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for philosophical questions concerning the nature, origins, and usage of natural language

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1answer
32 views

Can a ban on certain words be justified rationally?

In our world there is a notion of political correctness. There are some words which can be considered rude or abusive in themselves, regardless of the thought behind them. However, this seems awkward ...
2
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0answers
44 views

In which sense Quine denies that the translated expressions do have a meaning?

Early on Kuhn drew a parallel with Quine's thesis of the indeterminacy of translation (1970a, 202; 1970c, 268). According to the latter, if we are translating one language into another, there are ...
2
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1answer
45 views

Propositional content and reference

My main question is this: Let p be a sentence. Can I have the proposition expressed by p be the same even if the referent of p is different? So as an example I'm thinking of stuff like: p = 'My ...
2
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1answer
39 views

Is Ludwig Wittgenstein connected to post-structuralism?

Wittgenstein said that "If a lion could speak, we cannot understand it". He also said that a private language is not possible. In my view, structuralism and post-structuralism also talk about these ...
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1answer
34 views

Implication in sentences

What implications do we get when we use the past tense? For example, if I say that when I was younger, I used to play football, does this imply that now I don't?
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1answer
24 views

Kuhn: in what sense is the changed part of an old taxonomy redefined in terms of an “unchanged part”?

The problematic nature of translation arises from two assumptions. First, as we have seen, Kuhn assumes that meaning is (locally) holistic. A change in the meaning of one part of the lexical structure ...
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0answers
20 views

which kind of Kuhn's incommensurability rules out the convergent realism?

A standard conception of the transition from classical to relativistic physics is that although Einstein's theory of relativity supersedes Newton's theory, what we have is an improvement or ...
2
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4answers
121 views

What is the difference between anger and violence? [closed]

I guess anger is an abstract emotion of opposition without projection. Violence is projection of anger. I'm not sure about my self defined notions. Can you explain difference(s) between the two ...
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0answers
63 views

Is Kuhn referring to Quine's holism while developing his later Semantic Incommensurability Thesis?

Kuhn's view as expressed in the passage quoted above depends upon meaning holism—the claim that the meanings of terms are interrelated in such a way that changing the meaning of one term results in ...
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0answers
26 views

Where did Kuhn write his last thoughts about incommensurability?

Kuhn continued to develop his conceptual approach to incommensurability. At the time of his death he had made considerable progress on a book in which he related incommensurability to issues in ...
1
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1answer
17 views

what Kuhn says about inscrutability of reference (quote)?

Early on Kuhn drew a parallel with Quine's thesis of the indeterminacy of translation (1970a, 202; 1970c, 268). According to the latter, if we are translating one language into another, there are ...
1
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0answers
57 views

Strawson criticism of Austin theory of truth

I'm quoting a snippet of Strawson paper on truth. [Austin] says that, when we declare a statement to be true, the relation between the statement and the world which our declaration "asserts to ...
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4answers
73 views

If-then syllogisms

We have a sentence like this: If you are right above 85/100 then you can enter a university. Does this sentence presuppose that a university exists in order for it to be true?
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0answers
84 views

Relations between “natural” and “artificial”

When we say "aritificial", we typically mean "created by intelligent being". When we say "natural", we typically mean "created by nature, not by intelligent being". But then is the human created ...
3
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2answers
415 views

How is the concept of “beyond word” viewed in many school of thoughts?

This is my review on the concept of "beyond word": Taoism and Buddhism seems to share that wisdom can't be grasped intellectually. In Zen practice, the koans are presented as nonsensical questions so ...
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1answer
54 views

Clarification with material conditional , logical necessity and causation

Are the following four statements always true - (1)If Proposition B is the Logical consequence of proposition A, then B is material conditionally connected with A. (2)If Proposition E is ...
2
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3answers
53 views

Does the individual meaning of two propositions determine or constrain what kind of logical connectives can be formed between them?

