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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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Authors that compare nationalism to religion

If people didn't choose their birth place nor their parents why do people feel proud or ashamed of their country? Why do they feel somehow responsible for the actions people take in the present or ...
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Can someone help me find this article on the philosophy of religion?

There was this essay on the current state of the field of the philosophy of religion, which made a list of uncritically accepted premises in the field, mostly because the field is subsumed with the ...
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Does religion negate innovation?

I've recently been reading a lot about human innovation and optimistic plans for the future (Elon Musk's work in specific). I have tried to speak with many of my colleagues in trying to get their ...
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What fallacy in Pascal's Wager allows replacing God with the devil?

I wanted to know the name of the fallacy or fallacies the Pascal's Wager in the sense that it can be applied to motivate one's belief in many things. A similar argument to the original Wager can be ...
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How can hard atheism & physicalism be adhered with confidence given quantum mechanics? [closed]

This is something I've wondered about. At first it didn't seem to be a problem and everything seemed nice and clear but as I read more, clarity of course gave way to mud, again. I am not sure whether ...
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What is the difference between philosophy, religion, and science?

If philosophy is the rational investigation of truth, how is it different from science or mathematics? Is philosophy based at some level on a subjective feeling? If so, how is it different from ...
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1answer
95 views

Is humility necessarily despicable?

The believer feels superior to the unbeliever. I will believe in Christian humility when I see the how the believer humbles himself before the unbeliever Nietzche, cited in Dostoevsky, ...
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How may Nikolaus von Kues’ “concept of concept” be applied as a bridge between logic and theology?

I am neither a specialist for logic nor for theology. Yet, I was electrified about Nikolaus von Kues statement that God is the concept of concept. Has Kues’ proposition somehow been applied as a real ...
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Religious belief as a consequence of self-reliance

Self-reliance doesn't come naturally to many people, but one could argue that self-reliance is an important factor in both natural and sexual selection. Also many religious people achieve self-...
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Is the logical problem of evil still argued?

Mackie (in "The Miracle of Theism" for instance) has argued that the supposed incompatibility between an all-powerful, all-knowing, and morally perfect God and the existence of evil actually ...
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What does visitor of Dov Baer meant by saying “I haven't come to hear his advice but to see how he ties his shoelace” [closed]

I would like to know what visitor of Dov Baer meant by saying "I didn't travel to Mezritch to hear him teach, but to watch him tie his shoelace"
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4answers
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Doesn't population increase logically preclude reincarnation?

If reincarnation is about humans dying and their souls taking on new bodies, doesn't a net increase in human population size contradict it? I know I'm assuming that non-human organisms do not possess ...
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How far can compatibilism go: God as active creator with perfect foreknowledge and free will

One of the main arguments of compatibilists trying to save free will from God's foreknowledge seems to be that free will is still possible in the face of perfect foreknowledge as long as God only ...
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1answer
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What is the fallacy in deriving necessity of an event from God's foreknowledge of it?

Here is the form: If God knows I will eat lentils tonight, then necessarily I will eat lentils tonight God knows I will eat lentils tonight Therefore, necessarily I will eat lentils tonight. Now, ...
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1answer
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What arguments are there for the existence of a personal God?

Classical arguments for God's existence, like ontological, cosmological, teleological, etc., only derive the existence of something very abstract, greatest entity, first cause, etc., which is then "...
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6answers
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Does this modal ontological argument prove the existence of God?

What are some objections to this form of the argument? It seems like the only premise that can be disputed is premise 1, but nobody has successfully disproven the possibility of a maximally great ...
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3answers
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Cause and effect

A standard argument for the existence of God is the Kalam Cosmological Argument. The first premise of this argument is that if something begins to exist then it must have a cause. My question is this. ...
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Does culture bias weaken the argument that modern science and a religious world view are compatible?

A typical argument between an atheist and a theist goes along the following lines: ATH: "Modern science and reason are incompatible with a religious world view." TH: "That's not true, many scientists,...
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Is praying to God against what we say about God? [closed]

We say God is Just. He never does injustice to anyone but still we pray to God for our interest. For example, Consider two shop-owners who have their shops adjacent to each other and they sell the ...
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1answer
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Does Proving god scientifically implies that he is unfair? [closed]

EDIT : So I think my question was not well understood by many members here.I am not trying to make an argument, I am proposing the question "What if atheists requirements to believe were all true ?" . ...
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2answers
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Why is it considered illogical to have a new fact that supports a previously-unsupported spiritual claim?

This question is about the general ideas of acceptance and rejection in scientific fields, and while largely theoretical, is based on a conversation I'm having with a self-styled skeptic. I'm hoping ...
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2answers
555 views

Thomas of Aquino vs. William of Ockham

Thomas of Aquinas mentions Aristotle´s views at length in his writings. It seems that Aristotle who I understand did not teach about an intervening God, is nevertheless considered a skilled mechanics ...
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1answer
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Can a society with an arbitrary social rule be moral?

Suppose there existed an isolated society somewhere with a central ruling (church-like) committee that dictates how people should live. If that committee came up with a set of social rules that no ...
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1answer
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What is the name of the view of 'pulling up the ladder of Judeo-Christian morality'?

I overheard a friend say: We have progressed as a society to the point where the Judeo-Christian morality that once benefited us now holds us back. We have to pull up the ladder of XXX. (I didn't ...
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2answers
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Name of fallacy that argues against the tools necessary for the argument

Let's say that someone believes that philosophy in itself is a bad thing. If I'm correct, the only way to combat this premise is to use philosophy (which is off limits since it's on trial)! ...
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5answers
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What is the utility of non-falsifiable beliefs about God?

