Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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We know reality exists but can we prove what is real? [closed]

The common Athiest argument is "I base my life on facts and truth." My stance is that no one wholly bases their life on facts and truths, because, at some point, facts and truths have a ...
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What causes a culture to become a guilt-based or shame-based? [closed]

Looking for theories as to what historical factors form a guilt or shame based culture. Is it rooted in geography? Historical events? Certain aspects of religion? For instance, I have wondered if the ...
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Will Artificial Intelligence doubt Atheism? [closed]

Artificial intelligence will know/see/talk with its maker. What acceptable answer will we give when it asks: “If I came into reality through you, into whose reality did you come?”
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Philosophy of religion

Buddhism is sometimes compared to solipsism. Discussions on this topic can be found on the Internet. I do not understand why Buddhism is sometimes compared to solipsism. As far as I know, in all ...
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Did Plato have a utilitarian view of religion?

I seem to remember while reading, from what I believe was the Republic, that Plato saw what could be interpreted a utilitarian role for Religion in society. Am I misremembering? Not asking what he ...
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Is gravity a natural manifestation of universal egoism? [closed]

What bothers me is the possibility that egoism could be an intrinsic trait of existence in general. So we have gravity whereby masses pull each other towards themselves. An objection could be that ...
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Is there an ontological distinction between magic and the supernatural?

I'm an ardent physicalist with a belief in the importance of the partial reduction of theories to physicalism. I have on occasion had discussions with philosophers here who challenge the existence of ...
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Does Actus Purus (pure act) necessitate that God is his attributes / God has no real attributes

If Actus Purus is true, does this mean that God is his attributes (his essence is identical to his attributes) or that God has no real attributes (simply virtually predications of the one essence). If ...
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What do you think about this argument against classical theism?

someone formulated this argument: Iff there's space, then God is omnipresent. Iff there's universe, then there's space. There was a state of affairs when there's no universe (There was a state of ...
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Can reincarnation be proved using a mixture of scientific reasoning and philosophical belief?

Let's go through the logic first. The following statements are suppositions that must be chronologically accepted. Matter is neither created nor destroyed. Matter is made up of atoms. I am made up of ...
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Famous Philosophical Riddles/Problems throughout History

I am looking to learn more about famous philosophical riddles/problems throughout history. For example - problems similar to: Epicurean Problem of Evil Buridan's Donkey Pascal's Wager Trolley Problem ...
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1 vote
3 answers
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According to Classical Theists, is God limited by the laws of logic?

I was pondering this question while writing on whether or not God had the ability to create a best of all possible worlds. I hold that God is not limited by anything (a view among classical theists ...
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"Prehistoric Science" Fallacy

Is there an accepted name for the kind of argument (or its refutation) that goes something like: Our ancient texts speak of weapons that could annihilate the entire world, and of flying saucers, ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How sound is the Avicennian argument from Contingency?

There are numerous variations of the argument from contingency that that are postulated in apologetics and philosophical speculation, however I stumbled upon an argument that is ascribed to my ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Is Zoroastrianism underappreciated when in relation to its influence of Early Greek Philosophy?

It would be nice to believe that the Early Greek Philosophers were entirely original in their ideas, though it would be rather simplistic to say that such a reality was true. When examining, let's ...
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Before claiming prophethood,X was famous for being truthful among his people,so that is one of the proof that he is a prophet?

some people who believe in the prophethood and divine inspiration of specific individuals ,use this argument,as one of the arguments,that proves that their believe in such individuals is legitimate ...
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1 vote
5 answers
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In the presence of higher moral intelligence, is one obliged to follow its advice?

Whether from God, from a benign moral genius, or from a super AI focused on morality, if one has sufficient evidence that an entity has vastly superior moral reasoning to oneself, is one morally ...
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Do belief systems drive people to commit atrocities, or do people use belief systems as an excuse to commit atrocities?

Think of a random event of mass violence in history. If the perpetrators subscribed to a different religious or political belief system, would they have not committed it, because they had different ...
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Can people who deny naturalism consistently believe in science? [closed]

Naturalism is connected very much to Inductive reasoning. In science, if we see something happening again and again we generalize it into a law and we believe it as true. It will be only considered as ...
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We don’t know that Anselm’s ontological argument is a formally valid argument. (Rest of the question is below.)

So how can Gaunilo substitute his island parody in, and prove that the original argument is invalid, merely because his argument is invalid} The reason this came to mind is because without showing the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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According to trinitarians, why can't there be multiple human persons who share one human substance?

According to trinitarians, if there can be three divine persons within the Godhead who share one divine substance, why can't there be multiple human persons who share one human substance?
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Please complete this expression

Longtime ago I heard someone say this, I need to know the correct wording and source of this expression. The basic idea is expression of how human society has changed over the last few hundred years. ...
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0 votes
2 answers
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What exactly is incoherent about an infinite regress of contingent universes?

After asking my chemistry teacher, about how a particular model of the Big Bang violates the Law of Conservation of Mass, he told a more coherent take on the Big Bang is to assume that there was a ...
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Absolute Divine Simplicity (ADS) and the Triune Godhead

Though apparent, the framework of the Triune Godhead appears logically incoherent in juxtaposition to the Absolute Divine Simplicity model. Looking through the works of Thomas Aquinas, who is the most ...
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Eternal uncreated things besides God

There is a big debate in the Philosophy of Rellgion as to whether or not there are things that are uncreated eternal things besides God, like abstract objects. Some say that claiming there are ...
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Is this a valid and sound argument?

