Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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Before claiming prophethood,X was famous for being truthful among his people,so that is one of the proof that he is a prophet?

some people who believe in the prophethood and divine inspiration of specific individuals ,use this argument,as one of the arguments,that proves that their believe in such individuals is legitimate ...
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How to catch a person claiming supernatural visions, in a lie? [closed]

I recently watched a video on YouTube where there is a discussion about whether or not we should listen to angels. A woman on the show wrote a book about her visions, and had claims of being able to ...
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5answers
159 views

In the presence of higher moral intelligence, is one obliged to follow its advice?

Whether from God, from a benign moral genius, or from a super AI focused on morality, if one has sufficient evidence that an entity has vastly superior moral reasoning to oneself, is one morally ...
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87 views

Do belief systems drive people to commit atrocities, or do people use belief systems as an excuse to commit atrocities?

Think of a random event of mass violence in history. If the perpetrators subscribed to a different religious or political belief system, would they have not committed it, because they had different ...
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831 views

Can people who deny naturalism consistently believe in science? [closed]

Naturalism is connected very much to Inductive reasoning. In science, if we see something happening again and again we generalize it into a law and we believe it as true. It will be only considered as ...
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We don’t know that Anselm’s ontological argument is a formally valid argument. (Rest of the question is below.)

So how can Gaunilo substitute his island parody in, and prove that the original argument is invalid, merely because his argument is invalid} The reason this came to mind is because without showing the ...
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1answer
188 views

According to trinitarians, why can't there be multiple human persons who share one human substance?

According to trinitarians, if there can be three divine persons within the Godhead who share one divine substance, why can't there be multiple human persons who share one human substance?
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Please complete this expression

Longtime ago I heard someone say this, I need to know the correct wording and source of this expression. The basic idea is expression of how human society has changed over the last few hundred years. ...
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127 views

What exactly is incoherent about an infinite regress of contingent universes?

After asking my chemistry teacher, about how a particular model of the Big Bang violates the Law of Conservation of Mass, he told a more coherent take on the Big Bang is to assume that there was a ...
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Absolute Divine Simplicity (ADS) and the Triune Godhead

Though apparent, the framework of the Triune Godhead appears logically incoherent in juxtaposition to the Absolute Divine Simplicity model. Looking through the works of Thomas Aquinas, who is the most ...
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71 views

Eternal uncreated things besides God

There is a big debate in the Philosophy of Rellgion as to whether or not there are things that are uncreated eternal things besides God, like abstract objects. Some say that claiming there are ...
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Is this a valid and sound argument?

ToE - Theory of Evolution P1. The ToE is absurd in every way & no sound honest case has been or can be made for it. P2. The Biblical explanation for life on earth IS the only sound explanation ...
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169 views

Kant’s claim “there are only three kinds of proof for the existence of God”

There are only three kinds of proof for the existence of God possible from speculative reason. All paths on which one may set forth with this aim either begin from determinate experience and the ...
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66 views

How did it all happen? [closed]

Everything that believers are saying about WHY they pray is real as it is natural to humans to be afraid of unknown and grab that last straw if they do not see another solution to a problem......
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2answers
145 views

Problems with ontological arguments

In the ontological argument, Anselm assumes that "A being that exists as an idea in the mind and in reality is, other things being equal, greater than a being that exists only as an idea in the ...
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3answers
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If Actus Purus is true, how can God be eternally creator?

If the Actus Purus of God, the complete perfection, is true, if God has no potentiality, and He was always what He is, then God was a creator from eternity. But God could not be eternally creator if ...
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2answers
173 views

Are we still in God's mind?

I would like to share a reasoning. We consider that an Engineer, before starting to build his project, draws up a construction plan. In the case of a Deity that promises eternal life in paradise, we ...
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2answers
160 views

Atheist, Agnostic...Wait for more data?

I'm a scientist by heart: I believe that while the existence of God, however defined (or any metaphysic question, for that matter), is a tough one, it might not be completely inaccessible to science. ...
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180 views

Plato's influence on Christianity

Is Christianity influenced by some of Plato's ideas? In particular, I thought that the notion in Christianity of God creating man in his own image was heavily reminiscent of Plato's forms, where God ...
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102 views

What does Spinoza mean by Acquiescentia in se ipso?

In Part V of Spinoza’s Ethics the pinnacle of human freedom and understanding is discussed as the viewpoint from eternal blessedness. How are we to characterize or interpret this doctrine of ...
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1answer
120 views

Is Plato's ideal world comparable to heaven?

Plato thought there was an ideal world where ideas live. Independently of people. These ideas throw a shadow on the material world we live in. By examining this material world we can get knowledge of ...
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3answers
161 views

Expanding the definition of "Pilgrimage"

According to Wikipedia, the definition of "Pilgrimage": "Is a journey often into an unknown or foreign place, where a person goes in search of new or expanded meaning about their self, ...
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2answers
125 views

If and what is the substantial difference between religion and esotericism?

I note that in the religious circles emphasis is often put to distinguish between religion and practices such as esotericism, occultism or magic. I've been often told that there was a very substantial ...
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88 views

Is it likely possible that creation of our world needs a lot of steps called 'evolution'? [closed]

Is it possible that creation of our world needs a lot of steps called 'evolution'? If it is like so would have been possible different scenarios for whatever we call a 'present' or 'living' on this ...
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2answers
194 views

Why does the word "atheism" exist?

Why does the word "atheism" exist? There is no such word for people who disbelieve in astrology or Santa Claus or dragons. So, why does the word exist? Is it because most societies today and ...
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96 views

A simple way to explain the argument from efficient causes for the existence of god according to Aquinas? [closed]

According to Aquinas but not originally, I'm not exactly sure whose theory it was that Aquinas reworded.
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1answer
640 views

Has there ever been a successful, philosophically defensible refutation of the Epicurean Paradox?

