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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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Is it even possible to know, from the outside, whether a physical system is conscious?

I take it for granted that other humans, and other higher animals like chimpanzees and dogs and cats, are conscious. But is it even possible to know, from the outside, whether a physical system is ...
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Is Presentism or Four Dimensionalism compatible with being a conscious observer?

The most striking feature of our experience is the way that it is present simultaneously and persists over short intervals of time. If we ignore illusionism how might our experience be explained by ...
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How does representationalism respond to the "Mary's room argument"?

So here's Frank Jackson himself responding to his own argument using "representationalism": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YPT0BE1WAHk So as I'm understanding Frank's newer view... when ...
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Is this a solution to the disjunction problem of causal representation?

As I understand it, the disjunction problem is how could a causal theory of inner representation account for mistaken identification of external objects or object types. For example, if I see a fox ...
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The Nature and Durability of Bonds Formed in Constrained Environments: A Philosophical Inquiry

I've been reflecting on the nature of friendships that form in environments where individuals are brought together by circumstances beyond their usual choosing, such as addiction rehabilitation ...
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Has Alexandre Grothendieck ever expounded a particular stance on metaphysics or ontology?

It seems that in Recoltes et Semailles, he does go into quite a bit of philosophizing. the only thing of relevance I've found is that he notes how Riemann "in passing" said how he thought perhaps the "...
enrijaja's user avatar
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Is the meaning of a sign the effect it has on your mind?

Is the meaning of something identifiable or reducible to the motion or effect it causes on the mind that interprets it? For example, the meaning of a photograph could be said to be the nostalgic ...
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I've heard of a term for something beyond the boundaries of human thought. What does the term sound like and whether it exists at all

I've heard of a term for something beyond the boundaries of human thought. That is, there is something a person can think about and there is something that is behind. What does the term sound like and ...
Георгий Мишарин's user avatar
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What does process philosophy contribute to cognitive science?

What does process philosophy contribute to cognitive science? Is it newer constructs, hypotheses, or something else?
Sunreeta Bhattacharya's user avatar
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What would be a recent follow-up or alternative to Pylyshyn's 1984 book on "Computation and Cognition: Toward a Foundation for Cognitive Science"?

I was exposed to Zenon Pylyshyn's work through my master's thesis work in Cognitive Science. Recently, I picked up his 1984 book on "Computation and Cognition: Toward a Foundation for Cognitive ...
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Does Hume propose that causes might actually just be explained by coincidence?

Does Hume propose that what people interpret as casual connections could instead be explained by coincidence? I want to know if this is an accurate understanding. Hume says something to the effect of: ...
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Turing's bridging argument of conflating mathematical logic and the philosophy of mind?

So I read this paper and I'll quote the relevant parts: 'Turing's machines are humans who calculate On Computable Numbers' thus took on the aspect of a hybrid paper: an attempt to integrate what ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
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Subjective and objective reality

I'd like to talk about two related ideas and ask which philosophers have talked about those. The first idea is that the "subject", the I, has two fundamental aspects: I can experience things,...
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What is the dichotomy called when being implicitly 'without' when one says to look 'within', and what does it mean?

I think the phrase 'Look within' is used often in the context of meditation. If someone can actually perform the act of looking within, it implicitly means that someone is currently 'without', and ...
Mike de Klerk's user avatar
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Is there a philosophical assessment of the terms "virtual" and "imaginary"?

In casual terms, at least from explanations I can find, imaginary is something which "does not exist" in reality: "an imaginary world" virtual is something which "exists ...
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What critical analysis has been published on Logosophy?

I came across Logosophy for the first time today and I’m struggling to find any analysis of it. The Wikipedia article seems quite promotional, and does not link to any critical sources - at least, not ...
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What is the distinction between A-intension and C-intension?

I'm having a really hard time understanding a concept discussed in “Qualia and Analytic Conditionals” by Braddon-Mitchell and "Why We Need A-Intensions" by Jackson. Here's my extraction of these ...
Jeremy Hadfield's user avatar
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Is dualism unlikely because the mind is inextricable in its activity from matter?

