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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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Are there writers on the topic of an inherent human bias towards the value of rational thinking?

Some people place humans as 'higher animals' because we are uniquely capable of rational thought, while most other animals are not. This assumes that the trait of rationality is superior to other ...
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What feelings are unique to humans?

What differentiates humans from machines? We feel. We want to feel pleasure and to abstain from pain. Now, I can build (with a little help of my friends) a machine that will alert/make sound whenever ...
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Has the other parts of the soul the ability to superpose its will on the mind?

I am working on an idea between the soul, and the mind; relating to the unconsciousness, and consciousness. According to this article from the web it states that depression may very well be caused by ...
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Where to start to be savvy about the current literature on consciousness?

I imagine that there are probably only a few major schools of thought, though this may be a misjudgment on my part. I am very familiar with Daniel Dennett's work, Chalmers, Hoffman's (though I'm not ...
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What is modern take on the idea of wills?

Under wills I mean either Schopenhauer's will to live or Nietzsche's will to power or other wills like will to meaning and many more. As I guess, their authors intended to explain human behaviour by ...
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Can mind-body dualism be modelled by computer programs and their corresponding logic gates at the physical level?

If we a consider complex computer program (such as an operating system) running on an unknown architecture, then somebody observing the computer program at the logic gate level may be able to gain a ...
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Why or How? Which one do we prefer more in philosophy? [closed]

Why or How? Which one of them do we use in Philosophy to understand and describe the world around us? More simply, which one do we prefer more and why? In physics, more likely, we use HOW to know how ...
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how can i keep my motivation high all time? [closed]

Can any body help me to know how to keep my motivation on track . sometimes it goes too high and too low. I think Watching videos reading books won't help us , how can we be good at something do we ...
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Philosophers who did not think that language is more special than cognition as a whole

There are pretty many philosophers who talked and wrote on the philosophy of language. Usually language only means the use of words and symbols, however, I noticed that symbols may have different ...
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For interactionist dualism, what is the mechanism that allows the mind to interact with the body?

I've looked everywhere for this answer but still can't find anything. If the mind and body are separate substances how can the mind interact with the body? What's the mechanism for the interaction?
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If the mind is spatial does that mean it is material and cannot contain qualia?

The reason that people like mind body dualism is that material things cannot contain qualia and therefore there must be another entity that explains our consciousness. However, if we assume that the ...
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Which major philosophers (if any) prior to the 1900s believed that consciousness was an emergent property of the brain?

I am going to be doing an Independent Study with one of my professors, and I am obligated (due to the professor's expertise) to choose a philosopher prior to the 1900s. Were there any philosophers ...
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Are there many minds or is there only one?

"If a lion could speak, we cannot understand it" - Ludwig Wittgenstein Machines vs Chaos of Human Language Mathematical Consensus Is a proof still valid if only the author understands it? ...
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What is the minimum statement of faith?

Taking 'faith' to mean: an effective trust or acceptance of the veracity of certain statements of fact, or the truth of existential claims. I.e. the kind of faith/beliefs that are cardinal to the ...
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Isn't the question “Why is there something instead of nothing” flawed in that the questioner's existence started after the universe's?

Before the brain of any sentient species had evolved intelligent enough to ask the question "Why is there something instead of nothing", the universe did not require a purpose or reason to exist ...
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Anything that is wrong involves some kind of imbalance (true or false?)

I had a friend who claimed this to be true: Anything that is wrong involves some kind of imbalance Examples where it works: Overweight. Imbalance in the amount of calories eaten and calories ...
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Meaning in use and naturalisation of intentionality

What is the relation between pragmatism and intentionality? Two different enterprises in philosophy seem to be well established and yet contradicting: Inferential Pragmatism: from Wittgenstein and ...
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What is consciousness

Is it a question that science may answer? This article became the root of my thinking. https://www.theguardian.com/science/2012/mar/01/consciousness-eight-questions-science
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The place of life in nature and time [closed]

What's the relationship between nature, time and life? Is Nature like a static ball in which Time is a marble rolling in circular defined motion and Life just happens (life is a random indeterminate ...
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Does it make sense to say that consciousness does not exist or there is no such thing?

Does it make sense to say that consciousness does not exist or there is no such thing? I've not taken any classes in reductionism, but it seems reductionst. How would philosophy of mind and ...
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How do modern substance dualists answer the question of WHERE the interaction between the mind and the brain take place?

Descartes thought that the interaction took place in the pineal gland, but today we know that this is wrong. So, how do modern substance dualists answer the question of where the interaction between ...
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How would you reconcile your ambitions if your strongest will/dreams are forged? [closed]

Most of us would think that 'intention' or 'want' is an integral part of 'self'. However, during open brain surgeries, scientists have used electric stimulation on certain parts of the patients' brain ...
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Can substance dualism (Cartesian) account for split consciousness?

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-superhuman-mind/201211/split-brains A long time ago neuroscientists discovered that when a persons brain is split their consciousness splits as well. Some ...
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Can we adopt a certain perspective without subjective experience?

Introduction I am not speaking about our conscious perspective that includes our conscious knowledge of what is rational and what is irrational. I am speaking about the deep perspective that controls ...
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Does following logic necessarily require one to conclude that they are objective and have no bias?

