Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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62 views

Freud's “fort-da” game [closed]

The following extract from the book "Psychoanalytic Geographies" (edited by Paul Kingsbury and Steve Pile) describes Freud's grandson's famous game known as "fort-da". The last quote talks about the ...
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74 views

Mathematics vs Time

Suppose we have a person that one day states "x+3=5". The next day he again states "x+3=5". As events, we can say they are different but does the meaning of the expression has changed? It seems ...
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90 views

Value of things, Objectivity, Definition

What is (abstractly) the value of things, how is it defined, is it objective and inherent to the item? In day to day life and even court decisions, the value of things is the average price it would ...
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28 views

Do Stoics believe that when humans suffer due to the action of someone else we should endure it like a true human without any complaint?

Stoicism is defined as enduring pleasure or pain without showing emotion. When you neither react when you get burned badly nor react when you win the lottery, this is an example of stoicism. Is ...
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How do you compare the classical(Aristotilean) and Humean picture of the relationship between desire and practical reason?

From my basic understanding, Hume thinks desire leads the intellect, while Aristotle thinks it is more complicated? So we have more agency of our desires in the classical picture?
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Is there any philosophy which proposes that whatever you believe or imagine is true or exists?

Every day, we have conflicts with almost everyone about what we think and what we believe (there are religious conflicts, conflicts of opinions...). Also, there are people who think about alternative ...
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21 views

Lacan: a void at the heart of the subject

Can anybody explain what this Lacan's dictum exactly is? extract from book Art and Psychoanalysis by Maria Walsh: ... Lacan’s dictum that there is a void at the heart of the subject that we fill ...
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1answer
44 views

the threatened return of the look

The following text is from Art and Psychoanalysis by Maria Walsh. Does anybody know what threatens the return of the look in the bold section? Context: The other, as black man, acts as both a ...
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114 views

Do you actually believe something or you think you believe something because you have accumulated?

So what exactly is the dot line or a break point between knowing something and believing in something, level plus from basic philosophy. When you think you believe in something, is that actually just ...
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30 views

Kant and putting your own interests first

Is it ethically justifiable to place your own interests first if we lived by Kant? Say someone asks you to help them move houses, help them study, etc. So something that isnt life threatening but ...
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28 views

heteropathic and idiopathic identification

Reading the book "Art and Psychoanalysis" by Maria Walsh on modern art criticism and philosophy, I encountered the words "heteropathic identification" and "idiopathic identification". Do they mean ...
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Are moral values invention or discovery?

Is there any actual karma or reward and punishment based on good or bad deeds , or everything order, society is an human invention?
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Why is moral cognitivism called 'cognitivism'

I don't get it? "Cognitive" usually refers to do with the mind, mental processes, thinking, or the brain. In ethics, it refers to whether or not something is a "statement" or can be "true or false". ...
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How do we know the intent of a question asked? [migrated]

I have seen this Question asked here: Why are you on the internet while you could be outside enjoying the weather It is closed as being of Topic. Most likely this is due to the notion of the ...
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1answer
135 views

What is a both sufficient and necessary condition for not treating people merely as a means? [closed]

What is a both sufficient and necessary condition for not treating people merely as a means? To me the meaning of a concept is equivalent to a sufficient and necessary condition with which to ...
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80 views

Do 'new knowledge / old fact' replies to Jackson's Knowledge Argument imply their converse?

The various 'new knowledge /old facts' replies to Frank Jackson's 'Knowledge Argument' are among the most widely held (or, at least, the most thoroughly debated.) They claim that while its subject, ...
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1answer
61 views

the disembodied nature of the spectator

The following text is from the book Art and Psychoanalysis by Maria Walsh. Does any one have any information about "the disembodied nature of the spectator"? I have not ever heard of it. Text: ...
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165 views

Why does Man ask Why questions? [closed]

I am not a particularly educated or intelligent individual. If this question is easily answered, forgive me. As I can think of no answer, I am compelled to ask. I'm afraid this line of questioning ...
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Harm Principle and the eventual harm of creating needs

A necessity or a need is a necessary condition for something else. A need in Economics and particularly a consumer need is something needed to be consumed, a necessary condition for achieving higher ...
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98 views

If the mind is not divisible and the brain is divisible, then it logically follows that mind and brain are not the same thing [closed]

If the mind is not divisible and the brain is divisible, then it logically follows that mind and brain are not the same thing. Group of answer choices True False
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1answer
96 views

If my body is cloned down to the state of each particle, in which body does my consciousness persist? [duplicate]

I have always had this thought experiment that troubled me. If I could clone my body and my mind down to the exact molecules and atoms (which means there are two of my bodies that are exactly the same,...
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52 views

Problems with Other Minds in Idealism

If everything is immaterial and just ideas like Berkeley states then how are ideas and experiences shared among minds to create our common reality? Does God just transmit these ideas to everyone's ...
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51 views

A possibly valid argument against eliminativism

I'm posting this despite the fact that I've little or no knowledge in metaphysics. The eliminativists claim that phenomenal consciousness is not "real". Would it help if we notice that phenomenal ...
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1answer
59 views

What is it about the existence of some things that makes us right or wrong in describing their existence, while other things can change?

For example, if people used to believe the Earth was the center of the universe, and we discover it is not, we now say, "people used to falsely believe that the Earth was the center of the universe", ...
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62 views

Is dualism unlikely because the mind is inextricable in its activity from matter?

I've been thinking about dualism lately, but one thing that deals a pretty strong blow to this view in my mind is that it implies that the mind can exist apart from physical reality (an immaterial ...
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36 views

What is the theory of defining consciousness by the ability to use counterfactuals called?

