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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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Is suffering unfair in life?

There are ideas that everyone suffers somewhat -- nobody gets out of life alive at the end. But why do others live good lives with more happiness and why am I miserable? Is this life carved in stone ...
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Contentedness vs Happiness

Is being contented equal to happiness? Is being happy equal to being contented? To me this is hard to determine as there are people I know who are contented with their lot, but are not completely ...
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Ned Block on the Psychology of the Homunculi-Head

In his ‘Troubles with Functionalism’, Block develops his now-famous Homunculi-Head thought experiment. At one point (p.292), he claims that there are psychological differences between a person and ...
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Western philosophers that emphasize on the importance of meditation?

Who are the main western philosophers who acknowledge the importance of meditation, self-discovery(know yourself) and the realization of your own mind-habits and emotional responses?
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Cloning: Will you be the same person? [closed]

Imagine, in the future, we have mastered the technology of cloning. The rich and powerful have got their own cloning devices. They clone their bodies and keep the clones in a cryogenic environment to ...
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How is the concept of “beyond word” viewed in many school of thoughts?

This is my review on the concept of "beyond word": Taoism and Buddhism seems to share that wisdom can't be grasped intellectually. In Zen practice, the koans are presented as nonsensical questions so ...
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Assuming perceptual realism, if there exists a red apple, and I am thinking of it, is the thing in my mind red?

Is there a thing in my mind? Is that how it's phrased? I understand there is the definition of apple as a concept...is this what is in my mind? The definition doesn't include red though...Honestly I ...
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journal for mathematics of philosophy/mythology

I have been working on research involving the use of mathematical formulas and reasoning in order to philosophical concepts, specifically concepts concerning mythology, the Jungian model of the psyche,...
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Has anyone tried to model the mind considering two interacting parts - prediction and attention?

What we pay attention to is what we learn to predict. Our predictions (the metric by which we validate our models, our understanding) in turn guide our attention. Has anyone done any work on this ...
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What is bundle theory's response to the too-many-thinkers problem?

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/identity-personal/#TooManThiPro This page suggests that the only way to solve this problem would be to say that were are "organisms". What is bundle theory of the ...
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The tags for the 21st century philosophy

What are the tags, if I'd like to read something about 21st century philosophy? Where do I find the list of the greatest philosophers of the 21st century? Is it true that the pure philosophy is in ...
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How does Gödel's incompleteness theorem apply to materialism and the mind

Assertion 1: Humans use some logical system to understand the universe Assertion 2: Gödel proved through a formal logic what is provable about a logical system is a subset of what is true about it, ...
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Churchland's “historical trend”-argument for physicalism

The history of science is full of cases where people thought a phenomenon was utterly unique, that there couldn’t be any possible mechanism for it, that we might never solve it, that there was nothing ...
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How do non-theists explain the reliability of our cognitive faculties given Plantinga’s EAAN?

Plantinga argued in his Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism (EAAN) that given naturalistic evolution we cannot expect our cognitive faculties to be reliable. This contradicts our experience that ...
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Aristotle and taste preferences of animals

We probably can assume that Aristotle knew at least some “sensitive” (conscious) animals which have very different preferences in taste than humans. For example vultures (they occur in Greece), which ...
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Side effects of scientific mind on levels of life

There are enumerous benefits of scientific temperament, as i have read so far. Its working abilities, functionality and dealings with day to day matter is fantabulous. My question is : Do this kind ...
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Advancements in scientific mind and its side effects on society

A scientific mind is one that can make the most of observation. It has highly-refined imagination and curiosity that makes it possible to carry forward advanced research work. And also it's a bit ...
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277 views

What does it mean to know or not know something?

Once one know something, one can't unknow it. We can't just forget what we've known like the way we delete computer's file. Yet it take us a split of second to obtain information and embed it in our ...
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Why is Sam Harris arguing against himself in this bizarre 6-minute clip?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fajfkO_X0l0 In this short "big think" video clip on consciousness and the idea of a self, Sam Harris spends the first few minutes saying stuff like We can't reduce ...
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If consciousness is an emergent property of brain state, does this mean that we can only truly exist for 1 Planck unit of time?

Suppose my self-awareness, consciousness, point of view (POV) or qualia is not a "thing in itself" but rather an intrinsic emergent property of my brain's current brain state. Then, as my brain ...
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If two brains A and B were 100% identical, why would A's self-awareness emerge in A instead of emerging in B and viceversa?

What I'm asking is basically how is the "self-awareness allocation problem" solved. I know this problem can be confusing, so let me try to explain it by means of examples: Example 1: Let’s imagine ...
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Can the act of having certain thoughts be unethical? [duplicate]

On the basis of Western morality, the Greco-Roman Judeo-Christian one, behaviors like killing, betraying, cursing are considered immoral. Christianity imposes that thoughts can be corrupt, therefore ...
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Are there convincing arguments for dualism?

There are several reasons for thinking that the mental and the physical are essentially separate and fundamentally different. Should we be convinced by any of them? I'm required to give three ...
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Is there any coherent argument in support of consciousness being an illusion?

Whenever, I hear someone like, say, Daniel Denett say conscious is an "illusion", I'm always left pretty stumped. Firstly, both the terms "consciousness" and "illusion" are generally left undefined, ...
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Are humans becoming more hive-like? Does this have philosophical implications?

