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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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How is it possible to be thankful for what you have?

Question: How can one be thankful for what he has? Details: Many religions, philosophies and self-development lectures advocate people to become grateful for what they already have so that they can ...
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8answers
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Does believing in a Christian God logically imply believing in miracles?

Assume you are a Christian and you believe that the descriptions of the life of Jesus are facts. Things like turning water into wine magically, walking on water and other miracles seem to be ...
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Should all religions and science simply be called philosophies? [closed]

It could be argued that there are three great competing philosophies in the world right now. Democracy, Communism and Islam. Now because one of these philosophies also includes the presumption of a ...
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2answers
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If the bible says 'Thou shalt not judge' why do people judge LGBT lifestyle? [closed]

It's something that puzzles me. It's like the bible says one thing, but then many people turn it around and use it to bash other people with it. I've also seen so-called Christians make lies, and the ...
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5answers
278 views

Authors on religions as mental traps

Religions use mental concepts such as final judgement, sin, salvation, redemption, condemnation, karma, purification of the soul etc. A person who has been indoctrinated for years with these concepts ...
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1answer
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How similar were Epicureans and Stoics to Buddhism on suffering?

One of the main goals of the Buddhist philosophy/religion is to be free of suffering. Buddhism identifies ego, desire, non acceptance of impermanence, ignorance and all negative emotions(because the ...
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7answers
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Is faith necessary for optimism?

I’ve been pondering this awhile now. I think possibly the most important thing to me is intellectual honesty when it comes to things - tending to be a realist; anticipating what is most likely going ...
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3answers
315 views

Does anyone say that dying for a cause is always irrational?

Does anyone say that dying for a cause is always irrational? I wouldn't gloss Heidegger's freedom-toward-death, like that, but it might be broadly similar. On the one hand, I would prefer to die ...
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5answers
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If the deity is both omnipotent and omniscient can the deity then construct a riddle so difficult that even he can not solve it? [duplicate]

If he can't create a riddle he can't solve then he can't do everything so he is not omnipotent and if he can create a riddle he can't solve then he is not omniscient...So which is it? (Ok I know it'...
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How widely accepted is the “presumption of atheism” among philosophers?

The presumption of atheism is the idea that in debates between theists and atheists, the burden of proof is on the theist to prove that God exists. This principle appears to be taken for granted in ...
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How to deal with self conflicting opinion with my potential religion on controversial issue?

I have conflicting opinion with my potential religion (Christian) on issues such as LGBT rights and euthanasia. Is it ethical and proper to continue to approach this religion? Could I interpret bible ...
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3answers
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Wanted: literature on the ethics of creating a fake world (The morality of God)

WARNING (reader discretion is advised. Don't do these experiments if you are not familiar with existential philosophy or if you suffer from some mental disorder) This question is subtle. I think ...
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3answers
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Is it unfair to eternally punish people in hell if determinism is true?

If determinism happens to be true, then people just do what the laws of Physics governing the chemical interactions of neurons in their brains make them do. In such a scenario, wouldn't it be unfair ...
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1answer
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What other theistic positions support open theism besides Christianity?

Open theism is a libertarian view of free will claiming that God’s omniscience does not extend to knowing the actual choices of free human agents. It is a theory of “dynamic omniscience”. This ...
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3answers
114 views

Skepticism towards Nirvana, Moksha

Doesn't the Experience Machine thought experiment by Robert Nozick refute the idea of Nirvana and Moksha?
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4answers
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Paradox with regards to detachment

Recently I got a chance to read 'Gita' where the central paradigm is 'Detachment', which goes absolutely against my intuition which I explain below. Let's take example of Feynman, who was so ...
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4answers
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How does somebody believe in anything out of science?

I fail to see how someone can believe in something such as a religion without any evidence of it being real when nowadays no one believes anything without seeing proof. I don't know if this goes for a ...
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5answers
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What are the limits (if any) of God's Omnipotence [closed]

What can a Omnipotence God Do and what he can't ? can he for example create logically incoherent things ? Can god Create A being more powerful than he/it is ? Or Can god Prove he doesn't Exist ? if ...
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Was Bishop Berkeley part of the Enlightenment and if so - how did it fit his adherence to religion?

In his The Analyst Berkeley argued, among other things, that mathematicians must not "submit to Authority, take things upon Trust" and so expressed a view of the Enlightenment. This made me think: if ...
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4answers
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Theory of everything and God

I always reach this point when I think about physics and God: Assume that a theory of everything is found. And this ToE is a successful mathematical description of the entire universe. EDIT: By "...
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1answer
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Does Plantinga view God as knowing precisely what a human being will choose to do?

This question has been bothering me since I attempted an answer to Dmitry Ornatsky’s question about God’s omniscience: How does Plantinga's defense of free will align with omniscience I think ...
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15answers
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Fundamental idea on proving God's existence with science

I think that proving God's existence or any deity from any culture with the rigors of science is fundamentally absurd. The popular arguments usually involve space-time and the big bang theory. (I ...
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4answers
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In nondualistic religions (Shaivism/Hinduism/New Age) why does consciousness manifest the world at all?

Hi I do not understand why there is no religion stacks exchange but this question is more philosophy anyhow. Nondualistic eastern religions (Traditionally tantra movement, some Hinduism strands, ...
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1answer
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How do religious pluralists decide on exclusion?

“Religious pluralism” here means believing that the teachings of the different religions are just variations of some “universal truth”… like John Hick did, for example. Surely religious pluralists ...
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To what extent was Galileo's trial a conflict between science and religion?

