Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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Are levels of intelligence different levels of consciousness?

I just want to clarify that I do NOT think I have a more gifted mind than average. Not at all. However, I am very existential and often wonder about the nature of basic things. Anyway, one of my ...
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Why is the brain considered a computer?

Some people consider the brain a computer. Like brain philosopher D. Hofstadter. In a public talk he gave he tried to do anything to show that. Including tackling opponents. But he couldn't convince (...
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Is there no epistemic criteria to determine a heap?

When one thinks about language, there are many phrases that are inexact or vague and ambiguous. For example, when one thinks about the Sorites paradox, one encounters inexactness in language as to ...
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What is greek or ancient greek word for counter-productive? [closed]

Is there a word in the ancient times for counter-productive? Just wondering.
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Would philosophy be useless if there were a box of answers?

All of the ideas are mine, I don't know a lot about philosophy's terms, I'll be clear and I'll speak in human's terms. Imagine someday everything is normal, kids going to schools, doctors going to ...
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Where is it that I go when I dream?

This is a question that I had posed regarding the nature of mental images described by patients who suffer from Charles Bonnet Syndrome here: What is the nature of the mental images that are perceived ...
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The formal philosophy as a habit [closed]

I am a Computer Science Student, I have always loved philosophy and the way it makes the obvious logical , But sad to say I struggle with learning it and studying it in my life, Because philosophy ...
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Is experience a real thing? [closed]

Reality is both objective and subjective or neither , But what about experience ? since experience is totally subjective does this mean it may or may not be real? for example, You hear a person ...
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Is peripheral attention an example of the intentionality of consciousness?

Suppose I fix my gaze on an object, say a flower. Without moving my eyes, keeping them fixed on the flower, so with the same exact visual experience, I can "direct my attention" towards ...
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What is the definition of time according to Philosophy?

Time has units. nanosecond (one billionth of a second), microsecond (one millionth of a second), millisecond (one thousandth of a second), second, minute, and hour. We have atomic clock, digital clock,...
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What is the core problem of intentionality?

In the philosophy of mind, I have read that "intentionality" is a difficult thing to explain in a naturalistic fashion. But I don't necessarily see the heart of the problem in the same way ...
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Does Stoicism condone passivity?

According to Google, Stoicism means: "The endurance of pain or hardship without the display of feelings and without complaint." So does it mean that amid most difficult circumstances where ...
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What are some refutations of Husserl’s anti-psychologism?

Husserl argues that psychologism fails through its inability to distinguish between objects of knowledge and acts of knowing, the act being a temporal and psychical process characterized by ...
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Why do we still need to study the body-mind problem in philosophy given neurophysiology

I am a beginner in philosophy and I am currently reading Jaegwon Kim's Philosophy of Mind. In the introduction (P.g. 8), Kim states that one of the most important problems in Philosophy of Mind is the ...
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How do Chinese and Japanese Buddhists perceive people?

I have seen many answers to similar questions, but they do not answer my question. The fact is that the Mahayana doctrine (which is popular in China and Japan) leads to Nihilism or Solipsism. I asked ...
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Is AI in a Crisis of Science?

According to Thomas S. Kuhn in his classic work, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions: ...'normal science' presupposes a conceptual and instrumental framework or paradigm accepted by an entire ...
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Cloning order paradox

Suppose there is a cloning device that could make exact copies of humans. It makes one person into two with the exactly same memory and other properties, with equal status and no one defined to be the ...
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122 views

Is the statement “no form of human knowledge can justify metaphysical absolutes” self defeating?

A common objection to the statement "no form of human knowledge can justify metaphysical absolutes" is that the statement itself is a metaphysical claim. One response is that the statement ...
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What is the most basic reasoning that creates all kinds of reasoning?

Hypothetico-deductive method, abductive reasoning, induction, deduction, reduction to absurdity, dialectic.... There's reasoning in mathematics, too. What is the fundamental reasoning that creates all ...
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What do philosophers mean when they say language has a psychological reality?

I came across this in trying to understand 'Ignorance of Language' by Michael Devitt, and the back and forth he has had around this topic with other philosophers. Any books (papers?) I can look at to ...
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Question for philosophers - How would you call the following view of the meaning of life?

Question for philosophers - How would you call the following view of the meaning of life?: "There isn't much point in assessing the intrinsic or extrinsic value or meaning of life. Accept life as ...
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How do Idealists deal with neuroscience showing correlations of the brain to the mind?

By idealism I mean where the mind is all there is. How do they take into account the fact that all the neuroscience that is there?
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Is the mind a substance in dual aspect monism?

I'm having a difficulty of the concept of the mind in dual aspect monism. Is the mind a substance in this philosophy of mind?
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Simulation hypothesis and solipsism

Is Nick Bostrom's simulation hypothesis a solipsistic idea? This hypothesis says that only I have consciousness, and all other people are unconscious philosophical zombies? Which version of the ...
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167 views

Is our reality completely illusionary as it is depicted in religions or various philosophical views?

I know that in many religions or in the work of many philosophers the ultimate truth or essence of existence is depicted monist. Some even argue further that all our experience is an illusion- which I ...
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284 views

What is a counter argument for the proposition that reaching the truth involves abandoning language and other intellectual instruments?

