Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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Along the lines of the concept of the inverted spectrum, can it be that musical pitch perception varies as well in an analogous fashion?

Imagine hearing your favorite song from the point of view of a dog. Dogs perceive all sounds as being at a far lower pitch than we do. If you could hear what you sound like to a dog you'd find that ...
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Exploring the Ethical Dimensions of Artificial Intelligence [closed]

I've been pondering a pressing question that lies at the intersection of technology and ethics: Artificial Intelligence (AI). I'm curious to know your thoughts on this matter and engage in a ...
cricket900's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
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When is mental illness a meaningful failure of wisdom?

Some philosophers think mental illness is a failure of function, to act rationally, others a failure of doing, but it can also at least involve failures of self appraisal, to accurately judge what is ...
prof_post's user avatar
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The ultimate absurdity: if consciousness is an illusion, how can anything we know be real?

Epiphenomenalism holds that conscious experience is an ineffectual by-product of brain activities. Eliminationists go further and add that this by-product is an illusion. I was wondering whether ...
infatuated's user avatar
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Are evolution and reinforcement learning related?

Are evolution and reinforcement learning related? Evolution and reinforcement learning are related in that they both involve a process of learning and adaptation over time. Evolution is a biological ...
Shriman Keshri's user avatar
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Is personhood different from personal identity?

I'm confused as to what the difference between these two terms are. Suppose that I am a cognitivist about personhood. Does this imply that higher order cognitive functions underwrite personal identity ...
Frank Booth's user avatar
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What's the difference between Me and the person I am?

Let's say that each person in the world is conscious and their experience can be viewed on a video. Then let's introduce an additional giant movie theatre screen, and call it "Me". In this ...
siamii's user avatar
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Has brain-to-brain communication been addressed in the literature, and if so, is there a fundamental reorganization of philosophy required?

Answering Is this a good argument against mental causation? led me to a simple metaphysical question, and I wonder if anyone in the Western Canon addressed it, particularly someone in the last century....
J D's user avatar
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Is this a good argument against mental causation?

If mental causation exists, then mental phenomena would affect the bodies of sentient beings. Then the bodies of sentient beings (and only they) would be affected by an additional set of causal ...
Sam's user avatar
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6 answers
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Was Russell right in saying that skepticism is psychologically impossible?

"Skepticism, while logically impeccable, is psychologically impossible, and there is an element of frivolous insincerity in any philosophy which pretends to accept it. Moreover, if skepticism is ...
thinkingman's user avatar
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Is philosophy about the resolution of mental conflict and disunity?

Consider the following "psychological" take on what philosophy is about. To do philosophy means: To have disorder in your mind: conflict between one idea and another, or insufficient ...
causative's user avatar
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Should we have full disbelief in things with no evidence or leave room for belief? [duplicate]

Should we have full disbelief in propositions with no evidence or should we have a small amount of belief in them? The proponents of the camp that says you should have a small amount of belief often ...
thinkingman's user avatar
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Circular reasoning about the existence of other minds

If I use the IBE argument to justify my belief in the existence of other minds, but I don't know how the argument reached its conclusion, can I just trust the experts who formulated the argument or ...
Arti's user avatar
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The private language argument and Descartes's private thoughts

In his "Thinking it Through" textbook, Appiah writes It is a big step from saying that some of our mental states are things that other people can know about, to saying, with the ...
EE18's user avatar
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What counts as a suitable trial?

So, Having emerged from a period of "being tested" myself Im interested in what counts as a "test", with the practical view of finding "tests" which are the least "...
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Common sense and belief in the existence of other minds

Does our common sense believe that other people have minds because it is useful (just agnosticism and pragmatism), or because our common sense really has good reasons to believe that other people have ...
Arnold's user avatar
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Is this argument about computers and consciousness logically valid?

Assume 1) You can make a conscious agent consisting of a robot controlled by some computer; 2) There are no zombies 3) You replace the computer by a chinese-like room version that behaves identically. ...
Pato Galmarini's user avatar
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Do non physical causes exist?

