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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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Appropriateness/Justification of fear

Obviously, the philosophy of emotions is complex and contentious (it's philosophy after all). But many people, philosophers and cognitive scientists alike, agree that there are conditions for the ...
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175 views

Will forgiving make us weak over time? our loved ones get hurt mentally/physically? lose dignity and pride? [closed]

Everyone advise us to forgive and forget... And for those who experience it firsthand, it becomes a pain... those who make advice look like hypocrites... When we take revenge and get even, we get a ...
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If we assume logic is correct, does it imply that our consciousness proccesses real information?

[major edits] Even if our consciousness is an illusion (even in the sense Denett suggests), the mere fact we see some information flowing across the universe means there is at least something that ...
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What are exactly intuitions in Kant's philosophy?

An intuition is a conscious objective direct representation of an object, according to A320/B376-77. It is direct in being non-conceptual, involving no mediating representation, and it is what ...
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About ideologies or movements for an unwanted werewolf, is Dualism? [Spanish accepted] [closed]

Good Day, how are you? Today I want to ask about philosophical ideologies or movements that can help me understand what is happening behind a character that I want to analyze. First a bit of ...
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How to study Inquiry and questions on their own?

I was wondering,that we can think about love,god,faith etc... by asking questions about them. But what about questions themselves? How can we think about them? They don't seem to have any tangible ...
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1answer
136 views

Is the Integrated Information Theory of Consciousness Falsifiable?

I was reading an article on Integrated Information Theory of Consciousness in the latest edition of Philosophy Now. The article says: IIT has radical implications. If IIT is true, we could in ...
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22 views

Can “pure thought” beings without senses “create” new concepts? [duplicate]

By "create" I mean not deriving the concepts from previous experience, but deriving it purely by reason. Maybe a better phrasing would be, can thought-capable beings with no previous knowledge, no ...
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168 views

Believing in Humans but Not in Reality

I find it odd that some in the philosophic world won't commit to admitting reality is a reality, however they will wholeheartedly believe in a human who declares reality an impossibility. What am I ...
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1answer
72 views

What do we gain from subjective experiences?

We have subjective experiences (SEs), which often mirror the outside world. But metaphorically speaking, we also have an “inner eye”. For example, if I look at a black square table in a white room ...
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2answers
112 views

If all men became equally rational, would rationality still have any meaning?

Rationality, as Wikipedia says, is: Rationality is the quality or state of being reasonable, based on facts or reason. Rationality implies the conformity of one's beliefs with one's reasons to ...
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51 views

How is a thought initiated and then that thought cause a reaction?

I'm a newbie here and this may be a very dumb question. I have absolutely no philosophical training, which may be very obvious. I may have trouble formulating my question. The question: If I have a ...
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279 views

Correlation between Stirner's “spooks” and Dawkins' “memes”?

Stirner proposed that most commonly accepted social institutions – including the notion of State, property as a right, natural rights in general, and the very notion of society – were mere illusions. ...
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Why is the mind/body problem considered to be particularly hard?

Non-philosopher here. I apologize in advance for any imprecise language. Why is the notion that mental states exist and arise from brain states especially perplexing? Aren't what entities exist and ...
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Question about reality; different events having impact on further events that one usually would not possibly relate to one another? [closed]

So I am wondering about how some events have future effect on other events. For example, if someone offers someone else a piece of chocolate 10 years before, it may somehow relate to something else ...
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1answer
119 views

Is my interpretation of the phrase 'with my mind' supported by Moore's 'Proof of an External World'?

I am reading Moore's Proof of an External World. It is an established truth that you have to read philosophical papers especially carefully and try, as much as it is possible, to recover just that ...
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Implications of John Searle's distinction between brute facts and social facts?

According to John Searle, there is a difference between "brute facts" and "social facts." How does this view impact educational theory and practice?
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3answers
173 views

Why wouldn't Searle learn Chinese in his Room given infinite time?

Humans have an amazing capacity for pattern recognition. I don't understand Searle's assertion "it seems to me quite obvious in the example that I do not understand a word of the Chinese stories." Of ...
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In Chalmer’s understanding, is a “philosophical zombie” roughly identical to Descartes’ automaton?

I suppose one must say, for Descartes, the automaton was specifically mechanistic. Which is a difference.
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4answers
288 views

How many numbers does it take to describe conscious reality?

The set of all real numbers (ℝ) is uncountably infinite, yet all of the general theorems of math, all of the thoughts leading up to them, all of of the particles of the physical universe could be ...
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Difference between Carnap and Quine's views

Could someone explain to me, in easy language, what the main differences are between Carnap and Quine's views regarding internal / external questions and realism? Quine called Carnap a Platoist, yet I ...
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43 views

What makes valid a philosophy of success?

In his Think and Grow Rich, Napoleon Hill talks about his philosophy of success. In this book he exposes a set of principles that encompasses a lifetime work of investigation of what makes some people ...
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1answer
239 views

How can hard atheism & physicalism be adhered with confidence given quantum mechanics? [closed]

This is something I've wondered about. At first it didn't seem to be a problem and everything seemed nice and clear but as I read more, clarity of course gave way to mud, again. I am not sure whether ...
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70 views

What is more sinister than trust? [closed]

What could be more sinister than trust? Would it be related to dependence, or love?
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173 views

Could atheism be considered a defense mechanism?

