Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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4answers
541 views

“Saving” Nietzsche?

Nietzsche claims we must say "yes" to life, and be healthy and strong that way. But he also makes scathing remarks both in Zarathustra and in his late notebooks, about the Biblical maxim "thou shalt ...
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Why are homologies evidence for evolution instead of common design?

I have seen some creationists arguing that when evolutionary biologists use homologies (anatomical or genetic) as evidence for evolution, they are committing the fallacy of affirming the consequent. ...
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Understanding Bertrand Russell on agnosticism and atheism as self-descriptions

I came across this very interesting quote, but it is giving me some confusion. Since Russel was a philosopher I thought it was best to come to the Philosophy stack exchange. And this is by no means a ...
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Are miracles compatible with our belief in empirical predictions?

I read the SEP entry on miracles a while ago and plan to take a shot at Hume's Of Miracles soon. Before I get started - I cannot understand how miracles even make sense. Here's my thinking so far: ...
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8answers
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How can something exist, but never be created?

This question applies to both religion and science. According to my religion at least, God is subject to natural laws, he did not create all matter in the universe, but instead created the universe ...
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3answers
367 views

Is the following explanation of existence of god is philosophically justified?

In a discussion William Lane Craig VS Christopher Hitchens about atheism VS Christian theism, Craig made the following series of arguments: - Inductively, Universe must have a creator - Universe is ...
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2answers
195 views

Does “subjective attractiveness” have a place in philosophy?

I've just started reading Christian Apologetics: A Comprehensive Case for Biblical Faith by Douglas Groothuis. He says on page 25: This definition of apologetics invokes both rational legitimacy (...
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7answers
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Could there ever be evidence for an infinite being?

The God of Anselm is understood as "that than which nothing greater can be conceived." From this definition, God can be presumed to be omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, perfectly free, uncaused, ...
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Are religious assertions as authentic as scientific ones? [closed]

If we're made to believe that water is composed of billions of molecules actually, but we've never saw it or observed it, still that scientific fact establishes a conceptual notion that yes, things ...
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1answer
333 views

Why is 'Omnibenovelance' a trait of the Abrahamic god? [closed]

[EDIT]: Short-form, less-ranty version: Many philosophers take omni-benevolence of god to be a required attribute. This is not apparent from the source material - so where does the idea stem from, ...
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Is (are) there a civic religion(s) in Western Europe?

The sociologist Robert Bellah considered The United States to have a civic religion centred around national figures (Lincoln etc) and documents (The Declaration of Independence). Its worth noting ...
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What are atheism and agnosticism? [closed]

(Apologies for the crazy length question) Whenever the thorny issue of theism vs. atheism comes up -- especially on the internet -- a further issue always seems to arise concerning what these ...
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1answer
286 views

Existentialism in relation to Roberto Unger's Beyond Nihilism

Roberto Mangabeira Unger's series of talks Beyond Nihilism sorts historical religions and other -isms (democracy, liberalism, socialism, romantizism etc.) eloquently into three orientations, namely ...
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1answer
118 views

How can you satisfy Pascal's Wager in the eyes of the greatest number of living people?

Leaving aside the obvious objections to Pascal's Wager, imagine a general form of the Wager that could be formulated from the perspective of any religious belief system. Since some religions are more "...
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4answers
315 views

Naturalism under a neo atheist definition

The Free Dictionary defines Naturalism (in regards to philosophy) as... "A scientific account of the world in terms of causes and natural forces that rejects all spiritual, supernatural, or ...
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291 views

Does science need support from religion or philosophy to explain the creation? [closed]

Science is trying to explain how the universe is made. The beginning of the universe explains the Big Bang theory. But what happened before Big Bang? Science cannot go before that. So, does this mean ...
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1answer
155 views

Chinese Beliefs about God and the physical world [closed]

I'm not sure if this question ought to be here, but I hope someone can help me out anyway... What is the major religious belief in China nowadays? Traditional buddhism taught by Gautama Buddha (i.e. ...
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451 views

Would the prediction of scientific discoveries give credence to a holy book claiming to be inspired?

The academy cries foul and asks "where is your evidence religious person" and lo and behold here comes this little discovery which validates the very first claim the Bible makes. So with this in mind ...
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3answers
428 views

Are religious beliefs inherently self-contradictory? [closed]

Religious people practice compassion, generosity, and altruism to save themself of eternal suffering in the afterlife. Isn't that behaviour motivated by pure self-interest?. Also most religions ...
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2answers
657 views

Is postmodernism pro or against abrahamic religion? [closed]

Sorry for the long text, but I need to explain my thoughts well. When it is said that postmodernism gives equal space to all forms of thought, many people think it means they are giving space to non-...
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14answers
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Is “time” an abstract mental construct or does it exist independent of human consciousness?

When I consider my own existence with respect to time I can imagine three possibilities: (1) Time extends infinitely into the past. In this case, how can the present, with me in it, exist, since ...
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4answers
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What does wisdom mean for a secular person?

I'm a Christian now, but I can remember the days when I was a rather unreflective atheist. Back then, I considered the word "wisdom" to be meaningless, and would be suspicious of anybody who claimed ...
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2answers
288 views

Does Nietzsche's Free Death apply to God?

Nietzsche’s philosophy is notorious for its famous pronouncement that “God is dead. And we have killed him. Yet his shadow still looms. How shall we comfort ourselves, the murderers of all murderers?” ...
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560 views

Are all advanced civilizations are likely to have a religious phase?

