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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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What is consciousness

Is it a question that science may answer? This article became the root of my thinking. https://www.theguardian.com/science/2012/mar/01/consciousness-eight-questions-science
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The place of life in nature and time

What's the relationship between nature, time and life? Is Nature like a static ball in which Time is a marble rolling in circular defined motion and Life just happens (life is a random indeterminate ...
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Does it make sense to say that consciousness does not exist or there is no such thing?

Does it make sense to say that consciousness does not exist or there is no such thing? I've not taken any classes in reductionism, but it seems reductionst. How would philosophy of mind and ...
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How do modern substance dualists answer the question of WHERE the interaction between the mind and the brain take place?

Descartes thought that the interaction took place in the pineal gland, but today we know that this is wrong. So, how do modern substance dualists answer the question of where the interaction between ...
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How would you reconcile your ambitions if your strongest will/dreams are forged? [closed]

Most of us would think that 'intention' or 'want' is an integral part of 'self'. However, during open brain surgeries, scientists have used electric stimulation on certain parts of the patients' brain ...
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Can substance dualism (Cartesian) account for split consciousness?

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-superhuman-mind/201211/split-brains A long time ago neuroscientists discovered that when a persons brain is split their consciousness splits as well. Some ...
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Can we adopt a certain perspective without subjective experience?

Introduction I am not speaking about our conscious perspective that includes our conscious knowledge of what is rational and what is irrational. I am speaking about the deep perspective that controls ...
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Does following logic necessarily require one to conclude that they are objective and have no bias?

In social psychology, naïve realism is the human tendency to believe that we see the world around us objectively, and that people who disagree with us must be uninformed, irrational, or biased. It is ...
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Can anyone translate this paragraph from Joseph Glanvill's “The Vanity of Dogmatizing” into simple English?

Can anybody translate this paragraph into simple English? It is a paragraph from Joseph Glanvill's The Vanity of Dogmatizing, Chapter 5, page 26-7. But how is it, and by what art, doth the soul ...
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According to substance mind body dualism are memories formed in the brain?

In mind body dualism, we have two fundamental substances. The mind and the body. My question is, is there any form of substance dualism where memories of ones past are formed and contained in the ...
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Can Hasker's emergent dualism work (in principle) with a non-spatial mind without energy?

I know my question here is related : According to Hasker's emergent dualism, why does the mind have to be spatial? However, this is not a duplicate. Can Hasker's emergent substance dualism ...
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According to Cartesian substance dualism, would it be possible for an individual's mind to be replaced by another mind?

Say an individual's Cartesian mind has been removed from that person (somehow). Would it be possible (in principle) for another mind to take over the "mindless hulk" of an individual?
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Would it be possible for a mind to replicate itself in Cartesian substance dualism?

I had a class in microbiology the other day, and we were talking about DNA replication. During the cell cycle, a cell goes through a cycle where it's DNA is duplicated and creates two daughter cells. ...
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What books are imperative to understand Philosophy of Mind?

I only want to exclude Descartes as I have read everything he's written many times over as he's my favorite philosopher (if one is allowed such a silly thing). While I understand that reading by ...
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According to Hasker's emergent dualism, why does the mind have to be spatial?

https://www.newdualism.org/papers/F.Dilley/Dilley-faithphil_2003.pdf I was reading Dilley's critique on the emergent dualism view, and it seems to me that the biggest reason to reject Hasker's view ...
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Article on Daniel Dennett's view of the mind-body problem?

I am taking my first philosophy class; is there a relatively short article (<30 pages preferably) on Dennett's view of the mind-body problem? I have read his "Where am I", but that just seems like ...
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wouldn't Psychophysical Parallelism require an explanation as to why the mind and body correlate?

One thing I don't understand about Psychophysical Parallelism, is that it states that the mind and body are perfectly coordinated, yet there is no causal relationship between them. If this is true, ...
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How can substance dualism (Cartesian) explain how the mind is affected from brain damage?

One of the biggest arguments against substance dualism is the fact that when the brain is damaged, the mind is altered. If the brain and mind are two different substances, the mind should not be ...
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Clarification of mental states

I'd intended this as a comment on another answer, but apparently I'm too new for comments? So if this is the wrong spot hopefully they'll move this. I have some experience with metaphysics, less with ...
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What is a Turing Machine having Probabilistic Automation?

In Turing machines, “each instruction of a Turing machine is deterministic: Given the internal state and the symbol being scanned, the immediate next operation is wholly and uniquely determined.”(Kim ...
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What are “Concepts” according to Hilary Putnam?

I am reading Putnam's "Brains in a Vat" (1981) and I seem to be having a hard time getting through his terminologies. Is he saying that possessing a concept is not the same as possessing an image? ...
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Francis Bacon and mechanical mind

I do not understand the last phrase from Francis Bacon. What does the nature of things exactly mean here? (This paragraph is from the book "the mechanical mind" written by Tim Crane) However, there ...
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Is epiphenomenalism compatible with free will?

I sometimes see claims on the internet that according to epiphenominalism there is no free will. But what is the basis to this claim?
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What is the physicalist response to the explanatory gap for conciousness?

The zombie argument against physicalism usually goes like this Physically identical zombies are conceivable. If zombies are conceivable, they are metaphysically possible. Therefore physicalism is ...
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Is it possible to live a life in which we never ever tell a lie? [closed]

How will we explain such a schema of life in which we never ever tell a lie according to the philosophical point of view?
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Can emergent substance dualism account for why creatures have consciousness without invoking a divinity giving it to them?

