Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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115 views

Kant’s claim “there are only three kinds of proof for the existence of God”

There are only three kinds of proof for the existence of God possible from speculative reason. All paths on which one may set forth with this aim either begin from determinate experience and the ...
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How did it all happen? [closed]

Everything that believers are saying about WHY they pray is real as it is natural to humans to be afraid of unknown and grab that last straw if they do not see another solution to a problem......
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Problems with ontological arguments

In the ontological argument, Anselm assumes that "A being that exists as an idea in the mind and in reality is, other things being equal, greater than a being that exists only as an idea in the ...
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If Actus Purus is true, how can God be eternally creator?

If the Actus Purus of God, the complete perfection, is true, if God has no potentiality, and He was always what He is, then God was a creator from eternity. But God could not be eternally creator if ...
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165 views

Are we still in God's mind?

I would like to share a reasoning. We consider that an Engineer, before starting to build his project, draws up a construction plan. In the case of a Deity that promises eternal life in paradise, we ...
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158 views

Atheist, Agnostic...Wait for more data?

I'm a scientist by heart: I believe that while the existence of God, however defined (or any metaphysic question, for that matter), is a tough one, it might not be completely inaccessible to science. ...
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2answers
152 views

Plato's influence on Christianity

Is Christianity influenced by some of Plato's ideas? In particular, I thought that the notion in Christianity of God creating man in his own image was heavily reminiscent of Plato's forms, where God ...
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What does Spinoza mean by Acquiescentia in se ipso?

In Part V of Spinoza’s Ethics the pinnacle of human freedom and understanding is discussed as the viewpoint from eternal blessedness. How are we to characterize or interpret this doctrine of ...
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82 views

Is Plato's ideal world comparable to heaven?

Plato thought there was an ideal world where ideas live. Independently of people. These ideas throw a shadow on the material world we live in. By examining this material world we can get knowledge of ...
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150 views

Expanding the definition of "Pilgrimage"

According to Wikipedia, the definition of "Pilgrimage": "Is a journey often into an unknown or foreign place, where a person goes in search of new or expanded meaning about their self, ...
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78 views

If and what is the substantial difference between religion and esotericism?

I note that in the religious circles emphasis is often put to distinguish between religion and practices such as esotericism, occultism or magic. I've been often told that there was a very substantial ...
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Is it likely possible that creation of our world needs a lot of steps called 'evolution'? [closed]

Is it possible that creation of our world needs a lot of steps called 'evolution'? If it is like so would have been possible different scenarios for whatever we call a 'present' or 'living' on this ...
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170 views

Why does the word "atheism" exist?

Why does the word "atheism" exist? There is no such word for people who disbelieve in astrology or Santa Claus or dragons. So, why does the word exist? Is it because most societies today and ...
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A simple way to explain the argument from efficient causes for the existence of god according to Aquinas? [closed]

According to Aquinas but not originally, I'm not exactly sure whose theory it was that Aquinas reworded.
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323 views

Has there ever been a successful, philosophically defensible refutation of the Epicurean Paradox?

"God said it, I believe it, and that settles it", is the final refuge of faith-based rhetoric, not a viable philosophical position. Has any significant religious thinker of any stripe ...
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113 views

Are there any publications that attempt to give a formal ontological definition of the Christian Trinity?

Are there any publications in the field of Philosophy of Religion that have attempted to provide a formal ontological definition of the Christian God as portrayed by the doctrine of the Trinity? Take ...
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162 views

Does this argument disprove immaterialism?

-Every observation we have analysed has a material cause. -By inductive reasoning, all observations have materialistic causes. -Hence, there are no immaterial causes and immaterialism doesn't exist. (...
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189 views

Religious provisions to Jung's "male-female" archetype

In page 69 of his "Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious", Jung writes: The anima image, which lends the mother such superhuman glamour in the eyes of the son, gradually becomes ...
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3answers
137 views

Should real possibilities be considered a part of reality and, as such, be regarded as evidence?

Can we say, with respect to reality, that "I AM not just What I AM"? That, aside from things actually existing or having been in the past, the real possibilities too must be treated as part ...
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116 views

Why does Thomas Aquinas conclude that the First Mover is God?

It appears to me that the First Mover of any motion must not move only with respect to the change it is producing, but otherwise could be moved in a way unrelated to what it is changing, or moved ...
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130 views

Could God rule out solipsism, simulation theory and similar scenarios?

The god of abrahamic religions is typically said to be omnipotent an omniscient. However, how could such a god rule out solipsism, simulation theory and things like that? Consider the following ...
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4answers
179 views

Why Do They Always Say to Keep The Faith On The Unknown, To Be Liberated? [closed]

Almost all the pious pundits and religious gurus preach us to keep the faith or take a leap of faith to be liberated. I don't understand, what is the faith all about and what to keep the faith on? ...
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169 views

Are there any reasons why a religious believer would want to avoid a theodicy?

A theodicy responds to the problem of evil which objects the existence of God, so it appears that a religious believer should want to devise a theodicy. however, there must be good reasons why ...
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How is it possible that focusing on a topic and focusing on your brain's process of doing it are not the same thing?

This question is different from How to live the present instead of just surviving?. It's about an apparent contradiction in general whereas that one is specifically asking how to live in the present ...
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158 views

Is "God" real from a scientific perspective? [closed]

Study Maps The Odd Structural Similarities Between The Human Brain And The Universe Are Neural Networks About to Reinvent Physics? The world as a neural network Many other references are available in ...
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121 views

Can we define the notion of an "omnipotent God" in terms of computational power?

