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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-history]

'Philosophy of History' shouldn't be confused with 'History of Philosophy'

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15 answers
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How come nihilism is so popular today?

I've been trying to attack this question (or more precisely, come up with an answer to that fact) for some time now, but after a while of research I'm suddenly not so sure of the reason the situation ...
Yechiam Weiss's user avatar
7 votes
11 answers
5k views

Can you explain clearly the difference between race and ethnicity?

I have tried to look it up but most definitions usually don't make the difference crystal-clear. Many results on Google give overlapping definitions. What my understanding is is that race is rooted in ...
chanzerre's user avatar
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2 answers
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What did R.G. Collingwood intend to say by 'nothing capable of being learnt by heart, nothing capable of being memorized, is history'?

Source: An Autobiography by R. G. Collingwood. I don't know the page number. I first chanced on this quote in The Well-Educated Mind (2 edn 2016), p. 189 Top.   But, of course, it was no longer a '...
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6 votes
3 answers
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What's the name of a fallacy when a debater selectively picks facts and ignores others?

In many debates in various fields of political science, it happens that historical events are called upon to make a case or support an argument. However, it also happens quite often that a debater, in ...
SAFI's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
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Non sequitur claims when deducing meaning from historical artifacts or texts (problem of presentism)

So my question arises from an argument that I have seen regarding some people debating over some ancient inscriptions. My question is as follows, "Wouldn't any possible explanation for the ...
How why e's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
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Is there more to Whitehead’s “Age-Spirit” than metaphor?

While reading Whitehead’s Science and the Modern World, I found the following sentence (page 51): It is only in a period, fortunate both in its opportunities for disengagement from the immediate ...
Frank Hubeny's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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Does Edward Said offer a solution to Orientalism and could a possible solution relate to Charles Taylors term "Politics of Recognition?

I've recently read Edward Said's book Orientalism but throughout reading, I didn't really find an explicit solution to Orientalism. Though the thing I could see take form as a solution would be his ...
FLCT's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
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What's a name for the fallacy of concluding something must be based on truth because it is successful?

I have noticed a type of fallacious reasoning that conflates truth and success. For example, a company might assume their predictive models are correct because these models make the company more money....
Jeremy Hadfield's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
34 views

Problem of Induction in Methodology of History?

Has there been any work done in exploring how the problem of induction applies to the study of history? It seems to me that many historical inferences might require a sort of uniformity of human/...
confusedcius's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
279 views

Historiography of the Holocaust and its ethical dimension [closed]

I am interested in understanding the development of Holocaust historiography and how the process of documenting and accounting for World War II, especially the Holocaust, unfolded during the 20th ...
SAFI's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
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Is Kuhn's approach to the development of science historicist or not?

On one hand, Kuhn approach to the development of science is ahistorical in the sense that he doesn't believe in cumulative scientific progress or in their being any sort of scientific 'geist' that ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
198 views

Sociological-philosophical theories of society’s tendencies to react against itself, inescapably biased in some way

Basically, in case it comes up, I mean something more than Hegelian (?) “dialectic”, an idea of society or knowledge moving forward through refutation, synthesis, progress. I am thinking about how ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
3k views

Is there a logic of married bachelors?

I'm sure this question must have a simple clarification, but I am largely unfamiliar with the branches of formal logic and not sure where to look for it. We know that "All bachelors are unmarried men"...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
543 views

What are some arguments for judging historical figures by contemporary standards?

I've seen quite a lot of arguments against judging historical figures by modern standards, most representatively by the principle of moral relativism. Is there any argument for it though? The only ...
TomNoook's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
139 views

What did Kuhn specifically say about "history for philosophical purposes"?

Kuhn had little formal philosophical training but was nonetheless fully conscious of the significance of his innovation for philosophy, and indeed he called his work ‘history for philosophical ...
franz1's user avatar
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1 answer
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Does the teleological approach to philosophy of history build a foundation for simulation theory?

Christopher Lloyd puts forward four "general concepts of causation" used in history: the "metaphysical idealist concept", which asserts that the phenomena of the universe are ...
TheMatrix Equation-balance's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
129 views

How does methodological naturalism deal with appeals to abstract objects like logical truths, mathematical truths, or natural kinds?

