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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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Is Blaise Pascal's approach to "curing unbelief" in the proposition that God exists philosophically sound?

Hence it comes that, if there are as many risks on one side as on the other, the course is to play even; and then the certainty of the stake is equal to the uncertainty of the gain, so far is it from ...
Mark's user avatar
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Can concepts be thought into existence?

Brain dump (This is a brain dump more than anything, but please feel free to add anything or make any counter points. I would love to talk more about it) We all know the phrase, "I think, ...
hmmmmmmmmm's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
39 views

Is Jainism sectarian or universal in its teachings?

Dharmic religions are viewed universal in its teachings. So, are the teachings of Jainism universal or not? If your answer is affirmative that Jainism is Universal then please explain this Those who ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
44 views

The split from Christianity to socialism and liberalism

It appears that from Christianism there was a split between those who decided to emphasize the Christian idea of charity (love) (like Thomas More, Meslier, Saint-Simon, Cabet, Polanyi), which gave ...
Starckman's user avatar
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5 votes
7 answers
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The older, the smarter. Is the wisdom of time a scientifically proven fact or just human prejudices?

For example, physicists, engineers, computer scientists don't care much about ancient studies and don't mind throwing away older theories and research. Yet, in philosophy and religious studies, we ...
TheMatrix Equation-balance's user avatar
1 vote
6 answers
149 views

How can God gives us free will and yet be the creator and originator of everything at the same time? [closed]

Religious people say we have free will in that god has the knowledge of whatever will happen but he doesn't cause our actions, we have a choice. I did an act of sin out of my own choice; god was only ...
Saqlain Syed's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
42 views

How can religious conception of choice be consistent with the notion of omnipotent, all powerful God? [duplicate]

Religious people say we have free will in that god has knowledge of whatever will happen but he doesn't make us do sin. I did an act of sin out of my own choice; god was just already aware of the ...
Saqlain Syed's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
111 views

Is there philosophy for uncertainty and fear?

I always have thoughts that I might burn in hell from God. I can’t find a reason to believe in Him but there are certain coincidences that I have seen in the world and in my life that are hard to ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
-3 votes
5 answers
116 views

Why we are coded with the idea of religion and its concepts if we are living in a computer simulation? [closed]

We all know that Nick Bostrom's cliche argument in favor of Simulation Hypothesis. I am wondering if my question can downgrade the Bostrom's hypothesis. Lets assume that we are living in a computer ...
Wiseman's user avatar
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4 answers
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According to Ockham’s Razor, how can we be sure a religion is verifiable? [closed]

Ockham’s Razor states that the answer with the fewest assumptions is correct, but what is the answer with the fewest assumptions? It could be anything, but we wouldn’t know until we already had the ...
user73356's user avatar
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5 answers
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Are the subjective experience of the "inner witness of the Holy Spirit" and the subjective experience of an external world of equal epistemic value? [closed]

In 1998, Dr William Lane Craig debated Professor Keith M. Parsons at Prestonwood Baptist Church in Plano, TX. The topic of the debate was "Why I Am/Am Not a Christian." After the debate ...
Mark's user avatar
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3 votes
15 answers
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Can religions die out specifically lose followers and consequently stop existing? (ontologically speaking)

This question arose after I watched the movie Dune and made some interesting finds regarding the religious and sociopolitical environment of this masterpiece. So the question arose, when I realized ...
How why e's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
168 views

Can belief in God be grounded in (and justified by) personal experience rather than philosophical argumentation?

Attempts at legitimizing belief in God through reasoned philosophical argumentation abound in the fields of natural theology and apologetics. This is particularly evident in formal debates and ...
Mark's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
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If you believe that our reality is some kind of reflection, what should be your label? Atheist? Nonbeliever? Agnostic?

If you believe in the external presence (God), but you are not religious in a conventional way. You believe in destiny, guidance from above, the afterlife, but you don't believe that Jesus Christ or ...
TheMatrix Equation-balance's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
107 views

Why can't God be limited? [closed]

As far as I understand, many religions claim that God is perfect and unlimited in (almost) any way (e.g. the Christian God is often described as omniscient, omnibenevolent, omnipotent, omnipresent, ......
Peter Jordanson's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
476 views

Are humans more forgiving and merciful than God? [closed]

Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are religions that follow a belief where if you commit certain sins, you'll end up being eternally punished unless you're forgiven by a higher power. Although the ...
mkinson's user avatar
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1 answer
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Do gnostic valentinians contribute their sect nowadays? [closed]

Why did people abandon Valentinian teachings and why isn't it practiced today? Here are links to who Valentinus was, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valentinus_(Gnostic), and a summary of his views: ...
cedfey dsfe's user avatar
8 votes
10 answers
5k views

Why are most philosophers non-theists and most non-philosophers theists? [closed]

According to PhilPapers Survey 2020, 66.95% of philosophers accept or lean towards atheism and 7.18% are agnostic or undecided, whereas only a 18.93% accepts or leans towards theism. In sharp contrast,...
Mark's user avatar
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1 vote
4 answers
215 views

Does theism postulate an overly complicated and unnecessary extra step?