In social psychology, naïve realism is the human tendency to believe that we see the world around us objectively, and that people who disagree with us must be uninformed, irrational, or biased. It is ...
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Can anyone translate this paragraph from Joseph Glanvill's “The Vanity of Dogmatizing” into simple English?

Can anybody translate this paragraph into simple English? It is a paragraph from Joseph Glanvill's The Vanity of Dogmatizing, Chapter 5, page 26-7. But how is it, and by what art, doth the soul ...
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According to substance mind body dualism are memories formed in the brain?

In mind body dualism, we have two fundamental substances. The mind and the body. My question is, is there any form of substance dualism where memories of ones past are formed and contained in the ...
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Can Hasker's emergent dualism work (in principle) with a non-spatial mind without energy?

I know my question here is related : According to Hasker's emergent dualism, why does the mind have to be spatial? However, this is not a duplicate. Can Hasker's emergent substance dualism ...
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According to Cartesian substance dualism, would it be possible for an individual's mind to be replaced by another mind?

Say an individual's Cartesian mind has been removed from that person (somehow). Would it be possible (in principle) for another mind to take over the "mindless hulk" of an individual?
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Would it be possible for a mind to replicate itself in Cartesian substance dualism?

I had a class in microbiology the other day, and we were talking about DNA replication. During the cell cycle, a cell goes through a cycle where it's DNA is duplicated and creates two daughter cells. ...
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What books are imperative to understand Philosophy of Mind?

I only want to exclude Descartes as I have read everything he's written many times over as he's my favorite philosopher (if one is allowed such a silly thing). While I understand that reading by ...
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According to Hasker's emergent dualism, why does the mind have to be spatial?

https://www.newdualism.org/papers/F.Dilley/Dilley-faithphil_2003.pdf I was reading Dilley's critique on the emergent dualism view, and it seems to me that the biggest reason to reject Hasker's view ...
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Article on Daniel Dennett's view of the mind-body problem?

I am taking my first philosophy class; is there a relatively short article (<30 pages preferably) on Dennett's view of the mind-body problem? I have read his "Where am I", but that just seems like ...
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wouldn't Psychophysical Parallelism require an explanation as to why the mind and body correlate?

One thing I don't understand about Psychophysical Parallelism, is that it states that the mind and body are perfectly coordinated, yet there is no causal relationship between them. If this is true, ...
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How can substance dualism (Cartesian) explain how the mind is affected from brain damage?

One of the biggest arguments against substance dualism is the fact that when the brain is damaged, the mind is altered. If the brain and mind are two different substances, the mind should not be ...
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Clarification of mental states

I'd intended this as a comment on another answer, but apparently I'm too new for comments? So if this is the wrong spot hopefully they'll move this. I have some experience with metaphysics, less with ...
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What is a Turing Machine having Probabilistic Automation?

In Turing machines, “each instruction of a Turing machine is deterministic: Given the internal state and the symbol being scanned, the immediate next operation is wholly and uniquely determined.”(Kim ...
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What are “Concepts” according to Hilary Putnam?

I am reading Putnam's "Brains in a Vat" (1981) and I seem to be having a hard time getting through his terminologies. Is he saying that possessing a concept is not the same as possessing an image? ...
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Francis Bacon and mechanical mind

I do not understand the last phrase from Francis Bacon. What does the nature of things exactly mean here? (This paragraph is from the book "the mechanical mind" written by Tim Crane) However, there ...
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Is epiphenomenalism compatible with free will?

I sometimes see claims on the internet that according to epiphenominalism there is no free will. But what is the basis to this claim?
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What is the physicalist response to the explanatory gap for conciousness?

The zombie argument against physicalism usually goes like this Physically identical zombies are conceivable. If zombies are conceivable, they are metaphysically possible. Therefore physicalism is ...
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Is it possible to live a life in which we never ever tell a lie? [closed]

How will we explain such a schema of life in which we never ever tell a lie according to the philosophical point of view?
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Can emergent substance dualism account for why creatures have consciousness without invoking a divinity giving it to them?

Emergent dualism is a view where consciousness is a substance that arises due to a certain arrangement of matter. So, can this explain that consciousness as a fundamental substance, can be given to ...
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Are thoughts qualia?

There seems to be a very clean distinction between two types of experience: external stimuli, and internal experience. The external stimuli, in one model, are qualia. Qualia are objects that may be ...
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Is this a solution to the disjunction problem of causal representation?

As I understand it, the disjunction problem is how could a causal theory of inner representation account for mistaken identification of external objects or object types. For example, if I see a fox ...
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What is the name for half-baked understanding of philosophies?

I think many people who subscribe to Taoism pushing the idea to extremes, like thinking that only feeling is correct (in the name of the Tao cannot be spoken), or researching is useless (in the name ...
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Descartes and embodiment

What does "Is this enough to enable the kinds of thought that really having a body involves?" What does this mean? What does "enable" mean exactly? what does "having a body involves" mean exactly? ...
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How can Epiphenomenalism explain the brain's belief in the mind without invoking divine intervention?

Epiphenomenalism is a mind-body dualist proposal that states that the brain can affect the mind but the mind cannot affect the brain. However, it has a big problem. It doesn't explain why the brain ...