A core component of the modern scientific worldview and the beliefs of people and governments in western liberal democracies is that methodological naturalism is true. It is essential to scientific ...
Kenneth Goetz's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
129 views

Why does A.R.C. Duncan opine that compared with science or history, only philosophy obliges students to philosophise for themselves?

Source: p 393 Bottom-394 Top, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Primary Source: Moral Philosophy, by A.R.C. Duncan   An important consequence of ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
655 views

Different theistic religions contradict each other [closed]

Most religions mandate sets of religious rules. In theistic religions such as Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Hinduism, these are often presented as divinely ordained. But different religions have ...
user avatar
2 votes
6 answers
297 views

If history was not the history of class struggle, before Marx, was Marx wrong?

The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. Can this be the case only after The Communist Manifesto? Could - in principle - Marx have changed "history" - ...
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2 votes
2 answers
290 views

What is the post-modernist response to Francis Fukuyama's theory that technological developments give history a specific direction?

Since post-modernists reject unity points and Foucault's work shows one episteme to the other evolves completely randomly without any pattern, Fukuyama's theory here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=...
Ash Rivers's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
99 views

Is this quote from Aristotle's Poetics?

Stackexchange, I remember reading someone quoting Aristotle's Poetics in saying 'Poetry (i.e. epic and drama) is what must be true, while history is what might have been true.' I don't have ...
Zhipu 'Wilson' Zhao's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
280 views

Can we learn anything from history?

I'm wondering whether there are knowledge that can be learned from history other than the fact that "event X happened". Can we infer general knowledge from those specific events? This seems to be the ...
user69715's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is Foucault's analysis of history opposed to absurdism?

Sisyphus, just like the absurd man, keeps pushing. Camus claims that when Sisyphus acknowledges the futility of his task and the certainty of his fate, he is freed to realize the absurdity of his ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
345 views

Does the Evolution Theory contradict Kant's Metaphysics?

I recently asked a series of questions about ET, and this is one of them :) Intuitively, it seems to me that ET is supposed to contradict Kant's (or more generally, the German Idealism's) Metaphysics ...
Yechiam Weiss's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
5k views

According to Kant, What is the Purpose of Human Existence?

After reading Kant's Idea For a Universal History, I've become intrigued by Kant's notion of Nature guiding the dealings of men towards a "perfectly rightful civil constitution." Although the ...
Apodictic Apple Juice's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
70 views

Has there been systematic studies of how historical contexts and social factors influenced various philosophers?

While I learn a lot from philosophers, I can't help but think that their minds (just like mine) are somewhat tied to the exact times they were born into. The historical context and social factors ...
J Li's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
96 views

How and where did Homer state a necessity to report historical occurences "unbiased" or "while mentioning the defeated equally"?

I'm coming from a talk by Hannah Arendt, where she mentions Homer as being the first to entertain the notion of "we must not forget those who fought equally as valiant as our enemies" and unbiased ...
Alexander Buhl's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
871 views

Can an extraordinary hypothesis ever be the best explanation for a set of historical facts?

As a motivating example, I have in mind the minimal facts argument for the resurrection of Jesus, espoused by Christian apologists such as Gary Habermas, Michael Licona, and William Lane Craig. The ...
Mark's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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How did the idea of fate arise?

Once I read that Stoics thought that both humans and animals have no free will, because they are just dragged by fate against their will. How did they come to this idea without any knowledge of brain ...
Probably's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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What is Benjamin saying in thesis VI in On the Concept of History?

What is Benjamin saying in thesis VI in On the Concept of History? I quote it in full from here, having annotated the key points I'm struggling with in bold To articulate what is past does not ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
201 views

Surely Nietzsche would say that history is the judge of greatness?

Would Nietzsche would say that history is the judge of greatness, in the sense that his "higher types" have power over its course, and narrative considered as a whole? That should be clear and ...
user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
182 views

Why do we have to study history as an independent discipline rather than as a sub-field of other subjects?

Would it not be better if a historical event were to be analyzed under the lens of a discipline that is most to related to it? Take, for example, the splitting of the atom. Surely, a physicist would ...
Jay's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
231 views

What is meant by dialectic materialism?

