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Sheldrake's Fields as Formal Causes

Why do we not consider fields as formal causes, especially in light of Rupert Sheldrake's analysis of morphogenetic fields? How does Sheldrake's hypothesis of formative causation challenge our ...
Paradox Lost's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
47 views

Is consciousness a means of our species or a consequence of accumulated knowledge? [closed]

Consciousness for me is you being conscious of being in a body. It separates from the human body, for me, consciousness is the "being" of the "human being". So, is it a means of ...
Augosto's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
117 views

Does P=NP affect evolution?

One way to model evolution is to say here are a bunch of algorithms which have a particular probability distribution as a subject to thermodynamics in the physical world as processes. Then we allow ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
90 views

The concept of evolution as a synthetic tool in science?

Darwin’s theory, notably after the update by the Modern Synthesis from the 20th century, developed into the main paradigm of today’s biology. It is not only a synthesis of different results which ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
165 views

What is Darwin’s impact on modern thought?

The question refers to a paper by Ernst Mayr, who was an eminent biologist on the field of the modern theory of evolution, Modern Synthesis. Mayr introduced and answered the title question in a short ...
Jo Wehler's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
70 views

Has there been any biological underpinnings of intuition?

So I know relevance (as I think of it) is a subset of our lightcone (for lack of a better word/analogy our experience). I suspect intuition is some kind of subset of relevance and union of our ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
5 votes
8 answers
3k views

Is it justified to communicate one’s feelings regarding someone’s abortion decision? [closed]

Note-1: Due to the question being subjective and opinion based nature, as well as due to it is touching a controversial issue, I have voted to close my own question, with keeping the existing ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
128 views

Where do morals come from? (Specifically someone who doesn't belive in God) [duplicate]

If someone doesn't believe in a God that gives Objective morals, where do they get their morals from? If life is this straightforward then no objective morality or even truth can be claimed. So why do ...
Timmy Fry's user avatar
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5 votes
10 answers
3k views

Is it possible that non-living systems possess consciousness?

This relates to the physical nature of matter, not to metaphysics. I cannot find a robust, universal definition of consciousness, so perhaps the question is meaningless. I am thinking of the behaviour ...
Meanach's user avatar
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1 vote
4 answers
196 views

A circularity in Richard Dawkins's book "The Blind Watchmaker" regarding a definition of life

I wanted to put this question in the biology stack exchange, but some of my questions there have been downvoted. In Richard Dawkins's book "The Blind Watchmaker", in the first chapter, says &...
user107952's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
229 views

Are the body parts of living beings, considered living beings?

Consider a living being, for example, us humans. The body of this living being is composed of various components such as heart, brain, kidney, etc. Now the question is whether these components ...
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1 vote
1 answer
153 views

How could we disprove the notion that society is a conscious entity?

Humans are made up of billions of cells. You and I are human, and we can perceive our existence. Cells and their consciousness can be debatable, but they indeed operate in a way that indicates they ...
Young Jun Lee's user avatar
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0 answers
44 views

Are brains geometrically equivalent to three-dimensional Venn diagrams?

I had a coworker who was kind of obsessed with Christopher Langan's supposed "theory of everything," and one article of evidence he introduced was his thought that the way our eyes are ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
150 views

Are humans still bipedal if a child is born without legs? [closed]

I am aware of a type philosophical argument that relies on a single counterexample to falsify an absolute statement: All swans are white. But here is a black swan. Your claim is false. But I have ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
236 views

Robert Sapolsky ideas critics

I'm searching for critics of Robert Sapolsky "Behave". Could you recomend any materials? Thanks!
Alex Ilyin's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
80 views

If an animal is a member of a species, are its individual cells also members of the same species on their own? [closed]

Basically, my question is: which living structures does the biological taxonomy apply to? For example, do individual wolf cells have the same species status as the whole multicellular wolf? Is it ...
Slavus's user avatar
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3 votes
6 answers
265 views

The definition of life

The prevailing biology of the modern era describes life as a system. A system is defined a set of things working together as parts of a mechanism or an interconnecting network. The NASA definition of ...
Chanhyu Lee's user avatar
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3 answers
337 views

scientific inquiry of theory of evolution [closed]

In the context of scientific inquiry, the term prediction means "The logical consequences of a set of premises". Consider the following premises : Athena is taller than Zeno. Zeno is taller ...
quanity's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
548 views

What's the difference between teleology and teleonomy?

