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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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Identifying three kinds of “unity” in Kant's “Critique of Pure Reason”

After reading about transcendental Aesthetics and transcendental logic, I perceive three kinds of unity in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason: Unity of properties of an object which is sensed through ...
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Works on philosophy and television?

There seem to be many works on "Philosophy and..." this or that popular TV show; philosophical takes on the ethical contents of tv shows; and works on television in critical theory, pop culture, and ...
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Debate on dualism, physicalism. etc in philosophy of mind

(I do not have a philosophy background but I do read philosophy myself.) I have read some review papers of emergence theory, where philosophy of mind is a major battle ground. I find an absence of a ...
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Would it be possible for a mind to replicate itself in Cartesian substance dualism?

I had a class in microbiology the other day, and we were talking about DNA replication. During the cell cycle, a cell goes through a cycle where it's DNA is duplicated and creates two daughter cells. ...
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Do we need a theory of mind to think about qualia, and are these the capacity to think about the senses?

On animal consciousness Carruthers (1998a,b, 2000) has argued to this effect based on his ‘higher-order thought’ theory, according to which, phenomenal consciousness requires the capacity to ...
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Are mathematical results influenced by the way we reason?

Intuitions of mathematicians, and the mathematics they develop, are ostensibly influenced by whether they primarily rely on visual_spatial and/or verbal_symbolic reasoning skills. Is it fair to say ...
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What is our mental version of the “real world” based on our interpretation of sensory input, called?

I was working from the basis that reality is reality, and our senses interpret it, and then our feelings are an interpretation into "mind language" of what our senses are reporting, and then with each ...
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Is it possible for a human not to select the most rewarding option?

It seems that out of all the options available, humans are wired to always make the ideal (satisfying/rewarding) subjective choice, and not go with the second best option or some other. When a ...
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Cognitions influence on the physical body

This question is related to the mind body problem, specifically how cognition, which is mental, plays a role in causal processes. Cognition includes thinking, seeing, imagining, understanding, ...
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Are humans becoming more hive-like? Does this have philosophical implications?

Have any philosophers taken up human hive-like behaviour and its implications? EO Wilson and others have outlined eusociality, a mode of group selection acting in addition to selection at the ...
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Meaning in use and naturalisation of intentionality

What is the relation between pragmatism and intentionality? Two different enterprises in philosophy seem to be well established and yet contradicting: Inferential Pragmatism: from Wittgenstein and ...
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Is there anything left in contemporary epistemology and science from the German Idealism?

Kant, Reinhold, Fichte, Schelling, Hegel.. Is there anything left from the Kantian movement today in the thoughts of knowledge and nature? The question is focused especially after Popper essentially "...
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Connections between concepts

How can it be possible that two concepts have a connection between them? Even when we admit that every such connection is empirical, we have a necessary connection between the concept "connection" and ...
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Implications of John Searle's distinction between brute facts and social facts?

According to John Searle, there is a difference between "brute facts" and "social facts." How does this view impact educational theory and practice?
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Difference between Carnap and Quine's views

Could someone explain to me, in easy language, what the main differences are between Carnap and Quine's views regarding internal / external questions and realism? Quine called Carnap a Platoist, yet I ...
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Which major philosophers (if any) prior to the 1900s believed that consciousness was an emergent property of the brain?

I am going to be doing an Independent Study with one of my professors, and I am obligated (due to the professor's expertise) to choose a philosopher prior to the 1900s. Were there any philosophers ...
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journal for mathematics of philosophy/mythology

I have been working on research involving the use of mathematical formulas and reasoning in order to philosophical concepts, specifically concepts concerning mythology, the Jungian model of the psyche,...
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Arguments in scientific discussion and questioning administration on decision making

While we may have a no-holds barred attitude to prove a point in a scientific deliberation, we have to be little more responsible while questioning the decision making of an administration (assuming ...
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If one agrees with the bundle theory of self, then isn't human society itself a real (as in non-metaphorical) self-aware mind?

Hegel's world spirit is usually described as way of philosophizing about history, more so than an actual mind. Yet when describing the world spirit, he ascribes intentionality and agency to it, ...
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Are you familiar with a similar argument against the (nomological) supervenience of the mental on the physical?

The SEP article on supervenience claims "Just about everyone, even a Cartesian dualist, believes some version of this supervenience claim [that the mental nomologically supervenes on the physical]." ...
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What is the difference between language of thought is innate(known as mentalese) and natural 'learned' language?

Language of thought theories generally fall into two categories. The first one is accept the innate, known as mentalese and the second one is which don't accept the innate, but the language of thought ...
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Planes vs. Consciousness:

Imagine two fellows named George and John. Both are similar enough in intelligence and language competency. Both have a tertiary education, similar literary interests, choice diction and are equally ...
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What is the difference between Epicurean sense-perception and Qualia?

In the SEP, on its discussion of ancient theories of the soul, they say: Epicurus is an atomist, and in accordance with his atomism he takes the soul, like everything else that there is except for ...
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What are Kant's critiques of Hume's and Descartes's conceptions of the self?

What are Kant's critiques of Descartes's conception of the self contained in the Metaphysical Meditations and of Hume's conception of the self expressed in the Essay concerning human understanding? ...
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Can Hasker's emergent dualism work (in principle) with a non-spatial mind without energy?

