Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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If familiarity breeds contempt then is there a reasonable antidote? [on hold]

Upon returning to my parent's home after living alone for many years I find that things which were tedious and burdensome are now endearing sources of peace and contentment. Where before the constant ...
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0answers
26 views

Descartes' first medatation [on hold]

s Descartes’s argument against trusting the senses a valid argument? Why should we always distrust the senses? Discuss this issue, and when you get to the reading compare it with what John Locke says. ...
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4answers
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Can we create the Matrix?

Can we fully simulate the reality for a Brain in the Vat (BIV)? For example i clone myself and connect the clone's brain to a very sophisticated computer, which simulates a part of the universe (for ...
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6answers
6k views

What are the retorts to Searle's Chinese Room?

Searle's Chinese Room basically argues that a program cannot make a computer 'intelligent'. Searle summarises the argument as Imagine a native English speaker who knows no Chinese locked in a room ...
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3answers
118 views

Goal of liberation in yoga - Isn't it Boring?

I see that the goal of yoga is liberation from the karma and from the birth/death cycle. People say that it is the ultimate happiness forever. But wouldn't that be boring and monotonous if there is ...
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1answer
908 views

Is Poppers criticism of Kant valid?

Hume applying rationality to causality showed that it could not exist - the question is then how does it exist. Kants reply was to place it in the mind. Popper discusses this in his *Conjectures & ...
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2answers
68 views

What does it truly mean to have a will? Is it the same as being conscious?

Like if we talk about making choices, how can we know if it's made out of a habitual or automatic thought process or is independent and conscious? To most degree, the succession of thoughts in a ...
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23 views

What the mind-body supervenience say about zombies and angels?

I cannot find a clear answer to what mind-body supervenience implies for non-material realisations of mind-properties and zombies. Let’s start with the zombies first, because it is often stated that ...
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195 views

What did Bohm exactly mean when he said that mind and matter were the same?

In 1990, the physicist David Bohm published a paper named "A new theory of the relationship of mind and matter" promoting a "panpsychist" theory of consciousness based on Bohm's interpretation of ...
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3answers
152 views

Why did Daniel Dennett not explain consciousness?

Dennett frequently talks about consciousness as if it has already been solved and that we're just inventing new problems because of some innate fear of naturalism. In his (now rather old) book ...
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3answers
150 views

Is Spiritual aspect a part of Western Philosophy?

I am from India and hence, I am little aware of Western ways thinking with respect to Spiritual matters. I would like to clarify that the Spiritual that I am referring to is an individual ...
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5answers
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Is it possible to imagine a color one has never seen before?

We can easily imagine any color we have seen at some point in life (e.g., white, black, rainbow colors). But what would it take one to understand and "see" a new color? P.S.: There are more colors ...
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2answers
248 views

Are there philosophers who argue for a close connection between consciousness and existence?

(I'm not entirely satisfied with this question because I can't quite express it clearly, but a personal experience has moved me to ask it. I know it may be too vague or general.) The consciousness my ...
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0answers
19 views

Do all arguments against mind-body identity theory assume that every pain is the same?

I don’t get (any of) the arguments against mind-brain identity theories. It’s usually argued that multiple realisability kills MBIT (see also this post). In a talk I attended it was stated as ...
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2answers
132 views

Debate on dualism, physicalism. etc in philosophy of mind

(I do not have a philosophy background but I do read philosophy myself.) I have read some review papers of emergence theory, where philosophy of mind is a major battle ground. I find an absence of a ...
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3answers
94 views

Is it possible for a human not to select the most rewarding option?

It seems that out of all the options available, humans are wired to always make the ideal (satisfying/rewarding) subjective choice, and not go with the second best option or some other. When a ...
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1answer
28 views

Is the story “The happiness of fish” in Zhuangzi about naïve realism?

Here is the story, translated by Victor Mair: Zhuangzi and Huizi were strolling along the bridge over the Hao River. Zhuangzi said, “The minnows swim about so freely, following the openings ...
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0answers
73 views

What is horizontal attentional displacement? [closed]

I recently came across this article https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/bjop.12399 an excerpt from it says Furthermore, other concepts were also shown to rely on horizontal ...
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2answers
47 views

Is there an argument against physicalism on the grounds that the view would make what we call a subjective experience astronomically unlikely?

If we assume that physcialism is true and all that there is, then we can safely assume that what we think of as subjective experience and consciousness, is driven by the atoms in our brain and the ...
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1answer
86 views

What justified consciousness is an experience and not an thing? [closed]

No philosophers has justified that consciousnesses can be measured. Many philosophers have tried to describe the mind, but are there any specific scholars who describe justified methods to describe ...
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3answers
609 views

Can anything be declared as fact?

Every fact we attempt to prove relies on information interpreted by our brains, which it recieves as electrical impulses. Apart from this information we have no way of confirming whether the reality ...
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2answers
566 views

Is materialism a self-refuting position?

I have been trying to poke a hole in the following apparently naive argument against materialism/physicalism: The main justification for materialism is that a person doesn't believe in that which ...
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3answers
177 views

If we assume logic is correct, does it imply that our consciousness proccesses real information?

[major edits] Even if our consciousness is an illusion (even in the sense Denett suggests), the mere fact we see some information flowing across the universe means there is at least something that ...
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0answers
60 views

Understanding, Meaning and Language [closed]

What is the logic of understanding? How do we understand things? What does it mean to understand? Take for example Turing/Wittgenstein (specifically TLP). It is clear that they had some universal ...
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2answers
146 views

Clarification of mental states

I'd intended this as a comment on another answer, but apparently I'm too new for comments? So if this is the wrong spot hopefully they'll move this. I have some experience with metaphysics, less with ...
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1answer
75 views

What is our mental version of the “real world” based on our interpretation of sensory input, called?