I have a linguist friend of mine who proposes that one should abandon all labels and paradigms to reach the ultimate truth, as they are deceptive. He proposes that you should strip all intellectual ...
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4answers
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If my parents hadn't gotten married, who would I be?

I saw an Alan Watts video saying some kids had the question something like "If my parents hadn't gotten married, who would I be?" I think that video just got fed to me as a suggestion and I'...
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Is your consciousness the same every day?

I want to know what tell us the most popular theories of consciousness about its continuity over periods of uncounsciousness. Identity through time is controversial, but assuming that you are the same ...
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Is a complete mathematical description of reality possible?

There are definitely states of systems(like mind) which are not quantifiable. For mathematics to work in principle, we need states which are quantifiable or measurable. So, does this go to show that ...
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Notion of space and time

In Critique of pure reason, Kant mentions the theory of space and time, which is a priori. It will be used in Heidegger's Being and Time. However, In his second meditation, it seems that Descartes ...
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Locke's psychology : reference request

While histories of philosophy traditionally devote a paragraph to the psychology of each author , it seems to me it is not the case for Locke. There might be reasons for this: (1) Locke is somewhat ...
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How common is solipsism among philosophers, scientists and common people?

How common is solipsism? On the opinion of philosophers what percentage of the population believes in solipsism? 1. How many percent of philosophers believe in solipsism? 2. How many percent of ...
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Can it be said, in the Kantian sense of the word “noumena”, that noumena exist?

I know Kant says it. But he also claims that nothing else can be said about noumena, only that they exist. I seem to be strongly convinced that this statement involves a contradiction and therefore ...
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What is the dichotomy called when being implicitly 'without' when one says to look 'within', and what does it mean?

I think the phrase 'Look within' is used often in the context of meditation. If someone can actually perform the act of looking within, it implicitly means that someone is currently 'without', and ...
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Is there, in Aristotle, a broad concept of thinking ( noèsis) that includes imagination ? Or is imagination a purely sensible power?

In Aristotle's De Anima, Bk. III, Part 3 ( http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/soul.3.iii.html) one can read this : "Thinking is different from perceiving and is held to be in part imagination, in ...
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Book recommendation on the history of philosophical psychology : structure of mind and mental faculties

I'm looking for a systematic survey of the history of philosophical psychology, either an expository text, or a selection of readings arranged chronologically. My orignal motivation regards the ...
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What philosophical works explore the concept of solitude?

I am currently working on the solitude of old people during the pandemic time. I wonder if there is any philosophical work that explores what solitude is and how it emerges from different perspectives....
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How would a smart person think if they were constantly duplicating themself then having one clone kill the other like in Prestige?

In real life, I would actually be against it. They would be letting the other clone really suffer. However, my point is theoretically what could happen. In Prestige, the guy who kept cloning himself ...
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Does modern philosophy believe in solipsism?

Does modern philosophy support solipsism? How many philosophers support this idea? Does solipsism scare philosophers? For example, the fact that all their close people can be unconscious, without ...
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Why should Dasein be authentic when one knows that he/she will be responsible for his/her actions when he chooses authenticity over inauthenticity?

Answers except "to know about being yourself" are really appreciated because this is the question itself. What should I strive to know about myself when I am happy with my life right now, ...
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51 views

Solipsism and other minds

Solipsism claims that other minds do not exist and therefore other people are unconscious and feel nothing at all. Doesn't this worry you? How does philosophy deal with this?
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Is thinking an activity of a subject?

I am interested in the question of whether thinking must be an activity of a subject. Is it true that thinking has no reality without being a mode of the subject? Could it be possible that there is ...
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What actually is a simulation philosophically?

Everyone has heard of the idea that the universe might be a simulation - which we understand to mean that there is some computer in the "base" universe, which is running a program that is ...
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Does panpsychism imply mathematical entities are conscious?

Does panpsychism claim that even mathematical entities, like numbers and functions and sets, are conscious entities? Or is it restricted to physical objects?
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How much of C.S Peirce's categories is new to him?

One of the very early papers of Peirce deal with his categories. How much of his categories are original to him? I am particularly interested in the "firstness" which he characterizes as the ...
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If what you have to say is not going to help me with anything and if it's not true, don't say it!

I learned some years ago and now I'm finding it hard to remember it back. It was something like: If what you have to say is not going to help me with anything and if it's not true, don't say it! And I ...
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What is the philosophical term for using half-truths to intentionally mislead?

Our local school district has been distributing propaganda to support keeping schools open during an uncontrolled pandemic. There has been a common pattern among these statements, where a half-truth ...
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According to game theory, are people trustworthy? [closed]

According to philosophical presumptions of game theory, are people trustworthy if there are incentives (profit and less loss) involved in lying? And if this question isn't entirely accurate as a ...
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126 views

Do qualia bring about issues for functionalism?

Do the personal experiences of qualia, such as what it is like to smell a flower, bring about issues for functionalism?
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Can behaviourism account for qualia?

If behaviourism is focused upon observable behavioural dispositions can it at all account for qualia; the way things feel, tase etc.

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