Have any philosophers taken up human hive-like behaviour and its implications? EO Wilson and others have outlined eusociality, a mode of group selection acting in addition to selection at the ...
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1answer
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What is wrong with the physicalist view on the mind-body problem?

It seems like most philosophers have moved away from physicalist and/or reductive materialist position on the mind-body problem? Can somebody explain why? I really don't have any arguments in favour ...
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What are the facts and what is the truth? [duplicate]

As I ask this know; I purely ask this from a social point of view. As in conversations with others. It's a random thought and kinda funny when I started thinking about it. What's a fact? Something ...
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1answer
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Is knowledge of right and wrong the 'first' knowledge?

Personally, I do not commit to memory a great many useless details but, prefer to remember how to understand, how to act and, how to answer. For example, if fixing a computer I do not have in my mind ...
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What makes a great scientific question for and/or against a stupid idea?

While I am taking a walk I have come up with quotes, questions and philosophy to motivate and route myself. I recently discovered/invented a new quote which really can have multiple meaning to it (...
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166 views

Do our eyes show us truth?

Do our eyes show us the truth or, does our eyesight contrive for us some approximation? Can we even show that what we experience is more than a belief, even as much as an approximation? If I feel the ...
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1answer
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Are substance dualism and identity theory compatible?

Are substance dualism and identity theory compatible? Why? Are property dualism and token- identity compatible? Why? Are type- identity and token- identity compatible? Why? If someone could help ...
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What is the term for the fallacy/strategy of ignoring logical reasoning intended to disprove a belief?

Updated 10/19/2018 -- Regards for all the responses. Much appreciated. To address the point of fact that one cannot "prove" anything about reality: Yes, I agree. This is the reason I now set my ...
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Support for “Sleepless nights due to unaccomplished goals”

Intro I've been working on a paper on success and I've put a line that I feel very strongly about, "Sometimes when we fail to accomplish our desires for the day they manifest into thoughts during the ...
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Imagine that you look at yourself as a cat, what do you think of your own behavior?

I recently thought very much about the life of mammals who live in our cities, such as cats, and dogs. To see if I will find a philosophy in this, because, as we know, the Nature Is Our Best Teacher!....
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The mathematical language of the brain

This question is similar, but not identical, to one I posted to the mathematics SE some time ago. I was originally unsure of where to post it. I believe this question is sufficiently different to ...
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108 views

Machines vs Chaos of Human Language

Will it ever be possible for machines to understand language the way humans do? It is a famous XKCD comic strip pointing out how "Language isn't a formal system. It is a glorious chaos". It ...
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Isn't Mind–body dualism the result of a Complex Universe?

Mind–body dualism, or mind–body duality, is a view in the philosophy of mind that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical, or that the mind and body are distinct and separable. Isn't ...
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Does anyone say that mind/brain type identity theory is just vacuous without scientific evidence that some part brain state is always the exact same?

Does anyone say that mind/brain type identity theory is just vacuous without scientific evidence that some part brain state is always the exact same experience? I think that's what type identity ...
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139 views

Question about absoluteness

If you say: "Nothing is absolute, everything is relative". Then you make an absolute statement. How can this be?
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137 views

I wanna start - how to be a philosopher?

I’m a new student, recently I’m interested with philosophy and the origin of some word like: what is evil - what is goodness? And I wanna learn about whether philosophy conflicts with psychology or ...
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People with scientific mind [duplicate]

Scientific mind is full of various features like critical thinking, good observing power, imaginative etc. Do people with such qualities can be consider good(not evil or bad by intentions or action)?
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Is dominance a fundamental instinct (like mating or hunger)?

Imagine a society where no human works. All work is automised. And humans are fed and given healthcare as req. Mating mechanised. Will there be a revolution?
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Is there a flaw in my construction of Descartes' argument?

I'm having a difficult time thinking of any flaw in Descartes argument. You can coherently imagine yourself without your physical body. If you can coherently imagine X, then you have reason to ...
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Consciousness/soul outside the range of human capabilities of intellect? McGinn/Searle

I personally extremely enjoyed the answer that Colin McGinn gave on understanding consciousness. Previously, I was actually afflicted by the question because the world seemed to divide itself in half ...
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What is a value of guilt?

Ayn Rand portraits Guilt as the largest currency exchanged worldwide. In terms of accounting, and exchanges, daily between individuals; this is a very seemingly realistic observation. Is there ...
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260 views

How can Brie Gertler's disembodiment argument account for the minds of others?

I'm currently reading Brie Gertler's essay In Defense of Mind-Body Dualism. She uses Descartes' conceivability argument to make her own disembodiment argument. For example, she says someone can ...
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Is the philosophy of neuroscience necessarily materialistic?

The field of neuroscience is quite popular today, as our technology developments allows us for much more depth of research of the brain every passing day. I understand neuroscience as the field that ...
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Is AI the evolution of humanity through suicide of a species; via martyrdom?

We have and are currently in the process of creating, in the image of ourselves, artificial intelligence beings able to process, perform, and memorize beyond our scope. This belief, that a higher than ...
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What are the current theories about instinct in philosophy of the mind?

I know two approaches for instinct - the neuroscientist one that says instinct is not something spontaneous, but rather dependent on life experience. And the mystical unconscious one that says ...
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Is there anything left in contemporary epistemology and science from the German Idealism?

Kant, Reinhold, Fichte, Schelling, Hegel.. Is there anything left from the Kantian movement today in the thoughts of knowledge and nature? The question is focused especially after Popper essentially "...