What is the basis for the definition of logical connectives? Are they just arbitrary convention? Or does it depend on the meaning of the constituent propositions? Does the individual meaning of two ...
2
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2answers
40 views

A clarification related to Saul Kripke's argument for posteriori necessity

Main argument for a posteriori necessity uses these premises: (P1) 'Hesperus' is a proper name that refers to the evening star. 'Phosphorus' is also a proper name and it refers to the morning star. ...
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5answers
280 views

Can infinity be defined?

I know that one can look in a dictionary and find definitions for "infinity". Similarly, texts in mathematics will give varying accounts of how "infinity" is treated. So, I am not asking for these ...
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1answer
50 views

What are some good introductory books to contemporary linguistics?

I'm a philosophy student and I was going through philosophy of language but I feel that I do not have yet the basis to be critic about what I am reading. I think about it as going through philosophy ...
9
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1answer
1k views

Is Wittgenstein right when he criticises recursion theory in the Tractatus 3.333?

In a notorious text from the Tractatus 3.333 Wittgenstein argues that a function that has a value in one argument cannot be re-used in a another. Hence recursive functions are meaningless. This ...
4
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2answers
162 views

How journalism's rationale to tell facts feasible? How objectivity may be achieved if at all by journalists?

On background of some recent events - that regarding Jerusalem's status (the US step of moving their embassy from Tel-Aviv to Jerusalem) and the clash between IDF and Hamas and Palestinians in the ...
22
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13answers
9k views

Since words are defined in terms of other words in dictionaries, leading to infinite loops, does it mean natural languages are meaningless?

Since words are defined in terms of other words in dictionaries, leading to infinite loops, does it mean natural languages are meaningless? Are infinitely recursive definitions valid? If we visualize ...
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5answers
154 views

Can any correct logical reasoning in natural language sentences be translated into a formal mathematical proof?

Since natural languages (e.g. English) are prone to ambiguities and misunderstandings due to their constant evolving nature and lack of rigorous formalization, and given an arbitrary philosopher X who ...
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2answers
32 views

Fourfold categories development in Aristotle.

According to J.L. Ackrill, a key to understand his fourfold classifications of things we must understand two different notions: "Being in something as a subject" "Being said of something as a ...
2
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2answers
63 views

Is the set of all true contingent propositions equal to the set of all true propositions?

Since the conjunct of a true contingent proposition and a necessary proposition is contingent and hence it is contained in the set of all contingent propositions. Does that mean that the set of all ...
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0answers
41 views

How certain are we that our brain just produces recursive language?

I wonder about the different schools of thought in recursive language. See for example the case of Pirahã/Avram Noah Chomski/Daniel Leonard Everett reflections. It seems to me [pardon me because I ...
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0answers
35 views

Quine's Proxy Function Argument & the Inscrutability of Reference -Help

The inscrutability of reference is the thesis that for any natural language L, there is no fact of the matter about what the referring expressions of L refer to, or about what the predicates of L ...
3
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1answer
72 views

The nature of elementary propositions in the Tractatus

So all complex objects in the world are, at the most fundamental level, made up of simple un-analysable objects which are denoted by 'names'. Combinations of simple objects constitute 'states of ...
2
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4answers
155 views

What does it mean to know or not know something?

Once one know something, one can't unknow it. We can't just forget what we've known like the way we delete computer's file. Yet it take us a split of second to obtain information and embed it in our ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Making 'sense' of Wittgenstein's senselessness / nonsense distinction in the Tractatus

For this question I'm just considering Wittgenstein's theory at the time of the Tractatus. As far as I know, for Wittgenstein: Meaning - The object denoted by a word (i.e. referent). Sense - The ...
1
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0answers
53 views

Is the couplet about mathematics and poetry about logocentricism and deconstructionism?

I find this couplet really interesting: Mathematics is the art of giving the same name to different things Poetry is the art of giving different names to the same thing The first one is made ...
3
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1answer
49 views

Is acceptance followed by an interpretation of a sentence, acceptance of the sentence indeed?

