Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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172 views

Does God still know what He has forgotten?

The following is from the Christian text Hebrews 10:15-17: [my emphasis] 15 The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says: 16 “This is the covenant I will make with them ...
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Magical explanations in science? [on hold]

Why can scientists use a magical explanation such as "we do not know what's the origin of the first energy particle that existed in the universe, so we assume it was always there" with total impunity ...
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If time is emergent, how can time exist in a Christian heaven?

Many physicists say that time is an emergent property from quantum phenomenon, such as entanglement. Many Christians theologians also posit that time will exist in heaven, forever. Let's say that ...
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155 views

Can theism be reconciled with the apparent state of dualism?

The SEP states that "dualism has come upon hard times lately, and is widely regarded as being discredited." It seems to me that most theists (I'm thinking mostly of Christians here) accept dualism to ...
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How can a theist justify not having children?

Most theists (perhaps, most people in general) would say that having a happy person is better than having no person at all. Indeed, most theists admit to this by saying that God "wanted to" or "...
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Does the Kalam cosmological argument prove that the prime Creator created this universe directly

I was reading about the Kalam cosmological argument on wikipedia. The conclustion of which is: An uncaused, personal Creator of the universe exists, who sans the universe is beginningless, ...
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What is that French phrase about having innate knowledge of God?

I've got something right on the tip of my tongue, and I'd really like to figure it out. The most I remember about it was that it was in French, was two or three words, and had something to do with ...
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Why are there so many religions and gods? [closed]

Why are there so many religions and gods all over the world? Come to think of it, when the idea spread, why did people develop different gods and beliefs rather than follow the same one? If the idea ...
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1answer
70 views

How could Occam's razor possibly be used metaphysically?

Occam's razor, or the law of parsimony, states that the simplest explanation for any given data is most likely the correct one. Some have attempted to use Occam's razor in a metaphysical sense, to ...
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Is it possible to enumerate metaphysical hypotheses?

Recently, I had an argument with someone who stated that the chance of experiencing nothing after death is extremely low. Their reasoning was that one can think of many more metaphysical realities in ...
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Is it immoral to make a living off of a religious product that I made?

I'm a software developer, and I'm making an application that is, basically, a religious-inspired social media platform. It's free, not freemium, no consumables, nothing to pay for and users have ...
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143 views

Do people tend to immorality like every Abrahamic religion told? [closed]

In many sentences of the Quran and other Abrahamic religious books, we are told about many different people who were immoral (thieves, corruption, adultery, etc.) until prophets come and help them ...
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Academic papers/longer works on the refutation of God?

The subtitle would be: "or the inevitable arguments which follow said refutation." Almost all of the work in the atheist department is by pop-culture philosophers like Christopher Hitchens or Sam ...
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163 views

Is existence essential to God?

Thomas Aquinas said that God was absolute perfect, God being pure actuality and had no potentiality. If there was a time where there wasn't an existence, then God would have a potentiality and not ...
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130 views

Is God a solipsist?

If you accept God: omnipotent, omniscient, eternally omnipresent. Solipsist: Nothing outside the mind should be believed to exist. If one's own mind is the sum total of existence, then all perceived ...
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114 views

Are all explanations either personal or scientific?

In A New Cosmological Argument, Richard Gale and Alexander Pruss offer up a cosmological argument for a personal God, from the weak principle of sufficient reason (among other premises, but the WPSR ...
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81 views

Plantinga's Free Will Defense and his stance on God's omnipotence

I'm having trouble understanding exactly what Plantinga is saying in regard to God's omnipotence. He states quite clearly that it is not logically impossible for a world in which free creatures who ...
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59 views

Did Leibniz dismiss reincarnation?

I believe that I many years ago read that Leibniz discarded belief in reincarnation on something like the grounds that there is no difference between not having an earlier life and having a previous ...
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134 views

Does our language determine our “religious experiences”?

Does our language determine the character of "religious experiences"? I don't mean merely 'influence', but, as I explain in the next paragraph, whether religious experiences of a certain nature are ...
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199 views

What are the known philosophical works about a God without revelations?

Have the following ideas been proposed by philosophers of Religion, all in one package! The universe is well organised that calls for the belief in the existence of some intelligent agency that ...
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1answer
165 views

Tautologies in religious language discussion

Influenced by Carnap and Wittgenstein, my view is that the disagreement between religious and non-religious people is mostly a semantic issue: the theistic and atheistic are referring to the same ...
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90 views

If persona, anthropomorphism and anthropocentrism are removed as features of God, does anything remain? [closed]

Most organized, monotheistic religions posit the existence of some type of personal interaction between God and humans. Whether it is as inspiration, etc. during life or judgement and either ...
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1answer
53 views

How did Heidegger argue for the certainty of death?

How did Heidegger argue for the certainty of death? I gather that's a component of one characteristic of death, that it's "not to be outstripped". The other component being its indefiniteness, that I ...
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180 views

Principle of proportionate causality - what are virtual and eminent causes?

I'm reading Edward Feser's book Five Proofs of the Existence of God. On pages 32-33 he introduces the principle of proportionate causality (PPC). I'm having trouble understanding what precisely ...
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241 views

A Ground or Foundation of Morality

I am currently reading the very fascinating paper Unspeakable Ethics, Unnatural Law by Arthur Allen Leff. It seems that the thrust of his paper is that there is no "naturalistic" way of grounding or ...
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620 views

Gödel's incompleteness theorems - what are the religious implications?

