Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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Are the subjective experience of the "inner witness of the Holy Spirit" and the subjective experience of an external world of equal epistemic value? [closed]

In 1998, Dr William Lane Craig debated Professor Keith M. Parsons at Prestonwood Baptist Church in Plano, TX. The topic of the debate was "Why I Am/Am Not a Christian." After the debate ...
Mark's user avatar
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Can religions die out specifically lose followers and consequently stop existing? (ontologically speaking)

This question arose after I watched the movie Dune and made some interesting finds regarding the religious and sociopolitical environment of this masterpiece. So the question arose, when I realized ...
How why e's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
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Can belief in God be grounded in (and justified by) personal experience rather than philosophical argumentation?

Attempts at legitimizing belief in God through reasoned philosophical argumentation abound in the fields of natural theology and apologetics. This is particularly evident in formal debates and ...
Mark's user avatar
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If you believe that our reality is some kind of reflection, what should be your label? Atheist? Nonbeliever? Agnostic?

If you believe in the external presence (God), but you are not religious in a conventional way. You believe in destiny, guidance from above, the afterlife, but you don't believe that Jesus Christ or ...
TheMatrix Equation-balance's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
95 views

Why can't God be limited? [closed]

As far as I understand, many religions claim that God is perfect and unlimited in (almost) any way (e.g. the Christian God is often described as omniscient, omnibenevolent, omnipotent, omnipresent, ......
Peter Jordanson's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
452 views

Are humans more forgiving and merciful than God? [closed]

Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are religions that follow a belief where if you commit certain sins, you'll end up being eternally punished unless you're forgiven by a higher power. Although the ...
mkinson's user avatar
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1 answer
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Do gnostic valentinians contribute their sect nowadays? [closed]

Why did people abandon Valentinian teachings and why isn't it practiced today? Here are links to who Valentinus was, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valentinus_(Gnostic), and a summary of his views: ...
cedfey dsfe's user avatar
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Why are most philosophers non-theists and most non-philosophers theists? [closed]

According to PhilPapers Survey 2020, 66.95% of philosophers accept or lean towards atheism and 7.18% are agnostic or undecided, whereas only a 18.93% accepts or leans towards theism. In sharp contrast,...
Mark's user avatar
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Does theism postulate an overly complicated and unnecessary extra step?

One presentation of this argument is put forward by Carl Sagan: "If the general picture, however, of a Big Bang followed by an expanding universe is correct - what happened before that? Was the ...
Mark's user avatar
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Are there published rebuttals of Patrick Flynn's recent book "The Best Argument for God"?

The Best Argument for God, by Patrick Flynn, was recently published on October 17th, 2023. With only 21 votes on Amazon so far, it has garnered an average rating of 4.9 (as of March 25th, 2024). Does ...
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Does guilt and conscience come from a higher source?

Can someone have a conscience if they never were taught what was good from bad? Could they feel guilty without the education of what was right? If so, does that mean that conscience could come from a ...
Lukius's user avatar
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11 answers
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Can religious, mystical, or spiritual experiences reveal truth?

To what extent can we acquire reliable knowledge about the world through religious, mystical, or spiritual experiences? Does the answer hinge on the context of these experiences? Does the answer hinge ...
Mark's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
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Life: Pessimism vs optimism

I was reflecting a bit on the history of philosophy and religion and how they view human life. My question is the following: Why does it seem ( at least from my readings and knowledge, I might have ...
trying_thebest_Ican's user avatar
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Greek philosophy: Why would Finite Time weaken the forces of evil?

The inspiration for this question is the metaphysics of evil in Zurvanism, however, I do not want to use the internal logic of this religious system to understand this topic, rather I want to see if ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
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2 answers
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Does philosophy suffer from an ad populum bias?

It seems to me that positions in philosophy are taken more seriously depending on how many people believe in them. For example, someone who believes in a monotheistic God is taken a bit more seriously ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
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Does it matter if certain professions have a lower rate of theism, and if so, why does it matter?

Many of us are familiar with discussions bringing up the correlation with religion and IQ, or educational achievement, or being a professional in a certain field like physics or biology. These are ...
TKoL's user avatar
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Can atheism be considered as cult [closed]

I had recently conversation trying to understand if atheism is religion. However best argument I had - is that lack of belief into something isn’t theology - and it seems fare to me. However speaking ...
Dmytro Brazhnyk's user avatar
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1 answer
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Can Reformed Epistemology be considered a special variant of mysticism?