A classic omnipotence paradox asks, "can an omnipotent God create a stone so heavy that He cannot lift it?" The problem here is that we take omnipotence to mean "capable of anything ...
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How common is the notion of God taking a break from work?

In Judeo-Christian tradition, the day when God finished creating the earth is the day of rest. “and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done. ” Does this idea appear in other ...
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What is free will? [duplicate]

I'm sorry if I'm wasting anyone's time with a dumb question but I'll try to explain the way I see things. So, if God created a world where you can't levitate, see through walls etc, and I want to do ...
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163 views

Does the requirement to use preferred gender pronous preclude the participation of people whose faith teaches that gender cannot be changed?

There are numerous cases where the views held by different people clash. Homosexual intercourses are one such obvious example: many religious denominations (for example Catholicism) consider them ...
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46 views

Material Consequence to Religion

I have heard many people reduce the argument for religious systems of belief and action to their material benefit. A most cited argument is that the Book of Leviticus and its guidelines for nutrition ...
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What is the name behind the concept of believing in God based on this logical deduction?

From my memories, there is a well defined definition / concept / name for the following: A scientist chose to believe in the Christian God because of the following logic: If God does exist, then you ...
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238 views

Can a Woman truly fall in love with the Devil? If so, will she go to Heaven or Hell, after her life? Why? [closed]

I'm a Christian Baptist, and this is not a troll, I'm genuinely interested in an honest and in-depth answer, regarding all science and religious philosophy, both mysticism and pragmatism. The question,...
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Did Augustine try to prove God's existence using Set Theory?

Some time ago I heard a professor of mine describe Augustine's Confessions as an attempt to prove God's existence using set theory. I didn't get a chance to ask him more of what he meant, and ...
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137 views

Non-theism is neither Theism nor Atheism?

Here is my understanding of the subject Theism Theism is broadly defined as the belief in the existence of a Supreme Being or deities. Theism Non theism Nontheism has generally been used to ...
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400 views

Can there be more than one omnipotent being?

Assuming that an omnipotent being could exist, can more than one coexist each other?
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623 views

What is the difference between the spiritual and the metaphysical

According to this (old) page, metaphysics is the study of things beyond anything humans can perceive. Because of this fact, metaphysics is relatively faith-based discipline and, compared to science, ...
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5answers
138 views

Does the word "absurd" have specialized meaning in philosophical discourse?

This is essentially about William Lane Craig's publications on (his version of) the Kalam cosmological argument. Craig is constantly talking about "absurdities" that result from considering infinite ...
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217 views

Shouldn't reasoned agnosticism dissolve into atheism concerning most world religions?

Agnosticism is typically understood as maintaining the general premise that there are insufficient rational grounds for either accepting or rejecting claims like "God exists" or "God does not exist". ...
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Should one be able to obtain a sociology or philosophy degree through verbal measures without classes or written tests? [closed]

I'm really just trying to find out what someone thinks is accurate an efficient according to the comparison of some critics, an or professionals. ...
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4answers
156 views

What are the origins and evolution of mythology/religions?

Hegel in his famous book "Phenomenology of the Spirit" describes the evolution of the human mind. I am wondering if any philosophers have described the evolution of religions and where the idea come ...
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586 views

Do stories contain "Meta-truth"? Jordan Peterson

I am hoping someone can help me find what is wrong and/or right with the idea of "meta-truth". I am also curious as to what can be problematic. ..I don't think "meta-truth" is defined officially. ...
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128 views

Liberation and religions

Religion is always for a group; but philosophy is not so. One person alone cannot be a religion. It is quite natural that there is a bond (a feeling of my and my men) among the members of a religion ...
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135 views

The impact of a pandemic: Whether changes would happen in religions as well as science

This question (Are we all ‘atheist’ or 'agnostic in a pandemic'?) made me think about the impact of corona in a different way: Not just some eastern philosophers but ecologists and ...
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Is there any philosophy which proposes that whatever you believe or imagine is true or exists?

Every day, we have conflicts with almost everyone about what we think and what we believe (there are religious conflicts, conflicts of opinions...). Also, there are people who think about alternative ...
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Are we all ‘atheist’ or 'agnostic in a pandemic'? [closed]

Saudi Arabia is a deeply religious country. Most of the people in the Persian Gulf nation pray five times a day, 35 times a week, 140 times a month and 1,680 times a year. But they banned pilgrimages (...
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135 views

Having S5 system Why we need to use WPSR in Gale Pruss New cosmological arguement?

As you know Gale_ Pruss improved The cosmological argument using WPSR instead of Strong PSR. They in their 1999 article said if it be possibly that there be a God who freely created the world using ...
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6answers
615 views

Would an all-powerful God still be all-powerful if they can never do evil?

God is perfectly good, and so never does any evil. God is also all-powerful, so God can do anything that is logically possible. But, it's logically possible for there to be a bad world (a world with ...
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56 views

Experts in which area can be considered relevant / authoritive to validating religious claims?

Some consider that in today's word a layperson should rest their opinion on problems of field X what the majority of experts of field X say. (RationalWiki link) Quoting this article: When ...
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Why is maximizing expected value always rational according to Pascal? [duplicate]

In the modern version of Pascal's wager argument, we assume an infinite value to ending up in heaven, and hence an infinite expected value for choosing to believe in god. I do not understand why this ...
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3answers
217 views

Why do we need repetitive demonstration to accept miracles happening?

From the highest upvoted answer on Is any aspect of the supernatural testable? What level of proof is possible for the supernatural?: However, you are probably wasting your time on the various ...

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