Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
4answers
300 views

What philosophers have considered humans as gods?

Have any reputable philosophers considered this concept? If so, which ones? And how did they account for responsibility and accountability in this framework?
0
votes
2answers
250 views

Is this logical? Topic on death being a black box

People say death is a black box, that you can know nothing about it, but is the following logical? If you believe real time travel is possible maybe in the future and someone eventually may be able ...
0
votes
3answers
150 views

Has anyone claimed that any eternal return is not for and to me, because “a perfect repletion is the same”?

Has anyone claimed that any eternal return is not for and to me, because "a perfect repletion is the same"? I use quotes cos it's something a friend said, and I reckon that (if their original ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Why does Thomas Aquinas conclude that the First Mover is God?

It appears to me that the First Mover of any motion must not move only with respect to the change it is producing, but otherwise could be moved in a way unrelated to what it is changing, or moved ...
1
vote
2answers
50 views

How is it possible that focusing on a topic and focusing on your brain's process of doing it are not the same thing?

This question is different from How to live the present instead of just surviving?. It's about an apparent contradiction in general whereas that one is specifically asking how to live in the present ...
-1
votes
4answers
160 views

Why Do They Always Say to Keep The Faith On The Unknown, To Be Liberated? [closed]

Almost all the pious pundits and religious gurus preach us to keep the faith or take a leap of faith to be liberated. I don't understand, what is the faith all about and what to keep the faith on? ...
-4
votes
3answers
139 views

Is “God” real from a scientific perspective? [closed]

Study Maps The Odd Structural Similarities Between The Human Brain And The Universe Are Neural Networks About to Reinvent Physics? The world as a neural network Many other references are available in ...
-1
votes
2answers
99 views

Could God rule out solipsism, simulation theory and similar scenarios?

The god of abrahamic religions is typically said to be omnipotent an omniscient. However, how could such a god rule out solipsism, simulation theory and things like that? Consider the following ...
-2
votes
3answers
121 views

Are there any reasons why a religious believer would want to avoid a theodicy?

A theodicy responds to the problem of evil which objects the existence of God, so it appears that a religious believer should want to devise a theodicy. however, there must be good reasons why ...
2
votes
2answers
102 views

Can we define the notion of an “omnipotent God” in terms of computational power?

A classic omnipotence paradox asks, "can an omnipotent God create a stone so heavy that He cannot lift it?" The problem here is that we take omnipotence to mean "capable of anything ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

How common is the notion of God taking a break from work?

In Judeo-Christian tradition, the day when God finished creating the earth is the day of rest. “and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done. ” Does this idea appear in other ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Having S5 system Why we need to use WPSR in Gale Pruss New cosmological arguement?

As you know Gale_ Pruss improved The cosmological argument using WPSR instead of Strong PSR. They in their 1999 article said if it be possibly that there be a God who freely created the world using ...
3
votes
3answers
207 views

Why do we need repetitive demonstration to accept miracles happening?

From the highest upvoted answer on Is any aspect of the supernatural testable? What level of proof is possible for the supernatural?: However, you are probably wasting your time on the various ...
3
votes
2answers
199 views

Is it possible to enumerate metaphysical hypotheses?

Recently, I had an argument with someone who stated that the chance of experiencing nothing after death is extremely low. Their reasoning was that one can think of many more metaphysical realities in ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

What is free will? [duplicate]

I'm sorry if I'm wasting anyone's time with a dumb question but I'll try to explain the way I see things. So, if God created a world where you can't levitate, see through walls etc, and I want to do ...
5
votes
1answer
125 views

Is Hegel criticizing the Church in On the Prospects for a Folk Religon?

Good morning, I have just started studying Hegel with the oldest work I could find, On the Propspects for a Folk Religion, also called Tübinga Fragments I believe. In the second paragraph it already ...
2
votes
2answers
142 views

Does the requirement to use preferred gender pronous preclude the participation of people whose faith teaches that gender cannot be changed?

