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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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Power must be evil because it can corrupt people

Power must be evil because it can corrupt people how is this evaluated in an argument?
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Did Socrates believe all madness to be good?

In "Phaedro", it seems that Socrates argues that love is a form of divine madness. He then claims that lots of divine things are committed by those who are "not in their right mind ". He also states ...
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Why did Turing promote ESP (extra sensory perception)?

I've spent quite a while studying Turing's 1950 paper "Computing Machinery and Intelligence", regarded by many as the mission statement of AI, and one part of this paper has always seemed completely ...
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The Origin of Thought

What is the most fundamental form of thought? In Tibetan Buddhism, there is the concept of the Three Vajras, or The Three Doors, which are body, speech, and mind. The human mind can be said to think ...
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What mean philosophy? [duplicate]

My question is clear: what is philosophy and why it is exist and why people still care about philosophy when we have science?
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Connections between concepts

How can it be possible that two concepts have a connection between them? Even when we admit that every such connection is empirical, we have a necessary connection between the concept "connection" and ...
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What works have been done of applying theories about philosophy of mind to other branches of philosophy?

On several occasions I have heard that Philosophy of Mind is "the first philosophy" of our time. But if this is true, I think thoeries about Philosophy of Mind should be able to be applied to other ...
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Why doesn't the Chinese room learn Chinese?

I just can't see how John Searle's Chinese room makes sense. The room passes the Turing test. People outside the room think there's a human inside who understands Chinese. But, Searle explains, the ...
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Russell and Meinong on Presentations and Representaitons

I am reading Russell's second installment in the series On Meinong's Theory of Complexes and Assumption. Among many things, presentations are discussed a lot in these articles. What exactly do Russell ...
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Is there an instituted method for efficiently forming judgement?

"Critical thinking is the objective analysis of facts to form judgement."- Wiki is there any instituted method for efficiently forming judgement? Are there any notable bodies of work on the subject ...
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59 views

Doubt in Searle's Mind: A Brief Introduction

I have been reading Searle's Mind: A Brief Introduction, Oxford UP (2004). In it I came across the passage in Chapter 2: if we believe that p and if we believe that if p then q we will believe ...
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What is the name of the position that is skeptical about the existence of categories created by the mind?

Is there a name for skepticism about the existence of categories (or properties) and objects that the mind may create to classify the "real world"? In other words thoughts, concepts, and so forth may ...
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333 views

Albert Camus's quote from 'Resistance, Rebellion, and Death'

“When the imagination sleeps, words are emptied of their meaning: a deaf population absent-mindedly registers the condemnation of a man.... there is no other solution but to speak out and show the ...
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313 views

Does free will exist? [closed]

Do humans truly have free will? For example if fate is real, and everything is bound to a set timeline, is free will as we perceive it real? Or is it just a false perception to us?
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How does one obtain a friendship of virtue?

Aristotle says that there are 3 types of friendships: friendships of utility, of pleasure, and of virtue. I understand what all these types of friendships are. However, practically speaking, how would ...
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Showing the mirror…Giving a dressing down…Is it really required in life?

Do we really need to show the mirror to those who have done wrong and give them a dressing down for their actions? My question is limited to our professional behaviour. Where do we stop-ignore it or ...
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180 views

What does philospohy say about modern human mentality?

I have to make a presentation on faculty of philosophy. I have chosen topic like: "People as Earth's parasite". I would mainly like to talk about modern civilizational problems, reasons why we does ...
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174 views

Does adding structure make the Chinese room semantic?

The Chinese room reacts just to syntax, or shape of symbols (is purely syntactic). But brains are full of structure. In the room, Chinese symbols sit scattered in "piles" on the floor or are moved ...
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Do relationships rebut the Chinese room argument?

Searle says syntax is neither sufficient for nor constitutive of semantics, all a computer gets (eg from sensors) is syntax (tokenised shapes) therefore computers will never understand the world. ...
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Can a complete opposite even exist?

I have been struggling with a question for a while now and I mean to ask if a complete opposite can even exist. This arrived to me thinking that since one thing exists and can be conceived then a ...
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105 views

What drives religious belief?

I am fascinated by the way the human brain deals with infinity and other trivia. What is it that distinguishes our belief systems, rational vs. irrational? It is certainly not intelligence. Is that a ...
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220 views

Examples of first and second order intentional systems

Daniel Dennet says `A first-order intentional system has beliefs and desires (etc.) but no beliefs and desires about beliefs and desires. ... A second-order intentional system is more ...
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The Chinese room ain't no computer – but does it matter? [duplicate]

Central to Searle's Chinese room argument is his claim that the room has the semantic properties of an electronic digital computer. In a post a few days ago in a discussion about the semantics, I ...
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What will the result most likely be? [closed]

So I watched Fight Club and now I have a social experiment. I am going to go in front of my neighborhood's local market(across from a large high school) while students are having their lunch and just ...
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From a functionalist point of view: when is an algorithm an A.I., and when is it just software?

