Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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Is AI Mimicking or Simulating?

In the current applied ethics debate, a serious push to anthropomorphize or understand AI in human terms is underway. What many scholars point to is how LLMs allow AI to replicate and respond to our ...
4 votes
5 answers
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Does mind-body dualism entail supernaturalism?

The concept of mind-body dualism emphasizes a profound division between the mental and physical dimensions of human existence, positing the body as physical and the mind as non-physical. With this ...
2 votes
3 answers
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Under reductive materialism, could the same brain state evoke distinct conscious experiences (qualia) in two universes within a multiverse?

For the sake of discussion, let's grant the validity of reductive materialism. Moreover, let's entertain the notion that our universe is just one among an infinite (or significantly vast) number of ...
5 votes
2 answers
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Who, if anyone did say it, was the first to say that because no qualia exist it is meaningless to say what I call "red" could be what you call "blue"?

There's a famous question that asks whether two people who agree that they are seeing a red object might be seeing (in their respective subjective experiences) different colors. For example, one is ...
1 vote
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Does psychophysical harmony strongly point toward theism?

From Psychophysical Harmony: A New Argument for Theism, by Brian Cutter & Dustin Crummett: Abstract This paper develops a new argument from consciousness to theism: the argument from ...
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3 answers
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Are self-awareness and introspection the same?

I've read some definitions of these two and I believe that they are fundamentally the same thing. Introspection is examining one's own thoughts. If the thought is of yourself then that clearly leads ...
1 vote
3 answers
188 views

Solipsism and other minds

Solipsism claims that other minds do not exist and therefore other people are unconscious and feel nothing at all. Doesn't this worry you? How does philosophy deal with this?
10 votes
4 answers
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Is the question of Identity more difficult than the question of Free Will?

The experience of free will certainly exists. That is, whatever is happening when a decision is made by a conscious agent, the agent experiences feelings like indecision, fear, or desire feeding into ...
1 vote
0 answers
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How does thinking take place? [closed]

Thinking is done by and in the mind. The mind is not the brain. The mind is a communication and control system between the spirit (soul) and its environment. In order to achieve this, it uses the ...
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7 answers
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How do philosophers understand intelligence (beyond artificial intelligence)?

Do philosophers have working definitions of 'intelligence'? The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy provides a lot of references, but all of them are related to artificial intelligence and other ...
6 votes
4 answers
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Is materialism a self-refuting position?

I have been trying to poke a hole in the following apparently naive argument against materialism/physicalism: The main justification for materialism is that a person doesn't believe in that which ...
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6 answers
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If the brain can't think, what does? [closed]

I often read in philosophical discussions (in here and elsewhere) the word "brain" connected to higher level human functions, like thought, even consciousness. If this was a scientific place,...
2 votes
7 answers
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Paradox of the Loving "I": Is there any theory to answer my Paradox?

I came up with this when I was reading about the Paradox of Fiction in one of my Aesthetic philosophy texts. Here it is: The Paradox of the Loving Individual: (1) One experiences themselves as a ...
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10 answers
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What would happen if I suddenly lost consciousness?

What would happen if I (my body) suddenly lost consciousness? Let's say a freak accident caused the part of my brain responsible for connecting/creating/hallucinating my "being", my ...
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1 answer
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Which philosopher fits the following description? [closed]

I'm not a philosopher so please forgive me if this question does not belong here here is a list of my interpretation of other philosophers that I'm familiar with Their names Their words My ...
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0 answers
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On the conceivability of philosophical zombies [duplicate]

A big question in the philosophy of consciousness is whether philosophical zombies are conceivable, and if they are, are they also metaphysically possible. I believe the answer is yes. At least, I can ...
3 votes
3 answers
132 views

Digital Minds and their perception

My question is, “Would a digital mind, subject to a digital universe, perceptually be any different in its experience than an analogue mind to an analogue world in its experience?” I guess what I ...
5 votes
10 answers
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Consciousness in Simulation theory & AI, why do some believe that it is even possible?

