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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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7 votes
10 answers
1k views

Are Good and Evil relative or absolute?

I know how most religions would deal with this question. However, how does philosophy deal with these two concepts?
13 votes
11 answers
4k views

Can God transcend human logic and reasoning?

Apophatic theology holds that God is so far beyond human comprehension that He can only be described in negative terms. The "problem of the creator of God" posits that if everything requires ...
3 votes
10 answers
1k views

Does this modal ontological argument prove the existence of God?

What are some objections to this form of the argument? It seems like the only premise that can be disputed is premise 1, but nobody has successfully disproven the possibility of a maximally great ...
-3 votes
3 answers
87 views

Is it fair to say that the battle between Good and Evil is essentially a battle between two different philosophies? [closed]

For those who believe in the theology that is God is real and that the Devil is also real, and the eternal battle between Good and Evil began with the Devil and the fallen angels rebelling against God ...
2 votes
2 answers
126 views

Under what conceptions of God does it follow that we necessarily are in "the best of all possible worlds"?

My personal take on this question is that it would follow that we are living in "the best of all possible worlds" if God were a utilitarian, that is, if we viewed God as an agent making ...
3 votes
3 answers
310 views

Are there any publications that attempt to give a formal ontological definition of the Christian Trinity?

Are there any publications in the field of Philosophy of Religion that have attempted to provide a formal ontological definition of the Christian God as portrayed by the doctrine of the Trinity? Take ...
-5 votes
1 answer
70 views

Any works that go in depth on the psychological underpinnings of engaging in philosophical inquiry at all?

Any works that attack in a systematic way the fears and hopes etc. that lie under the person who engages in philosophy? For instance, I know that is very plausible to say that basically all religions (...
4 votes
2 answers
156 views

Doesn't fallibilism complexify Pascal's wager further?

We can never know whether we have accumulated all the knowledge in the world or not. This is a general statement. For example, a powerful counterargument against the contingency argument might exist ...
7 votes
5 answers
4k views

Is Kant a Christian Philosopher, not merely a Philosopher who happens to be Christian?

Kant categorical imperative simply seems to me a rational founding for a Christian ethic. As this is the centre-piece of his moral philosophy, it seems to me he is at least morally a Christian ...
10 votes
11 answers
4k views

Is it defensible to claim that religion is a personal relationship with God and therefore contains no claims?

It is a common line of argumentation against religion that it includes dogmatic claims without evidence and that the resistance to change that is peculiar to religion and stems from its dogmatism ...
5 votes
4 answers
519 views

What exactly would count as a "positively meaningful and reciprocal conscious relationship" between a person and a God?

I would like to start by quoting this answer's summary of the divine hiddenness argument: This is the crux of the atheistic Argument from Divine Hiddenness: (1) Necessarily, if God exists, then God ...
2 votes
3 answers
350 views

Is religion a kind of mythology, or the opposite?

Can we define religion as "the mythologies that don't assume they are mythologies"? First, mythology is the oldest way of describing Nature. Polytheisms, extant or extinct, usually know|knew their ...
5 votes
7 answers
1k views

Is Blaise Pascal's approach to "curing unbelief" in the proposition that God exists philosophically sound?

Hence it comes that, if there are as many risks on one side as on the other, the course is to play even; and then the certainty of the stake is equal to the uncertainty of the gain, so far is it from ...
1 vote
0 answers
44 views

Is Jainism sectarian or universal in its teachings?

Dharmic religions are viewed universal in its teachings. So, are the teachings of Jainism universal or not? If your answer is affirmative that Jainism is Universal then please explain this Those who ...
3 votes
2 answers
117 views

Is there philosophy for uncertainty and fear?

I always have thoughts that I might burn in hell from God. I can’t find a reason to believe in Him but there are certain coincidences that I have seen in the world and in my life that are hard to ...
10 votes
13 answers
2k views

Can religious, mystical, or spiritual experiences reveal truth?

To what extent can we acquire reliable knowledge about the world through religious, mystical, or spiritual experiences? Does the answer hinge on the context of these experiences? Does the answer hinge ...
4 votes
11 answers
996 views

Will God ever die?

It seems to me that believing in the Big Bang theory and believing in God are not completely mutually exclusive. The Big Bang theory states that from a moment in time, caused by some conditions, the ...
5 votes
4 answers
3k views

Has there ever been a successful, philosophically defensible refutation of the Epicurean Paradox?

