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Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ...

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Moral skepticism and “walking the talk”

It would seem that a substantial minority of philosophers agree with the moral anti-realist position that we have a problem going from "is" to "ought"--that there is no objective correlate of the ...
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1answer
230 views

Is Western atheism a kind of Protestant religion?

Alvin Plantinga, while setting up his evolutionary argument against naturalism in Where the Conflict Really Lies, writes (page 311): Now it is not clear that naturalism, as it stands, is a religion;...
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Is an avatar's owner God to her world? [closed]

This thought experiment is predicated on an assumption that a physical explanation for consciousness does exist. Let us assume a simulated world were Persons may interact in this world by means of an ...
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2answers
78 views

Information about Satan [closed]

I'm looking for some information/books/papers/essays about the archetype of Satan as the Antagonist of our lives and not the villain. I've found some information but it is really hard to find ...
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4answers
297 views

'Thanks, but no thanks' - God and my existence

Problem: God (in an Abrahamic religion) created me without asking me if I would want this life. Now I don't want this life. If I commit suicide, I will burn in hell for eternity. I just want to cease ...
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1answer
76 views

The viability of holding a neo-Aristotelian metaphysics?

I want to ask a few questions and sort of vent my frustration as well as analyze an acknowledged ignorance of the subject matter on this post. I possess a minuscule but possibly still workable idea of ...
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3answers
73 views

If a false scientific theory is seemingly 'proven', and contributes to the progress of society, is proving it wrong detrimental?

If, some well known and extremely well respected scientist of the modern world makes a seemingly unmistakable correlation between x (eating 33 bananas a day for instance) and y (ease in anxiety). The ...
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1answer
118 views

How is it possible to be thankful for what you have?

Question: How can one be thankful for what he has? Details: Many religions, philosophies and self-development lectures advocate people to become grateful with what they already have so that they can ...
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5answers
161 views

Does believing in a Christian God logically imply believing in miracles?

Assume you are a Christian and you believe that the descriptions of the life of Jesus are facts. Things like turning water into wine magically, walking on water and other miracles seem to be ...
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5answers
132 views

Should all religions and science simply be called philosophies? [closed]

It could be argued that there are three great competing philosophies in the world right now. Democracy, Communism and Islam. Now because one of these philosophies also includes the presumption of a ...
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2answers
173 views

If the bible says 'Thou shalt not judge' why do people judge LGBT lifestyle? [closed]

It's something that puzzles me. It's like the bible says one thing, but then many people turn it around and use it to bash other people with it. I've also seen so-called Christians make lies, and the ...
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5answers
243 views

Authors on religions as mental traps

Religions use mental concepts such as final judgement, sin, salvation, redemption, condemnation, karma, purification of the soul etc. A person who has been indoctrinated for years with these concepts ...
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1answer
57 views

How similar were Epicureans and Stoics to Buddhism on suffering?

One of the main goals of the Buddhist philosophy/religion is to be free of suffering. Buddhism identifies ego, desire, non acceptance of impermanence, ignorance and all negative emotions(because the ...
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7answers
164 views

Is faith necessary for optimism?

I’ve been pondering this awhile now. I think possibly the most important thing to me is intellectual honesty when it comes to things - tending to be a realist; anticipating what is most likely going ...
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3answers
168 views

Does anyone say that dying for a cause is always irrational?

Does anyone say that dying for a cause is always irrational? I wouldn't gloss Heidegger's freedom-toward-death, like that, but it might be broadly similar. On the one hand, I would prefer to die ...
2
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5answers
118 views

If the deity is both omnipotent and omniscient can the deity then construct a riddle so difficult that even he can not solve it? [duplicate]

If he can't create a riddle he can't solve then he can't do everything so he is not omnipotent and if he can create a riddle he can't solve then he is not omniscient...So which is it? (Ok I know it'...
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2answers
187 views

How widely accepted is the “presumption of atheism” among philosophers?

The presumption of atheism is the idea that in debates between theists and atheists, the burden of proof is on the theist to prove that God exists. This principle appears to be taken for granted in ...
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4answers
117 views

How to deal with self conflicting opinion with my potential religion on controversial issue?

I have conflicting opinion with my potential religion (Christian) on issues such as LGBT rights and euthanasia. Is it ethical and proper to continue to approach this religion? Could I interpret bible ...
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3answers
154 views

Wanted: literature on the ethics of creating a fake world (The morality of God)

WARNING (reader discretion is advised. Don't do these experiments if you are not familiar with existential philosophy or if you suffer from some mental disorder) This question is subtle. I think ...
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3answers
153 views

Is it unfair to eternally punish people in hell if determinism is true?

If determinism happens to be true, then people just do what the laws of Physics governing the chemical interactions of neurons in their brains make them do. In such a scenario, wouldn't it be unfair ...
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0answers
133 views

What other theistic positions support open theism besides Christianity?

Open theism is a libertarian view of free will claiming that God’s omniscience does not extend to knowing the actual choices of free human agents. It is a theory of “dynamic omniscience”. This ...
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3answers
90 views

Skepticism towards Nirvana, Moksha

Doesn't the Experience Machine thought experiment by Robert Nozick refute the idea of Nirvana and Moksha?
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4answers
119 views

Paradox with regards to detachment

Recently I got a chance to read 'Gita' where the central paradigm is 'Detachment', which goes absolutely against my intuition which I explain below. Let's take example of Feynman, who was so ...
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4answers
154 views

How does somebody believe in anything out of science?

I fail to see how someone can believe in something such as a religion without any evidence of it being real when nowadays no one believes anything without seeing proof. I don't know if this goes for a ...
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5answers
195 views

What are the limits (if any) of God's Omnipotence [closed]

What can a Omnipotence God Do and what he can't ? can he for example create logically incoherent things ? Can god Create A being more powerful than he/it is ? Or Can god Prove he doesn't Exist ? if ...
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3answers
968 views

Was Bishop Berkeley part of the Enlightenment and if so - how did it fit his adherence to religion?

