Questions tagged [philosophy-of-language]

for philosophical questions concerning the nature, origins, and usage of natural language

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
2answers
73 views

Tarski's sufficient conditions for the Liar paradox and self-reference

Tarski gave three sufficient conditions in his 1944 paper The Semantic Conception of Truth for the Liar paradox to occur: The language in which the Liar sentence is stated in is semantically closed, ...
1
vote
3answers
160 views

What is the core problem of intentionality?

In the philosophy of mind, I have read that "intentionality" is a difficult thing to explain in a naturalistic fashion. But I don't necessarily see the heart of the problem in the same way ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

What is meant by 'interdiscursivity' in discursive practice by Fairclough?

I am conducting a Critical Discourse Analysis on Chinese newspapers, such as the Global Times, to investigate how ethnicity became a securitized threat in the media. However, Fairclough's second ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Problems with truth value gap theory against Strengthened Liar

I have been reading Burge's Semantical Paradox, Burge explains how gap theorists have trouble handling the Strengthened Liar, i.e. β: β is not true and there are two things I do not understand: ...
2
votes
2answers
88 views

Is there a clear cut distinction between Philosophy and Philology?

I’ve been recently mulling over semantic and linguistic issues and I realized that my understanding of these fields may not correspond to the commonly accepted wisdom, so to speak. Although the ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Are these valid examples of axiomatic statements?

I'm trying to understand if a couple of statements would be considered axiomatic: Example 1: "murder is the unjustified killing of a person; if there was a murder, then a person was killed ...
5
votes
3answers
150 views

How to model “forget about” in first order logic?

The other day, my housemate said "Don't forget to not leave the spoon at the bottom of the container". I understood what he meant: "Do not leave the spoon at the bottom of the ...
2
votes
2answers
180 views

How can one formalize that an argument composed of a true and a false statement is “partly true”?

In classical logic if either A or B is false then "A and B" is false. But in natural language it's often the case to hear someone say "that's only partially true" or "that's ...
4
votes
1answer
197 views

Yablo's notion of adding truth

I try to stress a point I've already made in Stephen Yablo's Aboutness and logical subtraction, but from another perspective. From what Yablo is saying in his appendix to Aboutness (http://assets....
2
votes
2answers
78 views

Non catastrophic presupposition failure

In a previous question, I asked something similar but without explicitely referring to the source material of my doubt. Now I try to state it here with more precision: In "Non-catastrophic ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Although only half of a dish is red, can I call it ‘red dish’?

Although only half of a dish is red, can I call it ‘red dish’? Or only when an entire dish is red, can I call it ‘red dish’?
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Is language objective or subjective?

Can somebody explain why the word “why” for example is objectively the word “why” and spelt as such in the English language when it was formed through subjective experience?
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Can approximation be true?

For example, can approximation ‘approximately 3 people are running,’ ‘I’m almost there,’ or ‘I’ve almost done my homework’ be true or they are just close to truth?
2
votes
1answer
95 views

What do philosophers mean when they say language has a psychological reality?

I came across this in trying to understand 'Ignorance of Language' by Michael Devitt, and the back and forth he has had around this topic with other philosophers. Any books (papers?) I can look at to ...
0
votes
3answers
106 views

Textbook on the theory of definitions

I was wondering if some of you have a recommendation for a textbook with some good philosophy on (or some theory of) definitions, or at least some ruminations on what constitutes a good definition of ...
0
votes
2answers
69 views

Are there possibilities that only a part of a statement is not true? [closed]

Are there possibilities that only a part of a statement is not true? For example, "I consider a man as tall," but he is not tall in reality then the statement ‘I consider a man as tall’ is ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Do the words “in relation to” imply relativism?

Do the words "in relation to" imply any relativism? For example: "The earth is small in relation to the Sun", or "I am good in relation to mathematics", or "He is ...
-1
votes
1answer
60 views

that something is semantically correct means it’s correct in a matter of fact? [closed]

that language is semantically correct means it’s correct in a matter of fact? That is, it has accordance with fact?
0
votes
3answers
86 views

From what did we instantiated the concept of “Nothingness”

So as i understand according to Aristotle's theory of abstraction every abstract concept (i.e universal) is instantiated (or abstracted) from it particulars in the outside world if that so how can we ...
2
votes
1answer
284 views

What is a counter argument for the proposition that reaching the truth involves abandoning language and other intellectual instruments?

I have a linguist friend of mine who proposes that one should abandon all labels and paradigms to reach the ultimate truth, as they are deceptive. He proposes that you should strip all intellectual ...
4
votes
3answers
160 views

Gettier Cases seem absurd and unconvincing

Suppose that Smith and Jones have applied for a certain job. And suppose that Smith has strong evidence for the following conjunctive proposition: (d) Jones is the man who will get the job, and Jones ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

What does Chesterton mean by “four letters beginning with a 'R'” in “The Revival of Philosophy – Why”?

In Chesterton's essay "The Revival of Philosophy – Why?", he wrote: [...] not merely by the sound of a syllable or the look of four letters beginning with a “R”. I wonder what these four ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Can it be said, in the Kantian sense of the word “noumena”, that noumena exist?

I know Kant says it. But he also claims that nothing else can be said about noumena, only that they exist. I seem to be strongly convinced that this statement involves a contradiction and therefore ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Is there a taxonomy of disagreement types?

In philosophy, is there any type of taxonomy of types of disagreements? For example, I want students to look at varying takes on a subject. What I want them to focus on is, Why do such smart people ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

What is meant by “Sense of the World” (TLP)?

Wittgenstein defines World as: TLP: World is the totality of facts, not of things. Clearly, Wittgenstein is referring to the mental "representation" of the World, not the physical World ...
2
votes
2answers
138 views

What is the name of the view that nothing is true?

