Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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According to game theory, are people trustworthy?

According to philosophical presumptions of game theory, are people trustworthy if there are incentives (profit and less loss) involved in lying? And if this question isn't entirely accurate as a ...
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Do qualia bring about issues for functionalism?

Do the personal experiences of qualia, such as what it is like to smell a flower, bring about issues for functionalism?
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Can behaviourism account for qualia?

If behaviourism is focused upon observable behavioural dispositions can it at all account for qualia; the way things feel, tase etc.
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Are there philosophical positions that deny that sensations are felt?

Pursuant to a conversation in the The Philosophy SE Symposium, the conversation made it's way to this statement: [Mereologically nihilistic] philosophical theory does not say that we cannot feel. For ...
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Does sensory information exist, and do philosophers have a name for it?

Are there really sensory sensations such as sight, hearing, tactile sensations, smell, taste, and umami? In other words, are those sensations or sense-data real, and if they are not real physically, ...
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232 views

Computer vs brain in many-worlds interpretation of QM

Assume that the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics is true. A classical computer that is modeled on the Turing machine is designed to perform exactly the same computation in each of the ...
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Do philosophers have some arguments regarding possible explanations for origin of free will?

Assuming that some free will exists or is real, what major philosophical arguments have been offered regarding the origin of free will? The Philosophy StackExchange post Is the theory of evolution a ...
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248 views

Goals and benefits of the process abstraction for minds

What is the philosophical importance of abstraction in regard to philosophy of mind? People seem to use abstraction all of the time, however, can someone please bring a concrete example that ...
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115 views

Did Peirce's semiotics influence Saussure's own semiotic theory?

I am assuming that Saussure's semiotic theory came after Peirce's. Is there any indication that Saussure was aware of Peirce's theory? If not then was there any philosophical/scientific development(...
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What is a second-order disposition?

I am reading this paper that makes references to "first-order dispositions" and "second-order dispositions" constantly, and I do not know what they really mean: Joachim Horvath, ...
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Why is a well-understood theory easier to understand, and does this answer the question “Why is older philosophy 'easier' to understand”?

I know the question sounds weird, so I'll bring an example coming from my field: mathematics. One of the greatest mathematicians of all time is Gauss. One of his results is the "Remarkable ...
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Why does the flow of life constantly put us in unsolvable situations?

Between the devil and the deep blue sea It is an idiom meaning a dilemma. If you are between a rock and a hard place, you are in a difficult situation where you have to choose between two equally ...
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Internet Fora and Metaphilosophy

Prologue Given a look at the history of philosophy, one can argue that philosophical methods have evolved from those of the Pre-Socratics to contemporary methods which rely heavily on citations and ...
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Philosophy of information question on the nature of computation

What is the most general definition of computation, and how does it differ from the more common definitions of it? What is the most general definition of computation and how does it differ from the ...
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Was the notion of mind-body dualism invented, or at least popularized, by Rene Descartes?

This dualism seems so compelling (from a layman’s perspective) that it seems difficult to imagine that Descartes invented or even popularized it. For instance, people kept using words like “soul” to ...
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Logical behaviorism vs Functionalism

I'm a little unclear on where exactly the distinction is made between logical behaviorism and functionalism. The ability to experience pain, for instance, would seem to increase my chances of survival ...
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Researchers describe emotions as either “positive” or “negative”. But can emotions be “right” or “wrong”?

Could it be regarded as either right or wrong from being tied to either positive or negative connotations? See: On “Positive” and “Negative” Emotions by Robert C. Solomon and Lori D. Stone
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Are there examples of ideas that rationally-trained persons agree on?

This question is meant for a bit of fun as a comedic corollary to JDH's top-voted question, "What would it take in a book to convince a rational person that it had been written by or directly ...
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Identity of concepts' intentional content

I have recently read some articles about (lexical) concepts. Philosophers tend to think that, in order for two speakers to be able to communicate successfully, they must associate the exact same ...
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Is phenomenalism about pleasure an internalism about pleasure?

Phenomenalism about pleasure is the thesis that pleasure is a mental state or property that is or that has a certain something that is ‘what it is like’ for its subject; a certain feel, feeling, felt ...
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Concepts possession conditions

As a consequence of my growing interest in epistemology, I recently read some articles about concepts. The authors were originating from different fields, such as philosophy of mind, language and ...
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Is this guy's thinking more inclined towards Kant's philosophy or utilitarianism

Suppose there is a young adult guy who is suffering from chronic illness. He recently lost his job because of his illness and feels things are only going to get worst for him in the future with his ...
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If you used intuitionistic logic in real life, would you not sound absurd?

Intuitionistic logic does not include the law of the excluded middle and double-negation elimination. I imagine a real-life conversation with an intuitionist might go like this: Amy said you didn't ...
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Where does ethics place the line between self interest and altruism?

Assuming I were to decide between getting Benefit A myself or somebody else getting A. All things being equal (need, desire, etc), is it correct to say most ethical theories (other than egoism) would ...
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What have philosophers had to say about something being ‘real’ vs ‘imaginary’?