In his The Analyst Berkeley argued, among other things, that mathematicians must not "submit to Authority, take things upon Trust" and so expressed a view of the Enlightenment. This made me think: if ...
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4answers
153 views

Theory of everything and God

I always reach this point when I think about physics and God: Assume that a theory of everything is found. And this ToE is a successful mathematical description of the entire universe. EDIT: By "...
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1answer
122 views

Does Plantinga view God as knowing precisely what a human being will choose to do?

This question has been bothering me since I attempted an answer to Dmitry Ornatsky’s question about God’s omniscience: How does Plantinga's defense of free will align with omniscience I think ...
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15answers
14k views

Fundamental idea on proving God's existence with science

I think that proving God's existence or any deity from any culture with the rigors of science is fundamentally absurd. The popular arguments usually involve space-time and the big bang theory. (I ...
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4answers
92 views

In nondualistic religions (Shaivism/Hinduism/New Age) why does consciousness manifest the world at all?

Hi I do not understand why there is no religion stacks exchange but this question is more philosophy anyhow. Nondualistic eastern religions (Traditionally tantra movement, some Hinduism strands, ...
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1answer
119 views

How do religious pluralists decide on exclusion?

“Religious pluralism” here means believing that the teachings of the different religions are just variations of some “universal truth”… like John Hick did, for example. Surely religious pluralists ...
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3answers
275 views

To what extent was Galileo's trial a conflict between science and religion?

In an answer to another question (https://philosophy.stackexchange.com/a/50328/8160), I mentioned Galileo as an example of religion contradicting science. Several comments criticised that. I posted ...
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1answer
136 views

Why would philosophical agnosticism and pragmatic atheism be considered more rational than philosophical agnosticism and pragmatic theism?

I'm referring to the accepted answer on this post. The answerer states that If one is both attentive to empirical scientific studies and to philosophical investigations of the limits of knowledge, ...
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1answer
237 views

Why did Aldous Huxley not include the Zohar/Kabbalah in “The Perennial Philosophy”?

The Perennial Philosophy presents a universalist interpretation of the world's religions through a comparative study of a collection of mystical writings, from both Eastern and Western philosophies. ...
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3answers
106 views

What does it mean that a belief is scientifically compatible?

In the following thread ... Does culture bias weaken the argument that modern science and a religious world view are compatible? ... the questioner presents the following discussion between an ...
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3answers
123 views

Does God need to create mathematics?

If someone knows the detail of everything and has endless life, did s/he need to create mathematics to describe the world?
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Why are believers criticized so much for being anti-science when so many scientists are … believers?

My first introduction to philosophical debate was through Sam Harris and Christopher Hitchens. The idea that they hammered into a younger me was that faith was stupid and irrational and any person ...
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Why does Thomas Aquinas say that “in every composite there must be potentiality and actuality”?

In the chapter in Summa Theologica on the simplicity of God, Aquinas says the following in arguing that God is not composite: ... in every composite there must be potentiality and actuality; but ...
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Why is faith seen as a sign of weakness, instead of an unexplored land/opportunity?

Hope this is the right place to put this question! I am a person of faith (more specific, a Christian) and most of the time people consider me somehow inferior for my belief. I am not antisocial, not ...
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3answers
379 views

Why do people turn to atheism when they try to escape dogmas?

Sometimes people who were grown in some religious environment feel like they do not like that religion. Usually they do not like dogmas which tells them what is allowed and what's not. Since the ...
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269 views

Which philosophy should I follow as an Atheist? [closed]

Recently I decided to give up my religion. However I am confused which philosophy or philosopher should I follow to guide me in my life. I assume philosophy is mature and capable of replacing religion ...
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1answer
47 views

What would the world look like if we lived for several hundred years? [closed]

Hypothetical situation: within two or three generations our life expectancy globally has multiplied a number of times, to average 6-800 hundred years. Discarding the transitional phase for now, what ...
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1answer
92 views

Which philosophers have touched on whether or not something is moral if it is commanded by a deity?

I'll explain further: if a deity tells you something is moral, is that truly moral? Which philosophers have touched on that specific topic?
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Epistemic Parity

I am trying to work out if I understand the term epistemic parity. This is in the context of pluralism exclusivism ect. The resource I am working from states A religious exclusivist would deny the ...
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Does the “God of gaps” argument works in metaphysics too?

The widely used (especially by laymen atheists in theology debates) term of "God of gaps" (the idea that theists explain unexplained scientific phenomenons by invoking God as the reason, filling that ...
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1answer
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Evaluating One of the Premises of Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism

I learned Plantinga's Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism in the following form: The probability for the reliability of cognitive faculties conditional on naturalistic evolution, P(R|N&...
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2answers
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How credible is William Lane Craig in academia?

How credible is William Lane Craig in academia? I often see atheists claiming that he is simply not credible and he simply a skilled debater. How credible is he at all? Does he make good arguments? ...
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4answers
291 views

What is the definition of God? [duplicate]

The concept of God in different religions as well as deism seems to be inconsistent. So what is the best way of defining God?
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1answer
138 views

Better Understanding Plantinga's Argument Against Naturalism

My advanced apologies if my question is not appropriate for this website. This is my first semester of Philosophy so I hope I'm not asking obvious, low-level questions. I have been reading Plantinga'...
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“God doesn't play with dice”: does QM's randomness really contradict religion?

Everyone knows Einstein's popular phrase on Quantum Mechanics - "God doesn't play with dice", implying that the randomness theory that the universe "popped" into existence randomly doesn't align with ...