Is there a name of the view that no statement is true? Such a person who holds that view believes that statement are meaningless sequences of marks on paper or a computer monitor and can't be true, ...
2
votes
4answers
188 views

What actually is a simulation philosophically?

Everyone has heard of the idea that the universe might be a simulation - which we understand to mean that there is some computer in the "base" universe, which is running a program that is ...
1
vote
3answers
125 views

Infinite Regress in Language and Logic?

I had this idea, and it seems novel to me, but I'm wondering if there is a philosopher that addresses this issue already because I think it's kind of interesting. When making a logical statement, you ...
0
votes
1answer
226 views

What is Ruloff's theory on the origin of language? [closed]

The largest recorded brain in the U.S is said to belong to one Edward H. Rulloff. This guy wrote a book on his theory of the origin of languages shortly before his execution. What was his theory? Is ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

If what you have to say is not going to help me with anything and if it's not true, don't say it!

I learned some years ago and now I'm finding it hard to remember it back. It was something like: If what you have to say is not going to help me with anything and if it's not true, don't say it! And I ...
7
votes
4answers
307 views

What is the philosophical term for using half-truths to intentionally mislead?

Our local school district has been distributing propaganda to support keeping schools open during an uncontrolled pandemic. There has been a common pattern among these statements, where a half-truth ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Can we make statements for persons/objects that cease to exist?

I am asking this question because I thought what truth value would have a have a quantifier over a set that contains persons that are dead. For example suppose I state: "For every x that is ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Are there any works that build upon or apply Wittgenstein's concept of language games?

I have almost finished Philosophical Investigations and was fascinated by it. Aside from Lyotard's The Postmodern Condition, which is by his own admission pretty bad, are there works that expand upon ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Does falsifiability imply meaningfulness and what are some of the drawback of falsifiability? [duplicate]

This is a combination of basically two different questions, but they are interrelated. My first question is pretty simple. Can we equate falsifiability and meaningfulness? I think at least in the ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

What are the “Simples” Wittgenstein discusses in Philosophical Investigations?

I first came across this term in §39 of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, wherein he writes [O]ne is tempted to make an objection against what is ordinarily called a name. It can be put ...
-2
votes
1answer
71 views

Should we define truth (given it exists)?

Should we, human-beings, try to define truth (given truth exists in reality)? Personally, I don't think we should reduce truth to symbols and syllables because I think it will take us into weird ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Why is it that philosophers use terms that aren't literally true in their literature?

In lectures and talks that I have attended/watched, I've noticed a propensity to use the term "move" when describing the primary driving force behind an argument. In context, it might sound ...
2
votes
2answers
102 views

On Searle's _Proper Names_ (1958)

I just read Searle's article Proper Names (1958) which was published before Kripke's seminal take on the subject in Naming and Necessity (1980). I think it is a very lucid article but I have a ...
0
votes
0answers
138 views

Has Semiotics been adopted by any mainstream academic philosophers?

Semiotics, as developed by Pearce, Saussure, Barthes, and others can have very broad applications that overlap with epistemology, logic, and maybe even ontology. I don't believe it is always ...
0
votes
4answers
156 views

According to the major theories of concepts, where do meanings come from?

In all our intellectual pursuits, we use concepts like "atoms" for a structure or "ingredients" for a recipe. We all have to use them. For example, consider the concepts 'existence'...
4
votes
2answers
162 views

Why is a well-understood theory easier to understand, and does this answer the question “Why is older philosophy 'easier' to understand”?

I know the question sounds weird, so I'll bring an example coming from my field: mathematics. One of the greatest mathematicians of all time is Gauss. One of his results is the "Remarkable ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Yablo's condition on “Truth about a subject matter”

In section 2.4 of "Aboutness" Yablo offers the following analysis of what does it mean that a statament is true about a certain subject matter/topic: So, what is the proposition we are ...
6
votes
1answer
213 views

What is the difference between properties and sets?

Is there a difference between properties and sets? To me, it would seem that the property of being non-self-identical is the same thing as the empty set, and the property of being (identical to x OR ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

A clarification of nonexistence

This is similar to a question I asked long ago, but there was a misinterpretation. People often say that, for instance, unicorns don't exist, but isn't it more correct to say that there are no ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Is a set a concept?

Follow on from this question. Since sets have both intentional and extensional definition my thought is yes they are concepts. But maybe there is a technical reason that sets aren't concepts?
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Do the set of “Concepts” contain itself?

So I gather that a set containing itself is not allowed. Yet it seems like a set of all concepts (Concepts) should contain an element denoting the idea of "concept". Is it that there is a ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

Are there examples of ideas that rationally-trained persons agree on?

This question is meant for a bit of fun as a comedic corollary to JDH's top-voted question, "What would it take in a book to convince a rational person that it had been written by or directly ...
-1
votes
2answers
118 views

Why do we call “A or B Theories of Time” instead of “A or B Hypotheses of Time”?

Why do we call "A or B Theories of Time" instead of "A or B Hypotheses of Time" when the concepts are not yet proven by empirical evidence? We know, hypothesis: a supposition or ...
1
vote
0answers
130 views

Concepts possession conditions

As a consequence of my growing interest in epistemology, I recently read some articles about concepts. The authors were originating from different fields, such as philosophy of mind, language and ...
0
votes
5answers
286 views

What have philosophers had to say about something being ‘real’ vs ‘imaginary’?

How do philosophers approach this difference? Is the question the same as asking 'what is the difference between real and imaginary'? What makes something real vs imitation? And, why it is so ...

1
2 3 4 5
12