Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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Why does the word “atheism” exist?

Why does the word "atheism" exist? There is no such word for people who disbelieve in astrology or Santa Claus or dragons. So, why does the word exist? Is it because most societies today and ...
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Eminent causes aren't intelligent - Principle of proportionate causality

In Edward Feser's "five proofs of the existence of God" book. He mentions the Principle of proportionate causality. whatever is in some effect must in some way or other be in the cause, ...
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How is it possible that focusing on a topic and focusing on your brain's process of doing it are not the same thing?

This question is different from How to live the present instead of just surviving?. It's about an apparent contradiction in general whereas that one is specifically asking how to live in the present ...
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A simple way to explain the argument from efficient causes for the existence of god according to Aquinas? [closed]

According to Aquinas but not originally, I'm not exactly sure whose theory it was that Aquinas reworded.
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Why would a God create animals that manifest homosexual behavior if he thought that homosexuality is a sin? [closed]

There are some people who think that homosexuality is a choice. They would argue that we can make this choice because we have free will. I will focus on those who think this way because of religious ...
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How similar are Taoism and Christianity?

The current Wikipedia article on Taoism contains a relatively prominent section devoted to arguments in favor of an alleged similarity between Taoism and Christianity. Some authors have dealt with ...
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Having S5 system Why we need to use WPSR in Gale Pruss New cosmological arguement?

As you know Gale_ Pruss improved The cosmological argument using WPSR instead of Strong PSR. They in their 1999 article said if it be possibly that there be a God who freely created the world using ...
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4answers
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Does omnipotence entail omniscience?

Twice this week, in academic works, I came across the "idea" that omnipotence implies omniscience. I don't remember the first place I encountered it (I'm trying to remember, and if I do I'll add it to ...
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Are there any publications that attempt to give a formal ontological definition of the Christian Trinity?

Are there any publications in the field of Philosophy of Religion that have attempted to provide a formal ontological definition of the Christian God as portrayed by the doctrine of the Trinity? Take ...
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Why does Leibniz require monads to act in concert?

Leibnizs metaphysics is illustrated in his Monadology. He states that there are many substances, but only one is infinite (God) the others are finite. He calls simple substances monads. Only the ...
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Is it possible to enumerate metaphysical hypotheses?

Recently, I had an argument with someone who stated that the chance of experiencing nothing after death is extremely low. Their reasoning was that one can think of many more metaphysical realities in ...
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Has there ever been a successful, philosophically defensible refutation of the Epicurean Paradox?

"God said it, I believe it, and that settles it", is the final refuge of faith-based rhetoric, not a viable philosophical position. Has any significant religious thinker of any stripe ...
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What is “religion”?

In his 2013 book entitled Why Tolerate Religion?, Brian Leiter defined "religion" as follows: Central beliefs that issue in categorical demands on action -- that is, demands that must be satisfied ...
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Does this argument disprove immaterialism?

-Every observation we have analysed has a material cause. -By inductive reasoning, all observations have materialistic causes. -Hence, there are no immaterial causes and immaterialism doesn't exist. (...
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Religious provisions to Jung's “male-female” archetype

In page 69 of his "Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious", Jung writes: The anima image, which lends the mother such superhuman glamour in the eyes of the son, gradually becomes ...
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143 views

Solution to the Grandfather's paradox - Inverse reincarnation? [closed]

One of the premises of the grandfather paradox in time travel is that of inconsistency. I.e, going back in time to kill your grandfather or grandmother prevents your birth. The solution is simple, ...
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What philosophers have considered humans as gods?

Have any reputable philosophers considered this concept? If so, which ones? And how did they account for responsibility and accountability in their frameworks?
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Should real possibilities be considered a part of reality and, as such, be regarded as evidence?

Can we say, with respect to reality, that "I AM not just What I AM"? That, aside from things actually existing or having been in the past, the real possibilities too must be treated as part ...
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Is this logical? Topic on death being a black box

People say death is a black box, that you can know nothing about it, but is the following logical? If you believe real time travel is possible maybe in the future and someone eventually may be able ...
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Has anyone claimed that any eternal return is not for and to me, because “a perfect repletion is the same”?

Has anyone claimed that any eternal return is not for and to me, because "a perfect repletion is the same"? I use quotes cos it's something a friend said, and I reckon that (if their original ...
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Why does Thomas Aquinas conclude that the First Mover is God?

It appears to me that the First Mover of any motion must not move only with respect to the change it is producing, but otherwise could be moved in a way unrelated to what it is changing, or moved ...
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Why Do They Always Say to Keep The Faith On The Unknown, To Be Liberated? [closed]

Almost all the pious pundits and religious gurus preach us to keep the faith or take a leap of faith to be liberated. I don't understand, what is the faith all about and what to keep the faith on? ...
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Is “God” real from a scientific perspective? [closed]

Study Maps The Odd Structural Similarities Between The Human Brain And The Universe Are Neural Networks About to Reinvent Physics? The world as a neural network Many other references are available in ...
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Could God rule out solipsism, simulation theory and similar scenarios?

The god of abrahamic religions is typically said to be omnipotent an omniscient. However, how could such a god rule out solipsism, simulation theory and things like that? Consider the following ...
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Are there any reasons why a religious believer would want to avoid a theodicy?