There are many famous philosophers that assume that "consciousness can be create by calculations in a computer". For example: Nick Bostrom with the simulation theory [I greatly respect and ...
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3 answers
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Are perceptual arguments convincing and good?

Are the perceptual arguments for the existence of other minds convincing and good? https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/other-minds/#PercKnowOtheMind https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/other-minds/#...
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Deeply exploring the idea of subjective experience (question)

Imagine that you feel a burning pain. Let's ask the question from the start, and develop some context afterwards: Is it possible that what we call conscious feeling of burning and pain, just don't ...
2 votes
4 answers
88 views

Can individuality be copied? [closed]

Let's do a thought experiment, You are sleeping in a sensory deprivation tank 1, there is another tank next to you let's call it tank 2. Now there is a hypothetical machine M, which is a Universal 3-D ...
0 votes
3 answers
71 views

Why judge, it makes no sense [closed]

what I mean by this is, why should I do that project or why should I just do anything other than the natural laws of human life? Why should you care what I wear or like if it does not directly hurt ...
5 votes
10 answers
312 views

Why is emotivism unpopular?

I grew up in a protestant American household. I worked hard to redefine my beliefs, epistemology, and ultimately my meta-ethical views as those that I could defend. I find that emotivism is easily the ...
5 votes
6 answers
360 views

About the validity of the Zombie concept

Related Posts that I read: why zombies' existence imply physicalism is false "Could all of us be zombies" assumption Context Just to make sure we talk about the same type of Zombie, here ...
1 vote
0 answers
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Head thought reading by others, analyzing this hypothetical situation [closed]

Suppose a person has a feeling that others can read their mind and thoughts. Suppose others present themselves in certain ways. How can a person discover what algorithms of data presentation the other ...
10 votes
15 answers
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Is it reasonable to believe that others have sentient minds?

Obviously I'm not looking for a valid deductive proof using formal logic, but at least a relatively convincing argument. How do I know that humans who I encounter other than myself have sentient ...
2 votes
4 answers
282 views

Does a program imply a programmer? [closed]

I propose there are 2 methods with which we could replicate consciousness. A physical replication of the brain where consciousness would emerge from a physical replication of a brains neural network. ...
2 votes
2 answers
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Is Presentism or Four Dimensionalism compatible with being a conscious observer?

The most striking feature of our experience is the way that it is present simultaneously and persists over short intervals of time. If we ignore illusionism how might our experience be explained by ...
1 vote
3 answers
71 views

When will a Philosopher stop asking questions? [closed]

Apparently Philosophers keep asking questions and "ALL" of their questions involve some form of contradiction, or some form of critical analysis. What will be the "end game" where ...
8 votes
2 answers
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Was the Brain-in-a-Vat thought experiment explored philosophically before Putnam?

On SciFi.SE there's a question about the origins of "captive brains" in literature. Upon seeing the question I presumed it originated as a philosophical thought experiment (and then made it's way to ...
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Is it mathematically known what the complexity limit (and class) of a pattern to learn is, for a given machine learning algorithm? [closed]

Given a learning algorithm such as those used in ChatGPT, can we calculate based on the number of neural network parameters what the largest “pattern” the algorithm could learn would be (based on some ...
1 vote
3 answers
168 views

Does anesthesia disprove solipsisim?

According to science this is what happens to brain under anesthesia: Anesthetic drugs cause brain circuits to change their oscillation patterns in particular ways, thereby preventing neurons in ...
6 votes
6 answers
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Why do I have the perception of a chair (or other objects) ? - first person experience question

I'm asking variations of this question (in discussions elsewhere). Some people seem to get what I mean, and say "I think that important etc etc but I do not know the answer" and others say &...
2 votes
4 answers
302 views

Consciousness by John Searle

In a referenced interview, Searle outlines a condensed theory of consciousness with three key assumptions: Consciousness is real, including illusions. It is caused by brain processes (neural ...
3 votes
0 answers
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Arguments for a Socratic Daimon and Embodiment: A Dialogue between an A-pneumatic and Pneumatic: Is this coherent? [closed]