There are numerous cases where the views held by different people clash. Homosexual intercourses are one such obvious example: many religious denominations (for example Catholicism) consider them ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Material Consequence to Religion

I have heard many people reduce the argument for religious systems of belief and action to their material benefit. A most cited argument is that the Book of Leviticus and its guidelines for nutrition ...
10
votes
4answers
5k views

What is the name behind the concept of believing in God based on this logical deduction?

From my memories, there is a well defined definition / concept / name for the following: A scientist chose to believe in the Christian God because of the following logic: If God does exist, then you ...
-5
votes
1answer
86 views

Can a Woman truly fall in love with the Devil? If so, will she go to Heaven or Hell, after her life? Why? [closed]

I'm a Christian Baptist, and this is not a troll, I'm genuinely interested in an honest and in-depth answer, regarding all science and religious philosophy, both mysticism and pragmatism. The question,...
3
votes
4answers
475 views

Cause and effect

A standard argument for the existence of God is the Kalam Cosmological Argument. The first premise of this argument is that if something begins to exist then it must have a cause. My question is this. ...
1
vote
4answers
297 views

Can there be more than one omnipotent being?

Assuming that an omnipotent being could exist, can more than one coexist each other?
0
votes
2answers
292 views

Do stories contain “Meta-truth”? Jordan Peterson

I am hoping someone can help me find what is wrong and/or right with the idea of "meta-truth". I am also curious as to what can be problematic. ..I don't think "meta-truth" is defined officially. ...
5
votes
6answers
798 views

Which philosophers have argued that a God cannot exist?

Which philosophers have argued that a God cannot exist and why? What are some of the major positions involved, and perhaps some common responses?
12
votes
9answers
6k views

What are the fundamental differences between the belief system of science and religious belief systems?

While most religious belief systems affirm the existence of certain things, the belief system of (natural) science tends to deny the existence of certain "not-reproducible" things. Let's look at two ...
2
votes
0answers
153 views

Did Augustine try to prove God's existence using Set Theory?

Some time ago I heard a professor of mine describe Augustine's Confessions as an attempt to prove God's existence using set theory. I didn't get a chance to ask him more of what he meant, and ...
6
votes
3answers
918 views

Understanding Bertrand Russell on agnosticism and atheism as self-descriptions

I came across this very interesting quote, but it is giving me some confusion. Since Russel was a philosopher I thought it was best to come to the Philosophy stack exchange. And this is by no means a ...
0
votes
4answers
116 views

Non-theism is neither Theism nor Atheism?

Here is my understanding of the subject Theism Theism is broadly defined as the belief in the existence of a Supreme Being or deities. Theism Non theism Nontheism has generally been used to ...
17
votes
14answers
11k views

Is God subject to logic?

If someone claims that God is beyond logic then how do we know he is beyond logic ? (as we lose all the methods to know whether the claim is true or not?) Logic is the use and study of valid reasoning,...
18
votes
14answers
9k views

Is religion necessary for the good life?

According to Aristotle, you will be deemed as living well if you experience worldly pleasures while still being morally upright and virtuous. How can you identify what is morally right without the ...
2
votes
7answers
268 views

If it weren't for the theory of evolution, would the argument from design for God's existence be justified?

Let's assume that someone is an educated and intelligent person from the 17th or 18th century. They've been though the enlightenment, they know of the scientific method and have a scientific world ...
-2
votes
1answer
77 views

Should one be able to obtain a sociology or philosophy degree through verbal measures without classes or written tests? [closed]

I'm really just trying to find out what someone thinks is accurate an efficient according to the comparison of some critics, an or professionals. ...
4
votes
4answers
564 views

What is the difference between the spiritual and the metaphysical

According to this (old) page, metaphysics is the study of things beyond anything humans can perceive. Because of this fact, metaphysics is relatively faith-based discipline and, compared to science, ...
2
votes
2answers
236 views

How would a theist answer this argument against heaven?

Some, if not most, theists assert that time exists in heaven. How can this be? If time is at all based on physical laws (spacetime, emergence, etc.), it won't be able to exist as it does currently in ...
0
votes
2answers
409 views

What is the oldest known ethical list?

