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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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Trying to find all the arguments relating to gods

I'm trying to build a list of every argument relating to the existence, likelihood, evidence etc... of God in the Abrahamic tradition, or gods and the supernatural in general. I specifically want to ...
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10answers
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Why should atheists bother debating theists?

I am currently digging into atheism/agnosticism (I will use atheism for terms of simplicity). Before, I was not religious, I really did not give the subject much thought. I am reading Richard Dawkins ...
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How does Plantinga's defense of free will align with omniscience

I've been reading about Plantinga's defense of free will and I can see how omnipotence is aligned with the existence of evil. What evades me, is how he resolves the conflict between foreknowledge and ...
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13answers
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How might science (particularly theoretical physics) be able to approach god?

I've searched over the internet but I've found no satisfactory answer so far , How might science (Particularly theoretical physics) be able to approach god? If we make the assumption that a super-...
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If religious experiences are reducible to neurological events, can a pragmatist argue against their value?

This question is able to be stated fairly succinctly, and assumes that answerers will have a sufficient degree of familiarity with pragmatism and the notion of religious experience. My motivation in ...
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6answers
785 views

What is the proper definition of atheism? [closed]

What is the proper definition of atheism? I have heard people talking about atheism being a lack of beliefs or an absence of faith. That does not strike me as a very good definition though as every ...
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8answers
671 views

Will God ever die?

It seems to me that believing in the Big Bang theory and believing in God are not completely mutually exclusive. The Big Bang theory states that from a moment in time, caused by some conditions, the ...
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7answers
402 views

Would we create God again? [closed]

If we took a modern society and erased all memory and knowledge of religion and somehow lengthened the life span to be infinite. And then allowed that society to progress, would religion be recreated? ...
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1answer
233 views

Why does Leibniz require monads to act in concert?

Leibnizs metaphysics is illustrated in his Monadology. He states that there are many substances, but only one is infinite (God) the others are finite. He calls simple substances monads. Only the ...
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1answer
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Does Kant have a Fourth Critique?

Those familiar with the architectonic nature of Immanuel Kant's philosophy argue about the difference between the three critiques (Critique of Pure Reason; Critique of Practical Reason; and the ...
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2answers
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How does John Hick's reform of Irenaean theodicy differ from the original?

I'm revising this for my RS exam and though I understand the underlying concepts of Irenaean theodicy but I don't understand how Hick's theodicy is different (other than rejecting Augustine, I believe)...
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1answer
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Is the teleological argument for God completely refuted?

Teleological arguments for the existence of God have a long history and straddle Greek Antiquity (Platos Divine Artificer), Islam (Averroes) and Christianity (Aquinas) and currently and most famously ...
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5answers
359 views

Is there any reality or substance in matter and energy without God?

Substance {Gk. ουσια [ousia]; Lat. substantia} "What a thing is made of; hence, the underlying being that supports, exists independently of, and persists through time despite changes in, its ...
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4answers
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Is induction as a means to reach a conclusion rational?

According to Humes's argument, induction by its nature assumes a uniformity that is not justified. This is a very deep and interesting observation, and a point often used by the religious to justify ...
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5answers
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What does this quote from William Blake mean?

What does this quote from William Blake mean? Prisons are built with stones of Law, brothels with bricks of Religion It appears without context in a collection of proverbs.
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4answers
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Is Kant a Christian Philosopher, not merely a Philosopher who happens to be Christian?

Kant categorical imperative simply seems to me a rational founding for a Christian ethic. As this is the centre-piece of his moral philosophy, it seems to me he is at least morally a Christian ...
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Is Theological Agnosticism a defensible position?

Given that there is a substantive body of debate between atheism and religion, how can the proposition that the existence of God(s) is unknowable really be defended?
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1answer
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Clarification of a comment on Catholicism by Octavio Paz

In Octavio Paz's Labyrinth of Solitude while writing about the Aztec Religion in passing he says: The situation prefigured the introduction of Catholicism which is also a religion superimposed upon ...
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4answers
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Can one ask for more than they deserve?

I would appreciate if answers can cite the individuals or religious-paradigm that derive the answer. The concept of being 'deserving' suggested an availability, if not a right, to something. '...
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2answers
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What are the consolations of Atheism? [closed]

Religion is often popularly characterised by atheists as a consolation. One can turn this around and ask what are the consolations of atheism? To answer this question correctly is to mirror the usual ...
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2answers
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What did Nietzsche mean by accusing Christianity of slave-morality?

In a piece of journalism I read today But I've come to believe that there's also something deeper at work: that most of the world's people live with the legacy of slavery. Even in a nominal ...
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6answers
826 views

Is there a way to prove that God, if he were to exist, can intervene upon human lives?

Suppose there are two people, one who believes in a god and one who does not. Both suffer from a common cold or some mild sickness. The person who believes in a god prays to ask his god to heal him of ...
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9answers
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What is the difference between The one, Buddha-nature, Brahman and Tao?

God in Christianity, Dharmakāya in Buddism, Brahman in Hinduism, Beneath Abstraction in Taoism and Flying Spaghetti Monster in Pastafarianism are all plays as a ultimate, eternal and absolute being. ...
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2answers
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The real question of the Holocaust is not ‘where was God?’, but ‘where was man?’ [closed]

For a debate I have to argue "The real question of the Holocaust is not ‘where was God?’, but ‘where was man?'" I am arguing for the point (not my personal view). So far the points I have got are: ...
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5answers
955 views

If religion is a human trait, does that prove all religions are false?