Dear all, can you help me find any inconsistencies from theory of mind, philosophy of mind and phenomenology of percetion in this dialogue? A conversation between an a-pneumatic and a pneumatic: A-...
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5 answers
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Can we prove the statement "truth exists"? [closed]

It seems that to prove this statement, you cannot assume the notion of true or false, otherwise its circular, meaning that the proof contains no reference to the concepts of true or false. This ...
5 votes
2 answers
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Searle's criticism to Dennets theory of consciousness

The exchange can be found here. (it's very worth reading) Searle's and also others like Strawson accuses Dennett of denying consciousness. His term is only about the 3rd person perspective, where ...
1 vote
2 answers
110 views

physio-philosophical view of the phenomenon/appearance/representation

This is somewhat a scientific question, but I presume a philosopher could have some interesting spin, or even an answer and be better fit for the question. Why do we have a subjective perception of a ...
4 votes
8 answers
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'Free will' as a 'confused concept': Is Ned Block correct?

A recent episode of Robert Kuhn's web series Closer to Truth puts the question of free will to Ned Block, Professor of Psychology and Philosophy at the University of New York. Block states 'free will' ...
3 votes
3 answers
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Where would consciousness be located in a machine? [closed]

The conscious thought I experience is behind my eyes and is located within my skull. I assume that experience is common. however, it may not be? In replicating consciousness in a machine such as a ...
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2 answers
72 views

Explanatory gap in explaining consciousness (custom narrative)

Summary Logic for some views of consciousness and question. Main Argument We can explain motor behaviours with a clear causal path back to the brain. Each step involves the interaction of matter with ...
1 vote
1 answer
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How aren't Qualia and Experience the same thing (examples.)

I'm both, trying to find if this thought process is valid (reach correct conclusions in the questions) and also how are the standard interpretations different (which it seems they are.) Definitions ...
6 votes
11 answers
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The ultimate absurdity: if consciousness is an illusion, how can anything we know be real?

Epiphenomenalism holds that conscious experience is an ineffectual by-product of brain activities. Eliminationists go further and add that this by-product is an illusion. I was wondering whether ...
6 votes
4 answers
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Dennett vs Sapolsky on free will: A clash over different claims?

On a recent Youtube episode of Theories of Everything with Curt Jaimungal Daniel Dennett, author and Professor of Philosophy at Tufts University in Massachusetts, discusses his views of Robert ...
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2 answers
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What would be the best textbook for a philosophy of mind intro course for psychology majors?

My area of expertise is logic and philosophical logic, but I'll be teaching an introductory course on the philosophy of mind to second semester psychology majors (taking cognitive science as a minor). ...
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2 answers
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Do undefined concepts or assumptions have to exist?

In philosophy, we have the notion that definitions are infinitely regressive if we take the attitude of trying to define everything and it is unending. But of course, the very idea of an “infinite ...
2 votes
0 answers
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What would be a recent follow-up or alternative to Pylyshyn's 1984 book on "Computation and Cognition: Toward a Foundation for Cognitive Science"?

I was exposed to Zenon Pylyshyn's work through my master's thesis work in Cognitive Science. Recently, I picked up his 1984 book on "Computation and Cognition: Toward a Foundation for Cognitive ...
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2 answers
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What does Hume think about Occam's razor?

Let's define Occam's razor as this: That it is not rational to believe something unnecessary or extra about reality without a specific reason to believe it. In other words, the facts that are ...
0 votes
1 answer
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What is the difference between Anti - Realism vs. Subjective Idealism and Immaterialism?

My question is from the Metaphysical Anti - Realism's perspective which argues that "nothing exists outside mind". Are three of these philosophical approaches same terminologically? Or they ...
3 votes
1 answer
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What's the difference between supervenience and reduction?

From IEP, supervenience is defined as follows: F, supervenes on a class of properties, G, just in case there is no difference in F-properties without some difference in G-properties. My question is, ...

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