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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

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1answer
102 views

Was active ignorance the genesis of self awareness?

In other words, is an organism's ability to ignore some of the sensory input it receives from the outside world the first requirement in defining self from other?
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If there's an physically identical copy of me, is that me?

I recently came up with a question. It is as you may know based on consciousness. Let’s say I made a blueprint of myself, exactly the same person I am talking at the atomic level. Let us say the ...
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Why does the dream argument posit that the senses are untrustworthy when it's the mind that is being tricked?

According to the wiki of the dream argument, "the act of dreaming provides preliminary evidence that the senses we trust to distinguish reality from illusion should not be fully trusted, and therefore,...
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Does engineering have an intrinsic moral dimension?

If you think engineering has an intrinsic moral dimension, please share your point of view. I think it does, but I would love to hear other points of view.
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Cartesian dualist and dualist

I was taught that Cartesian dualists were those who believe strongly that the mind and the body are entirely two separate entities while a dualist believes the same but also believes that the mind and ...
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1answer
380 views

Jean-Paul Sartre freedom question [duplicate]

Jean-Paul Sartre claimed we are totally free. This might lead some people to think they can show no concern for others and do whatever they want. He warned, however, if everything is based on free ...
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Where is the line drawn on cheating Darwin/genetics? How does one accept this? [closed]

It is stated that cosmetic surgery is cheating genetics if the end result is aimed at increasing one's physical attraction and thus ultimately affecting natural selection in this person's favor. But ...
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3answers
135 views

AI singularity, and the transmission of intelligence

I was quite taken with David Deutsch's dismissal of the fear of the AI general intelligence singularity, based on the idea that any true intelligences will in some sense start with hybrid human-...
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181 views

How can I abandon beliefs supplied by the culture?

I have beliefs which seem irrational and trivial to me. These beliefs diminish my freedom. But still, guilt is produced when I am not acting in accordance with these beliefs. I am not speaking about ...
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Aren't all children philosophers? [closed]

As described by writer Jostein Gaarder in his book Sophie's World, to philosophize is to be astonished by things in nature around us, and we can always see children always surprised of things ...
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103 views

Is it possible for a human being to be rational?

How i see the rational man: A man who not only able to believe that something is rational/irrational, but in the same time able to function in respect to this belief. An example for the irrational ...
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1answer
162 views

Does free will require mental causation?

What I am asking is this: does the notion of free will require A weak form of dualism Top-down causality as necessary conditions? Does this entail that not everything which is a physical effect have ...
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On the way we relate to the world\thinking the way we think

Walking down the streets I heard: Measuring means comparing. I was shocked. Why $A$ is better\bigger\higher\etc than $B$? It becomes somehow obvious: that simple idea shapes part of our reality. ...
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267 views

Why is Jackson’s Knowledge Argument (“Mary’s room”) widely accepted as being self-consistent in its premises?

I imagine you are already familiar with Frank Jackson’s Knowledge Argument, but for reference, here it is again, as originally presented: Mary is a brilliant scientist who is, for whatever reason, ...
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Is suffering unfair in life?

There are ideas that everyone suffers somewhat -- nobody gets out of life alive at the end. But why do others live good lives with more happiness and why am I miserable? Is this life carved in stone ...
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1answer
94 views

Contentedness vs Happiness

Is being contented equal to happiness? Is being happy equal to being contented? To me this is hard to determine as there are people I know who are contented with their lot, but are not completely ...
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1answer
324 views

Ned Block on the Psychology of the Homunculi-Head

In his ‘Troubles with Functionalism’, Block develops his now-famous Homunculi-Head thought experiment. At one point (p.292), he claims that there are psychological differences between a person and ...
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2answers
110 views

Western philosophers that emphasize on the importance of meditation?

Who are the main western philosophers who acknowledge the importance of meditation, self-discovery(know yourself) and the realization of your own mind-habits and emotional responses?
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1answer
188 views

Cloning: Will you be the same person? [closed]

Imagine, in the future, we have mastered the technology of cloning. The rich and powerful have got their own cloning devices. They clone their bodies and keep the clones in a cryogenic environment to ...
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2answers
468 views

How is the concept of “beyond word” viewed in many school of thoughts?

This is my review on the concept of "beyond word": Taoism and Buddhism seems to share that wisdom can't be grasped intellectually. In Zen practice, the koans are presented as nonsensical questions so ...
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Assuming perceptual realism, if there exists a red apple, and I am thinking of it, is the thing in my mind red?

Is there a thing in my mind? Is that how it's phrased? I understand there is the definition of apple as a concept...is this what is in my mind? The definition doesn't include red though...Honestly I ...
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187 views

journal for mathematics of philosophy/mythology

I have been working on research involving the use of mathematical formulas and reasoning in order to philosophical concepts, specifically concepts concerning mythology, the Jungian model of the psyche,...
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2answers
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Has anyone tried to model the mind considering two interacting parts - prediction and attention?

What we pay attention to is what we learn to predict. Our predictions (the metric by which we validate our models, our understanding) in turn guide our attention. Has anyone done any work on this ...
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1answer
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The tags for the 21st century philosophy [closed]

What are the tags, if I'd like to read something about 21st century philosophy? Where do I find the list of the greatest philosophers of the 21st century? Is it true that the pure philosophy is in ...
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How does Gödel's incompleteness theorem apply to materialism and the mind

Assertion 1: Humans use some logical system to understand the universe Assertion 2: Gödel proved through a formal logic what is provable about a logical system is a subset of what is true about it, ...
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Churchland's “historical trend”-argument for physicalism

The history of science is full of cases where people thought a phenomenon was utterly unique, that there couldn’t be any possible mechanism for it, that we might never solve it, that there was nothing ...
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2answers
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How do non-theists explain the reliability of our cognitive faculties given Plantinga’s EAAN?