I've been thinking about dualism lately, but one thing that deals a pretty strong blow to this view in my mind is that it implies that the mind can exist apart from physical reality (an immaterial ...
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To what extent is phenomenology capable of advancing empirically testable (i.e. falsifiable) hypotheses?

Otherwise, to the extent it cannot, what is its utility?
I. Riley's user avatar
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Which major philosophers (if any) prior to the 1900s believed that consciousness was an emergent property of the brain?

I am going to be doing an Independent Study with one of my professors, and I am obligated (due to the professor's expertise) to choose a philosopher prior to the 1900s. Were there any philosophers ...
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journal for mathematics of philosophy/mythology

I have been working on research involving the use of mathematical formulas and reasoning in order to philosophical concepts, specifically concepts concerning mythology, the Jungian model of the psyche,...
Alexander's user avatar
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Connections between concepts

How can it be possible that two concepts have a connection between them? Even when we admit that every such connection is empirical, we have a necessary connection between the concept "connection" and ...
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Do relationships rebut the Chinese room argument?

Searle says syntax is neither sufficient for nor constitutive of semantics, all a computer gets (eg from sensors) is syntax (tokenised shapes) therefore computers will never understand the world. ...
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Arguments in scientific discussion and questioning administration on decision making

While we may have a no-holds barred attitude to prove a point in a scientific deliberation, we have to be little more responsible while questioning the decision making of an administration (assuming ...
Suddhasattwa Ghosh 's user avatar
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Implications of John Searle's distinction between brute facts and social facts?

According to John Searle, there is a difference between "brute facts" and "social facts." How does this view impact educational theory and practice?
justme34's user avatar
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Do we need a theory of mind to think about qualia, and are these the capacity to think about the senses?

On animal consciousness Carruthers (1998a,b, 2000) has argued to this effect based on his ‘higher-order thought’ theory, according to which, phenomenal consciousness requires the capacity to ...
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If one agrees with the bundle theory of self, then isn't human society itself a real (as in non-metaphorical) self-aware mind?

Hegel's world spirit is usually described as way of philosophizing about history, more so than an actual mind. Yet when describing the world spirit, he ascribes intentionality and agency to it, ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
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Are you familiar with a similar argument against the (nomological) supervenience of the mental on the physical?

The SEP article on supervenience claims "Just about everyone, even a Cartesian dualist, believes some version of this supervenience claim [that the mental nomologically supervenes on the physical]." ...
nir's user avatar
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What is the difference between language of thought is innate(known as mentalese) and natural 'learned' language?

Language of thought theories generally fall into two categories. The first one is accept the innate, known as mentalese and the second one is which don't accept the innate, but the language of thought ...
Ratheesh's user avatar
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Planes vs. Consciousness:

Imagine two fellows named George and John. Both are similar enough in intelligence and language competency. Both have a tertiary education, similar literary interests, choice diction and are equally ...
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What is the difference between Epicurean sense-perception and Qualia?

In the SEP, on its discussion of ancient theories of the soul, they say: Epicurus is an atomist, and in accordance with his atomism he takes the soul, like everything else that there is except for ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
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What are Kant's critiques of Hume's and Descartes's conceptions of the self?

What are Kant's critiques of Descartes's conception of the self contained in the Metaphysical Meditations and of Hume's conception of the self expressed in the Essay concerning human understanding? ...
lalessandro's user avatar
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6 answers
157 views

The initial point of everything

Every action is influenced by something, an action happens when it is intended to. Isn't everything influenced by some other phenomena that itself has been influenced by other events? Then every ...
shubham rajana's user avatar
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1 answer
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Would it be possible for a mind to replicate itself in Cartesian substance dualism?