Preface This is not an attempt to appeal to tradition. Rather, general curiosity. Brass Tacks What list like ethical code of ancient religions is similar to the Ten Commandments or the five/ eight ...
1
vote
5answers
128 views

Does the word “absurd” have specialized meaning in philosophical discourse?

This is essentially about William Lane Craig's publications on (his version of) the Kalam cosmological argument. Craig is constantly talking about "absurdities" that result from considering infinite ...
1
vote
4answers
137 views

What are the origins and evolution of mythology/religions?

Hegel in his famous book "Phenomenology of the Spirit" describes the evolution of the human mind. I am wondering if any philosophers have described the evolution of religions and where the idea come ...
-1
votes
2answers
209 views

Shouldn't reasoned agnosticism dissolve into atheism concerning most world religions?

Agnosticism is typically understood as maintaining the general premise that there are insufficient rational grounds for either accepting or rejecting claims like "God exists" or "God does not exist". ...
5
votes
8answers
741 views

Will God ever die?

It seems to me that believing in the Big Bang theory and believing in God are not completely mutually exclusive. The Big Bang theory states that from a moment in time, caused by some conditions, the ...
0
votes
3answers
111 views

Is there any philosophy which proposes that whatever you believe or imagine is true or exists?

Every day, we have conflicts with almost everyone about what we think and what we believe (there are religious conflicts, conflicts of opinions...). Also, there are people who think about alternative ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

Liberation and religions

Religion is always for a group; but philosophy is not so. One person alone cannot be a religion. It is quite natural that there is a bond (a feeling of my and my men) among the members of a religion ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

The impact of a pandemic: Whether changes would happen in religions as well as science

This question (Are we all ‘atheist’ or 'agnostic in a pandemic'?) made me think about the impact of corona in a different way: Not just some eastern philosophers but ecologists and ...
17
votes
5answers
7k views

Are we all ‘atheist’ or 'agnostic in a pandemic'? [closed]

Saudi Arabia is a deeply religious country. Most of the people in the Persian Gulf nation pray five times a day, 35 times a week, 140 times a month and 1,680 times a year. But they banned pilgrimages (...
3
votes
0answers
207 views

Does contemporary art embody the desacralisation of western culture?

It's noticeable that all the great artistic traditions embody their religious worldviews: Hindu temples, Christian churches, Greek statues of gods and heroes, Egyptian sarcophagi, etc. However, ...
64
votes
26answers
22k views

Why is faith seen as a sign of weakness, instead of an unexplored land/opportunity?

Hope this is the right place to put this question! I am a person of faith (more specific, a Christian) and most of the time people consider me somehow inferior for my belief. I am not antisocial, not ...
10
votes
5answers
4k views

Is reductio ad absurdum a valid logical proof?

It strikes me that atheists often in the religion debate will try to characterize religion in a funny or silly way, often comparing religion to belief in fairies or unicorns or flying spaghetti ...
5
votes
7answers
360 views

A Ground or Foundation of Morality

I am currently reading the very fascinating paper Unspeakable Ethics, Unnatural Law by Arthur Allen Leff. It seems that the thrust of his paper is that there is no "naturalistic" way of grounding or ...
4
votes
6answers
571 views

Would an all-powerful God still be all-powerful if they can never do evil?

God is perfectly good, and so never does any evil. God is also all-powerful, so God can do anything that is logically possible. But, it's logically possible for there to be a bad world (a world with ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Is classical theism 'spiritually' equivalent to atheism?

Classical theists believe that God is simple, in the sense described by the doctrine of divine simplicity. God has no parts, has no distinct essences, God's essence is God's existence, God is pure ...
4
votes
5answers
279 views

Under what conditions would we have to accept that the supernatural has influenced the reality?

One of the most common arguments raised by the rationalists against religious faiths is that many claims made by the religious tend to be unfalsifiable. Many times we hear or read arguments in the ...

1
2 3 4 5
9