ToE - Theory of Evolution P1. The ToE is absurd in every way & no sound honest case has been or can be made for it. P2. The Biblical explanation for life on earth IS the only sound explanation ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Kant’s claim “there are only three kinds of proof for the existence of God”

There are only three kinds of proof for the existence of God possible from speculative reason. All paths on which one may set forth with this aim either begin from determinate experience and the ...
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How did it all happen? [closed]

Everything that believers are saying about WHY they pray is real as it is natural to humans to be afraid of unknown and grab that last straw if they do not see another solution to a problem......
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Problems with ontological arguments

In the ontological argument, Anselm assumes that "A being that exists as an idea in the mind and in reality is, other things being equal, greater than a being that exists only as an idea in the ...
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4 votes
3 answers
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If Actus Purus is true, how can God be eternally creator?

If the Actus Purus of God, the complete perfection, is true, if God has no potentiality, and He was always what He is, then God was a creator from eternity. But God could not be eternally creator if ...
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Are we still in God's mind?

I would like to share a reasoning. We consider that an Engineer, before starting to build his project, draws up a construction plan. In the case of a Deity that promises eternal life in paradise, we ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Atheist, Agnostic...Wait for more data?

I'm a scientist by heart: I believe that while the existence of God, however defined (or any metaphysic question, for that matter), is a tough one, it might not be completely inaccessible to science. ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Plato's influence on Christianity

Is Christianity influenced by some of Plato's ideas? In particular, I thought that the notion in Christianity of God creating man in his own image was heavily reminiscent of Plato's forms, where God ...
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What does Spinoza mean by Acquiescentia in se ipso?

In Part V of Spinoza’s Ethics the pinnacle of human freedom and understanding is discussed as the viewpoint from eternal blessedness. How are we to characterize or interpret this doctrine of ...
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Is Plato's ideal world comparable to heaven?

Plato thought there was an ideal world where ideas live. Independently of people. These ideas throw a shadow on the material world we live in. By examining this material world we can get knowledge of ...
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3 answers
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Expanding the definition of "Pilgrimage"

According to Wikipedia, the definition of "Pilgrimage": "Is a journey often into an unknown or foreign place, where a person goes in search of new or expanded meaning about their self, ...
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If and what is the substantial difference between religion and esotericism?

I note that in the religious circles emphasis is often put to distinguish between religion and practices such as esotericism, occultism or magic. I've been often told that there was a very substantial ...
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Is it likely possible that creation of our world needs a lot of steps called 'evolution'? [closed]

Is it possible that creation of our world needs a lot of steps called 'evolution'? If it is like so would have been possible different scenarios for whatever we call a 'present' or 'living' on this ...
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-4 votes
2 answers
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Why does the word "atheism" exist?

Why does the word "atheism" exist? There is no such word for people who disbelieve in astrology or Santa Claus or dragons. So, why does the word exist? Is it because most societies today and ...
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A simple way to explain the argument from efficient causes for the existence of god according to Aquinas? [closed]

According to Aquinas but not originally, I'm not exactly sure whose theory it was that Aquinas reworded.
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1 answer
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Has there ever been a successful, philosophically defensible refutation of the Epicurean Paradox?

"God said it, I believe it, and that settles it", is the final refuge of faith-based rhetoric, not a viable philosophical position. Has any significant religious thinker of any stripe ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Are there any publications that attempt to give a formal ontological definition of the Christian Trinity?

Are there any publications in the field of Philosophy of Religion that have attempted to provide a formal ontological definition of the Christian God as portrayed by the doctrine of the Trinity? Take ...
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Does this argument disprove immaterialism?

-Every observation we have analysed has a material cause. -By inductive reasoning, all observations have materialistic causes. -Hence, there are no immaterial causes and immaterialism doesn't exist. (...
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Religious provisions to Jung's "male-female" archetype

In page 69 of his "Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious", Jung writes: The anima image, which lends the mother such superhuman glamour in the eyes of the son, gradually becomes ...
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3 answers
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Should real possibilities be considered a part of reality and, as such, be regarded as evidence?

Can we say, with respect to reality, that "I AM not just What I AM"? That, aside from things actually existing or having been in the past, the real possibilities too must be treated as part ...
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Why does Thomas Aquinas conclude that the First Mover is God?

It appears to me that the First Mover of any motion must not move only with respect to the change it is producing, but otherwise could be moved in a way unrelated to what it is changing, or moved ...
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Could God rule out solipsism, simulation theory and similar scenarios?

The god of abrahamic religions is typically said to be omnipotent an omniscient. However, how could such a god rule out solipsism, simulation theory and things like that? Consider the following ...
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4 answers
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Why Do They Always Say to Keep The Faith On The Unknown, To Be Liberated? [closed]

Almost all the pious pundits and religious gurus preach us to keep the faith or take a leap of faith to be liberated. I don't understand, what is the faith all about and what to keep the faith on? ...
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Are there any reasons why a religious believer would want to avoid a theodicy?

A theodicy responds to the problem of evil which objects the existence of God, so it appears that a religious believer should want to devise a theodicy. however, there must be good reasons why ...
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How is it possible that focusing on a topic and focusing on your brain's process of doing it are not the same thing?

This question is different from How to live the present instead of just surviving?. It's about an apparent contradiction in general whereas that one is specifically asking how to live in the present ...
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