Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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Consciousness in Simulation theory & AI, why do some believe that it is even possible?

There are many famous philosophers that assume that "consciousness can be create by calculations in a computer". For example: Nick Bostrom with the simulation theory [I greatly respect and ...
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1answer
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Can animals follow logical rules of inference?

I've been trying to recall a thought experiment, which I very vaguely remember to have come across either in Davidson or Dennett, that considers the following scenario: A hound is chasing its quarry ...
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What is the relationship between consciousness and memory?

If someone has amnesia for a certain experience, was that person conscious of that experience in the past or was that person never conscious at that moment? If that person dies, their memories are ...
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16answers
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Aren't we all philosophical zombies?

I've been reading about the philosophy of the mind, and I'm a bit confused. Everything I've read seems to start with the (unjustified) assumption that there is some aspect of the mind that isn't ...
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3answers
123 views

How can we question someone, for their ethical behavior, if it's the result of an evolutionary process

Supposedly, nature is evolving human minds and its behavior to find an optimal point. But if "bad" behaviour is nothing but an expression of nature's evolution towards an optimum, how does it make ...
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0answers
33 views

What critical analysis has been published on Logosophy?

I came across Logosophy for the first time today and I’m struggling to find any analysis of it. The Wikipedia article seems quite promotional, and does not link to any critical sources - at least, not ...
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4answers
519 views

What is the difference between the spiritual and the metaphysical

According to this (old) page, metaphysics is the study of things beyond anything humans can perceive. Because of this fact, metaphysics is relatively faith-based discipline and, compared to science, ...
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1answer
359 views

Is C.G. Jung considered a respectable philosopher by professional philosophers?

I thought he was mainly a philosopher since his theories are mostly philosophical (or at best quasi scientific). Since he is rarely cited by philosophers it makes me wonder if he is considered a ...
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0answers
68 views

Sense-datum theory appears to be the assumption of science, but philosophers now mostly reject — why?

The SEP discussion on the Problem of Perception notes that Sense-Datum Theory is criticized, and apparently rejected by most philosophers. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/perception-problem/ The ...
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1answer
238 views

What do philosophers mean when they say qualia do not exist?

In university, my professor said that his position is that there are no qualia. He acknowledged that non-philosophers can find this position bizarre, but did not explain the rationale behind why he ...
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1answer
77 views

What determines who I am? [closed]

Let's assume we have multiple people with subjective first person perspective experiences. What determines which first person experience I am going to experience? This is not a trivial question, I am ...
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1answer
130 views

Symbolic Processes & Thinking

My question is if there is some concrete symbolic logic at the foundation of human reasoning -something very rudimentary, but still formal? Question may be seen in context of the article given below. ...
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0answers
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Did Freud adopt an intentionalist ( or representationalist) theory of mind.? ( On Wakefield's reading of Freud's theory of mind)

In Freud and Philosophy Of Mind, Jerome Wakefield wants to show that Freud's philosophy of mind is best understood in its Cartesian-Brentanian context. According to Brentano, mental acts are ...
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1answer
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Is there a way to prove that I'm not in a simulation or a vr of some sorts in which everything I see, feel, etc aren't real? [duplicate]

My question is could all I think of as real in this world, the pain, the happiness, sadness all just be part of some futuristic vr of some sorts that is making me think i am thinking and doing all im ...
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24 views

Are thoughts independent of physical variables around them and arise from inside?or just consequence of forces around it

For example non conscious bodies can't do a thing on their own ,like wind will move them, water will soak them, gravity will make them fall,but conscious beings can go against the nature like if i am ...
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34 views

What's the relation of semiotics to cybernetics?

I was looking at the wiki page of Jakob Johann von Uexküll where I saw a diagram that resembled a simple feedback model of cybernetics. What's the relation of semiotics to cybernetics?
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20 views

Is it true that the Epicurean philosophical tradition lead to less advances in (proto) science than the Stoic one?