I had a class in microbiology the other day, and we were talking about DNA replication. During the cell cycle, a cell goes through a cycle where it's DNA is duplicated and creates two daughter cells. ...
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Fodor's central systems in computability terms

According to Fodor, the mind is comprised of both peripheral systems that are modular (and thus can be computed), and central systems which are not modular (and thus cannot be computed). On the ...
Yechiam Weiss's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
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What type of reasoning is this? Abduction, inference to the best explanation, induction?

My mind is responsible for my behavior. Other people are very similar to me biologically. Other people have behaviors similar to mine. Possible explanations: Solipsism says that my mind created other ...
Arnold's user avatar
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Does the argument by analogy in favor of the existence of other minds lead to solipsism?

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/other-minds/#ArguAnal I can't understand the article. Here it is said that the argument by analogy inevitably leads to solipsism. Then it is said that the argument ...
Arnold's user avatar
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What well-discussed alternatives are there to the Extended Mind Thesis?

The Extended Mind Thesis holds that we should consider "cognition" to include the process of using external cognitive tools (rather than only considering processes internal to our brain). ...
Tim C's user avatar
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What do philosophers think about colors?

Colors seem to signify some philosophy. For example black roughly stands for death and mourning in many cultures. White on the other hand, roughly stands for purity. There is long list of colors and ...
Dheeraj Verma's user avatar
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Is personhood different from personal identity?

I'm confused as to what the difference between these two terms are. Suppose that I am a cognitivist about personhood. Does this imply that higher order cognitive functions underwrite personal identity ...
Frank Booth's user avatar
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Church-Turing Thesis and the human brain

A question on my homework: Imagine that scientists discover that the behavior of the brain can be completely described by some mathematical function. Given the Church–Turing Thesis, would this ...
ASA's user avatar
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What are the different types/levels of consciousness in the experiencing of feelings?

What type of consciousness is the mere experience of having a feeling. So one has a feeling of anger, happiness, excitement, etc. By the word "mere," I mean the feeling is not reflected on;...
rux23's user avatar
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How and where do I learn philosophy?

I am very new to philosophy, in what ways can I gain deeper knowledge about the subject itself and explore all the branches and truly understand what philosophy exactly is?
Mihir Myatra's user avatar
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Is there any psychological research into, or theory about, propositional attitude reports?

What do propositional attitudes such as belief and suspicion mean not just as logical (syntactic) conceptions but as something in the mind? When I believe or feel skeptical about certain propositions ...
Pure 's user avatar
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epistemic externalism and content externalism

Putnam's original twin earth experiment shows that the meaning of "water" is determined by external factors. This is an epistemic fact about knowledge and meaning: What we really mean by ...
Amit Hagin's user avatar
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What did Anscombe dislike about "The Concept of Mind"?

In the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy it says Anecdotal evidence (thanks to David Pears) is that Elizabeth Anscombe was scathing about The Concept of Mind when it was published. I find this ...
UtilityMaximiser's user avatar
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Something similar to The Knowledge Argument which works within Physicalism?

Here is The Knowledge Argument according to SEP (Mary is either monochrome or views the world through monochrome monitor): (1) Mary has all the physical information concerning human color vision ...
J Kusin's user avatar
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A Take on Application of Mathematics

The passage: "To introduce rigorous mathematics, I believe it's essential to discuss the whys and establish a core relation between mathematics and application. Mathematics begins with ...
Jack Frosher's user avatar
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3 answers
882 views

Simulation hypothesis and solipsism

Is Nick Bostrom's simulation hypothesis a solipsistic idea? This hypothesis says that only I have consciousness, and all other people are unconscious philosophical zombies? Which version of the ...
Ron's user avatar
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Is there, in Aristotle, a broad concept of thinking ( noèsis) that includes imagination ? Or is imagination a purely sensible power?

In Aristotle's De Anima, Bk. III, Part 3 ( http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/soul.3.iii.html) one can read this : "Thinking is different from perceiving and is held to be in part imagination, in ...
Floridus Floridi's user avatar