So, Teleology is According to the Cambridge Dictionary: the belief that everything has a special purpose or use According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary: a doctrine (as in vitalism) that ends ...
Swike's user avatar
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9 votes
7 answers
4k views

Scientific stance on 'life from non-life, naturally'?

As far as I'm aware, almost everyone (from Dawkins to Lennox to Hovind) agrees that at some point in the past there was no life in our universe, and currently there is. Therefore life somehow arose ...
MarnixKlooster ReinstateMonica's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
64 views

Could neurodiversity factors affect individuals' ability to understand various specific abstract concepts?

Wittgenstein was a philosopher who arrived at several insightful questions (e.g. the private-language problem) but seemed to range from clueless to superstitious about transfinite set theory. Non-...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
150 views

When it may be said that a fetus is a living creature and thus has rights that may collide with his mother's rights?

I used to believe that every pregnant woman should have a right to undergo an abortion - but when contemplated over it I realized that I also think of situations where the fetus is no older than a few ...
Luna's user avatar
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-1 votes
2 answers
74 views

"All there is are cells" as a philosophical school of thought

Like atomists since Demokrit and Lucretius believe that all matter is made out of atoms, biologists since Schleiden and Schwann believe that all living matter is made out of cells. But since atomism ...
Hans-Peter Stricker's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
308 views

The relationship between energy and information

I read that the Inuit consider the caribou and the wolf to be complimentary parts of an inclusive, larger entity. I am curious whether it is useful to view the relationship between energy and ...
Don Foster's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
140 views

If we had the ability to make humanity less war-like, should we? [closed]

Ok, this question is about both science and philosophy, but my focus is on the latter. Let’s assume that science and technology gave humanity the ability to „re-engineer“ itself on the genetic level. ...
BenTol's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
107 views

is there a theory of social 'vaccination' against destructive ideologies?

One can notice certain similarities between domains of biology, in which live organisms cope with viruses sociology, where societies cope with destructive ideologies Drawing an analogy, we can ...
IlliakaillI's user avatar
0 votes
4 answers
608 views

What's the difference between "life" and "non-life"?

How is "life" objectively defined?
ActualCry's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
445 views

Which evolutionary concepts or theories are used to either support or undermine 'perception of free will' as accurate?

NOTE: 'Free will' in this question describes an ability to have chosen otherwise, given the same circumstances. According to American Scientist, Darwin came to a belief that we had no free will 30 ...
Futilitarian's user avatar
  • 4,428
-2 votes
1 answer
51 views

What are diversity partitioning and clustering analysis, applied to hominids & race? [closed]

Can anyone EMLI5 (or an undergrad) the terms diversity partitioning and clustering analysis please? From Winther paper over my head "The genetic reification of race" re: Lewontin-Edwards ...
kungfuhobbit's user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
276 views

What does 'nature' mean in Darwin's Origin of Species?

Recently, I have been reading the Origin of Species and quite a few times Darwin says that nature selects. But it seems like he is personifying nature. Could we say that nature=reality for him? And ...
Eauriel's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
322 views

Most important modern/contemporary essays on free will

I enjoy philosophising about free will and formulating arguments as to why it cannot exist. I would like to write about my arguments so that they are relevant in today's literature, and so, I want to ...
David's user avatar
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-1 votes
2 answers
125 views

Does many-worlds rule out trial and error?

Suppose that the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics were true. Would that rule out trial and error as something that actually happens in reality? Let's take biology as a case study. ...
Paul Razvan Berg's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
95 views

Is Avatar Sexuality Likely to Persist in the Event of a Digitalised 'Humanity'? [closed]

The biological sexual act is vital to current human experience; it is one of our most powerful motivators and vital to the perpetuation of the species. Humans do not require a present physical partner ...
Futilitarian's user avatar
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0 votes
3 answers
224 views

How can one reconcile the physical view of life and the second law of thermodynamics?