Does the fact that there was prehistoric religion and that humans have displayed religious behaviour by worshipping gods long before the creation/rise of the Abrahamic religions (and the other major ...
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4answers
538 views

What can suffice as a scientific proof for God? to what domain can such a proof belong to? [closed]

"Scientific" theories require proof, and there are certain guidelines and standards for the proofs to be acceptable to the "scientific" community in that domain (Algebra, Computer Science, etc.). ...
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1answer
220 views

devolving or self-limiting omnipotence

A being that is omnipotent should have within its own scope of power possess the ability to deprive self of this omnipotence; limit own power, either permanently or for a time; alternatively to ...
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5answers
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Is 'Transcendental' originally a philosophical concept or a theological one?

I had understood 'transcendental' to be religiously inspired terminology and in fact exclusively so, so it came as a surprise to me that it had a philosophical side to it - as a term it was introduced ...
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0answers
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Does contemporary art embody the desacralisation of western culture?

Its noticable that all the great artistic traditions embody their religious worldviews. From hindu temples, christian churches, greek statues of gods and heroes, egyptian sarchophagi etc. However the ...
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1answer
85 views

How can I start learning about Philosophy of religion? [closed]

every religion has unique philosophy that may have Common Traits and Common definitions. What are the deals Philosophy of religion? What are the resources Philosophy of religion? How can people ...
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1answer
188 views

Is gender a property of essence or existence?

In his address, the Holy Father said: According to the biblical creation account, being created by God as male and female pertains to the essence of the human creature. The use of the word "...
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1answer
909 views

What differentiates a cult from a religion? [closed]

Say for example scientology from hinduism? What are the hallmarks of a cult that sets it aside from a religion?
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3answers
460 views

Do Nietzsches arguments against Christian morality also stand against the other main world religions?

All the major world religions, without being a specialist in theology, emphasise compassion. A quality that Nietzsche would find "feminine". Does his arguments apply only to Christian morality or ...
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0answers
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Is there any connection between the catholic conception of confession and psychotherapy?

Confession is healing of the soul by repentence to God mediated by a priest, psychoanalysis indulges in a confession of the secrets of the soul in order to heal. Is there any connection here or am I ...
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In what sense is atheism scientific?

I have been reading a bit of Dawkins and the like and they all seem to hold a very strong viewpoint on atheism and its associated ideology. I have not found a direct citation for this but he ...
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3answers
1k views

The problem is choice, (paradox) Or is enhancing choice the solution to increasing free will [closed]

While reading Incognito by David Eagleman, there was a chapter about justice and the neural plasticity of the brain. The ability (or in some cases inability) to regulate "moral" functioning. The legal ...
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0answers
163 views

How are we to interpret the logos with God in the beginning? [closed]

We've all heard of the Gospel of John and "In the beginning was the logos and the logos was with God." Many commentators and scholars have etymologically traced the term back to the notion of Word or ...
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12answers
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Are omniscience and omnipotence mutually inconsistent?

I see this in The God Delusion by Richard Dawkins: If God is omniscient, he must already know how he is going to intervene to change the course of history using his omnipotence. But that means ...
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1answer
155 views

Does Asharite atomism affirm that space & time must necessarily be atomic?

I've read (probably in wikipedia but can't track down the reference now) that the Asharite strand in Islamic theology couldn't accept that substance necessarily exists pre-eternally as the Quoran ...
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1answer
109 views

What is the reputation of Schuon in the Perennial Philosophy or Philosophy of Religon?

I've just come across the writings of Fritjof Schuon and they appear to be impressive. There is a hint of new-ageism about him, and having never heard of him before I have no idea of his general ...
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1answer
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What is the origin of the concept of “axis mundi”, and how has it influenced Western philosophy?

Historically, many civilizations have contained in their culture, in one way or another, the concept of the "axis mundi" or world axis. Examples of this include Yggdrasil from Norse culture and Mount ...
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15answers
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Does the notion of an all-powerful God conflict with the idea of free will?

In Abrahamic religions, God is often believed to be wholly omnipotent. People also seem to believe that humans have "free will", esp. insofar that they feel they are in control of their own actions. ...
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2answers
480 views

What does this quotation suggest about Gurus in religion?

I was reading this article on the concept of "Gurus" in various religions, and the following quotation regarding Sikhism caught my attention: On the importance of guru, Nanak says: "Let no man in ...
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2answers
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How does Kant's moral philosophy define “goodness” and evaluate the moral worth?

Philosophy.SE, this is my first time being here, hence please pardon my inexperience of phrasing the question. I was discussing the moral philosophy of Kant vs the moral philosophy of the Christian ...
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3answers
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Is reductio ad absurdum a valid logical proof?

It strikes me that atheists often in the religion debate will try to characterize religion in a funny or silly way, often comparing religion to belief in fairies or unicorns or flying spaghetti ...
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9answers
2k views

Is it reasonable to arrive at a conclusion based on lack of evidence to the contrary?

I was having a discussion last night about my atheism, and it was suggested to me that agnostism is the only reasonable conclusion, as it leaves the door open for new information. This made me think, ...
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1answer
262 views

In what works does Nietzsche give a critique of Christianity?

I realize that it's in nearly all of his works that he does this, but does anyone happen to know in what sections of what books? I understand there's a great critique of Christianity in Human, All Too ...
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8answers
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What are the fundamental differences between the belief system of science and religious belief systems?

While most religious belief systems affirm the existence of certain things, the belief system of (natural) science tends to deny the existence of certain "not-reproducible" things. Let's look at two ...
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6answers
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Do messenger-based religions contradict the idea of an all wise God?

Many religions believe that their holy book is the literal word of God (and not the word of the messenger). For instance, the announcement of "new rules" for humanity, such as Quranic injunctions like ...
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8answers
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What is the difference between philosophy and religion?

How do you make the distinction between philosophy and religion? Are there some philosophies/religions that are hard to categorize as being one or the other?