First, some definitions (feel free to skip this part if you are already familiar with the concepts): Reformed Epistemology In the philosophy of religion, Reformed epistemology is a school of ...
Mark's user avatar
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3 votes
5 answers
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Is there a stalemate between Skeptical Theism and The Evidential Problem of Evil?

Skeptical Theism: Skeptical theism is the view that God exists but that we should be skeptical of our ability to discern God’s reasons for acting or refraining from acting in any particular instance. ...
Mark's user avatar
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Does the Problem of Evil address God's existence or his character?

The Problem of Evil, as most of us know, can be stated like this: God is the all-powerful and all-benevolent creator of the universe. Evil exists in that universe. If God is all-powerful, and yet ...
James Grossmann's user avatar
17 votes
12 answers
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Is the Skeptic's Prayer a valid scientific experiment?

The "Skeptic's Prayer" is introduced on page 411 of Handbook of Catholic Apologetics: Reasoned Answers to Questions of Faith, by Peter Kreeft & Fr. Ronald Tacelli. The Skeptic's Prayer ...
Mark's user avatar
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1 vote
4 answers
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Are there versions of Pascal's Wager in which the potential benefits can be realized during one's lifetime?

The conventional formulation of Pascal's Wager hinges on the uncertainty of awaiting confirmation until after death to determine the success of the wager. This assumes that the occurrence of death ...
Mark's user avatar
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Can God's existence be established through reason and publicly accessible evidence?

Is it possible for an ordinary individual possessing sound cognitive faculties and access to publicly available evidence to establish the existence of a God? Is there a prevailing consensus in ...
Mark's user avatar
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4 votes
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Can faith be based on hope rather than belief or intellectual assent?

I've been reflecting on the interplay between faith and hope, especially when hope entails some degree of uncertainty and lack of intellectual assent but a strong desire for something to be true. As ...
Mark's user avatar
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14 votes
7 answers
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I am confused regarding my beliefs [closed]

I was born in a Muslim conservative family in Pakistan. I was taught Islam in my childhood. After growing up, I saw things differently. There was contradictions in all religious books, practices and ...
Rabail Anjum's user avatar
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The firmament in the hexaemeral cosmogony and compatibility with Thales

I realize any GPT analytical snippet may have its flaws, but I find it an alluring tool (if it continues to improve) to offer educated conjectures on what pre-Socratics would have to say about certain ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
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0 answers
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Would LEGIT miracles and prophecies serve as proof for a religion [duplicate]

Let's say that a random man comes to me and preaches his faith. He says that his religious book was sent down to Earth 3000 years ago and revealed to a man called 'X'. I ask him for proof about his ...
Abdullah's user avatar
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0 answers
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Main books on the relationship between religion and science

I have had the book "History of the Conflict between Religion and Science" by John Willian Draper for a while. I really liked certain sections of it highlighting the sharp contrast between ...
hlayhel's user avatar
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10 answers
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Is it defensible to claim that religion is a personal relationship with God and therefore contains no claims?

It is a common line of argumentation against religion that it includes dogmatic claims without evidence and that the resistance to change that is peculiar to religion and stems from its dogmatism ...
gaazkam's user avatar
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Is Romans 1:19-20 philosophically sound?

Romans 1:18-25 ESV 18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. 19 For what can be known about ...
Mark's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
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Can the definition of philosophy be personal?

Is there a formal definition of philosophy agreed upon by everybody. If any new- or third-party decides to subscribe to "philosophy", do they compulsorily accept the formal definition. Or ...
megamonster68's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
371 views

What exactly would count as a "positively meaningful and reciprocal conscious relationship" between a person and a God?

I would like to start by quoting this answer's summary of the divine hiddenness argument: This is the crux of the atheistic Argument from Divine Hiddenness: (1) Necessarily, if God exists, then God ...
Mark's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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Is there a version of the divine-hiddenness problem based specifically on the cognitive side of schizophrenia treatment?

Although to my knowledge mystical psychosis "by itself" is not a DSM listing, it is similar to symptoms of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, symptoms like delusions of reference and grandeur ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
18 votes
23 answers
10k views

Is Christianity testable?