Life appears to not follow the second law which states that (approximately speaking) physical systems tend towards more disorder (higher entropy). This appears to be not true with life which actively ...
J Li's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
75 views

Why do people think binocular vision is advantageous in sports? [closed]

Why do people think binocular vision (visual depth perception) is advantageous in sports? Yes, it can be helpful, but what if binocular vision is an evolutionary dead end? Aren't there plenty of ...
Yukang Jiang's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
104 views

Differences in survivals [closed]

We, humans, claim that we survive diseases and dangers with the help of science/intelligence/brain. Intelligence and brain can be treated as something inside. Many creatures like cockroaches, ...
SonOfThought's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
294 views

Can animals follow logical rules of inference?

I've been trying to recall a thought experiment, which I very vaguely remember to have come across either in Davidson or Dennett, that considers the following scenario: A hound is chasing its quarry ...
alghazali's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
92 views

Definition of a "sense"

Besides the five basic senses (sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch) there is also, for example, the sense of balance. While it may seem that this one is not really about perceiving the external world ...
present's user avatar
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0 votes
3 answers
221 views

Do HeLa cells prove immortality?

Does modern science, especially HeLa cells, prove that immortality (in the classic sense) is real (for these cells) or possible in the future?
Quidam's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
244 views

How influential was "galvanism" on philosophy, and was it rightfully so?

I'm currently reading F. W. Schelling's "First Outline of a System of the Philosophy of Nature". Schelling, a late 18th-early 19th century philosopher, was very well-informed about contemporary ...
Yechiam Weiss's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
56 views

Is life a logical consequence of matter reacting to other matter within an endless reoccuring of ‘life-friendly’ natural conditions? [closed]

In other words, is life bound to originate in any environment that provides the life-supporting conditions over a longer period? Like temperatures, the tides (thus a tide regulating moon), a solid ...
Ajagar's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
209 views

Is Aristotle's "Animal Soul" the immune system?

According to Aristotle, the soul is the substantial form of the body. As such, it is the principle that unifies the various parts of the body and maintains this unity. The immune system also seems ...
Geremia's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
98 views

On Darwin's Deduction

The following is from Charles Darwin's The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex, Volume 1 [Cambridge University Press, digitally printed version 2009, p. 31.] The bearing of the three ...
blackened's user avatar
  • 471
2 votes
1 answer
116 views

Is Frankenstein's monster tantamount to positive proof in Science?

Specifically Biology presents some problems for me. For instance, now that we have Evolution we know what to look for. Thus we are bound to observe some adaptations, and over time even new species. ...
christo183's user avatar
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4 votes
9 answers
6k views

Where is the line drawn on cheating Darwin/genetics? How does one accept this? [closed]

It is stated that cosmetic surgery is cheating genetics if the end result is aimed at increasing one's physical attraction and thus ultimately affecting natural selection in this person's favor. But ...
Runner Ice's user avatar
11 votes
4 answers
3k views

Did Charles Darwin say anything on why life was formed in the first place? [closed]

To be viewed from the perspective of epistemology and/or the philosophy of science. Preamble: Darwin, like scientists of his day, often spoke of “Laws” that inevitably cycle forth the results ...
Jayant's user avatar
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3 votes
6 answers
644 views

What amount of complexity is enough to warrant intelligent design?

As our research into the cell progresses over the decades, we are seeing greater and greater levels of complexity. According to our current understanding, the cell resembles some sort of miniaturized ...
michael's user avatar
  • 536
1 vote
3 answers
310 views

Dawkins' gene-centered view on personal identity

Looking at the following quote by Richard Dawkins: We are going to die, and that makes us the lucky ones. Most people are never going to die because they are never going to be born. The potential ...
viuser's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
406 views

Is our "meaning of life" fundamentally different from that of other animals?

Whatever the "meaning of life" may be (I interpret "meaning" as "purpose" here) is for us, Homo Sapiens, do we assume the "meaning of life" for humans differs fundamentally from the "meaning of life" ...
Volker Siegel's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
339 views

What is the philosophical use of the noosphere?

I understand that lately the new concept coined by Pierre Teilhard de Chardin has gained some popularity, and it's definition (according to Wikipedia) is: The noosphere is the sphere of human ...
Yechiam Weiss's user avatar