Note: This question is derived from comments by the original poster of an earlier question (on my answer to that question, How can theists respond to the argument that God is "unfalsifiable"...
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How can theists respond to the argument that God is “unfalsifiable”?

In this short essay, "Theology and Falsification", Anthony Flew argues that the idea of God is unfalsifiable. Flew gives the following example: A person of faith asserts that God loves his children. ...
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1answer
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Logical positivism on religious language

I was searching for an essay on logical positivists’ view of religious language but I can't seem to find any good one. Can someone point out to me some links related to this?
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Why is the emergence of Monotheism a cultural milestone in the development of mankind?

In the cultural development of humanity the emergence of Monotheism is often mentioned to be a milestone comparable to the ability to control fire or write. Of course it is true, that Monotheism ...
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6answers
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Does omniscience negate free will?

If a tri-omni being knows what you're exactly going to do, then you can't do anything other than what he already knows you'll do. Further, if a tri-omni being created this reality in which things ...
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4answers
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The use and abuse of logic (and picking apart an absurd statement)

As an engineer, I am used to thinking logically in a very narrow sense. In everyday life, I often come across claims that are passed off as logical, but instantly trigger my bullshit detector. Yet, ...
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2answers
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Is there an innate drive to offer sacrifices for a higher being?

I have heard that philosophy recognizes or recognized a human inner drive to offer sacrifices to a higher being/authority and that this is the basis of early pagan practices and the foundation of ...
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8answers
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What is god for religious people?

In order to discuss with religious friends about god, I would like to know if there's some accepted objective definitions of God for main religions, even if belief is subjective. For example, is he "...
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How do you resolve the issue: logically reasoning about 'god' (or even physics; mathematics) when sometimes logic is not valid or is partially broken?

Granted, the start of the following discussion may use some common everyday common sense logic, and therefore may not be valid in some new paradigm. However, the question is, in the face of Russel's ...
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10answers
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Is it a fallacy, and if so which, to believe we are special because our existence on Earth seems improbable?

People often use the argument that there must be a God, for example, because Earth and the laws of physics are perfectly situated for humans to exist the way we do. However, if Earth or even the ...
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2answers
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Is there a formal philosophical position equivalent to the popular “spiritual but not religious” idea?

Is there a formal philosophical position equivalent to the popular "spiritual but not religious" idea? You hear lots of people identify as "spiritual but not religious", presumably because they want ...
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1answer
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What is the significance of the large statue of Hindu god Shiva “ the destroyer” located at CERN? [closed]

Robert Oppenheimer famously quoted Hindu scripture when the first atomic weapon was detonated saying " now I have become death the destroyer of worlds" Is there some worry that the work done at CERN ...
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3answers
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Is it necessary to read Neoplatonic works (e.g. Plotinus, Porphyry, etc…) to understand St. Augustine's books?

I heard that St. Augustine of Hippo did put Neoplatonic thoughts in his works like "Confessions" ( I have the book but didn't read it yet). Is it necessary to read neoplatonic books like the Enneads ...
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2answers
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Would the ontological argument disprove the Christian god?

The ontological argument of Descartes tries to show that a supremely perfect being (=god) must logically exist. Let's assume that this logic were valid. We would have proven that a "perfect" god ...
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4answers
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Does philosophical knowledge always conflict with religion?

I read somewhere that more than 70 ℅ of philosophers are atheists and I was amazed and curious that what part of philosophy supports religion ? Or is religion itself is somehow it's own philosophy ? ...
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2answers
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Moral realism: Can the Bible be a reliable moral guide for an atheist?

Assume both atheism and moral realism are true. Can a religious text, such as the Bible, still be a reliable moral guide? Or do the religious aspects invalidate the entire text? To put this another ...
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Can ancient religions with an omnipotent god be discussed into a definite answer about if the religion is real or not?

I find that trying to prove that a certain religion which has as a characteristic to have an omnipotent god is right or wrong according to current knowledge and well established observations is ...
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1answer
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Possible ambiguity in Anselm's argument, and Kant's criticism

This is a follow-up to Could Anselm's argument also "prove" that a perfectly evil god must exist?, and also to Why is existence not a true predicate with respect to Anselm's ...
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Could Anselm's argument also “prove” that a perfectly evil god must exist?

As far as I know, Anselm's argument for the existence of god goes like this: Let's imagine the most perfect being possible. If we imagine it being most perfect but not existing, it would be even more ...
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3answers
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Is 'immortality' outside the scope of philosophy?

Obviously religion offers hope or order through the promise or threat of an after life, etc.. As far as I can tell there's no scientific evidence for immortality, if only because it would be difficult ...
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226 views

What is the oldest known ethical list?

Preface This is not an attempt to appeal to tradition. Rather, the purpose of this question can be attached with these words: general + curiosity. [If you feel that this question should be moved to a ...
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4answers
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What is “religion”?

In his 2013 book entitled Why Tolerate Religion?, Brian Leiter defined "religion" as follows: Central beliefs that issue in categorical demands on action -- that is, demands that must be satisfied ...
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Does Alvin Plantinga's book Knowledge and Christian Belief offer any substantial updates to Warranted Christian Belief?

The stated primary goal of Plantinga's Knowledge and Christian Belief (2015) was to condense the content of Warranted Christian Belief (2000) into a shorter and more accessible book. My question is ...
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1answer
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What is the point of prayer for theological rationalists?

Of course, there are psychological aspects, you can unify a community or concentrate on your life goals. I feel like Christians try to do something like that when they say that prayer should be a ...
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1answer
178 views

What are some philosophical defenses of the existence of God?

What are some philosophical defenses of the existence of God? Specifically, I'd be interested in any philosophers who have provided a thorough and rigorous defense of the existence of a Judeo-...