"God said it, I believe it, and that settles it", is the final refuge of faith-based rhetoric, not a viable philosophical position. Has any significant religious thinker of any stripe ...
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123 views

Are there any publications that attempt to give a formal ontological definition of the Christian Trinity?

Are there any publications in the field of Philosophy of Religion that have attempted to provide a formal ontological definition of the Christian God as portrayed by the doctrine of the Trinity? Take ...
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164 views

Does this argument disprove immaterialism?

-Every observation we have analysed has a material cause. -By inductive reasoning, all observations have materialistic causes. -Hence, there are no immaterial causes and immaterialism doesn't exist. (...
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1answer
194 views

Religious provisions to Jung's "male-female" archetype

In page 69 of his "Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious", Jung writes: The anima image, which lends the mother such superhuman glamour in the eyes of the son, gradually becomes ...
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3answers
149 views

Should real possibilities be considered a part of reality and, as such, be regarded as evidence?

Can we say, with respect to reality, that "I AM not just What I AM"? That, aside from things actually existing or having been in the past, the real possibilities too must be treated as part ...
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176 views

Why does Thomas Aquinas conclude that the First Mover is God?

It appears to me that the First Mover of any motion must not move only with respect to the change it is producing, but otherwise could be moved in a way unrelated to what it is changing, or moved ...
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151 views

Could God rule out solipsism, simulation theory and similar scenarios?

The god of abrahamic religions is typically said to be omnipotent an omniscient. However, how could such a god rule out solipsism, simulation theory and things like that? Consider the following ...
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4answers
188 views

Why Do They Always Say to Keep The Faith On The Unknown, To Be Liberated? [closed]

Almost all the pious pundits and religious gurus preach us to keep the faith or take a leap of faith to be liberated. I don't understand, what is the faith all about and what to keep the faith on? ...
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3answers
180 views

Are there any reasons why a religious believer would want to avoid a theodicy?

A theodicy responds to the problem of evil which objects the existence of God, so it appears that a religious believer should want to devise a theodicy. however, there must be good reasons why ...
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2answers
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How is it possible that focusing on a topic and focusing on your brain's process of doing it are not the same thing?

This question is different from How to live the present instead of just surviving?. It's about an apparent contradiction in general whereas that one is specifically asking how to live in the present ...
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3answers
168 views

Is "God" real from a scientific perspective? [closed]

Study Maps The Odd Structural Similarities Between The Human Brain And The Universe Are Neural Networks About to Reinvent Physics? The world as a neural network Many other references are available in ...
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2answers
129 views

Can we define the notion of an "omnipotent God" in terms of computational power?

A classic omnipotence paradox asks, "can an omnipotent God create a stone so heavy that He cannot lift it?" The problem here is that we take omnipotence to mean "capable of anything ...
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2answers
100 views

How common is the notion of God taking a break from work?

In Judeo-Christian tradition, the day when God finished creating the earth is the day of rest. “and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done. ” Does this idea appear in other ...
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91 views

What is free will? [duplicate]

I'm sorry if I'm wasting anyone's time with a dumb question but I'll try to explain the way I see things. So, if God created a world where you can't levitate, see through walls etc, and I want to do ...
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2answers
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Does the requirement to use preferred gender pronous preclude the participation of people whose faith teaches that gender cannot be changed?

There are numerous cases where the views held by different people clash. Homosexual intercourses are one such obvious example: many religious denominations (for example Catholicism) consider them ...
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1answer
51 views

Material Consequence to Religion

I have heard many people reduce the argument for religious systems of belief and action to their material benefit. A most cited argument is that the Book of Leviticus and its guidelines for nutrition ...
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5k views

What is the name behind the concept of believing in God based on this logical deduction?

From my memories, there is a well defined definition / concept / name for the following: A scientist chose to believe in the Christian God because of the following logic: If God does exist, then you ...
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1answer
352 views

Can a Woman truly fall in love with the Devil? If so, will she go to Heaven or Hell, after her life? Why? [closed]

I'm a Christian Baptist, and this is not a troll, I'm genuinely interested in an honest and in-depth answer, regarding all science and religious philosophy, both mysticism and pragmatism. The question,...
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168 views

Did Augustine try to prove God's existence using Set Theory?

Some time ago I heard a professor of mine describe Augustine's Confessions as an attempt to prove God's existence using set theory. I didn't get a chance to ask him more of what he meant, and ...
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4answers
152 views

Non-theism is neither Theism nor Atheism?

Here is my understanding of the subject Theism Theism is broadly defined as the belief in the existence of a Supreme Being or deities. Theism Non theism Nontheism has generally been used to ...
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4answers
449 views

Can there be more than one omnipotent being?

Assuming that an omnipotent being could exist, can more than one coexist each other?
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659 views

What is the difference between the spiritual and the metaphysical

According to this (old) page, metaphysics is the study of things beyond anything humans can perceive. Because of this fact, metaphysics is relatively faith-based discipline and, compared to science, ...
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5answers
147 views

Does the word "absurd" have specialized meaning in philosophical discourse?

This is essentially about William Lane Craig's publications on (his version of) the Kalam cosmological argument. Craig is constantly talking about "absurdities" that result from considering infinite ...
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2answers
223 views

Shouldn't reasoned agnosticism dissolve into atheism concerning most world religions?

Agnosticism is typically understood as maintaining the general premise that there are insufficient rational grounds for either accepting or rejecting claims like "God exists" or "God does not exist". ...

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