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Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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Why am I this particular person?

Some philosophers dismiss this as a question about a tautology: when Alice asks "Why am I Alice?", this is equivalent to her asking "Why is Alice Alice?", which is not an interesting question. But ...
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How to keep track of my thoughts

Basically what I'm asking in the title, I don't know how to organize my previous thoughts with my present ones. Let me explain. I have very bad memory. And I like to philosophize, but I don't study ...
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How can we prove something ethical?

We as humans have ethics, giving us the ability to know what's good and evil, what's ethical what's not, yet what I consider ethical, others don't, so in theory how can we prove anything is ethical ...
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if philosophy didn't exist nor did psychology, could we prove that we think?

if philosophy and psychology didn't exist, could humans be able to prove that we think and are capable of coming up with inventions, I mean we create things because we need them(that used to be the ...
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Does one's perception of reality affect reality?

When taking in a situation, how much does the perception and predisposition to certain feelings (anger, anxeity, etc) as well as all the various enviroment inputs, like how one was raised, the things ...
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As someone studying philosophy and applying it to my life with success, how far does one take the ideals learnt?

I am studying several philosophers and applying all the knowledge I am learning into a 'melting pot' of ideals and characteristics I am applying to my life to better myself and attempt to live more ...
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Architectural Philosophy

I am an architecture student who wants to be more than just friends with philosophy. I am looking for something that narrates forms and spaces very well. It could be metaphoric to human behavior like ...
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Does functionalism of the mind allow for free will?

Functionalism views the mental processes in terms of causes and effects (ex. inputs such as sensory stimuli and output such as moving an extremity). But how would free will fit into this theory if at ...
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How do epiphenomenalists make sense of discussions about qualia?

Epiphenomenalists believe that mental events have no causal effect on the physical. They may differ in what they consider "mental events" but it seems all of them would consider qualia / phenomenal ...
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Was philosophy/philosophers involved in any revolutions?

Many philosophers were critical thinkers and were aware of what was happening in the world around them, meaning that they could recognize government corruption. Socrates was revolutionary, not only in ...
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Is “Why is the sky blue?” a philosophical question or scientific?

Why is "Why is the sky blue?" such a common question made by children? And why has that question about the question never been asked before? Is it that the question is just a cultural artifact, that ...
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Is it possible to be 100% certain of the existence of reality?

I don't really understand why some philosophers claim that it's impossible to be absolutely certain of anything except my own consciousness. Isn't that absurd? Personally I believe that this kind of ...
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Are syllogisms independent of humans?

For example, if "All a are b" and "All b are c" then "All a are c". To make this syllogism, does a conscious being need to exist? Or is it inferred from the sentences?
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Consciousness doesn't need your body - a thought experiment

1) During a deep sleep, your consciousness deactivates to reactivate upon awakening 2) During a deep sleep, you are narcotized and killed, to be replaced instantly by an identical copy, which wakes ...
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What is the relation between consciousness and thinking? [closed]

This jumble of questions isn't organized in any specific way. Please don't feel the need to address all the questions. Do we need the ability to think or be in possession of a unifying self to be ...
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Science and philosophy: how to study the issue of mind [closed]

Short background The issue of mind has perturbed me for many years, and still does. It is common to hear questions like: What is life, or matter or anything, I used to wonder about mind, so asked: ...
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Should we think twice about dualism?

With the rise of Materialism and Physicalism a dualistic ontology has fallen out of favor. The successes of Science makes makes us comfortable to deny any entity beyond the "Observable Universe". ...
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Does the value of truth have an approximation threshold?

In other words, a truth value in a mathematical sense is binary, but human communication is fallible and runs the risk of fallacy, error, and distortion. The idea of being "close enough" to the truth ...
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Was active ignorance the genesis of self awareness?

In other words, is an organism's ability to ignore some of the sensory input it receives from the outside world the first requirement in defining self from other?
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If there's an physically identical copy of me, is that me?

I recently came up with a question. It is as you may know based on consciousness. Let’s say I made a blueprint of myself, exactly the same person I am talking at the atomic level. Let us say the ...
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Why does the dream argument posit that the senses are untrustworthy when it's the mind that is being tricked?

According to the wiki of the dream argument, "the act of dreaming provides preliminary evidence that the senses we trust to distinguish reality from illusion should not be fully trusted, and therefore,...
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Does engineering have an intrinsic moral dimension?

If you think engineering has an intrinsic moral dimension, please share your point of view. I think it does, but I would love to hear other points of view.
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Cartesian dualist and dualist

I was taught that Cartesian dualists were those who believe strongly that the mind and the body are entirely two separate entities while a dualist believes the same but also believes that the mind and ...
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Jean-Paul Sartre freedom question [duplicate]

Jean-Paul Sartre claimed we are totally free. This might lead some people to think they can show no concern for others and do whatever they want. He warned, however, if everything is based on free ...
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Where is the line drawn on cheating Darwin/genetics? How does one accept this? [closed]

It is stated that cosmetic surgery is cheating genetics if the end result is aimed at increasing one's physical attraction and thus ultimately affecting natural selection in this person's favor. But ...
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AI singularity, and the transmission of intelligence

I was quite taken with David Deutsch's dismissal of the fear of the AI general intelligence singularity, based on the idea that any true intelligences will in some sense start with hybrid human-...
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How can I abandon beliefs supplied by the culture?