Apparently Kurt Gödel believed that his incompleteness theorems have some kind of religious implications. Despite Gödel's belief in a personal God, this was still somewhat surprising to me. ...
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Can nationalism be labeled a non-theistic religion?

I define religion as (taken from a dictionary definition) a particular system of faith and worship. One can have faith in government and worship nationalistic symbols (flag,anthem etc) ...
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207 views

Does the demand for evidence run contrary to faith?

As the title suggests, and in accordance with a recent theme here on philosophy stack exchange, I'm wondering if the demand for evidence runs contrary to faith. My intuitive notion of faith is that it ...
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192 views

Is God's disembodiment problematic?

I understand that most (though not all) Christians believe that God is disembodied. God cannot be corporeal because that would preclude his being eternal, immutable, and simple, for example. ...
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186 views

How far can faith reasonably go? [closed]

[EDIT] Faith is not usually invoked in justifying detailed accounts! To see what I mean, take the following statements: "I have faith in the determination of our players that I think they'll win the ...
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Isn't the existence of Hell inherently evil, and isn't God therefore evil in allowing Hell to exist?

In many religions, for example, the Abrahamic ones, there exists a place of eternal punishment for those who live in violation of God's commandments. Assuming an infinitely-long afterlife, in which "...
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340 views

How can we argue for the uniqueness of a God-like entity?

(I have in mind here, something similar to "uniqueness" proofs in math. I think if we want to name something, we should show both that it exists and is unique.) (By "divine attributes", I mean ...
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108 views

Did Nietzsche violate Christian morality in his life? Was he urging anyone to do so? [closed]

Did Nietzsche violate Christian morality in his life, in his behaviour? Was he urging anyone to do so? He seems to have had a long standing grudge against it.
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Is religion necessary for the good life?

According to Aristotle, you will be deemed as living well if you experience worldly pleasures while still being morally upright and virtuous. How can you identify what is morally right without the ...
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321 views

Can simulation theory be considered a form of religion?

The simulation theory has gained track in recent years; even Elon Musk has spoken on it. As it follows the associated, can belief in the simulation theory be considered a form of religion? The ...
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276 views

Is a miracle a sufficient evidence of the truth of a religion?

Does a miracle constitute a sufficient evidence for the truth of a claim? I see lots of religions really presenting a history of their pivotal figures being able to perform miracles. However, the ...
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219 views

What philosophers have considered humans as gods?

Have any reputable philosophers considered this concept? If so, which ones? And how did they account for responsibility and accountability in this framework?
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What's a name for the fallacy of concluding something must be based on truth because it is successful?

I have noticed a type of fallacious reasoning that conflates truth and success. For example, a company might assume their predictive models are correct because these models make the company more money....
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292 views

Is the Kalam cosmological argument scientifically provable?

Kalam Cosmological Argument: (1) Everything that has a beginning of its existence has a cause of its existence. (2) The universe has a beginning of its existence. Therefore: (3) The universe has a ...
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229 views

How does Ravi Zacharias' defence of the problem of evil jump from the need of a moral law giver to there being a God?

On first finding this defense by Zacharias, I was rather convinced, but upon reading it again, I have some doubts. Firstly, here is the transcript from what he said about the problem of evil. ......
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How could an eternal God know that He is eternal? [closed]

In most religions, God is described as "eternal." In particular, in Christianity, God promises eternal life, a promise that seems to require His own eternity. But how does He know that He is eternal ...
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160 views

Arguments/premises to disprove God's omniscience

I was thinking about validity of God's omniscience and stumbled upon three statements, which can be summarized as - To be omniscient, a being would require to capture and store all the data in the ...
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Could Ethical subjectivism be classified as Moral realism if we include God?

For the sake of my question, God = "an omnipotent being". I am not referring to any specific gods that come from any past or present religions. Ethical subjectivism generally stands in opposition to ...
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153 views

Isn't Nietzsche's overman a replacement for God?

Nietzsche claimed that "we killed God". Thus, as Nietzsche thought, it would result in nihilism. He also "introduced" an idea of the overman. This question is not about what the overman is. But I'm ...
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Is it hypocritical to support democracy [as an idea] while being religious?

Define religiousness to be the believe in a supreme God such as the one from the Abrahamic religions. Inherently, this is an anti-democratic state of affairs. God is the leader, God is the voice of ...
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How ancient is 'Philosophy'?

Firstly the word 'philosophy' traces back to the Ancient Greeks, but surely 'Wisdom' must have preceded the sophistication to record and preserve it. I believe that religion may have served as a ...
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135 views

Given the supplied definitions, which has broader scope: pantheism or panentheism?

Consider the two definitional statements below: Pantheism is the claim that everything in the universe is part of an all-encompassing, immanent God. Panentheism is the claim that the God who ...
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92 views

Authors who link religions to Plato's Noble lie

Noble Lie as taught by Plato is a lie created to keep the social order and harmony. Are there any remarkable authors who understood religions as such?
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Why did Hartshorne believe in God?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Hartshorne https://www.iep.utm.edu/hart-t-a/ Donald Wayne Viney and George W. Shields wrote that Charles Hartshorne denied justifying his own faith upon Anselm’...
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191 views

Universe as a container; Critique of the Kalam Cosmological Argument?

I was introduced to the Kalam Cosmological Argumant the other day (I know, late to the party), and it struck me that there seems to be a rather simple critique that I couldn't find an accounting of. ...