A theodicy responds to the problem of evil which objects the existence of God, so it appears that a religious believer should want to devise a theodicy. however, there must be good reasons why ...
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Can we define the notion of an “omnipotent God” in terms of computational power?

A classic omnipotence paradox asks, "can an omnipotent God create a stone so heavy that He cannot lift it?" The problem here is that we take omnipotence to mean "capable of anything ...
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How common is the notion of God taking a break from work?

In Judeo-Christian tradition, the day when God finished creating the earth is the day of rest. “and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done. ” Does this idea appear in other ...
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Why do we need repetitive demonstration to accept miracles happening?

From the highest upvoted answer on Is any aspect of the supernatural testable? What level of proof is possible for the supernatural?: However, you are probably wasting your time on the various ...
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What is free will? [duplicate]

I'm sorry if I'm wasting anyone's time with a dumb question but I'll try to explain the way I see things. So, if God created a world where you can't levitate, see through walls etc, and I want to do ...
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Is Hegel criticizing the Church in On the Prospects for a Folk Religon?

Good morning, I have just started studying Hegel with the oldest work I could find, On the Propspects for a Folk Religion, also called Tübinga Fragments I believe. In the second paragraph it already ...
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Does the requirement to use preferred gender pronous preclude the participation of people whose faith teaches that gender cannot be changed?

There are numerous cases where the views held by different people clash. Homosexual intercourses are one such obvious example: many religious denominations (for example Catholicism) consider them ...
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Material Consequence to Religion

I have heard many people reduce the argument for religious systems of belief and action to their material benefit. A most cited argument is that the Book of Leviticus and its guidelines for nutrition ...
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What is the name behind the concept of believing in God based on this logical deduction?

From my memories, there is a well defined definition / concept / name for the following: A scientist chose to believe in the Christian God because of the following logic: If God does exist, then you ...
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Can a Woman truly fall in love with the Devil? If so, will she go to Heaven or Hell, after her life? Why? [closed]

I'm a Christian Baptist, and this is not a troll, I'm genuinely interested in an honest and in-depth answer, regarding all science and religious philosophy, both mysticism and pragmatism. The question,...
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Cause and effect

A standard argument for the existence of God is the Kalam Cosmological Argument. The first premise of this argument is that if something begins to exist then it must have a cause. My question is this. ...
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Can there be more than one omnipotent being?

Assuming that an omnipotent being could exist, can more than one coexist each other?
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Do stories contain “Meta-truth”? Jordan Peterson

I am hoping someone can help me find what is wrong and/or right with the idea of "meta-truth". I am also curious as to what can be problematic. ..I don't think "meta-truth" is defined officially. ...
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Which philosophers have argued that a God cannot exist?

Which philosophers have argued that a God cannot exist and why? What are some of the major positions involved, and perhaps some common responses?
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What are the fundamental differences between the belief system of science and religious belief systems?

While most religious belief systems affirm the existence of certain things, the belief system of (natural) science tends to deny the existence of certain "not-reproducible" things. Let's look at two ...
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Did Augustine try to prove God's existence using Set Theory?

Some time ago I heard a professor of mine describe Augustine's Confessions as an attempt to prove God's existence using set theory. I didn't get a chance to ask him more of what he meant, and ...
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Understanding Bertrand Russell on agnosticism and atheism as self-descriptions

I came across this very interesting quote, but it is giving me some confusion. Since Russel was a philosopher I thought it was best to come to the Philosophy stack exchange. And this is by no means a ...
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Non-theism is neither Theism nor Atheism?

Here is my understanding of the subject Theism Theism is broadly defined as the belief in the existence of a Supreme Being or deities. Theism Non theism Nontheism has generally been used to ...
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Is God subject to logic?

If someone claims that God is beyond logic then how do we know he is beyond logic ? (as we lose all the methods to know whether the claim is true or not?) Logic is the use and study of valid reasoning,...
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Is religion necessary for the good life?

According to Aristotle, you will be deemed as living well if you experience worldly pleasures while still being morally upright and virtuous. How can you identify what is morally right without the ...
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If it weren't for the theory of evolution, would the argument from design for God's existence be justified?

Let's assume that someone is an educated and intelligent person from the 17th or 18th century. They've been though the enlightenment, they know of the scientific method and have a scientific world ...
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Should one be able to obtain a sociology or philosophy degree through verbal measures without classes or written tests? [closed]

I'm really just trying to find out what someone thinks is accurate an efficient according to the comparison of some critics, an or professionals. ...
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585 views

What is the difference between the spiritual and the metaphysical

According to this (old) page, metaphysics is the study of things beyond anything humans can perceive. Because of this fact, metaphysics is relatively faith-based discipline and, compared to science, ...
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How would a theist answer this argument against heaven?

Some, if not most, theists assert that time exists in heaven. How can this be? If time is at all based on physical laws (spacetime, emergence, etc.), it won't be able to exist as it does currently in ...
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What is the oldest known ethical list?

Preface This is not an attempt to appeal to tradition. Rather, general curiosity. Brass Tacks What list like ethical code of ancient religions is similar to the Ten Commandments or the five/ eight ...
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Does the word “absurd” have specialized meaning in philosophical discourse?

This is essentially about William Lane Craig's publications on (his version of) the Kalam cosmological argument. Craig is constantly talking about "absurdities" that result from considering infinite ...

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