When we decide to move an arm, some argue that it is an example of a mental event causing a physical effect. But doesn’t recent science show that free will may be illusory and from a time perspective, ...
thinkingman's user avatar
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What is a functional relationship?

By a "functional relationship" I mean "the way" a part of a system interacts with the rest of the system. In a certain sense it "doesn't matter" how the part of the ...
causative's user avatar
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How exactly does representational theory of mind help resolve the materialist problem of a qualia without physical origin?

I was reading this stanford entry and I can't understand how representationalism helps overcome the problem of a sensory quality without external origin that otherwise undermines belief in materialism....
infatuated's user avatar
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Kant and ontological character of the mind

I have a basic understanding of Kant's philosophy which revolves mostly around how human mind synthesizes valid knowledge, that is, the forms of understanding unifying perceptions, and forms of ...
infatuated's user avatar
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The initial point of everything

Every action is influenced by something, an action happens when it is intended to. Isn't everything influenced by some other phenomena that itself has been influenced by other events? Then every ...
shubham rajana's user avatar
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Philosophy of time and intuitions about qualia being dependent on a distinguished present moment

When I’ve attempted to research philosophy of time I find that a lot of the discussion seems to be about how to give a logical analysis of tenses in language, but relatively little of it seems to pay ...
Avi C's user avatar
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What does not kill me makes me stronger

"Out of life's school of war: What does not destroy me, makes me stronger." -from the Maxims & Arrows section of aphorisms, in Die Götzen-Dämmerung (Twilight of the Idols) by Friedrich ...
quanity's user avatar
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If we can't be 100% sure of anything, then we have to believe everything with a grain of salt?

If we can't be 100% sure of anything, then we should trust everything with mistrust and suspicion? For example, the existence of other minds, the existence of the outside world, etc. is currently ...
Arnold's user avatar
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Starting An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding. Will this be fun?

As someone with a deep interest in philosophy and the intricacies of human understanding, I have decided to embark on an exciting intellectual journey, delving into the realm of David Hume's "An ...
cricket900's user avatar
7 votes
6 answers
635 views

Can the hard problem of consciousness, in principle, be answered with a mathematical formula?

By "answering the hard problem with a formula," what I mean is to give a formula F that takes as input a mathematical representation of a physical system, and produces as output a ...
causative's user avatar
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What does the IBE argument (the best explanation argument) look like in favor of the existence of other minds?

I have read several versions of the IBE argument for the existence of other minds. But I got a little confused. Now I'm not sure I know what it should sound like. How should the IBE argument (argument ...
Johnny5454's user avatar
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3 answers
106 views

How does the IBE arrive at the best explanation?

What is meant by the behavior of other people in argument? Here it is said that the simplicity of the explanation is decisive in choosing the best explanation. Solipsism has fewer entities(only my ...
Johnny5454's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
158 views

How might Western Metaphysicists respond to the puzzle of King Milinda/Nagasena’s Chariot

Example of the puzzle How might Western Philosophers like Mereologcial Universalists or naturalistic metaphysicians reply to this?
Craigory 's user avatar
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If I use arguments to justify my belief in the existence of other minds, do I have to abandon the theory of mind?

If I use IBE arguments (the best explanation argument) or phenomenal conservatism to justify my belief in the existence of other minds, do I have to ignore theory of mind? That is, I should abandon ...
Arnold's user avatar
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Can I use multiple justifications for believing in the existence of other minds?

Can I use multiple justifications for believing in the existence of other minds? There are several good justifications for our belief in the existence of other minds. Theory of mind, which is part of ...
Arnold's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
319 views

What are some problems or counterpoints to Oneness or Non-Dualism

I have a pretty decent understanding of what its proponents think, but I can’t seem to find anything criticizing the view as more places link back to pro-oneness sources. So in to get both sides of ...
Craigory 's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
132 views

If some people don't have an internal monologue, is that a problem for arguments for the existence of other minds?

https://www.verywellmind.com/does-everyone-have-an-inner-monologue-6831748 All arguments in favor of the existence of other minds claim that other people have minds similar to my mind. My mind is ...
Arti's user avatar
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3 answers
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What would a possible solution to the hard problem of consciousness look like?