I am not sure if I should be posting this in the philosophy section, or the biology section. Anyway though, I was wondering if people think the believing in a deity is part of the evolution process? ...
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266 views

Epistemology of “Creationism Debate”

Epistemologically, is there any difference between a belief in non-interventionist evolution and a belief in young-earth creationism? If so, what is it? I'm not interested in the question of whether ...
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487 views

Please help me understand Huxley, agnosticism and christianity

There are people who say "I don't think we can ever know whether God exists or not but I would like to believe he exists." Are they agnostic theists? Knowledge and belief are two different things ...
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1answer
170 views

Is there a pantheistic religion built by Xenophanes?

In my philosophical overview book its said that Xenophanes was the first to criticize the greek polytheism. He concluded that there can only be one god. My book also says that this god is omnipresent ...
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Should one consider it a 'miracle' that the world exists?

Miracles are used generally in theological/religious contexts. Outside of them they're seen as either rationally explicable as signifiers of theological truths that are uncovered by hermeneutics of ...
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4answers
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Russell's Paradox & Existence of God

Russell's paradox is a famous theorem in set theory. It asserts that "the collection of all sets is not a set itself". In the other words "the set of all sets doesn't exist" in the world which ZFC ...
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175 views

Trying to find all the arguments relating to gods

I'm trying to build a list of every argument relating to the existence, likelihood, evidence etc... of God in the Abrahamic tradition, or gods and the supernatural in general. I specifically want to ...
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Why should atheists bother debating theists?

I am currently digging into atheism/agnosticism (I will use atheism for terms of simplicity). Before, I was not religious, I really did not give the subject much thought. I am reading Richard Dawkins ...
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4answers
784 views

How does Plantinga's defense of free will align with omniscience

I've been reading about Plantinga's defense of free will and I can see how omnipotence is aligned with the existence of evil. What evades me, is how he resolves the conflict between foreknowledge and ...
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How might science (particularly theoretical physics) be able to approach god?

I've searched over the internet but I've found no satisfactory answer so far , How might science (Particularly theoretical physics) be able to approach god? If we make the assumption that a super-...
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229 views

If religious experiences are reducible to neurological events, can a pragmatist argue against their value?

This question is able to be stated fairly succinctly, and assumes that answerers will have a sufficient degree of familiarity with pragmatism and the notion of religious experience. My motivation in ...
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6answers
818 views

What is the proper definition of atheism? [closed]

What is the proper definition of atheism? I have heard people talking about atheism being a lack of beliefs or an absence of faith. That does not strike me as a very good definition though as every ...
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8answers
683 views

Will God ever die?

It seems to me that believing in the Big Bang theory and believing in God are not completely mutually exclusive. The Big Bang theory states that from a moment in time, caused by some conditions, the ...
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7answers
410 views

Would we create God again? [closed]

If we took a modern society and erased all memory and knowledge of religion and somehow lengthened the life span to be infinite. And then allowed that society to progress, would religion be recreated? ...
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1answer
266 views

Why does Leibniz require monads to act in concert?

Leibnizs metaphysics is illustrated in his Monadology. He states that there are many substances, but only one is infinite (God) the others are finite. He calls simple substances monads. Only the ...
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1answer
377 views

Does Kant have a Fourth Critique?

Those familiar with the architectonic nature of Immanuel Kant's philosophy argue about the difference between the three critiques (Critique of Pure Reason; Critique of Practical Reason; and the ...
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How does John Hick's reform of Irenaean theodicy differ from the original?

I'm revising this for my RS exam and though I understand the underlying concepts of Irenaean theodicy but I don't understand how Hick's theodicy is different (other than rejecting Augustine, I believe)...
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1answer
847 views

Is the teleological argument for God completely refuted?

Teleological arguments for the existence of God have a long history and straddle Greek Antiquity (Platos Divine Artificer), Islam (Averroes) and Christianity (Aquinas) and currently and most famously ...
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5answers
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Is there any reality or substance in matter and energy without God?

Substance {Gk. ουσια [ousia]; Lat. substantia} "What a thing is made of; hence, the underlying being that supports, exists independently of, and persists through time despite changes in, its ...
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Is induction as a means to reach a conclusion rational?

According to Humes's argument, induction by its nature assumes a uniformity that is not justified. This is a very deep and interesting observation, and a point often used by the religious to justify ...
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What does this quote from William Blake mean?

What does this quote from William Blake mean? Prisons are built with stones of Law, brothels with bricks of Religion It appears without context in a collection of proverbs.
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Is Kant a Christian Philosopher, not merely a Philosopher who happens to be Christian?

Kant categorical imperative simply seems to me a rational founding for a Christian ethic. As this is the centre-piece of his moral philosophy, it seems to me he is at least morally a Christian ...
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Is Theological Agnosticism a defensible position?

Given that there is a substantive body of debate between atheism and religion, how can the proposition that the existence of God(s) is unknowable really be defended?
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Clarification of a comment on Catholicism by Octavio Paz

In Octavio Paz's Labyrinth of Solitude while writing about the Aztec Religion in passing he says: The situation prefigured the introduction of Catholicism which is also a religion superimposed upon ...
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Can one ask for more than they deserve?

I would appreciate if answers can cite the individuals or religious-paradigm that derive the answer. The concept of being 'deserving' suggested an availability, if not a right, to something. '...
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What are the consolations of Atheism? [closed]

Religion is often popularly characterised by atheists as a consolation. One can turn this around and ask what are the consolations of atheism? To answer this question correctly is to mirror the usual ...
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What did Nietzsche mean by accusing Christianity of slave-morality?

In a piece of journalism I read today But I've come to believe that there's also something deeper at work: that most of the world's people live with the legacy of slavery. Even in a nominal ...