One presentation of this argument is put forward by Carl Sagan: "If the general picture, however, of a Big Bang followed by an expanding universe is correct - what happened before that? Was the ...
Mark's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
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Are there published rebuttals of Patrick Flynn's recent book "The Best Argument for God"?

The Best Argument for God, by Patrick Flynn, was recently published on October 17th, 2023. With only 21 votes on Amazon so far, it has garnered an average rating of 4.9 (as of March 25th, 2024). Does ...
Mark's user avatar
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1 vote
5 answers
465 views

Does guilt and conscience come from a higher source?

Can someone have a conscience if they never were taught what was good from bad? Could they feel guilty without the education of what was right? If so, does that mean that conscience could come from a ...
Lukius's user avatar
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10 votes
13 answers
2k views

Can religious, mystical, or spiritual experiences reveal truth?

To what extent can we acquire reliable knowledge about the world through religious, mystical, or spiritual experiences? Does the answer hinge on the context of these experiences? Does the answer hinge ...
Mark's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
135 views

Life: Pessimism vs optimism

I was reflecting a bit on the history of philosophy and religion and how they view human life. My question is the following: Why does it seem ( at least from my readings and knowledge, I might have ...
trying_thebest_Ican's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
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Greek philosophy: Why would Finite Time weaken the forces of evil?

The inspiration for this question is the metaphysics of evil in Zurvanism, however, I do not want to use the internal logic of this religious system to understand this topic, rather I want to see if ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
121 views

Does philosophy suffer from an ad populum bias?

It seems to me that positions in philosophy are taken more seriously depending on how many people believe in them. For example, someone who believes in a monotheistic God is taken a bit more seriously ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
9 votes
10 answers
3k views

Does it matter if certain professions have a lower rate of theism, and if so, why does it matter?

Many of us are familiar with discussions bringing up the correlation with religion and IQ, or educational achievement, or being a professional in a certain field like physics or biology. These are ...
TKoL's user avatar
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-5 votes
2 answers
257 views

Can atheism be considered as cult [closed]

I had recently conversation trying to understand if atheism is religion. However best argument I had - is that lack of belief into something isn’t theology - and it seems fare to me. However speaking ...
Dmytro Brazhnyk's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
205 views

Can Reformed Epistemology be considered a special variant of mysticism?

First, some definitions (feel free to skip this part if you are already familiar with the concepts): Reformed Epistemology In the philosophy of religion, Reformed epistemology is a school of ...
Mark's user avatar
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3 votes
5 answers
308 views

Is there a stalemate between Skeptical Theism and The Evidential Problem of Evil?

Skeptical Theism: Skeptical theism is the view that God exists but that we should be skeptical of our ability to discern God’s reasons for acting or refraining from acting in any particular instance. ...
Mark's user avatar
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3 votes
10 answers
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Does the Problem of Evil address God's existence or his character?

The Problem of Evil, as most of us know, can be stated like this: God is the all-powerful and all-benevolent creator of the universe. Evil exists in that universe. If God is all-powerful, and yet ...
James Grossmann's user avatar
18 votes
12 answers
7k views

Is the Skeptic's Prayer a valid scientific experiment?

The "Skeptic's Prayer" is introduced on page 411 of Handbook of Catholic Apologetics: Reasoned Answers to Questions of Faith, by Peter Kreeft & Fr. Ronald Tacelli. The Skeptic's Prayer ...
Mark's user avatar
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1 vote
4 answers
130 views

Are there versions of Pascal's Wager in which the potential benefits can be realized during one's lifetime?

The conventional formulation of Pascal's Wager hinges on the uncertainty of awaiting confirmation until after death to determine the success of the wager. This assumes that the occurrence of death ...
Mark's user avatar
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-2 votes
12 answers
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Can God's existence be established through reason and publicly accessible evidence?

