Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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Identifying three kinds of “unity” in Kant's “Critique of Pure Reason”

After reading about transcendental Aesthetics and transcendental logic, I perceive three kinds of unity in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason: Unity of properties of an object which is sensed through ...
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Meaning in use and naturalisation of intentionality

What is the relation between pragmatism and intentionality? Two different enterprises in philosophy seem to be well established and yet contradicting: Inferential Pragmatism: from Wittgenstein and ...
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Is Turing test still serving as criterion of machine intelligence?

During the first half of the last century Alan Turing proposed his 'Turing test' as means by which to answer whether machines have intelligence. To recall: the test amounts to a conversation between ...
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69 views

Has Alexandre Grothendieck ever expounded a particular stance on metaphysics or ontology?

It seems that in Recoltes et Semailles, he does go into quite a bit of philosophizing. the only thing of relevance I've found is that he notes how Riemann "in passing" said how he thought perhaps the "...
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77 views

Has any philosopher discussed pre-cognitive or pre-linguistic conceptualization?

To get an idea of what I'm talking about one may pay close attention to their own thought process. It may become evident that one can gain awareness of certain conceptual assemblages. If awareness at ...
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164 views

What's the meaning of intentionality in context of philosophy of mind? What's the issue at stack in simple words?

After trying to get an understanding of the idea of author's intention in literary theories, realized that the general issue of intentionality is discussed in context of philosophy of mind. But could ...
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45 views

Solipsism, except everyone shares a single mind?

It's conceivable that I could suddenly switch places with someone else. I'm not talking about our brains switching places, but rather, from now on, my mind experiencing the other person's qualia. ...
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29 views

What is the distinction between A-intension and C-intension?

I'm having a really hard time understanding a concept discussed in “Qualia and Analytic Conditionals” by Braddon-Mitchell and "Why We Need A-Intensions" by Jackson. Here's my extraction of these ...
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73 views

Is dualism unlikely because the mind is inextricable in its activity from matter?

I've been thinking about dualism lately, but one thing that deals a pretty strong blow to this view in my mind is that it implies that the mind can exist apart from physical reality (an immaterial ...
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99 views

Which major philosophers (if any) prior to the 1900s believed that consciousness was an emergent property of the brain?

I am going to be doing an Independent Study with one of my professors, and I am obligated (due to the professor's expertise) to choose a philosopher prior to the 1900s. Were there any philosophers ...
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191 views

journal for mathematics of philosophy/mythology

I have been working on research involving the use of mathematical formulas and reasoning in order to philosophical concepts, specifically concepts concerning mythology, the Jungian model of the psyche,...
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200 views

Connections between concepts

How can it be possible that two concepts have a connection between them? Even when we admit that every such connection is empirical, we have a necessary connection between the concept "connection" and ...
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57 views

Arguments in scientific discussion and questioning administration on decision making

While we may have a no-holds barred attitude to prove a point in a scientific deliberation, we have to be little more responsible while questioning the decision making of an administration (assuming ...
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137 views

Implications of John Searle's distinction between brute facts and social facts?

According to John Searle, there is a difference between "brute facts" and "social facts." How does this view impact educational theory and practice?
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189 views

If one agrees with the bundle theory of self, then isn't human society itself a real (as in non-metaphorical) self-aware mind?

Hegel's world spirit is usually described as way of philosophizing about history, more so than an actual mind. Yet when describing the world spirit, he ascribes intentionality and agency to it, ...
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120 views

Are you familiar with a similar argument against the (nomological) supervenience of the mental on the physical?

The SEP article on supervenience claims "Just about everyone, even a Cartesian dualist, believes some version of this supervenience claim [that the mental nomologically supervenes on the physical]." ...
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170 views

What is the difference between language of thought is innate(known as mentalese) and natural 'learned' language?