"God said it, I believe it, and that settles it", is the final refuge of faith-based rhetoric, not a viable philosophical position. Has any significant religious thinker of any stripe ...
2 votes
0 answers
56 views

The split from Christianity to socialism and liberalism

It appears that from Christianism there was a split between those who decided to emphasize the Christian idea of charity (love) (like Thomas More, Meslier, Saint-Simon, Cabet, Polanyi), which gave ...
5 votes
7 answers
2k views

The older, the smarter. Is the wisdom of time a scientifically proven fact or just human prejudices?

For example, physicists, engineers, computer scientists don't care much about ancient studies and don't mind throwing away older theories and research. Yet, in philosophy and religious studies, we ...
18 votes
24 answers
11k views

Is Christianity testable?

In a debate between John Lennox and Peter Atkins on the topic "Can science explain everything?", at minute 44:47 John Lennox claims: Lennox: "And the major reason why I believe that ...
-1 votes
2 answers
504 views

Is Plato's ideal world comparable to heaven?

Plato thought there was an ideal world where ideas live. Independently of people. These ideas throw a shadow on the material world we live in. By examining this material world we can get knowledge of ...
4 votes
4 answers
87 views

Can the definition of philosophy be personal?

Is there a formal definition of philosophy agreed upon by everybody. If any new- or third-party decides to subscribe to "philosophy", do they compulsorily accept the formal definition. Or ...
1 vote
6 answers
158 views

How can God gives us free will and yet be the creator and originator of everything at the same time? [closed]

Religious people say we have free will in that god has the knowledge of whatever will happen but he doesn't cause our actions, we have a choice. I did an act of sin out of my own choice; god was only ...
0 votes
1 answer
45 views

How can religious conception of choice be consistent with the notion of omnipotent, all powerful God? [duplicate]

Religious people say we have free will in that god has knowledge of whatever will happen but he doesn't make us do sin. I did an act of sin out of my own choice; god was just already aware of the ...
2 votes
4 answers
1k views

How to evaluate the impersonal God and the personal God? [closed]

How should we evaluate the impersonal God and the personal God? Aristotle holds the former view, while Christianity, as well as Islam and Judaism advocate for the latter.
4 votes
5 answers
1k views

Non-theism is neither Theism nor Atheism?

Here is my understanding of the subject Theism Theism is broadly defined as the belief in the existence of a Supreme Being or deities. Theism Non theism Nontheism has generally been used to ...
-3 votes
4 answers
134 views

According to Ockham’s Razor, how can we be sure a religion is verifiable? [closed]

Ockham’s Razor states that the answer with the fewest assumptions is correct, but what is the answer with the fewest assumptions? It could be anything, but we wouldn’t know until we already had the ...
1 vote
8 answers
8k views

How can something exist, but never be created?

This question applies to both religion and science. According to my religion at least, God is subject to natural laws, he did not create all matter in the universe, but instead created the universe ...
5 votes
10 answers
796 views

How could Occam's razor possibly be used metaphysically?

Occam's razor, or the law of parsimony, states that the simplest explanation for any given data is most likely the correct one. Some have attempted to use Occam's razor in a metaphysical sense, to ...
-3 votes
5 answers
122 views

Why we are coded with the idea of religion and its concepts if we are living in a computer simulation? [closed]

We all know that Nick Bostrom's cliche argument in favor of Simulation Hypothesis. I am wondering if my question can downgrade the Bostrom's hypothesis. Lets assume that we are living in a computer ...
3 votes
15 answers
7k views

Can religions die out specifically lose followers and consequently stop existing? (ontologically speaking)

This question arose after I watched the movie Dune and made some interesting finds regarding the religious and sociopolitical environment of this masterpiece. So the question arose, when I realized ...
5 votes
5 answers
1k views

Are the subjective experience of the "inner witness of the Holy Spirit" and the subjective experience of an external world of equal epistemic value? [closed]

In 1998, Dr William Lane Craig debated Professor Keith M. Parsons at Prestonwood Baptist Church in Plano, TX. The topic of the debate was "Why I Am/Am Not a Christian." After the debate ...
1 vote
3 answers
325 views

If you believe that our reality is some kind of reflection, what should be your label? Atheist? Nonbeliever? Agnostic?

