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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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Should I respect other people's religions?

My point of view is that there is no reason to believe any god exists without evidence. So I find religions a very irrational idea and I mostly heard people saying We have to respect other ...
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0answers
277 views

What is the religion of the future? [closed]

There's a famous quote said by Albert Einstein: "The religion of the future will be a cosmic religion.  It should transcend a personal God and avoid dogmas and theology.  Covering both the natural and ...
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6answers
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Have there been any modern philosophical defenses of polytheism?

Modern philosophy of religion seems to be "Abrahamic-centric" with all of the discussion centered around problems specific to Christianity, Islam and Judaism. In particular most arguments for the ...
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2answers
176 views

Is religion a kind of mythology, or the opposite?

Can we define religion as "the mythologies that don't assume they are mythologies"? First, mythology is the oldest way of describing Nature. Polytheisms, extant or extinct, usually know|knew their ...
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14answers
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On Atheists who are sympathetic to religion?

Most Atheists I have encountered fall into 2 categories: New Atheists: People who don't believe in God and see religion as an evil to be eradicated given the harm it has caused humanity (i.e. ...
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13answers
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Can belief in science be considered a form of theism?

Based on the problem of induction, nobody can assert with absolute certainty that the laws of science (i.e. physics, chemistry, etc,...) will hold all the time, in every part of the universe. ...
3
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4answers
104 views

What are the classifications of arguments used for proselytizing?

Arguments that attempt to prostelytize seem to have common features that are relatively invariant across the particular religion to which they seek to prostelytize. What is the name for this basic ...
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1answer
56 views

Objectively speaking, can chanting be beneficial in any way? [closed]

Chanting rituals are part of almost all religions, and also many non-religious groupings e.g. martial arts schools, political activist groups, etc. The content of chanting varies from the simplistic ...
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2answers
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Are unexamined belief systems a.k.a. superstitions & dogmas, studied by a specific branch of philosophy? [closed]

Context: Superstitions, dogmas and various kinds of unexamined belief-systems are rife in almost all populations around the world, and all demographic classifications. While some are easily spotted (e....
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3answers
287 views

Is there a list of philosophers grouped by their religion?

My knowledge on the subject is limited and by no means do I claim that my observation is representative of the actual trend but most philosophers whose works I care about reading are somewhere between ...
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4answers
281 views

Can science claim to explain all experience?

If so, how strong a claim? To expand the question: if there is a god that can be experienced, does that experience escape science? And a third question: can humans define something, or work with ...
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6answers
470 views

Is there a demarcation problem for religions?

So far, all of the philosophy of religion I have read focuses on the questions of God's existence and on the problem of evil. It seems to me that just as important would be the question of what a ...
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3answers
668 views

Can a omni-God exist (under the premise that sentience and being an omni-God are incompatible) [closed]

Let us for the sake of convenience name this supremely powerful entity God and define him/her as an omnipotent, omniscient and prescient immortal being. Now, in the essence of things, God cannot be ...
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0answers
79 views

Is there any scientific evidence for the non-existence of God? [duplicate]

Is there any scientific evidence for the non-existence of God?
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0answers
38 views

Can omnibenevolence be seen as a limit to omnipotence? [duplicate]

The existence of evil seems almost to be an arbitrary step in the problem of evil. This is because an omnibenevolent being cannot have the capacity to act malevolently, which an omnipotent being must ...
0
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1answer
83 views

Is it good to have a country following a particular religion? [closed]

My question includes two parts. Firstly, I would like to know whether it is justified to have the division of countries with respect to religion. Secondly, I have heard that in some countries people ...
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3answers
173 views

How can my religious views be classified?

I was wondering if there's a name for my religious views. I'm pretty sure it would be some form of agnosticism. I would say: It would be logical that there exists one or more entities we can ...
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2answers
534 views

Have philosophers claimed that atheists can be closer to God than “religious hypocrites”

"A thoughtful atheist, living in good conscience, himself does not understand how close he is to God. This is because he performs good deeds with no thought of reward, in contrast to religious ...
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5answers
234 views

Science and personal beliefs [duplicate]

Talking with a friend of mine about the existence if God, I argued that science is the better way to believe in something, instead of believing in something using personal belief or faith; for example ...
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4answers
287 views

How do theologians and apologists justify the exclusiveness of their specific belief system w/r to similar but distinct belief systems?

There are several arguments for the existence of God. Whether you agree with them or not, all of these arguments argue only for the existence of a supreme being/first cause. None of them provide ...
4
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6answers
687 views

Does Strong Agnosticism (as opposed to Weak Agnosticism) justify taking Pascal's wager?

Definitions: Weak Agnosticism: not knowing whether God exists or not, but remaining open to deciding later (presumably after thinking more on the subject or gaining more facts). Strong Agnosticism: ...
4
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5answers
502 views

Is it possible that religion is a part of science?

I had literature class and we were studying the Bible, and I as a non-believing person was kind of sceptical about it, but my teacher pointed out that the Bible, and all religions before it, are part ...
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6answers
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Has anyone used analytic methods to attempt to dissolve the question of God's existence (as opposed to solving it)?

One of the main ideas of the analytic schools of philosophy (logical atomism, ordinary language philosophy,...) is that many philosophical problems can be dissolved - as opposed to resolved - upon ...
19
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5answers
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Theories of Everything as a hold over from monotheism?

In his book "A Tear at the Edge of Creation", physicist Mario Gleiser argues that results from cosmology and particle physics make it unlikely that we will ever find an elegant unified theory of ...
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2answers
87 views

How is this called: not believing in religious doctrine but accepting religious institutions? [closed]

If a member of a (say, Christian) church does not believe in God (e.g. thinks god is a man-made concept) and the surrounding metaphysics but believes that the church as an institution serves a ...
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2answers
517 views

Is it immoral to pay taxes if your government conducts immoral activities?