Language of thought theories generally fall into two categories. The first one is accept the innate, known as mentalese and the second one is which don't accept the innate, but the language of thought ...
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81 views

Planes vs. Consciousness:

Imagine two fellows named George and John. Both are similar enough in intelligence and language competency. Both have a tertiary education, similar literary interests, choice diction and are equally ...
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121 views

What is the difference between Epicurean sense-perception and Qualia?

In the SEP, on its discussion of ancient theories of the soul, they say: Epicurus is an atomist, and in accordance with his atomism he takes the soul, like everything else that there is except for ...
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462 views

What are Kant's critiques of Hume's and Descartes's conceptions of the self?

What are Kant's critiques of Descartes's conception of the self contained in the Metaphysical Meditations and of Hume's conception of the self expressed in the Essay concerning human understanding? ...
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44 views

Would it be possible for a mind to replicate itself in Cartesian substance dualism?

I had a class in microbiology the other day, and we were talking about DNA replication. During the cell cycle, a cell goes through a cycle where it's DNA is duplicated and creates two daughter cells. ...
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117 views

Do we need a theory of mind to think about qualia, and are these the capacity to think about the senses?

On animal consciousness Carruthers (1998a,b, 2000) has argued to this effect based on his ‘higher-order thought’ theory, according to which, phenomenal consciousness requires the capacity to ...
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35 views

What critical analysis has been published on Logosophy?

I came across Logosophy for the first time today and I’m struggling to find any analysis of it. The Wikipedia article seems quite promotional, and does not link to any critical sources - at least, not ...
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68 views

Sense-datum theory appears to be the assumption of science, but philosophers now mostly reject — why?

The SEP discussion on the Problem of Perception notes that Sense-Datum Theory is criticized, and apparently rejected by most philosophers. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/perception-problem/ The ...
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129 views

Did Freud adopt an intentionalist ( or representationalist) theory of mind.? ( On Wakefield's reading of Freud's theory of mind)

In Freud and Philosophy Of Mind, Jerome Wakefield wants to show that Freud's philosophy of mind is best understood in its Cartesian-Brentanian context. According to Brentano, mental acts are ...
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41 views

What are the similarities between Zellig Harris' work and Chomsky's early work of Generative grammars?

Since my knowledge of Chomsky's work is limited to context free grammars I am particularly interested in the relation of Zellig's work to Chomsky's conception of abstract syntax trees and automata ...
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75 views

In “property dualism”, what is the subject of experience?

Within property dualism... is the subject of experience the brain itself? Or is the subject of experience another property of the brain (like the contents of experience are)?
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38 views

Do Stoics believe that when humans suffer due to the action of someone else we should endure it like a true human without any complaint?

Stoicism is defined as enduring pleasure or pain without showing emotion. When you neither react when you get burned badly nor react when you win the lottery, this is an example of stoicism. Is ...
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101 views

Do 'new knowledge / old fact' replies to Jackson's Knowledge Argument imply their converse?

The various 'new knowledge /old facts' replies to Frank Jackson's 'Knowledge Argument' are among the most widely held (or, at least, the most thoroughly debated.) They claim that while its subject, ...
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38 views

Harm Principle and the eventual harm of creating needs

A necessity or a need is a necessary condition for something else. A need in Economics and particularly a consumer need is something needed to be consumed, a necessary condition for achieving higher ...
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38 views

What is the theory of defining consciousness by the ability to use counterfactuals called?

I'm aware there are a number of ways of defining if something is conscious or sentient. Such as the ability to experience qualia, or the ability to be aware you're experiencing qualia. Another theory ...
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1answer
125 views

How do epiphenomenalists explain our knowledge of felt-states?

The traditional epiphenomenalist claim is that the mental properties are simply a by-product of neurophysiological events and so have no causal efficacy over the physical world. This obviously implies ...
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43 views

Where does Descartes actually make his argument from doubt for mind-body distinction?

In Meditations II, we see Descartes make the assertion that he must exist whenever he thinks "I think, I am", and the existence of the thinking thing is undoubtable. But as he can still doubt the ...
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252 views

What did Bohm exactly mean when he said that mind and matter were the same?