I was wondering whether following after interpreting a sentence can be considered following the sentence or not. For example: there is a religion X which is based on a scripture Y. Now one of the ...
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0answers
102 views

Are humans becoming more hive-like? Does this have philosophical implications?

Have any philosophers taken up human hive-like behaviour and its implications? EO Wilson and others have outlined eusociality, a mode of group selection acting in addition to selection at the ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Can a uxoricide be a widower too? [closed]

According to the Webster dictionary a widower is “a man who has lost his wife by death and has not married again”. Is this definition broad enough to encompass the case whereby a man kills his wife, ...
2
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1answer
53 views

How important are Frege works to an analytic philosopher?

Don't kill me. I know he is a big deal. But I am starting out in analytic philosophy and I am not quite sure how deep I should go in a first approach. Should I read all the context and other ...
4
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1answer
252 views

The mathematical language of the brain

This question is similar, but not identical, to one I posted to the mathematics SE some time ago. I was originally unsure of where to post it. I believe this question is sufficiently different to ...
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2answers
73 views

Machines vs Chaos of Human Language

Will it ever be possible for machines to understand language the way humans do? It is a famous XKCD comic strip pointing out how "Language isn't a formal system. It is a glorious chaos". It ...
0
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1answer
56 views

Why do certain combinations of words that refer to nothing (such as “square circle”) sound like they refer to something?

"hysterical soft" "productive selection" "eatable aboard" "square circle" All four of these phrases are incomprehensible, meaningless. Why do so many people use "square circle" in arguments ...
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1answer
18 views

Any great commentary of “On Sense and Nominatum” by Frege?

I'm reading it and I feel that I sometimes I need some level of context. Thanks.
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2answers
50 views

Language and consciousness

Background When studying German, I started to think in language and its relation to reality. The story I came up with is like this: As we know we born with no language. The baby starts trying things....
2
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2answers
48 views

Why are imperatives not propositions according to Frege?

I'm reading Frege's "On Sense and Nominatum" and I am confused with: "Imperatives have no nominata; they have only sense. It is true, commands or requests are not propositions, but they are of the ...
2
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0answers
60 views

The possibility of linking two perceptual modalities in a coherent way

I am reading the book of Roy Harris "Rethinking writing" and see his arguments in favor of autonomity of writing from speech. There could be no complete isomorphism between any system of visible ...
1
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3answers
74 views

What does Frege mean by “Cognitive Significance” in “On Sense and Nominatum”?

I'm reading Frege's "On Sense and Nominatum" and he uses "Cognitive significance", "Genuine Cognition"... I kind of infer from the context of each paragraph what he means with those kinds of phrases ...
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0answers
38 views

Kripke's conception of rigidity criticism

I am looking for recent criticisms of Kripke's conception of rigidity (i.e. rigid designators). Thanks!
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1answer
65 views

how a definition for an object is arrived

is our definitions of words based in properties ? for example we have a banana.We define banana from its image? but if this true if we find something that looks like banana but smells like hot dog ...
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0answers
45 views

List of topics in philosophy relevant to mathematics, and open problems in them?

I know of open problems in model theory, but would like to know about philosophical problems (philosophy of language, Husserl's phenomenology ) that have relevance in set theory or type theory.
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0answers
86 views

What works have been done of applying theories about philosophy of mind to other branches of philosophy?

On several occasions I have heard that Philosophy of Mind is "the first philosophy" of our time. But if this is true, I think thoeries about Philosophy of Mind should be able to be applied to other ...
4
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1answer
69 views

Linguistic philosophical distinction between 'believe in' & 'believe that'

Can someone explain the linguistic philosophical distinction between 'believe in' and 'believe that'? (HH Price came up with the initial idea of the two entities)
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2answers
78 views

Apart from clarification, what are some uses of formal logic in philosophy?

I've done some personal research on formal logic, but I was wondering how philosophers today actually use it to, say, develop an argument. The most relevant example I can think of is Plantinga's modal ...