I know my question here is related : According to Hasker's emergent dualism, why does the mind have to be spatial? However, this is not a duplicate. Can Hasker's emergent substance dualism ...
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Is this a solution to the disjunction problem of causal representation?

As I understand it, the disjunction problem is how could a causal theory of inner representation account for mistaken identification of external objects or object types. For example, if I see a fox ...
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As someone studying philosophy and applying it to my life with success, how far does one take the ideals learnt?

I am studying several philosophers and applying all the knowledge I am learning into a 'melting pot' of ideals and characteristics I am applying to my life to better myself and attempt to live more ...
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Churchland's “historical trend”-argument for physicalism

The history of science is full of cases where people thought a phenomenon was utterly unique, that there couldn’t be any possible mechanism for it, that we might never solve it, that there was nothing ...
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Aristotle and taste preferences of animals

We probably can assume that Aristotle knew at least some “sensitive” (conscious) animals which have very different preferences in taste than humans. For example vultures (they occur in Greece), which ...
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Does anyone say that mind/brain type identity theory is just vacuous without scientific evidence that some part brain state is always the exact same?

Does anyone say that mind/brain type identity theory is just vacuous without scientific evidence that some part brain state is always the exact same experience? I think that's what type identity ...
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Consciousness/soul outside the range of human capabilities of intellect? McGinn/Searle

I personally extremely enjoyed the answer that Colin McGinn gave on understanding consciousness. Previously, I was actually afflicted by the question because the world seemed to divide itself in half ...
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What is a value of guilt?

Ayn Rand portraits Guilt as the largest currency exchanged worldwide. In terms of accounting, and exchanges, daily between individuals; this is a very seemingly realistic observation. Is there ...
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How can Brie Gertler's disembodiment argument account for the minds of others?

I'm currently reading Brie Gertler's essay In Defense of Mind-Body Dualism. She uses Descartes' conceivability argument to make her own disembodiment argument. For example, she says someone can ...
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Is the philosophy of neuroscience necessarily materialistic?

The field of neuroscience is quite popular today, as our technology developments allows us for much more depth of research of the brain every passing day. I understand neuroscience as the field that ...
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What works have been done of applying theories about philosophy of mind to other branches of philosophy?

On several occasions I have heard that Philosophy of Mind is "the first philosophy" of our time. But if this is true, I think thoeries about Philosophy of Mind should be able to be applied to other ...
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Do relationships rebut the Chinese room argument?

Searle says syntax is neither sufficient for nor constitutive of semantics, all a computer gets (eg from sensors) is syntax (tokenised shapes) therefore computers will never understand the world. ...
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What is Laurie Paul really trying to argue at the core of decision making before transformative experience?

I've been reading Laurie Paul's Transformative Experience, and understand how we are not able to make "rational" decisions whatsoever because we are not capable of knowing the actual experience before ...
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Are propositions considered to be mind independent or mind dependent?

The primary reason why I ask is to try to contrast the concept of a proposition, with that of a fact, the latter with which I more certain about. A fact, to me, is something that is 100% mind-...
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Has anyone claimed that the cartesian ego is a necessary condition to any mind?

Has anyone claimed that the Cartesian ego, by which I mean the ability to reflect, from which I may be able to deduce that "I am", is a necessary component of any mind?
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How is Descartes Sure of Things When He is “Attending” to Them?

On SparkNotes, Rene Descartes apparently knows some things to be true as long as he is "attending" to them. These clear and distinct perceptions are only indubitable so long as he is attending to ...
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Who argues in line of cognition being an aspect or a shadow of mind?

Philosophers sometimes liken conscious experience to an unexpected shadow of cognition, or to the steam coming out of a steam engine — an inert epiphenomena. A lot of ink has been spilled about that. ...
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Has the other parts of the soul the ability to superpose its will on the mind?

I am working on an idea between the soul, and the mind; relating to the unconsciousness, and consciousness. According to this article from the web it states that depression may very well be caused by ...
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What is modern take on the idea of wills?

Under wills I mean either Schopenhauer's will to live or Nietzsche's will to power or other wills like will to meaning and many more. As I guess, their authors intended to explain human behaviour by ...
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What makes valid a philosophy of success?

In his Think and Grow Rich, Napoleon Hill talks about his philosophy of success. In this book he exposes a set of principles that encompasses a lifetime work of investigation of what makes some people ...
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Is a reason to believe something can be explained, also a reason to think that the explanadum exists?

Is a reason to believe something can be explained, also a reason to think that the explanadum exists? So, suppose someone agrees that our mental lives can be explained by brains and bodies, because ...
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Senses without phenomenology: are they quales?

Can there be sense experience without phenomenological existence, in the Husserlian sense of the things themselves being given to consciousness? Are they like something? Just as the smell of mint has ...
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Can the tendency toward social construction of mental illness be decoupled from responsibility?

Hacking, in The social constructionism of what?, cites Boyle's claim that patients "need" the diagnosis of schizophrenia. He then approves of the idea that schizophrenia is an "interactive kind": ...
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What are the differences between mind model and other models?

What are the main differences between mind model and any other models such as conceptual models and ... ? As far as I know these are some major differences: 1-mind models are dynamic whereas ...
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Regarding the possibility of the mind as a real phenomenon

There have been many science fiction stories written about the possibility of alien life in forms seemingly impossible to 'common sense' like the idea of 'incorporeal beings'; alien life 'made' out of ...