That Epicurean philosophy was such in it's doctrines that perhaps prevented the Epicurean philosophers of extending maths and science. If this is true why is it?
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29 views

Are there any predecessors to the leveling concept of Kierkegaard?

What were the most likely sources of inspiration of Kierkegaard in creating the leveling concept?
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2answers
71 views

Turing Test and Functionalism

I know Turing Test and functionalism respectively but get confused about: What is the influence of Turing Test on functionalism? (I suppose Turing Test is both behaviorist and functionalist.) Is ...
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0answers
40 views

Is there a philosophical method to systematically determine the implicit assumptions of a certain thought?

When one is thinking of a certain 'idea' one is making certain implicit assumptions perhaps without even realizing it. Some of these assumptions become much harder to find out if the idea is used ...
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Who are the philsophical successors of Sellars?

Have these philosophical successors of Sellars written books or papers presenting an overview of Sellars' work along with their latest work which built on it?
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4answers
164 views

Proof that I am the only observer in the world

Let’s assume there are multiple observers (or perspectives or “cameras”) viewing the world. Every person has one. However, I know that I am one of these observers. Therefore, there needs to be a flag ...
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0answers
67 views

How do different bodies of knowledge depend on each other for their development?

As an example, some body of knowledge can develop only so much before it's development stagnates and it requires other bodies of knowledge to develop. As a weird analogy, the concept(s) I am ...
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0answers
29 views

What is the distinction between A-intension and C-intension?

I'm having a really hard time understanding a concept discussed in “Qualia and Analytic Conditionals” by Braddon-Mitchell and "Why We Need A-Intensions" by Jackson. Here's my extraction of these ...
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0answers
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What are the similarities between Zellig Harris' work and Chomsky's early work of Generative grammars?

Since my knowledge of Chomsky's work is limited to context free grammars I am particularly interested in the relation of Zellig's work to Chomsky's conception of abstract syntax trees and automata ...
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6answers
196 views

Trouble understanding how the Chinese room experiment refutes computer functionalism

I'm listening to John Searle's lectures on the philosophy of mind (https://www.youtube.com/watch?list=PL039MUyjHR1wfJpULVP1a1ZeCBmIHmhxt) and I don't really understand the significance of his Chinese ...
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0answers
74 views

In “property dualism”, what is the subject of experience?

Within property dualism... is the subject of experience the brain itself? Or is the subject of experience another property of the brain (like the contents of experience are)?
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1answer
78 views

How was sadism viewed(if at all) in philosophy before Marquis de Sade? [closed]

Were there any preceding philosophers who wrote about concepts that were roughly equivalent to sadism?
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48 views

Do panpsychism and its variants (such as Russellian monism) face an interaction problem?

Many philosophers of the mind—such as David Chalmers, Galen Strawson and Philip Goff—have become sympathetic to variants of panpsychism when it comes to explaining consciousness. Yet, on their own ...
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1answer
201 views

When does the concept of “sense data” first appear in philosophy?

The wikipedia article on the "sense data" references a bunch of 20th century philosophers. Is the concept(or something closely related to this) earlier than that?
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2answers
91 views

Mathematics vs Time

Suppose we have a person that one day states "x+3=5". The next day he again states "x+3=5". As events, we can say they are different but does the meaning of the expression has changed? It seems ...
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37 views

Do Stoics believe that when humans suffer due to the action of someone else we should endure it like a true human without any complaint?

Stoicism is defined as enduring pleasure or pain without showing emotion. When you neither react when you get burned badly nor react when you win the lottery, this is an example of stoicism. Is ...
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20 views

How do you compare the classical(Aristotilean) and Humean picture of the relationship between desire and practical reason?

From my basic understanding, Hume thinks desire leads the intellect, while Aristotle thinks it is more complicated? So we have more agency of our desires in the classical picture?
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3answers
94 views

Is there any philosophy which proposes that whatever you believe or imagine is true or exists?