Plantinga argued in his Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism (EAAN) that given naturalistic evolution we cannot expect our cognitive faculties to be reliable. This contradicts our experience that ...
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Aristotle and taste preferences of animals

We probably can assume that Aristotle knew at least some “sensitive” (conscious) animals which have very different preferences in taste than humans. For example vultures (they occur in Greece), which ...
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3answers
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Side effects of scientific mind on levels of life

There are enumerous benefits of scientific temperament, as i have read so far. Its working abilities, functionality and dealings with day to day matter is fantabulous. My question is : Do this kind ...
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Advancements in scientific mind and its side effects on society

A scientific mind is one that can make the most of observation. It has highly-refined imagination and curiosity that makes it possible to carry forward advanced research work. And also it's a bit ...
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4answers
602 views

What does it mean to know or not know something?

Once one know something, one can't unknow it. We can't just forget what we've known like the way we delete computer's file. Yet it take us a split of second to obtain information and embed it in our ...
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Why is Sam Harris arguing against himself in this bizarre 6-minute clip?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fajfkO_X0l0 In this short "big think" video clip on consciousness and the idea of a self, Sam Harris spends the first few minutes saying stuff like We can't reduce ...
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5answers
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If consciousness is an emergent property of brain state, does this mean that we can only truly exist for 1 Planck unit of time?

Suppose my self-awareness, consciousness, point of view (POV) or qualia is not a "thing in itself" but rather an intrinsic emergent property of my brain's current brain state. Then, as my brain ...
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If two brains A and B were 100% identical, why would A's self-awareness emerge in A instead of emerging in B and viceversa?

What I'm asking is basically how is the "self-awareness allocation problem" solved. I know this problem can be confusing, so let me try to explain it by means of examples: Example 1: Let’s imagine ...
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Can the act of having certain thoughts be unethical? [duplicate]

On the basis of Western morality, the Greco-Roman Judeo-Christian one, behaviors like killing, betraying, cursing are considered immoral. Christianity imposes that thoughts can be corrupt, therefore ...
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568 views

Are there convincing arguments for dualism?

There are several reasons for thinking that the mental and the physical are essentially separate and fundamentally different. Should we be convinced by any of them? I'm required to give three ...
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5answers
223 views

Is there any coherent argument in support of consciousness being an illusion?

Whenever, I hear someone like, say, Daniel Denett say conscious is an "illusion", I'm always left pretty stumped. Firstly, both the terms "consciousness" and "illusion" are generally left undefined, ...
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Are humans becoming more hive-like? Does this have philosophical implications?

Have any philosophers taken up human hive-like behaviour and its implications? EO Wilson and others have outlined eusociality, a mode of group selection acting in addition to selection at the ...
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1answer
214 views

What is wrong with the physicalist view on the mind-body problem?

It seems like most philosophers have moved away from physicalist and/or reductive materialist position on the mind-body problem? Can somebody explain why? I really don't have any arguments in favour ...
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1answer
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What are the facts and what is the truth? [duplicate]

As I ask this know; I purely ask this from a social point of view. As in conversations with others. It's a random thought and kinda funny when I started thinking about it. What's a fact? Something ...
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1answer
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Is knowledge of right and wrong the 'first' knowledge?

Personally, I do not commit to memory a great many useless details but, prefer to remember how to understand, how to act and, how to answer. For example, if fixing a computer I do not have in my mind ...
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What makes a great scientific question for and/or against a stupid idea?

While I am taking a walk I have come up with quotes, questions and philosophy to motivate and route myself. I recently discovered/invented a new quote which really can have multiple meaning to it (...
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5answers
358 views

Do our eyes show us truth?

Do our eyes show us the truth or, does our eyesight contrive for us some approximation? Can we even show that what we experience is more than a belief, even as much as an approximation? If I feel the ...
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1answer
283 views

Are substance dualism and identity theory compatible?

Are substance dualism and identity theory compatible? Why? Are property dualism and token- identity compatible? Why? Are type- identity and token- identity compatible? Why? If someone could help ...
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What is the term for the fallacy/strategy of ignoring logical reasoning intended to disprove a belief?

Updated 10/19/2018 -- Regards for all the responses. Much appreciated. To address the point of fact that one cannot "prove" anything about reality: Yes, I agree. This is the reason I now set my ...
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1answer
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Support for “Sleepless nights due to unaccomplished goals”

Intro I've been working on a paper on success and I've put a line that I feel very strongly about, "Sometimes when we fail to accomplish our desires for the day they manifest into thoughts during the ...
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1answer
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Imagine that you look at yourself as a cat, what do you think of your own behavior?

I recently thought very much about the life of mammals who live in our cities, such as cats, and dogs. To see if I will find a philosophy in this, because, as we know, the Nature Is Our Best Teacher!....
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289 views

The mathematical language of the brain

This question is similar, but not identical, to one I posted to the mathematics SE some time ago. I was originally unsure of where to post it. I believe this question is sufficiently different to ...
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126 views

Machines vs Chaos of Human Language

Will it ever be possible for machines to understand language the way humans do? It is a famous XKCD comic strip pointing out how "Language isn't a formal system. It is a glorious chaos". It ...
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Isn't Mind–body dualism the result of a Complex Universe?

Mind–body dualism, or mind–body duality, is a view in the philosophy of mind that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical, or that the mind and body are distinct and separable. Isn't ...