Is it possible for an ordinary individual possessing sound cognitive faculties and access to publicly available evidence to establish the existence of a God? Is there a prevailing consensus in ...
Mark's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
168 views

Can faith be based on hope rather than belief or intellectual assent?

I've been reflecting on the interplay between faith and hope, especially when hope entails some degree of uncertainty and lack of intellectual assent but a strong desire for something to be true. As ...
Mark's user avatar
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13 votes
7 answers
4k views

I am confused regarding my beliefs [closed]

I was born in a Muslim conservative family in Pakistan. I was taught Islam in my childhood. After growing up, I saw things differently. There was contradictions in all religious books, practices and ...
Rabail Anjum's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
54 views

The firmament in the hexaemeral cosmogony and compatibility with Thales

I realize any GPT analytical snippet may have its flaws, but I find it an alluring tool (if it continues to improve) to offer educated conjectures on what pre-Socratics would have to say about certain ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
45 views

Would LEGIT miracles and prophecies serve as proof for a religion [duplicate]

Let's say that a random man comes to me and preaches his faith. He says that his religious book was sent down to Earth 3000 years ago and revealed to a man called 'X'. I ask him for proof about his ...
Abdullah's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
44 views

Main books on the relationship between religion and science

I have had the book "History of the Conflict between Religion and Science" by John Willian Draper for a while. I really liked certain sections of it highlighting the sharp contrast between ...
hlayhel's user avatar
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10 votes
11 answers
4k views

Is it defensible to claim that religion is a personal relationship with God and therefore contains no claims?

It is a common line of argumentation against religion that it includes dogmatic claims without evidence and that the resistance to change that is peculiar to religion and stems from its dogmatism ...
gaazkam's user avatar
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6 votes
9 answers
5k views

Is Romans 1:19-20 philosophically sound?

Romans 1:18-25 ESV 18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. 19 For what can be known about ...
Mark's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
85 views

Can the definition of philosophy be personal?

Is there a formal definition of philosophy agreed upon by everybody. If any new- or third-party decides to subscribe to "philosophy", do they compulsorily accept the formal definition. Or ...
megamonster68's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
482 views

What exactly would count as a "positively meaningful and reciprocal conscious relationship" between a person and a God?

I would like to start by quoting this answer's summary of the divine hiddenness argument: This is the crux of the atheistic Argument from Divine Hiddenness: (1) Necessarily, if God exists, then God ...
Mark's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
126 views

Is there a version of the divine-hiddenness problem based specifically on the cognitive side of schizophrenia treatment?

Although to my knowledge mystical psychosis "by itself" is not a DSM listing, it is similar to symptoms of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, symptoms like delusions of reference and grandeur ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
18 votes
24 answers
11k views

Is Christianity testable?

In a debate between John Lennox and Peter Atkins on the topic "Can science explain everything?", at minute 44:47 John Lennox claims: Lennox: "And the major reason why I believe that ...
Mark's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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Omniscience leads to necessitarianism

You have probably seen these types of arguments before on incompatibility of omniscience and free will. The question is are these arguments valid and what can be a good refutation? Let G= x is known ...
Vihan 's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
344 views

Is Abrahamic God a creature? [closed]

Is God (as YHWH/IEUE, or Allah, etc.) a being because he represents his name from this reality, or because he has the potential to represent his name from other realities?
fkybrd's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
165 views

A problem regarding an impermanent hell

Regarding the Abrahamic hells, one could say that they are absolutely terrible for it is suffering without end, an eternal suffering; but there is a puzzling different type of hell or hells, those of ...
Rayyan khan's user avatar
6 votes
7 answers
2k views

Is there a philosophical doctrine that suggests that the soul endlessly travels between living organisms without being tied to space-time?

By the detachment of the soul from space-time, I understand the ability of the soul, after the death of the organism, to be reborn into anyone, anywhere and anytime. For example, the soul lived in a ...
iEPCBM's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
136 views

Does the private language argument conflict with monotheism?

This blog post opposes the PLA to unitarianism (the belief in only one divine person), which is mostly a parochial, intra-Christian objection that, if generalized over other religions, seems like it ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
7 votes
16 answers
4k views

Why should I seek to determine the ultimate nature of reality (i.e. whether God exists or not)?

Here is my argument: Until recently, I considered the pursuit (and eventual determination) of the ultimate nature of reality to be one of the most (if not the most) important goals for me. This is ...
tryingtobeastoic's user avatar

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