If you believe in the external presence (God), but you are not religious in a conventional way. You believe in destiny, guidance from above, the afterlife, but you don't believe that Jesus Christ or ...
2 votes
4 answers
174 views

Can belief in God be grounded in (and justified by) personal experience rather than philosophical argumentation?

Attempts at legitimizing belief in God through reasoned philosophical argumentation abound in the fields of natural theology and apologetics. This is particularly evident in formal debates and ...
2 votes
4 answers
494 views

Are humans more forgiving and merciful than God? [closed]

Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are religions that follow a belief where if you commit certain sins, you'll end up being eternally punished unless you're forgiven by a higher power. Although the ...
1 vote
5 answers
479 views

Does guilt and conscience come from a higher source?

Can someone have a conscience if they never were taught what was good from bad? Could they feel guilty without the education of what was right? If so, does that mean that conscience could come from a ...
0 votes
2 answers
118 views

Why can't God be limited? [closed]

As far as I understand, many religions claim that God is perfect and unlimited in (almost) any way (e.g. the Christian God is often described as omniscient, omnibenevolent, omnipotent, omnipresent, ......
41 votes
17 answers
17k views

Should I respect other people's religions?

My point of view is that there is no reason to believe any god exists without evidence. So I find religions a very irrational idea and I mostly heard people saying We have to respect other ...
3 votes
3 answers
239 views

Should real possibilities be considered a part of reality and, as such, be regarded as evidence?

Can we say, with respect to reality, that "I AM not just What I AM"? That, aside from things actually existing or having been in the past, the real possibilities too must be treated as part ...
1 vote
1 answer
42 views

Do gnostic valentinians contribute their sect nowadays? [closed]

Why did people abandon Valentinian teachings and why isn't it practiced today? Here are links to who Valentinus was, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valentinus_(Gnostic), and a summary of his views: ...
7 votes
10 answers
5k views

Why are most philosophers non-theists and most non-philosophers theists? [closed]

According to PhilPapers Survey 2020, 66.95% of philosophers accept or lean towards atheism and 7.18% are agnostic or undecided, whereas only a 18.93% accepts or leans towards theism. In sharp contrast,...
1 vote
4 answers
219 views

Does theism postulate an overly complicated and unnecessary extra step?

One presentation of this argument is put forward by Carl Sagan: "If the general picture, however, of a Big Bang followed by an expanding universe is correct - what happened before that? Was the ...
0 votes
0 answers
125 views

Are there published rebuttals of Patrick Flynn's recent book "The Best Argument for God"?

The Best Argument for God, by Patrick Flynn, was recently published on October 17th, 2023. With only 21 votes on Amazon so far, it has garnered an average rating of 4.9 (as of March 25th, 2024). Does ...
3 votes
3 answers
149 views

Life: Pessimism vs optimism

I was reflecting a bit on the history of philosophy and religion and how they view human life. My question is the following: Why does it seem ( at least from my readings and knowledge, I might have ...
1 vote
0 answers
44 views

Greek philosophy: Why would Finite Time weaken the forces of evil?

The inspiration for this question is the metaphysics of evil in Zurvanism, however, I do not want to use the internal logic of this religious system to understand this topic, rather I want to see if ...
9 votes
10 answers
3k views

Does it matter if certain professions have a lower rate of theism, and if so, why does it matter?

Many of us are familiar with discussions bringing up the correlation with religion and IQ, or educational achievement, or being a professional in a certain field like physics or biology. These are ...
-1 votes
2 answers
125 views

Does philosophy suffer from an ad populum bias?

It seems to me that positions in philosophy are taken more seriously depending on how many people believe in them. For example, someone who believes in a monotheistic God is taken a bit more seriously ...
-5 votes
2 answers
296 views

Can atheism be considered as cult [closed]

I had recently conversation trying to understand if atheism is religion. However best argument I had - is that lack of belief into something isn’t theology - and it seems fare to me. However speaking ...
18 votes
12 answers
7k views

Is the Skeptic's Prayer a valid scientific experiment?

The "Skeptic's Prayer" is introduced on page 411 of Handbook of Catholic Apologetics: Reasoned Answers to Questions of Faith, by Peter Kreeft & Fr. Ronald Tacelli. The Skeptic's Prayer ...

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