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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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How to define opposing character traits [on hold]

When dealing with opposing concepts like good/evil, generous/selfish in a person, you could view them as opposite ends of one spectrum so that the more you have of one the less you have of the other. ...
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Why do we answer questions based off philosophers from the past (i.e. Aristotle, Socrates, Plato, etc.)?

I've noticed on the Philosophy Exchange that all questions are answered with references to secure a more logical and strengthened argument (which is sensible), but why do we assume that these ...
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Can emergent substance dualism account for why creatures have consciousness without invoking a divinity giving it to them?

Emergent dualism is a view where consciousness is a substance that arises due to a certain arrangement of matter. So, can this explain that consciousness as a fundamental substance, can be given to ...
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50 views

Are thoughts qualia?

There seems to be a very clean distinction between two types of experience: external stimuli, and internal experience. The external stimuli, in one model, are qualia. Qualia are objects that may be ...
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Is this a solution to the disjunction problem of causal representation?

As I understand it, the disjunction problem is how could a causal theory of inner representation account for mistaken identification of external objects or object types. For example, if I see a fox ...
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145 views

What is the name for half-baked understanding of philosophies?

I think many people who subscribe to Taoism pushing the idea to extremes, like thinking that only feeling is correct (in the name of the Tao cannot be spoken), or researching is useless (in the name ...
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What should ‘self’ do?

Many words here, including ‘I’, ‘should’ etc., do not refer to the common literal meanings, but act like a vague representation or analogy. In reality though, nothing is defined fundamentally anyway. ...
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60 views

Descartes and embodiment

What does "Is this enough to enable the kinds of thought that really having a body involves?" What does this mean? What does "enable" mean exactly? what does "having a body involves" mean exactly? ...
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How can Epiphenomenalism explain the brain's belief in the mind without invoking divine intervention?

Epiphenomenalism is a mind-body dualist proposal that states that the brain can affect the mind but the mind cannot affect the brain. However, it has a big problem. It doesn't explain why the brain ...
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How can substance dualism survive the arguments from neuroscience?

On the Wikipedia page for Mind-body dualism, one of the arguments against dualism is neuroscience. In some contexts, the decisions that a person makes can be detected up to 10 seconds in advance by ...
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Does emergent dualism solve the problem of brain damage without resorting to interactionist dualism?

Emergent dualism is a solution to the brain damage problem for substance dualism. It states that the mind is a substance that arises from certain configurations of matter (such as the brain). And when ...
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131 views

Is ordinary language philosophy dead?

Wikipedia states that It is now not uncommon to hear that Ordinary Language philosophy is no longer an active force. Wittgenstein is perhaps the only one among the major figures of linguistic ...
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139 views

Can I truly express my thoughts?

Looking at the Private language argument it occurs to me that Wittgenstein does not really account for the developmental nature of language: Temporal and spacial separation of Speakers will ...
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For what does it serve a man to chase after he does not have just to lose sight of the things he does [closed]

For what does it serve a man to chase after things that he does not have just to lose sight of the things that he does
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Is there such thing as “random” when it comes to expressionism? [closed]

I am wondering if there is such a thing as "random" when it comes to expressionism. Your brain decides things even before you've realized it. For example, if you pick something up, a fraction of a ...
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Is there any literature discussing whether all conscious entities are separate, discrete experiencers or a single experiencer?

I would like to know if there is any work discussing whether conscious entities (minds) are perceived by different "experiencers," arguably who we are. The other option as far as I know would be ...
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2answers
73 views

Consciousness and Spacetime [closed]

What is consciousness? Is our conceived perception a part of space or time? Can we be conscious in a state where time is non existent, or frozen? Is consciousness energy? Does it adhere to ...
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1answer
70 views

What is the relationship between memory and free will?

Suppose I want to go to a store and buy a few items- coffee, cereal, tape, and gum. However, I’m at work so I have to wait a few hours before I can go to the store. When I finally make it to the ...
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Knowledge without a belief: do infants have beliefs?

We say that knowledge is connected with beliefs. Infants do some basic things required to sustain their life, like breathing. We can say they know how to breath. Maybe they do it aimlessly, but they ...
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102 views

My first thought is always: I AM

This question is derivative of the question here: Could 'cogito ergo sum' possibly be false? It is noted by authors such as Nietzsche and Kierkegaard that there are several assumptions ...
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47 views

Genuine singular term vs. non genuine singular term

I am reading "The Varieties of Reference" by Gareth Evans and there is that term "genuine singular term". I know what a singular term is but when is it "genuine"? Does someone have an idea?
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How are realist and idealist different?What does one think of the other?

Which one is better? And who are you, an idealist or realist? Is it helping you, if yes how? If no, why? I think that an idealist has some ideal figure of himself which he tries to always meet his ...
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33 views

Improving the Knowledge Faculty

I once read this and wondered whether or not the idea of the knowledge faculty being improved was actually possible. One of the propositions is that it is only possible to know what is perceived by ...
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130 views

What is the relationship between consciousness and intelligence?

Some philosophers say that consciousness is all about experiences, feelings, etc. Can we say that intelligence is also an experience or feeling making it one of the outcomes of consciousness or ...
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89 views

Ignorance vs Knowledge - What should one strive for to live a happy life?

The title actually explains it all. If one's goal is to live one's life as a happy person, which I actually want, what would be the best course to achieve that? I for myself could find myself ...
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1answer
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Who said that questions can only be asked if the askers roughly knows the answers?