Emergent dualism is a view where consciousness is a substance that arises due to a certain arrangement of matter. So, can this explain that consciousness as a fundamental substance, can be given to ...
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Are thoughts qualia?

There seems to be a very clean distinction between two types of experience: external stimuli, and internal experience. The external stimuli, in one model, are qualia. Qualia are objects that may be ...
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Is this a solution to the disjunction problem of causal representation?

As I understand it, the disjunction problem is how could a causal theory of inner representation account for mistaken identification of external objects or object types. For example, if I see a fox ...
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What is the name for half-baked understanding of philosophies?

I think many people who subscribe to Taoism pushing the idea to extremes, like thinking that only feeling is correct (in the name of the Tao cannot be spoken), or researching is useless (in the name ...
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Descartes and embodiment

What does "Is this enough to enable the kinds of thought that really having a body involves?" What does this mean? What does "enable" mean exactly? what does "having a body involves" mean exactly? ...
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How can Epiphenomenalism explain the brain's belief in the mind without invoking divine intervention?

Epiphenomenalism is a mind-body dualist proposal that states that the brain can affect the mind but the mind cannot affect the brain. However, it has a big problem. It doesn't explain why the brain ...
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How can substance dualism survive the arguments from neuroscience?

On the Wikipedia page for Mind-body dualism, one of the arguments against dualism is neuroscience. In some contexts, the decisions that a person makes can be detected up to 10 seconds in advance by ...
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Does emergent dualism solve the problem of brain damage without resorting to interactionist dualism?

Emergent dualism is a solution to the brain damage problem for substance dualism. It states that the mind is a substance that arises from certain configurations of matter (such as the brain). And when ...
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Is ordinary language philosophy dead?

Wikipedia states that It is now not uncommon to hear that Ordinary Language philosophy is no longer an active force. Wittgenstein is perhaps the only one among the major figures of linguistic ...
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Can I truly express my thoughts?

Looking at the Private language argument it occurs to me that Wittgenstein does not really account for the developmental nature of language: Temporal and spacial separation of Speakers will ...
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For what does it serve a man to chase after he does not have just to lose sight of the things he does [closed]

For what does it serve a man to chase after things that he does not have just to lose sight of the things that he does
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Is there such thing as “random” when it comes to expressionism? [closed]

I am wondering if there is such a thing as "random" when it comes to expressionism. Your brain decides things even before you've realized it. For example, if you pick something up, a fraction of a ...
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Is there any literature discussing whether all conscious entities are separate, discrete experiencers or a single experiencer?

I would like to know if there is any work discussing whether conscious entities (minds) are perceived by different "experiencers," arguably who we are. The other option as far as I know would be ...
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Consciousness and Spacetime [closed]

What is consciousness? Is our conceived perception a part of space or time? Can we be conscious in a state where time is non existent, or frozen? Is consciousness energy? Does it adhere to ...
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What is the relationship between memory and free will?

Suppose I want to go to a store and buy a few items- coffee, cereal, tape, and gum. However, I’m at work so I have to wait a few hours before I can go to the store. When I finally make it to the ...
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Knowledge without a belief: do infants have beliefs?

We say that knowledge is connected with beliefs. Infants do some basic things required to sustain their life, like breathing. We can say they know how to breath. Maybe they do it aimlessly, but they ...
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My first thought is always: I AM

This question is derivative of the question here: Could 'cogito ergo sum' possibly be false? It is noted by authors such as Nietzsche and Kierkegaard that there are several assumptions ...
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Genuine singular term vs. non genuine singular term

I am reading "The Varieties of Reference" by Gareth Evans and there is that term "genuine singular term". I know what a singular term is but when is it "genuine"? Does someone have an idea?
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How are realist and idealist different?What does one think of the other?

Which one is better? And who are you, an idealist or realist? Is it helping you, if yes how? If no, why? I think that an idealist has some ideal figure of himself which he tries to always meet his ...
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Improving the Knowledge Faculty

I once read this and wondered whether or not the idea of the knowledge faculty being improved was actually possible. One of the propositions is that it is only possible to know what is perceived by ...
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3answers
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What is the relationship between consciousness and intelligence?

Some philosophers say that consciousness is all about experiences, feelings, etc. Can we say that intelligence is also an experience or feeling making it one of the outcomes of consciousness or ...
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Ignorance vs Knowledge - What should one strive for to live a happy life?

The title actually explains it all. If one's goal is to live one's life as a happy person, which I actually want, what would be the best course to achieve that? I for myself could find myself ...
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Who said that questions can only be asked if the askers roughly knows the answers?

I remember it was Marx who said this as a thought for Hegel's take on history, but searching for keyword answer in his Wikiquote page doesn't yield any result. The exact quote might be very different ...
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Is Solipsism self-defeating?

If only my mind existed it would have to create the concept of time but nothing can be created without time, therefore solipsism is self-defeating. Shouldn't this automatically rule out solipsism?
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Can we introduce a comparative study between mathematics & philosophy here? [closed]

'Mind' or 'point'- neither has 'length', 'breadth' or 'height'; it is only 'existence' which defines both of their occurrences. So, can the figure of mind be equated with that of a mathematical point?