I'm aware there are a number of ways of defining if something is conscious or sentient. Such as the ability to experience qualia, or the ability to be aware you're experiencing qualia. Another theory ...
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114 views

Ontology and Abstract Concepts [closed]

Can ontology study abstract concepts as an object of study in themselves supporting that concepts and ideas are and exist since someone thought of them? Please provide references explaining how and ...
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1answer
66 views

What does “theory of mind” mean in the context of this paper?

In my mind - pun intended - a/the theory of mind refers to some proposed solution to the mind body problem, e.g. Cartesian Dualism is a theory of mind, Functionalism is a theory of mind, etc... This ...
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1answer
105 views

How do epiphenomenalists explain our knowledge of felt-states?

The traditional epiphenomenalist claim is that the mental properties are simply a by-product of neurophysiological events and so have no causal efficacy over the physical world. This obviously implies ...
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90 views

What replaces folk psychology concepts when taking neurosciences serious?

When neuroscience and neuroscientists tell us1 that specific kinds of concepts (entities and processes) of good ol' folk psychology don't really exist (in a scientifically meaningful manner) ...
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39 views

Where does Descartes actually make his argument from doubt for mind-body distinction?

In Meditations II, we see Descartes make the assertion that he must exist whenever he thinks "I think, I am", and the existence of the thinking thing is undoubtable. But as he can still doubt the ...
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200 views

Arguments against quantum mechanics allowing for free will?

There have been similar questions asked here [1] [2], but I'm asking something a bit more specific. I've ofter heard the argument that quantum mechanics might somehow make free will possible because ...
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71 views

Do we imagine the World?

If yes, please elucidate what must be the case such that we can make the statement : "We imagine the World". If no (or if the question is meaningless/absurd) please demonstrate using logical ...
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121 views

What does “there is something that it is like” in Thomas Nagel's “What Is It Like to Be a Bat?” mean?

I was reading The enigma of human consciousness in ANNALS of the New York Academy of Sciences and this came up: think it’s very hard to define consciousness in terms of anything more basic than ...
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301 views

How is the causality of mind consistent with the law of conservation of energy?

How is the causality of mind consistent with the law of conservation of energy? Intuitively, the mind can influence the physical world (with causality), and it is hard to see how such causality does ...
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67 views

What is different between causation and causality [closed]

What is different between causation and causality? And, if there is any difference, do most philosophers recognize it or is it just common among UCL or Cambridge scholars? Thank you for your answer ...
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Has Alexandre Grothendieck ever expounded a particular stance on metaphysics or ontology?

It seems that in Recoltes et Semailles, he does go into quite a bit of philosophizing. the only thing of relevance I've found is that he notes how Riemann "in passing" said how he thought perhaps the "...
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Is Conciliating/Meeting in the Middle ever rational in relation to Uniqueness Thesis and Permissiveness?

Say that you and your epistemic peer have the same evidence but disagree about P. You can: Conciliate/Meet in the Middle: when you learn that you believe P and that your peer believes ~P (or: you ...
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141 views

I could prove: Solipsism is wrong. Is my argument acceptable?

Solipsism is the idea that one cannot be sure of anyone's existence but only themself. I think that one can assume this idea to be right and then prove that this is wrong. This self-inconsistency ...
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1answer
96 views

Are these arguments — in philosophy of mind?

Do any of these arguments [epiphanies] exist in the philosophy of mind? Consciousness is a complex structure, and it is unlikely to be realizable in just any structure, else anything big enough would ...
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Question about anchoring and adjustment (Tversky and Kahneman) and why anchoring often yields correct judgments

I am working on a problem set and I am having some difficulty wrapping my head around a concept introduced by Tversky and Kahneman. My problem set asks the question "Why does anchoring nevertheless ...
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3answers
300 views

What is the utility of consciousness if free will is an illusion?

Introspectively speaking, it seems to me obvious that free will is illusion. Thoughts just emerge from background causes, and actions are just thoughts about actions that we have more thoughts about ...
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372 views

How to dive into philosophy?

I'm a high school student with some basic knowledge of philosophy by far (I've taken an Intro to Philosophy course online, read Plato's Republic, some Camus, some Nietzsche and plenty of Marx), but ...
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164 views

Does our experience with habits lead us to believe in free will?

Notoriously intractable, free will have had no success in being proven physically. Even phenomenally it is difficult to pin down precisely. So why do people believe each other when claiming that they ...
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68 views

Confusion about the nature, defininition, and subject of study of Epistemology, Gnosiology and Phillosophy of Science

I am confused with the terms and the branches of phillosophy. Here is an example where all 3 terms were used. I always though phillosophy of science and epistemology were the exact same thing while ...
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1answer
161 views

Is it possible to make decisions without some kind of belief system? [closed]

Normally when we talk about belief, we mean religious beliefs. But even the criticizers of religions have some kind of belief system. They base all their decisions on the premise of logic. Thats why I ...
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128 views

Epistemology and definition of Theory in Science

Which branch of philosophy is the authority and thus has the capacity to define what IS theory in science? I have linked to the definition of Theory by Simon Blackburn in Oxford Dictionary of ...
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655 views

What is David Chalmers' Naturalistic dualism?

Can somebody explain to me exactly what David Chalmers' Naturalistic dualism is, because I have heard a lot of conflicting explanations on it?
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150 views

Why does Searle's room receive three batches of Chinese characters and two English instruction manuals as input?

Searle's Chinese room receives input in the form of a batch of chinese characters, then twice after receives a batch of Chinese. The second batch of Chinese comes with English instructions for "...
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98 views

According to physics, do our visual thoughts (possibly others) appear to be not real because they occupy physically inaccessible higher dimensions?

I wanted to know how physics explain the mind.I will first share my thoughts on whether thoughts are real or that the mind is real (Mind is the arena where we have thoughts). I think we usually ...

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