According to Matte Blanco, unconscious functioning is due to two logic principles: principle of symmetry and principle of generalization. According to the Principle of symmetry : In the unconscious, ...
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2answers
60 views

Can we desire a specific thing? [closed]

If we are talking about people, could a person desire a specific person? In this case, I would argue no, saying the desire for that person IS instead a desire for an emotional need that could be ...
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How do you guys view Jungian Psychology? [closed]

I was wondering how people view Analytical psychology, and a lot of the theories connected to it.(Jungian Psychology & Analytical Psychology are the same thing)
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185 views

How does true orange color look like?

Or yellow, or cyan, or magenta? Average human only has three types of cone cells in their eyes: red, green, and blue. Because average human does not have orange cone cells, does that mean, that he/she ...
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Why do I exist? [closed]

I can not understand why do I exist? Can someone explain it to me with the language of philosophy, Why do I exist? Why am I here, on earth? Why do I exist here but not in another planet?
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When does a brain transplant make something human?

When does a brain transplant make something human? Is a human brain in a vat human? What about a human brain in a sheep? Or a sheep brain in a human? I assume that we couldnt transplant a human ...
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Is it possible to imagine a color one has never seen before?

We can easily imagine any color we have seen at some point in life (e.g., white, black, rainbow colors). But what would it take one to understand and "see" a new color? P.S.: There are more colors ...
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1answer
144 views

Intentional Inexistence?

Intentionality is known as the directedness or 'aboutness' of our perceiving, believing, desiring, etc. Yet, there is something peculiar that the object of intentional attitudes need not be real. ...
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5answers
544 views

Is there a flaw in Descartes' “clear and distinct” argument?

Is there a flaw in Descartes' "clear and distinct" argument regarding the separation of mind and body? I think that there is a flaw in the argument. I got this idea from an online lecture. Here is my ...
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2answers
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Is comprehending that something is incomprehnsible itself a paradox? [closed]

Urfi Shirazi, a Persian poet, in one of his couplets says to his love that your beauty's limit cannot be comprehended and this statement comes from my limited comprehension.
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can sensory perception be faked? [duplicate]

Perception is the organization, identification, and interpretation of sensory information in order to represent and understand the environment. What if our sensory perception is faked by a Matrix-...
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1answer
170 views

what's the word/idea that everything has to be tested by science for it to count as fact? [closed]

UPDATE -- go educate yourself --> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hEPcQ6sIOTY note: being helpful is more important than anything else, please recommend in answers, comments, etc. [ solved ] what's ...
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288 views

What is the relationship between cognition and qualia?

First, I must admit I'm having trouble formulating this question because I'm somewhat confused about the relationship between these two items (cognition and qualia). Please let me know if I can ...
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0answers
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What is Laurie Paul really trying to argue at the core of decision making before transformative experience?

I've been reading Laurie Paul's Transformative Experience, and understand how we are not able to make "rational" decisions whatsoever because we are not capable of knowing the actual experience before ...
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4answers
240 views

How to convince me that this world still exists even after my death?

From my point of view, I think this world is like a movie only about me as the main actor. It means that this world will disappear right after my death. Question How to convince me that I am wrong ...
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436 views

Philosophers who wrote about limits of knowledge?

What if "the truth" about any concept (consciousness, reality, religion,physics, etc.), turns out to be a complex idea such that our brains can't simply process it in a single lifespan. For example, ...
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81 views

Normativity and causal explanation of the mind

It is claimed by a lot of philosophers that because we are normative creatures, it is impossible to explain our minds in purely causal terms. Jerry Fodor writes (in LOT2) ... contents of symbols ...
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51 views

Is a reason to believe something can be explained, also a reason to think that the explanadum exists?

Is a reason to believe something can be explained, also a reason to think that the explanadum exists? So, suppose someone agrees that our mental lives can be explained by brains and bodies, because ...
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3answers
258 views

Which system of formal logic does the human mind use for the actual world?

Given that there are different formal logic systems, both classical and non classical (Non classical logic), which one do you think is the valid one? Which system does our mind use to draw inferences ...
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1answer
175 views

If it is possible to upgrade Humans to Trans-humans ,then ,is it desirable? [closed]

If it is possible to upgrade Humans to Trans-humans , then , is it desirable to upgrade them ? . Human can manage ,for example, 3 ideas per second ,while Trans-human (super human) (super man) can ...
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366 views

Does a philosophical zombie have mental states?

According to Chalmers, philosophical zombies are physically identical to each of us, but lack consciousness. By 'consciousness' Chalmers means the qualitative feel we often experience. The what-it's-...
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1answer
1k views

What is “intuition” for Kant?

Intuition appears to be a relatively abstract concept, an incomplete cognition, and thus not directly experienceable. Kant says that all knowledge is constituted of two parts: reception of objects ...
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1answer
156 views

What happens once all questions are asked?

Excuse me if I am not asking this question in a philosophical manner but I will try and do my best. The true question is what if there are no more questions to be asked in the world, would it be the ...
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1answer
189 views

Can a deterministic model of the universe account for an agent's free will? [duplicate]

If the divergence caused by an act of free will cannot be sustained temporally, then would a material-deterministic universe self-correct? Or am I just changing the frame of reference here to account ...
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1answer
190 views

Determinacy of thoughts as an argument for the incorruptibility of the soul

As far as I understand the Aristotelian arguments (including those made by Aquinas), they conclude from the determinacy of thoughts that intellectual thinking cannot be wholly material and so we have ...
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What has modern Neuroscience contributed to philosophy of mind (as opposed to science in general)?

Most introductory philosophy of mind lectures include a statement along the following line: "Modern developments in Brain and Neuroscience have influenced the way philosophers talk about the mind", ...