Assume your government participates in immoral wars that are unjust according to your personal beliefs and religious doctrine (for example Christian just war theory), is giving support to the ...
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2answers
796 views

Does God believe in God? [closed]

Let's assume a God exists. So, does God believe in God? And if he does - in which one? I think that's not easy to tell - answering seems to require reasoning about objects in the domain of God. ...
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11answers
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Is God subject to logic?

If someone claims that God is beyond logic then how do we know he is beyond logic ? (as we lose all the methods to know whether the claim is true or not?) Logic is the use and study of valid reasoning,...
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4answers
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How to answer the common anti-deity existence argument involving a big rock

There is a common over-used argument ; If some Supreme benevolent Being exists that created everything and can effect anyone's life , the argument is, if this being is 'all-powerful' can the Being ...
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2answers
80 views

Has there been an 'anthropological' study of the Christian Theology? [closed]

In Catholicism, as an outsider, as such one is immediately struck by the notion of the Trinity - the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost, Mary the Mother of God and the immense overflowing panoply of ...
2
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0answers
58 views

What is the meaning of the Trinity in Catholicism? [closed]

In Mertons Seven Storey Mountain, his auto-biography from a man of the world to Trappist monk, he goes over in brief the notion of the Trinity in Catholicism in the penultimate chapter for the baptism ...
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1answer
198 views

The christian “soul” [closed]

Me and a friend of mine were talking about religion at school. I'm atheist and he is a Catholic Christian (he is in fact part of the Opus Dei institution) and after a while we end up with this ...
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10answers
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Is atheism or agnosticism more rational?

While there is still widespread disagreement regarding the existing definition of atheism, it is normally considered as the "Rejection of belief in the existence of deities". One accepted definition ...
5
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3answers
238 views

What does a justified disbelief in theism imply?

If one can justify disbelief in theism, what repercussions does this have on the monotheistic faiths? Is justifying disbelief in theism enough to warrant disbelief in Islam, Christianity and Judaism, ...
5
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4answers
326 views

Properly basic belief in God?

When one states that belief in God is properly basic, I take it to mean: Belief in God can be rationally held without needing justification Question: Could you suggest some works which critically ...
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2answers
814 views

Is Platonism a “religion”?

Having some general knowledge of Platon, and his ideas about the world of Ideas, could we consider his world of Ideas a divine world? Isn't that the same as the world of God? What makes religion (...
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1answer
208 views

What is the name of the “pizza argument” against an all-powerful being?

The "pizza" argument against the existence of an all-powerful being goes something like this: Suppose for a contradiction that there exists an all-powerful being. Then there cannot exist a pizza ...
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1answer
67 views

Peer reviewed guides for the Philosophy of Religion [closed]

I'm searching for good journals that you can write for. Specializing in the Philosophy of Religion. Has there been any members here on SE which have written for these types of journals? What is the ...
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7answers
987 views

How Does Modern Science 'Know' there is no God? [duplicate]

As pointed out in this question, there is no hard scientific evidence of the existence of an existentially all-powerful being. As there is no direct evidence that there is a God, there is also no ...
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4answers
676 views

A supposedly new argument for the existence of God?

I have come across a supposedly new argument for the existence of God, I would be interested in whether this has been discussed in literature. Is there any resemblance to Plantinga's EAAN? The ...
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1answer
216 views

Why are there so many religions? [closed]

If one religion is true, why wouldn't everybody would believe it? As there are multiple religions, does that mean that none of them are correct. Or is my leading statement wrong, and one or more ...
0
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7answers
387 views

Why is the 'problem of evil' considered so difficult?

If one believes in the 'supernatural' and some Supreme Being affecting our lives in various ways; if you believe we have free will and free choice and this Being allows us to have and use this 'free ...
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6answers
443 views

Is there a compendium of terse-but-devastating attempted refutations of religion?

I hear many arguments against religion in general, as well as against particular religions. Most of these arguments fall far short of being devastating; however, every so often I encounter an argument ...
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0answers
751 views

Define Internal and external vs Essence and illusion

In Buddhism, external reality is an illusion and internal reality is an essence. Luke 17, 21. Neither shall they say: Behold here, or behold there. For lo, the kingdom of God is within you. How do ...
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1answer
82 views

Has studying philosophy altered anyone's religious beliefs?

Has studying philosophy altered anyone's religious beliefs (example, devout Jew/Muslim/Christian to atheist/agnostic)? Would you recommend intro to philosophy (uni level course) to a religious person?
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4answers
307 views

An Argument for the Unity of Truth?

I was thinking about truth, and came up with an outline for an argument that there is only one truth. However, this is just an outline and it is flawed, so I'm hoping you can help me critique and fix ...
2
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4answers
477 views

What does Deleuze mean by “the world can be regarded as a 'remainder'”?

Deleuze in Difference & Repetition writes in the chapter named as the Assymetrical synthesis of the sensible: It is therefore true that God makes the world by calculating, but his calculations ...
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4answers
985 views

If God is pure act of being, where does the essence of being come from?

According to the Thomistic view in Ontology, essence and 'the act of being' (I'm translating from a romance language) are different, in which 'to be' is the act received by the essence, which is the ...
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3answers
210 views

Burden of proof

Who has the burden of proof when trying to prove or disprove someones religious beliefs? I have always believed it belongs to the person who is making a claim but can there be exceptions?
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1answer
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Yhwh: Exodus 3, 14. «I am that I am» and relationship to Metaphysics as Ontology

The passage of Exodus 3:14, where God presents Himself as «I am that I am», is it historically previous to Parmenides, the greek philosopher? I'm reading a manual on metaphysics as ontology. If I'm ...