I have beliefs which seem irrational and trivial to me. These beliefs diminish my freedom. But still, guilt is produced when I am not acting in accordance with these beliefs. I am not speaking about ...
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Aren't all children philosophers? [closed]

As described by writer Jostein Gaarder in his book Sophie's World, to philosophize is to be astonished by things in nature around us, and we can always see children always surprised of things ...
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Is it possible for a human being to be rational?

How i see the rational man: A man who not only able to believe that something is rational/irrational, but in the same time able to function in respect to this belief. An example for the irrational ...
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Does free will require mental causation?

What I am asking is this: does the notion of free will require A weak form of dualism Top-down causality as necessary conditions? Does this entail that not everything which is a physical effect have ...
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On the way we relate to the world\thinking the way we think

Walking down the streets I heard: Measuring means comparing. I was shocked. Why $A$ is better\bigger\higher\etc than $B$? It becomes somehow obvious: that simple idea shapes part of our reality. ...
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Why is Jackson’s Knowledge Argument (“Mary’s room”) widely accepted as being self-consistent in its premises?

I imagine you are already familiar with Peter Jackson’s Knowledge Argument, but for reference, here it is again, as originally presented: Mary is a brilliant scientist who is, for whatever reason, ...
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Is suffering unfair in life?

There are ideas that everyone suffers somewhat -- nobody gets out of life alive at the end. But why do others live good lives with more happiness and why am I miserable? Is this life carved in stone ...
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Contentedness vs Happiness

Is being contented equal to happiness? Is being happy equal to being contented? To me this is hard to determine as there are people I know who are contented with their lot, but are not completely ...
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Ned Block on the Psychology of the Homunculi-Head

In his ‘Troubles with Functionalism’, Block develops his now-famous Homunculi-Head thought experiment. At one point (p.292), he claims that there are psychological differences between a person and ...
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Western philosophers that emphasize on the importance of meditation?

Who are the main western philosophers who acknowledge the importance of meditation, self-discovery(know yourself) and the realization of your own mind-habits and emotional responses?
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Cloning: Will you be the same person? [closed]

Imagine, in the future, we have mastered the technology of cloning. The rich and powerful have got their own cloning devices. They clone their bodies and keep the clones in a cryogenic environment to ...
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How is the concept of “beyond word” viewed in many school of thoughts?

This is my review on the concept of "beyond word": Taoism and Buddhism seems to share that wisdom can't be grasped intellectually. In Zen practice, the koans are presented as nonsensical questions so ...
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Assuming perceptual realism, if there exists a red apple, and I am thinking of it, is the thing in my mind red?

Is there a thing in my mind? Is that how it's phrased? I understand there is the definition of apple as a concept...is this what is in my mind? The definition doesn't include red though...Honestly I ...
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journal for mathematics of philosophy/mythology

I have been working on research involving the use of mathematical formulas and reasoning in order to philosophical concepts, specifically concepts concerning mythology, the Jungian model of the psyche,...
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Has anyone tried to model the mind considering two interacting parts - prediction and attention?

What we pay attention to is what we learn to predict. Our predictions (the metric by which we validate our models, our understanding) in turn guide our attention. Has anyone done any work on this ...
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What is bundle theory's response to the too-many-thinkers problem?

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/identity-personal/#TooManThiPro This page suggests that the only way to solve this problem would be to say that were are "organisms". What is bundle theory of the ...
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The tags for the 21st century philosophy

What are the tags, if I'd like to read something about 21st century philosophy? Where do I find the list of the greatest philosophers of the 21st century? Is it true that the pure philosophy is in ...
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How does Gödel's incompleteness theorem apply to materialism and the mind

Assertion 1: Humans use some logical system to understand the universe Assertion 2: Gödel proved through a formal logic what is provable about a logical system is a subset of what is true about it, ...
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Churchland's “historical trend”-argument for physicalism

The history of science is full of cases where people thought a phenomenon was utterly unique, that there couldn’t be any possible mechanism for it, that we might never solve it, that there was nothing ...
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How do non-theists explain the reliability of our cognitive faculties given Plantinga’s EAAN?

Plantinga argued in his Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism (EAAN) that given naturalistic evolution we cannot expect our cognitive faculties to be reliable. This contradicts our experience that ...
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Aristotle and taste preferences of animals

We probably can assume that Aristotle knew at least some “sensitive” (conscious) animals which have very different preferences in taste than humans. For example vultures (they occur in Greece), which ...
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Side effects of scientific mind on levels of life

There are enumerous benefits of scientific temperament, as i have read so far. Its working abilities, functionality and dealings with day to day matter is fantabulous. My question is : Do this kind ...
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Advancements in scientific mind and its side effects on society

A scientific mind is one that can make the most of observation. It has highly-refined imagination and curiosity that makes it possible to carry forward advanced research work. And also it's a bit ...
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What does it mean to know or not know something?

Once one know something, one can't unknow it. We can't just forget what we've known like the way we delete computer's file. Yet it take us a split of second to obtain information and embed it in our ...