Every day, we have conflicts with almost everyone about what we think and what we believe (there are religious conflicts, conflicts of opinions...). Also, there are people who think about alternative ...
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0answers
25 views

Lacan: a void at the heart of the subject

Can anybody explain what this Lacan's dictum exactly is? extract from book Art and Psychoanalysis by Maria Walsh: ... Lacan’s dictum that there is a void at the heart of the subject that we fill ...
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1answer
45 views

the threatened return of the look

The following text is from Art and Psychoanalysis by Maria Walsh. Does anybody know what threatens the return of the look in the bold section? Context: The other, as black man, acts as both a ...
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0answers
117 views

Do you actually believe something or you think you believe something because you have accumulated?

So what exactly is the dot line or a break point between knowing something and believing in something, level plus from basic philosophy. When you think you believe in something, is that actually just ...
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35 views

Kant and putting your own interests first

Is it ethically justifiable to place your own interests first if we lived by Kant? Say someone asks you to help them move houses, help them study, etc. So something that isnt life threatening but ...
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1answer
46 views

heteropathic and idiopathic identification

Reading the book "Art and Psychoanalysis" by Maria Walsh on modern art criticism and philosophy, I encountered the words "heteropathic identification" and "idiopathic identification". Do they mean ...
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3answers
60 views

Why is moral cognitivism called 'cognitivism'

I don't get it? "Cognitive" usually refers to do with the mind, mental processes, thinking, or the brain. In ethics, it refers to whether or not something is a "statement" or can be "true or false". ...
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1answer
143 views

What is a both sufficient and necessary condition for not treating people merely as a means? [closed]

What is a both sufficient and necessary condition for not treating people merely as a means? To me the meaning of a concept is equivalent to a sufficient and necessary condition with which to ...
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0answers
101 views

Do 'new knowledge / old fact' replies to Jackson's Knowledge Argument imply their converse?

The various 'new knowledge /old facts' replies to Frank Jackson's 'Knowledge Argument' are among the most widely held (or, at least, the most thoroughly debated.) They claim that while its subject, ...
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1answer
66 views

the disembodied nature of the spectator

The following text is from the book Art and Psychoanalysis by Maria Walsh. Does any one have any information about "the disembodied nature of the spectator"? I have not ever heard of it. Text: ...
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5answers
171 views

Why does Man ask Why questions? [closed]

I am not a particularly educated or intelligent individual. If this question is easily answered, forgive me. As I can think of no answer, I am compelled to ask. I'm afraid this line of questioning ...
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38 views

Harm Principle and the eventual harm of creating needs

A necessity or a need is a necessary condition for something else. A need in Economics and particularly a consumer need is something needed to be consumed, a necessary condition for achieving higher ...
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1answer
102 views

If the mind is not divisible and the brain is divisible, then it logically follows that mind and brain are not the same thing [closed]

If the mind is not divisible and the brain is divisible, then it logically follows that mind and brain are not the same thing. Group of answer choices True False
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1answer
104 views

If my body is cloned down to the state of each particle, in which body does my consciousness persist? [duplicate]

I have always had this thought experiment that troubled me. If I could clone my body and my mind down to the exact molecules and atoms (which means there are two of my bodies that are exactly the same,...
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2answers
63 views

Problems with Other Minds in Idealism

If everything is immaterial and just ideas like Berkeley states then how are ideas and experiences shared among minds to create our common reality? Does God just transmit these ideas to everyone's ...
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0answers
51 views

A possibly valid argument against eliminativism

I'm posting this despite the fact that I've little or no knowledge in metaphysics. The eliminativists claim that phenomenal consciousness is not "real". Would it help if we notice that phenomenal ...
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1answer
64 views

What is it about the existence of some things that makes us right or wrong in describing their existence, while other things can change?

For example, if people used to believe the Earth was the center of the universe, and we discover it is not, we now say, "people used to falsely believe that the Earth was the center of the universe", ...

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