I was working from the basis that reality is reality, and our senses interpret it, and then our feelings are an interpretation into "mind language" of what our senses are reporting, and then with each ...
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1answer
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Can an AI answer every possible question? [closed]

Let's suppose an artificial intelligence developed a level of intelligence which we humans can not understand/handle. will the program/robot be able to answer every possible question? My argument: ...
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2answers
73 views

Why did Turing say computers manipulate symbols?

In his 1936 paper, Turing explains that humans compute by manipulating symbols that are external to the human brain (humans compute with pen and paper). Electronic digital computers do the same thing -...
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2answers
66 views

What is the difference between “conscious of nothing” and “not conscious”?

Consider the following line of thinking: If consciousness refers to that which experiences, then the idea of being conscious seems to always entail being conscious of something. For example, it is ...
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3answers
253 views

Can science prove or provide evidence that the brain is the source of the mind

I am seeking published discussions or arguments about this proposition, though some discussion here would be useful: Science can prove or provide significant evidence that the brain is the source ...
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1answer
98 views

Was active ignorance the genesis of self awareness?

In other words, is an organism's ability to ignore some of the sensory input it receives from the outside world the first requirement in defining self from other?
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1answer
210 views

Are mathematical results influenced by the way we reason?

Intuitions of mathematicians, and the mathematics they develop, are ostensibly influenced by whether they primarily rely on visual_spatial and/or verbal_symbolic reasoning skills. Is it fair to say ...
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2answers
205 views

Does one's perception of reality affect reality?

When taking in a situation, how much does the perception and predisposition to certain feelings (anger, anxeity, etc) as well as all the various enviroment inputs, like how one was raised, the things ...
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1answer
110 views

What is the minimum statement of faith?

Taking 'faith' to mean: an effective trust or acceptance of the veracity of certain statements of fact, or the truth of existential claims. I.e. the kind of faith/beliefs that are cardinal to the ...
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3answers
79 views

Are there writers on the topic of an inherent human bias towards the value of rational thinking?

Some people place humans as 'higher animals' because we are uniquely capable of rational thought, while most other animals are not. This assumes that the trait of rationality is superior to other ...
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1answer
112 views

Is there a world behind you when you do not look behind your back? [closed]

There is a very famous philosophical question that almost all of us have heard before: If a tree falls in a forest and no one is around to hear it, does it make a sound? My question is a little ...
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0answers
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What did Nietzsche mean? [duplicate]

What does, Nietzsche in Beyond Good and Evil, mean exactly when he states: Whoever fights monsters should see to it that in the process he does not become a monster. And if you gaze long enough into ...
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14answers
7k views

Does consciousness depend on our five senses?

Does consciousness depend on our five senses? If we never have senses, would we have consciousness? It seems that if we lose our senses, we would maintain our consciousness. But if we never had senses ...
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1answer
111 views

Is emergentism incompatible with reductionism?

I've read, on several occasions, that emergentism is maybe not all the way contrasted but at least to some degree conflicted with reductionism. As I understand, emergentism is a doctrine within ...
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3answers
367 views

What is the relationship between cognition and qualia?

First, I must admit I'm having trouble formulating this question because I'm somewhat confused about the relationship between these two items (cognition and qualia). Please let me know if I can ...
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1answer
98 views

Where to start to be savvy about the current literature on consciousness?

I imagine that there are probably only a few major schools of thought, though this may be a misjudgment on my part. I am very familiar with Daniel Dennett's work, Chalmers, Hoffman's (though I'm not ...
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8answers
976 views

Can one pursue knowledge without their own personal perspective?

In my opinion, the pursuit of knowledge is directly linked the the individual pursuing it, and their perspective is crucial in the process. However, would anyone have an argument to why an individual ...
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4answers
208 views

Is consciousness considered a resolved/able problem?

Is the existence of qualia generally considered an unresolved problem by philosophers? Is there a consensus on its nature or whether it can be studied at all?
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1answer
118 views

If scientists proved that there is life after death, would you rather die than remain alive? [closed]

If scientists proved that there is life after death, would most people rather die than remain alive?
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2answers
779 views

What is the connection between conscious mind and Gödel's incompleteness in a mathematical universe?

Assume that our universe is a mathematical one, similar to the one that Tegmark proposed (see here). In contrast to what I read there, let's assume that the axioms upon we build the universe are such ...
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0answers
48 views

Philosophy of great thinkers [closed]

What are the basics to learn and examine the philosophy of famous thinkers without developing a biased attitude?
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2answers
60 views

How can we create problems out of nothing (our imagination)? [closed]

How can we create problems out of nothing (our imagination) ? Example 0: The absolute truth is that "I know that I don't know". True or false Example 1: A cat has 20 legs , after walking 10 km it ...
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5answers
418 views

Does functionalism of the mind allow for free will?

Functionalism views the mental processes in terms of causes and effects (ex. inputs such as sensory stimuli and output such as moving an extremity). But how would free will fit into this theory if at ...
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1answer
61 views

If the mind is spatial does that mean it is material and cannot contain qualia?

The reason that people like mind body dualism is that material things cannot contain qualia and therefore there must be another entity that explains our consciousness. However, if we assume that the ...
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3answers
118 views

What feelings are unique to humans?

What differentiates humans from machines? We feel. We want to feel pleasure and to abstain from pain. Now, I can build (with a little help of my friends) a machine that will alert/make sound whenever ...