount these propositions; then he sees the world rightly. (TLP 6.54). and Whereof one cannot speak, thereof one must be silent. (TLP 7). ...
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Books to begin Husserl's Phenomenology

I wanted to learn about Husserl's Phenomenology and was wondering on what a good place to start would be? I have in front of me The Essential Husserl, Basic Writings in Transcendental Phenomenology ...
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Question about Sartre's The Imaginary

I have been doing a course on edx.org entitled The Conscious Mind - A Philosophical Road Trip. It's a gentle beginner's guide to phenomenology, and I am a gentle beginner to philosophy in general (and ...
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Senses without phenomenology: are they quales?

Can there be sense experience without phenomenological existence, in the Husserlian sense of the things themselves being given to consciousness? Are they like something? Just as the smell of mint has ...
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How does mind discovers its own existence?

By mind I mean the observer, the self, something that perceive. I hope that you understand because I can't find the right word. So, your mind can observe the external existence, and can observe its ...
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What is the difference between formal and “realised” belief?

A distinction I have come across in some of Zizek's informal lectures, as well as in my own ponderings, is that which describes those beliefs which, although we know formally to be true, we do not ...
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Is there a phenomenology of two-dimensional linear perspective?

The advent of Brunelleschi's linear perspective, with a vanishing point at infinity, is said to place the observer at a "natural" position, as if looking through a window. And indeed we interpret the ...
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What are some arguments against the hard problem of consciousness?

Does anyone know of any particularly interesting arguments or rebuttals against the hard problem of consciousness? I'm looking for arguments that are either neurological, cognitive, or philosophical ...
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What sort of problems does reading theistic phenomenology like Jean-Luc Marion offer an atheist?

I asked this question on the phenomenology of art, and it was suggested I read an intro to Jean-Luc Marion. I do quite want to. What sort of problems does reading theistic phenomenology offer an ...
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Can our sense of touch deceive us?

Descartes says that the senses deceive us. I agree for all senses, except for the tactile sense (i.e., when you touch something). It's clear there are optical illusions, but there appear to be no ...
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What is meant by transcendental phenomenology?

... as opposed to "phenomenology." I suspect transcendental phenomenology refers specifically to some of Edmund Husserl's studies. But I would like to understand what was meant by them. I am finding ...
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Is Phenomenology against the mathematization of the social sciences?

As I understand it, (correct me if I'm wrong) Husserl believed that the distinction between the mind and brain is violated when we consider the possibility of measuring the qualities of the former ...
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Can we intend anything that exists and must it exist partly in that intention

Can we intend anything, even nothingness, or my own death, or an empty world? And if so do these things exist in their intention, as something interior to the thought about them? I ask because it ...
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What does the “meaning of Being” mean in Being and Time?

I read Being and Time a few years ago, but it seems to me the question is only partially answered there. He deals with the question of whether Being is "indefinable" very early on [p 4]. He claims ...