In an answer to another question (https://philosophy.stackexchange.com/a/50328/8160), I mentioned Galileo as an example of religion contradicting science. Several comments criticised that. I posted ...
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1answer
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Why would philosophical agnosticism and pragmatic atheism be considered more rational than philosophical agnosticism and pragmatic theism?

I'm referring to the accepted answer on this post. The answerer states that If one is both attentive to empirical scientific studies and to philosophical investigations of the limits of knowledge, ...
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1answer
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Why did Aldous Huxley not include the Zohar/Kabbalah in “The Perennial Philosophy”?

The Perennial Philosophy presents a universalist interpretation of the world's religions through a comparative study of a collection of mystical writings, from both Eastern and Western philosophies. ...
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3answers
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What does it mean that a belief is scientifically compatible?

In the following thread ... Does culture bias weaken the argument that modern science and a religious world view are compatible? ... the questioner presents the following discussion between an ...
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3answers
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Does God need to create mathematics?

If someone knows the detail of everything and has endless life, did s/he need to create mathematics to describe the world?
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13answers
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Why are believers criticized so much for being anti-science when so many scientists are … believers?

My first introduction to philosophical debate was through Sam Harris and Christopher Hitchens. The idea that they hammered into a younger me was that faith was stupid and irrational and any person ...
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4answers
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Why does Thomas Aquinas say that “in every composite there must be potentiality and actuality”?

In the chapter in Summa Theologica on the simplicity of God, Aquinas says the following in arguing that God is not composite: ... in every composite there must be potentiality and actuality; but ...
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Why is faith seen as a sign of weakness, instead of an unexplored land/opportunity?

Hope this is the right place to put this question! I am a person of faith (more specific, a Christian) and most of the time people consider me somehow inferior for my belief. I am not antisocial, not ...
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3answers
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Why do people turn to atheism when they try to escape dogmas?

Sometimes people who were grown in some religious environment feel like they do not like that religion. Usually they do not like dogmas which tells them what is allowed and what's not. Since the ...
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6answers
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Which philosophy should I follow as an Atheist? [closed]

Recently I decided to give up my religion. However I am confused which philosophy or philosopher should I follow to guide me in my life. I assume philosophy is mature and capable of replacing religion ...
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1answer
49 views

What would the world look like if we lived for several hundred years? [closed]

Hypothetical situation: within two or three generations our life expectancy globally has multiplied a number of times, to average 6-800 hundred years. Discarding the transitional phase for now, what ...
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1answer
100 views

Which philosophers have touched on whether or not something is moral if it is commanded by a deity?

I'll explain further: if a deity tells you something is moral, is that truly moral? Which philosophers have touched on that specific topic?
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2answers
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Epistemic Parity

I am trying to work out if I understand the term epistemic parity. This is in the context of pluralism exclusivism ect. The resource I am working from states A religious exclusivist would deny the ...
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Does the “God of gaps” argument works in metaphysics too?

The widely used (especially by laymen atheists in theology debates) term of "God of gaps" (the idea that theists explain unexplained scientific phenomenons by invoking God as the reason, filling that ...
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1answer
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Evaluating One of the Premises of Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism

I learned Plantinga's Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism in the following form: The probability for the reliability of cognitive faculties conditional on naturalistic evolution, P(R|N&...
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2answers
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How credible is William Lane Craig in academia?

How credible is William Lane Craig in academia? I often see atheists claiming that he is simply not credible and he simply a skilled debater. How credible is he at all? Does he make good arguments? ...
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4answers
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What is the definition of God? [duplicate]

The concept of God in different religions as well as deism seems to be inconsistent. So what is the best way of defining God?
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1answer
303 views

Better Understanding Plantinga's Argument Against Naturalism

My advanced apologies if my question is not appropriate for this website. This is my first semester of Philosophy so I hope I'm not asking obvious, low-level questions. I have been reading Plantinga'...
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10answers
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“God doesn't play with dice”: does QM's randomness really contradict religion?

Everyone knows Einstein's popular phrase on Quantum Mechanics - "God doesn't play with dice", implying that the randomness theory that the universe "popped" into existence randomly doesn't align with ...
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1answer
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Which texts of Plato/Aristotle give their religious views?

I'm not sure if Plato or Aristotle have any works that are exclusively about religion like, say, David Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion. If they do, that'd be easier; but, I imagine their ...
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Are there any counterarguments to the criticism of Christianity as too local in time and space?

A common criticism of Christianity is that it is too limited in time and space for its claims to be true: Christianity has only been around for a relatively short period of humanity's existence, and ...
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1answer
215 views

What does Socrates mean by “gadfly attached to the state”?

Socrates likens himself to a “gadfly attached to the state.” What does he mean by this? Is this a good or bad thing? What would a similar character playing a similar role look like in our age?
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Has anyone claimed that any eternal return is not for and to me, because “a perfect repletion is the same”?

Has anyone claimed that any eternal return is not for and to me, because "a perfect repletion is the same"? I use quotes cos it's something a friend said, and I reckon that (if their original ...
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1answer
218 views

What is the difference between being good and being divine? [closed]

https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-difference-between-being-good-and-being-divine/answer/Ted-Wrigley https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-difference-between-being-good-and-being-divine/answer/Valerie-Yip-...
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1answer
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What makes a basic belief a properly basic belief?

I'm currently looking into Plantinga's reformed epistemology and I'm trying to wrap my head around what makes a basic belief a properly basic belief. I understand what a basic belief is, in that it ...
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7answers
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Is there anything to call “the idea or concept of God”?

If there is, I wish someone would explain it to me so I could have it too. I have no idea or concept of anything that could be labeled "a concept of God". I have searched my head for an idea or a ...