When looking up "dialectic materialism in the Oxford dictionary one can read: the Marxist theory (adopted as the official philosophy of the Soviet communists) that political and historical ...
Deschele Schilder's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
119 views

Do historians have responsibility in how they decide to depict something?

Do historians have responsibility in how they decide to depict something? Isn't it possible that historical interpretations could be utilized for rationalizing e.g. war? Presumably there's also "...
mavavilj's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
907 views

Can explanatory historical accounts (as opposed to descriptive ones) ever be falsified?

At the descriptive level, history is falsifiable based on archaeological evidence and textual sources. But this applies only to descriptions of historical events. Yet historians presumable do more ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
47 views

What role does political science play in philosophical understanding? [closed]

If Hegel's Absolute Spirit drives the history of humanity to a certain ends, the historical political circumstances and decisions would be the most vivid representation of the Absolute Idea in action? ...
TheMatrix Equation-balance's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
190 views

Recent developments in philosophy of history

We have all heard of Hegel's or Marx's ideas about what drives human history. Likewise, during the 19th century, other ideas on the same subject were formulated by authors such as Thomas Carlyle or ...
Davius's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
55 views

How can we classify and differentiate sources of information for humans?

I was always taught in elementary about the primary, secondary, and tertiary sources of information. However, as I ponder about it I thought in a scenario of the game "pass the message" ...
Razeli's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
108 views

How does philosophy "progress" in history?

[Note: If there was a tag for that, I'd tag this question as philosophy-of-history-of-philosophy (as convoluted as this term is, I think it fits the question the most).] This might be a bit too ...
Yechiam Weiss's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
80 views

What is or was modernity, the sociological phenomena?

What is or was modernity, the sociological phenomena? I'm asking cos I want to know what aestrhetic modernism was, and would like to build up my understanding from the ground up. What book length (...
user avatar
0 votes
4 answers
210 views

Is reason under challenge? [closed]

I find the resurgence in the new century of pseudoscience, religious extremism, and irrationalism disturbing. Reason was pre-eminent throughout the previous two centuries. Is reason being seriously ...
Meanach's user avatar
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2 answers
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Did Hegel provide any example of history repeating itself?

Did Hegel or Marx give any examples? Can anyone give a couple of instances? I can find no event repeating itself twice, just one drive, lust of power
user157860's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
236 views

Can Hegel's dialectical history be interpreted as a way to look positively at life?

Hegel's dialectic method of interpreting history says that events occur in the following steps: a) an event happens b) an opposing event comes to contradict the original event c) a third event takes ...
Yechiam Weiss's user avatar
0 votes
4 answers
132 views

Are principles a good thing?

I've been reading a lot about history and some of the philosophical forces behind major events. It seems to be that the more fanatical a ruler / figure is, the more they justified their beliefs with ...
user189728's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
271 views

Has the word Ancient.....become Ancient?

As a former History Instructor, as well as one who earned a Graduate Degree in History-("many moons ago"), words, such as, Ancient, Medieval, Modern and Contemporary, were commonplace and ...
Alex's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
62 views

Is there any evidence that culture has gotten more “sensitive” or “politically correct”? [closed]

This question might be more suitable for History SE, I’m not sure. I have heard people pretty regularly claim that “nowadays” “political correctness” is more of a big thing - even that people are more ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
68 views

What was post modernism before Lyotard?

What was post modernism before Lyotard? I'm leaning heavily toward the idea that modernism, in the literary arts, was kaput by world war 2. I believe that's Miller's thesis here (about to read): I ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
24 views

Can Kuhn's theory outlined in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions be applied to sociology? If not, what are the implications of this for sociology

Can Kuhn's theory outlined in 'The Structure of Scientific Revolutions' be applied to sociology? If not, what are the implications of this for sociology?
Miriam Hutch's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
46 views

Anthropocentrism, aboriginal stuff and materialism

"Thinking like a mountain : toward a council of all beings" book is an introduction to deep ecology by Joanna Macy, John Seed, Pat Flemming and Arne Naess. "Beyond anthropocentrism"...
JLuc's user avatar
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