In 1990, the physicist David Bohm published a paper named "A new theory of the relationship of mind and matter" promoting a "panpsychist" theory of consciousness based on Bohm's interpretation of ...
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54 views

Do all arguments against mind-body identity theory assume that every pain is the same?

I don’t get (any of) the arguments against mind-brain identity theories. It’s usually argued that multiple realisability kills MBIT (see also this post). In a talk I attended it was stated as ...
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46 views

To what extent is phenomenology capable of advancing empirically testable (i.e. falsifiable) hypotheses?

Otherwise, to the extent it cannot, what is its utility?
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59 views

Can Hasker's emergent dualism work (in principle) with a non-spatial mind without energy?

I know my question here is related : According to Hasker's emergent dualism, why does the mind have to be spatial? However, this is not a duplicate. Can Hasker's emergent substance dualism ...
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184 views

Is this a solution to the disjunction problem of causal representation?

As I understand it, the disjunction problem is how could a causal theory of inner representation account for mistaken identification of external objects or object types. For example, if I see a fox ...
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109 views

As someone studying philosophy and applying it to my life with success, how far does one take the ideals learnt?

I am studying several philosophers and applying all the knowledge I am learning into a 'melting pot' of ideals and characteristics I am applying to my life to better myself and attempt to live more ...
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165 views

Churchland's “historical trend”-argument for physicalism

The history of science is full of cases where people thought a phenomenon was utterly unique, that there couldn’t be any possible mechanism for it, that we might never solve it, that there was nothing ...
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64 views

Aristotle and taste preferences of animals

We probably can assume that Aristotle knew at least some “sensitive” (conscious) animals which have very different preferences in taste than humans. For example vultures (they occur in Greece), which ...
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39 views

Does anyone say that mind/brain type identity theory is just vacuous without scientific evidence that some part brain state is always the exact same?

Does anyone say that mind/brain type identity theory is just vacuous without scientific evidence that some part brain state is always the exact same experience? I think that's what type identity ...
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56 views

Consciousness/soul outside the range of human capabilities of intellect? McGinn/Searle

I personally extremely enjoyed the answer that Colin McGinn gave on understanding consciousness. Previously, I was actually afflicted by the question because the world seemed to divide itself in half ...
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62 views

What is a value of guilt?

Ayn Rand portraits Guilt as the largest currency exchanged worldwide. In terms of accounting, and exchanges, daily between individuals; this is a very seemingly realistic observation. Is there ...
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849 views

How can Brie Gertler's disembodiment argument account for the minds of others?

I'm currently reading Brie Gertler's essay In Defense of Mind-Body Dualism. She uses Descartes' conceivability argument to make her own disembodiment argument. For example, she says someone can ...
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161 views

Is the philosophy of neuroscience necessarily materialistic?

The field of neuroscience is quite popular today, as our technology developments allows us for much more depth of research of the brain every passing day. I understand neuroscience as the field that ...
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What works have been done of applying theories about philosophy of mind to other branches of philosophy?

On several occasions I have heard that Philosophy of Mind is "the first philosophy" of our time. But if this is true, I think thoeries about Philosophy of Mind should be able to be applied to other ...
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156 views

Do relationships rebut the Chinese room argument?

Searle says syntax is neither sufficient for nor constitutive of semantics, all a computer gets (eg from sensors) is syntax (tokenised shapes) therefore computers will never understand the world. ...
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130 views

What is Laurie Paul really trying to argue at the core of decision making before transformative experience?

I've been reading Laurie Paul's Transformative Experience, and understand how we are not able to make "rational" decisions whatsoever because we are not capable of knowing the actual experience before ...
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163 views

Are propositions considered to be mind independent or mind dependent?

The primary reason why I ask is to try to contrast the concept of a proposition, with that of a fact, the latter with which I more certain about. A fact, to me, is something that is 100% mind-...