I remember it was Marx who said this as a thought for Hegel's take on history, but searching for keyword answer in his Wikiquote page doesn't yield any result. The exact quote might be very different ...
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Is Solipsism self-defeating?

If only my mind existed it would have to create the concept of time but nothing can be created without time, therefore solipsism is self-defeating. Shouldn't this automatically rule out solipsism?
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Can we introduce a comparative study between mathematics & philosophy here? [closed]

'Mind' or 'point'- neither has 'length', 'breadth' or 'height'; it is only 'existence' which defines both of their occurrences. So, can the figure of mind be equated with that of a mathematical point?
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Are mathematics and philosophy in contradiction here?

Have I committed any mistake? Would you please enlighten me about the validity of this derivation? Thanks in advance! :)
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89 views

Is this a good argument against Simulation and Brain in a Vat hypotheses?

I was wondering about these skeptical hypotheses regarding the reality we experience. More specifically I wanted to address the Simulation and Brain in a Vat arguments because to me they seem kind of ...
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2answers
72 views

What is the purpose of showing our emotions? [closed]

What is the purpose of our showing emotions? showing our emotions isn't real (well somewhat), they are simulated by the brain because of hormones(in some cases) and they aren't needed and mostly over ...
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Are mathematical results influenced by the way we reason?

Intuitions of mathematicians, and the mathematics they develop, are ostensibly influenced by whether they primarily rely on visual_spatial and/or verbal_symbolic reasoning skills. Is it fair to say ...
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3answers
62 views

How could a computer acquire knowledge of its environment?

I've quite often seen AI respond to John Searle's Chinese room argument by accepting the systems reply: while the man in the room doesn't understand Chinese, the room (the system) as a whole could - ...
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Book Recommendation for Computational Theory of Mind

These days I'm really into studying the Computational Theory of Mind (CTM) and I have read papers and documents online. However, I have difficulty capturing the overall (received) theories of CTM at ...
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Can physical aspects of the brain reveal everything about what one's subjective experience is like?

In Colin McGinn's "The Mysterious Flame," McGinn argues against the materialistic response to the hard problem of consciousness with the following argument: Suppose I know everything about your ...
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What's the difference between philosophy and academic philosophy? [closed]

What's the difference between Philosophy and academic philosophy, simple, yet so complex? Philosophy is the act of studying reality, knowledge etc. Yet in academic philosophy, you aren't studying ...
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4answers
102 views

How can we overcome sorrow? [closed]

When our beloved departs from the earth, when we have terrific falls in our lives we all experience sorrows and many other things which make our life bitter. We experience sorrow. I want to know how ...
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557 views

Why am I this particular human being?

Some philosophers dismiss this as a question about a tautology: when Alice asks "Why am I Alice?", this is equivalent to her asking "Why is Alice Alice?", which is not an interesting question. But ...
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2answers
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How to keep track of my thoughts [closed]

Basically what I'm asking in the title, I don't know how to organize my previous thoughts with my present ones. Let me explain. I have very bad memory. And I like to philosophize, but I don't study ...
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How can we prove something ethical?

We as humans have ethics, giving us the ability to know what's good and evil, what's ethical what's not, yet what I consider ethical, others don't, so in theory how can we prove anything is ethical ...
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if philosophy didn't exist nor did psychology, could we prove that we think?

if philosophy and psychology didn't exist, could humans be able to prove that we think and are capable of coming up with inventions, I mean we create things because we need them(that used to be the ...
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2answers
139 views

Does one's perception of reality affect reality?

When taking in a situation, how much does the perception and predisposition to certain feelings (anger, anxeity, etc) as well as all the various enviroment inputs, like how one was raised, the things ...
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As someone studying philosophy and applying it to my life with success, how far does one take the ideals learnt?

I am studying several philosophers and applying all the knowledge I am learning into a 'melting pot' of ideals and characteristics I am applying to my life to better myself and attempt to live more ...
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4answers
78 views

Architectural Philosophy

I am an architecture student who wants to be more than just friends with philosophy. I am looking for something that narrates forms and spaces very well. It could be metaphoric to human behavior like ...
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3answers
131 views

Does functionalism of the mind allow for free will?

Functionalism views the mental processes in terms of causes and effects (ex. inputs such as sensory stimuli and output such as moving an extremity). But how would free will fit into this theory if at ...
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How do epiphenomenalists make sense of discussions about qualia?

Epiphenomenalists believe that mental events have no causal effect on the physical. They may differ in what they consider "mental events" but it seems all of them would consider qualia / phenomenal ...
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5answers
330 views

Was philosophy/philosophers involved in any revolutions?

Many philosophers were critical thinkers and were aware of what was happening in the world around them, meaning that they could recognize government corruption. Socrates was revolutionary, not only in ...
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4answers
100 views

Is “Why is the sky blue?” a philosophical question or scientific?

Why is "Why is the sky blue?" such a common question made by children? And why has that question about the question never been asked before? Is it that the question is just a cultural artifact, that ...
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3answers
181 views

Is it possible to be 100% certain of the existence of reality?

I don't really understand why some philosophers claim that it's impossible to be absolutely certain of anything except my own consciousness. Isn't that absurd? Personally I believe that this kind of ...
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Are syllogisms independent of humans?

For example, if "All a are b" and "All b are c" then "All a are c". To make this syllogism, does a conscious being need to exist? Or is it inferred from the sentences?