How do philosophers approach this difference? Is the question the same as asking 'what is the difference between real and imaginary'? What makes something real vs imitation? And, why it is so ...
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Why should I care about the person who will wake up in my bed tomorrow? [closed]

Is there some philosophical basis for temporal coherence of our identity? I noticed that there were many changes in my beliefs and personality throughout my life, e.g. me from 2000 probably would ...
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Which aspects of consciousness are most often addressed by philosophers of mind?

What are the most discussed parts of consciousness according to philosophers? Epistemologists cite perception, memory, reason, and testimony as frequent objects of philosophical discourse in respect ...
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108 views

Mechanics of Thought Experiment

How do thought experiments work? We constantly see usage of thought experiments to argue some statements about 'real' world. I am interested in the operating mechanics of such experiments, the ...
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Justification for the phenominal/ noumenal distinction?

Cartesian dualism has purportedly been debunked. How does the phenomenal/ noumenal distinction avoid being characterized as the same mistake? Is it really impossible to visualize a symbiosis-in-agency ...
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Is stoicism still relevant in modern world?

As the world with each day is becoming more hyperconnected and communication-centric, will being emotionally enduring and closed up self-destructive in the long-term? Is stoicism still relevant in the ...
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Is the human mind capable of distinguishing between time running forward and time runing backward? [closed]

The title really says it all. Would we be able to feel anything if time started running backward?
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What did Jean-Jacques Rousseau mean by these below mentioned lines?

They stifle in men’s breasts that sense of original liberty, for which they seem to have been born; cause them to love their own slavery, and so make of them what is called a civilised people. ...
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Can you give other examples of skeptical hypotheses that haven't been mentioned yet?

I need some help with my philosophy homework. We were told to formulate our own skeptical hypothesis and use it as part of a radical skeptical argument, and that the skeptical hypothesis needs to be ...
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Is Polanyi's critique of physicalist view of the mind flawed?

In Personal Knowledge chapter 11 Polanyi elaborates his critique of the "physico-chemical investigations of a machine" by carefully dividing reasons and causes as types of explanations: ...
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What does “disposition” mean in a philosophical context? [closed]

I'm reading two criminal law theory papers and one of them is written by Heidi M. Hurd – University of Illinois College of Law who is a philosopher. Professor Hurd received a B.A. (Hon.) from Queen’s ...
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Philosophy and Mental Health [closed]

I have heard a story of a Peace Pilgrim, an American pilgrim and ascetic, who managed to heal one sick man through conversation. The man was suffering from general degeneration of health and doctors ...
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Statements about real world

We make statements like "This table is composed from atoms". This statement must be true or false. But what if tomorrow the atomic theory is completely abandoned and we work with another ...
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Is there an existing assessment to determine a person's stance on the nature of mind, cognition, consciousness, etc.?

There are a lot of different theories about the nature of consciousness, cognition, and the mind. I'm looking for a set of questions that a person could answer that would then give them some kind of ...
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Further reading on inquiry into central human need

There is this idea that the deepest human need (need roughly meaning what is ultimately satisfying for a human) is to be unconditionally considered valuable by other minds. It falls into the ...
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From “what-is” to “why-is” to “ought” — can “why-is” close the “is-ought” gap?

[UPDATE: Clarified that choosing what-ought-to-be from what-can-be is based on our knowledge of ourselves, not on our knowledge of good and evil] “I know you won't believe me, but the highest form of ...
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Is Turing test still serving as criterion of machine intelligence?

During the first half of the last century Alan Turing proposed his 'Turing test' as means by which to answer whether machines have intelligence. To recall: the test amounts to a conversation between ...
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Do you create your own thoughts? [closed]

Once upon a time I came up with the following paradox: Statement 1. I have freedom of will. Statement 2. If I have freedom of will, then I create my own thoughts. For example: I'm gonna think about ...
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Solipsism, except everyone shares a single mind?

It's conceivable that I could suddenly switch places with someone else. I'm not talking about our brains switching places, but rather, from now on, my mind experiencing the other person's qualia. ...
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8answers
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Consciousness in Simulation theory & AI, why do some believe that it is even possible?

There are many famous philosophers that assume that "consciousness can be create by calculations in a computer". For example: Nick Bostrom with the simulation theory [I greatly respect and ...
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Can animals follow logical rules of inference?

I've been trying to recall a thought experiment, which I very vaguely remember to have come across either in Davidson or Dennett, that considers the following scenario: A hound is chasing its quarry ...
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What is the relationship between consciousness and memory?

If someone has amnesia for a certain experience, was that person conscious of that experience in the past or was that person never conscious at that moment? If that person dies, their memories are ...
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Aren't we all philosophical zombies?

I've been reading about the philosophy of the mind, and I'm a bit confused. Everything I've read seems to start with the (unjustified) assumption that there is some aspect of the mind that isn't ...
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How can we question someone, for their ethical behavior, if it's the result of an evolutionary process

Supposedly, nature is evolving human minds and its behavior to find an optimal point. But if "bad" behaviour is nothing but an expression of nature's evolution towards an optimum, how does it make ...
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What critical analysis has been published on Logosophy?

I came across Logosophy for the first time today and I’m struggling to find any analysis of it. The Wikipedia article seems quite promotional, and does not link to any critical sources - at least, not ...
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What is the difference between the spiritual and the metaphysical

According to this (old) page, metaphysics is the study of things beyond anything humans can perceive. Because of this fact, metaphysics is relatively faith-based discipline and, compared to science, ...

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