Recently, The Atlantic published an article claiming that "Google Taught an AI That Sorts Cat Photos to Analyze DNA". When you look at the original paper published by the Google team, what they really ...
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Expectation and Comparison-Not in scientific pursuit but in pursuit of good life

Are comparisons and expectations necessary in our life? Not in the scientific sense, where comparisons of data from various sources are important, and expecting a certain result which turns out to be ...
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Is computationalism really a theory, or is it more like a doctrine or creed?

When studying AI, computationalism was always referred to as a theory, a theory of mind, the theory that the mind is an executing computation. But is it really a theory? How could it be disproved or ...
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Why do we feel sad when feeling sad is bad?

Everyone in the world feels sad. I also feel sad but I cannot understand the function and cause of this feeling. Can anyone tell me? Like, when someone scolds me, even if he is scolding me for some ...
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Debunking the “quantum mind” hypothesis

Quantum computers are very efficient at solving combinatorial problems, way much more efficient than any non-quantum computer. If human brains were able to use quantum computing, they would be very ...
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256 views

Losing faith in God during personal loss---Is it bad philosophy?

We need not be students of philosophy but each one of us imbibes certain outlook from our parents towards leading a good and meaningful life. This outlook may teach us either forbearance or ...
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What model of self-deception was Ayn Rand using in Atlas Shrugged?

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy's article on self-deception describes a few common views of self-deception. Broadly, there are two major types of views: intentional approaches (which model ...
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300 views

Truth and Silence---Which and when is one more justified than the other

Can we remain silent if speaking the truth leads to punishment or treason? If truth makes a relationship unpleasant, then is silence the only option? How can we decide within ourselves when do we have ...
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370 views

Does it make sense to define a computer as a symbol-manipulating device?

Searle (John Searle (1997), The Mystery of Consciousness, p9) says “A computer is by definition a device that manipulates formal symbols”. What does he mean? How do you define a piece of electronic ...
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If suicide involves taking one's own life, and killing someone is robbing someone of their life, what is the difference between homicide and suicide? [closed]

Think about it, if homicide is killing people, and you are a person, if you kill yourself, you therefore are homicidal, which therefore makes you a violent person. However, suicide victims are ...
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Philosophical Perspectives on the Response to Landscapes

As a hiker and (very amateur) philosopher, this question is one that has resonated with me a great deal. As well as hoping to spark discussion on the topic, I'm really hoping for guidance on existing ...
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309 views

If existence cannot be proven

If existence cannot be proven, apart from as a state of mind, is there any real way in which we can suggest this is true?
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215 views

What are the theoretical limits of self-awareness?

Let us sidestep fundamental questions such as whether there is in fact self-awareness. In this, let us define self-awareness in its common form of usage, typically meaning awareness of one’s ...
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289 views

Does Bitcoin disprove solipsism?

According to Wikipedia, solipsism is the philosophical idea that only one's own mind is sure to exist. In 1993, Cynthia Dwork and Moni Naor proposed the idea that one could use proof-of-work to ...
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177 views

The need to delude yourself explained by philosophers

In psychology it is called cognitive dissonance when you experience two or more conflicting beliefs. Some people would change their system of beliefs, others would just go on deluding themselves. This ...
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Philosophy of “bias” – Moral Behaviour or Rational Behaviour

How does the "bias" that subconsciously exists in our mind is addressed in natural philosophy because it is one of the most difficult things to get rid of. In any school of thought, some perform, some ...
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Arguments in scientific discussion and questioning administration on decision making

While we may have a no-holds barred attitude to prove a point in a scientific deliberation, we have to be little more responsible while questioning the decision making of an administration (assuming ...
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What is the meaning of an explanation

I am a software engineer and recently got involved in a community project that aims to teach underprivileged kids. This got me thinking about the term 'explanation'. What I want to ask is- what in ...
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153 views

The hanging judge

I came across the below problem in book: 101 Philosophical problems. And wondering for a while what the possible answer could be? Any thoughts? Problem Now Judge Dread had had many disagreeable ...
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Are the amount of thoughts that a brain could potentially produce finite?

Using the fact that the brain is basically a finite entity(finite neurons, synapses, neurotransmitters, etc). If we have a brain that: Doesn't run out of energy Never dies The brain uses a finite ...
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Philosophical Writing at a Graduate level

I need some book recommendations or other source recommendations on where to find a good book on the actual act of writing philosophy. I won't be able to attend graduate school for philosophy ...
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What is a phenomenon? [closed]

According to philosophy ,what is a phenomenon ? And does that definition include mental phenomenons as well? Lastly , is there anything which is not a phenomenon?
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Is there a difference between the properties that a concept has and the properties a real object has?

If I am thinking of an apple, and I think of it as red, is that a different kind of red to the property of red a real object has? I would think that the property of red a real apple has is a real red,...
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217 views

What are the correct terms for a concept and the real thing it represents?

Realism about an object is the view that this object exists in reality independently of our conceptual scheme. Does that mean that if I am thinking about an apple, the concept of the apple is in my ...
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252 views

What are the premises for “On Induction” (Russell)?

I'm reading the "On Induction" by Bertrand Russell at the moment. The argument itself makes sense to me. However, I can't formulate a set of premises for an assignment I have to complete. Is it simply ...
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