The hard problem of consciousness is stated as- 'why objective, mechanical processing can give rise to subjective experiences.' The reason I ask this question is that if we do not even know what a ...
Prem's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is the hard problem of consciousness a question about why a person, as an entity which can experience, exists?

The hard problem of consciousness is stated as- 'why objective, mechanical processing can give rise to subjective experiences.' If we assume the universe to be a Turing machine, it appears to me that ...
Prem's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Has anyone ever claimed that if Daniel Dennett, or a like-minded person, did actually manage to explain consciousness, humans would be diminished?

Here's a link to a free, seemingly legal, PDF of an awesome book, Sweet Dreams by Dan Dennett. I finished reading it a day or two ago. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/...
Matthew Christopher Bartsh's user avatar
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2 answers
132 views

Is the simpler explanation is the most likely, the most convincing and the most plausible?

Is the simpler explanation is the most likely, the most convincing and the most plausible? Occam's razor and abduction, on which inference to the best explanation is based, say that the simplest ...
Arti's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Is there a mathematical grounding for functionalism?

Take the sep definition of functionalism: Functionalism in the philosophy of mind is the doctrine that what makes something a mental state of a particular type does not depend on its internal ...
causative's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
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A newbie's highly thought-upon plan for starting philosophy [closed]

How's it going guys, I hope you're all having a great time! Greetings, to all the great minds here! I would really appreciate your help with my entrance to the infinite world of philosophy. First, I ...
History Of Tea's user avatar
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1 answer
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Does gender identity require a dualist account of consciousness?

For the sake of argument, let us say that gender identity exists and is analytically and ontologically distinct from sex. Let us also say that: Gender identity is accessible through introspection, ...
sket's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
106 views

How do I know what I don't know?

I am not looking for a straight answer to this question but some references on how I should further investigate this problem. Problem Let us consider a person bob When Bob makes a statement, he ...
Shriman Keshri's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
110 views

In line with Roger's Penrose argumentation, why is human mind not computable, when large language models are?

Roger Penrose famously from Gödel's Incompleteness Theorem, that human mind is not computable, because mathematical intuition is not computable (a mathematician can prove more than any formal system, ...
Tomasz Garbus's user avatar
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2 answers
124 views

Assuming philosophical zombies are possible, could one zombie have an inverted spectrum while the rest do not?

Philosophical zombies by definition (See Chalmers: https://consc.net/zombies-on-the-web/) lack qualia, while being normal human beings in every other way. Like normal humans, zombies make utterances ...
Matthew Christopher Bartsh's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
213 views

Anthropomorphism and AI

The human brain and computer based AI are vastly different systems. Although both may perform similar functions, the mechanisms are different: one is purely electrical and assembled, the other is ...
user avatar
13 votes
12 answers
6k views

Do computers use logic?

I know we refer to computers as using logic, logic gates and the like, but is this just us ascribing human capacities to the machines? It sounds like a case of us giving more meaning to the machines ...
adkane's user avatar
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Electron's behavior: A Solution to the Hard Problem of Consciousness? [closed]

In recent years, the hard problem of consciousness has been a subject of intense debate and discussion in the field of philosophy and cognitive science. Many researchers and scholars have proposed ...
Bishop_1's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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What is this model of the world where people keep on selling ego to you?

I just got some cold pressed vegetable drink. It is supposed to be healthy, but it also tastes awful. It is expensive too, near US$6 a 16 oz bottle, so it could have problems selling. Then I notice ...
Stefanie Gauss's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
56 views

Church-Turing Thesis and the human brain

A question on my homework: Imagine that scientists discover that the behavior of the brain can be completely described by some mathematical function. Given the Church–Turing Thesis, would this ...
ASA's user avatar
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5 votes
6 answers
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Could there be higher level emergent phenomena from more complex systems with properties different from consciousness?

My original question may have been unclear. Most answers seem to miss my point. So I'll try to restate it. Can you speculate about an entirely new higher level phenomena that might emerge from a ...
JeffK's user avatar
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