In a debate between John Lennox and Peter Atkins on the topic "Can science explain everything?", at minute 44:47 John Lennox claims: Lennox: "And the major reason why I believe that ...
Mark's user avatar
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0 votes
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Omniscience leads to necessitarianism

You have probably seen these types of arguments before on incompatibility of omniscience and free will. The question is are these arguments valid and what can be a good refutation? Let G= x is known ...
Vihan 's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
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Is Abrahamic God a creature? [closed]

Is God (as YHWH/IEUE, or Allah, etc.) a being because he represents his name from this reality, or because he has the potential to represent his name from other realities?
fkybrd's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
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A problem regarding an impermanent hell

Regarding the Abrahamic hells, one could say that they are absolutely terrible for it is suffering without end, an eternal suffering; but there is a puzzling different type of hell or hells, those of ...
Rayyan khan's user avatar
6 votes
7 answers
2k views

Is there a philosophical doctrine that suggests that the soul endlessly travels between living organisms without being tied to space-time?

By the detachment of the soul from space-time, I understand the ability of the soul, after the death of the organism, to be reborn into anyone, anywhere and anytime. For example, the soul lived in a ...
iEPCBM's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Does the private language argument conflict with monotheism?

This blog post opposes the PLA to unitarianism (the belief in only one divine person), which is mostly a parochial, intra-Christian objection that, if generalized over other religions, seems like it ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
7 votes
16 answers
4k views

Why should I seek to determine the ultimate nature of reality (i.e. whether God exists or not)?

Here is my argument: Until recently, I considered the pursuit (and eventual determination) of the ultimate nature of reality to be one of the most (if not the most) important goals for me. This is ...
tryingtobeastoic's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
178 views

Decades ago Dr. Eugene Scott said, "God's knowledge is a function of his power. He can know whatever he wants to know." Is this coherent?

Dr. Eugene Scott said, "God's knowledge is a function of his power. He can know whatever he wants to know." Is this coherent? I thought this was a noncontroversial statement, but I was told ...
Steve Busby's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
26 views

Does super-essentiality preclude compatibility with Anaxagoras?

On the one hand, God as superessential implies: Part of God's divine nature is to be found in humans, and indeed all things This seems to be consonant with the view of the cosmos held by Anaxagoras: ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
141 views

A Case of Scheler vs. Skepticism: Religious Experience

This concerns a problem I myself have with Scheler, and am not sure where to go with it. Scheler argues in On the Eternal in Man that one cannot dismiss religious experience (or as he calls it, "...
Hokon's user avatar
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2 votes
7 answers
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If we can't know whether a divine being exists, would that being be unimportant even if it did exist?

This is what I thought at first (by "objectively important," we mean this in the sense of naive moral realism, at least): If there were an ultimately powerful, knowledgeable, and good being,...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
-1 votes
3 answers
147 views

Is american libertarianism a religion?

It seems to fit definition of religion a cause, principle, or system of beliefs held to with ardor and faith Which would make it like idol worship, the idol being the market. One could dispute that ...
user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
182 views

Is religious authority justified?

Is religious authority justified? I mean religious broadly thought, as something that may be a mystic non-inferential claim (and I'm especially interesting in these). An inference is the process of ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
46 views

Who wrote this uncited quote?

The following uncited quotation appears in The Early Modern European Catachism by Joshua Gibbs. He includes many quotes from philosophy and literature but does not cite any of his sources. Would ...
Phineas Greene's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
58 views

Which future cyber religion do you think would appeal more to contemporary society and why? [closed]

Let's consider a hypothetical scenario where in future people organize new forms of religion or pseudoreligion if you wish based on an advanced AI development. Church of Digital Ascendancy The Church ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
77 views

Reconciling Parmenides with the Kabbalist notion of Ein Sof

While contrasting the ontological systems of Parmenides and Kabbalists may seem arbitrary, I hope it will not be fruitless. For now, I'm aiming to examine one specific concept: Ein Sof. As wiki puts ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
52 views

Are there any religions out there where skeptics are treated better than believers of a wrong religion (by God)?

It is a fact that most, if not all religious people view their religion as full of reward. This commonly takes the form of an after life, or even supposed "blessings" in this life. I'm ...
Paul Burchett's user avatar

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