Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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3answers
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What are some non-traditional arguments for God's existence?

By traditional arguments, I mean argument widely and traditionally used for existence of God like: Cosmological argument, Teleological argument, Moral argument, Ontological argument, Pragmatic ...
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The conflict of creationism and evolution. How can we know the truth?

the demands of evolution and creation cannot be reconciled with each other because they represent two fundamentally different, mutually hostile, and mutually exclusive systems. They do not ...
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4answers
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Why does religion eventually disintegrate into sects? [closed]

I'm currently reading Ancient History of India and I have the following question - It has been widely documented that religion is divided into sects on account of differences in the interpretations of ...
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10answers
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What fallacy in Pascal's Wager allows replacing God with the devil?

I wanted to know the name of the fallacy or fallacies the Pascal's Wager in the sense that it can be applied to motivate one's belief in many things. A similar argument to the original Wager can be ...
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How do you resolve the issue: logically reasoning about 'god' (or even physics; mathematics) when sometimes logic is not valid or is partially broken?

Granted, the start of the following discussion may use some common everyday common sense logic, and therefore may not be valid in some new paradigm. However, the question is, in the face of Russel's ...
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Does science need support from religion or philosophy to explain the creation? [closed]

Science is trying to explain how the universe is made. The beginning of the universe explains the Big Bang theory. But what happened before Big Bang? Science cannot go before that. So, does this mean ...
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8answers
975 views

Does this modal ontological argument prove the existence of God?

What are some objections to this form of the argument? It seems like the only premise that can be disputed is premise 1, but nobody has successfully disproven the possibility of a maximally great ...
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0answers
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What was Helmut Schoeck's religion?

Helmut Schoeck spent his early life in Austria and Germany. His writings are conservative or libertarian in nature. He seemed to like Nietzsche, but conservatives concerned with envy are often ...
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How to evaluate the impersonal God and the personal God? [closed]

How to evaluate the impersonal God and the personal God? Aristotle holds the former view, while Aquinas, Islam and Judaism in the Middle Ages hold the latter view.
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What is the difference between Theology and philosophy of Religion?

Wikipedia explains it as follows The philosophy of religion has been distinguished from theology by pointing out that, for theology, "its critical reflections are based on religious convictions". ...
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What arguments are there for the existence of a personal God?

Classical arguments for God's existence, like ontological, cosmological, teleological, etc., only derive the existence of something very abstract, greatest entity, first cause, etc., which is then "...
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1answer
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After a religious ceremony, will the animal offerings be eaten? [closed]

In Africa, the deities and spirits are often honored through the sacrifice of animals. After the ceremony, would the animals be eaten by people? I know that in Asia, some people would eat the animal ...
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Isn't the existence of Hell inherently evil, and isn't God therefore evil in allowing Hell to exist?

In many religions, for example, the Abrahamic ones, there exists a place of eternal punishment for those who live in violation of God's commandments. Assuming an infinitely-long afterlife, in which "...
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Is the teleological argument for God completely refuted?

Teleological arguments for the existence of God have a long history and straddle Greek Antiquity (Platos Divine Artificer), Islam (Averroes) and Christianity (Aquinas) and currently and most famously ...
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4answers
249 views

How could Occam's razor possibly be used metaphysically?

Occam's razor, or the law of parsimony, states that the simplest explanation for any given data is most likely the correct one. Some have attempted to use Occam's razor in a metaphysical sense, to ...
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Can any Christian action truly be morally good?

If someone does a morally good action because they fear God, which is a selfish motive, surely this means it is not a morally selfless action. In the same way, if any morally good action is not ...
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83 views

Neo-liberal capitalism

In an academic paper I am trying to argue that there is a stark difference between neoliberal capitalism and traditional religions (Islam, Christianity, Buddhism etc.). Do you know of any philosopher ...
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Is this argument valid, and will the God accept this motivation of praying?

To me, given my limited religious understanding, it is really probable for Islam to be true, but I am not 100% sure. I just don't know the truth. However, I see this to be problematic: this not being ...
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318 views

How did Buddhism philosophy influence on Hideki Yukawa's thought?

Since physicist Hideki Yukawa was somewhat influenced by Oriental and Buddhist philosophy, he had some ideas about the complementarity of opposite things. In fact, when Niels Bohr published his ...
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Solution to the Grandfather's paradox - Inverse reincarnation? [closed]

One of the premises of the grandfather paradox in time travel is that of inconsistency. I.e, going back in time to kill your grandfather or grandmother prevents your birth. The solution is simple, ...
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2answers
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What is the difference between the Umma and the Ecclesia?

What is the difference between the Umma and the Ecclesia? I hope it's the place to ask theology questions. If it's not and that another forum does exist, I'll delete my questions, but I didn't find a ...
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1answer
386 views

Are there any scholarly critiques of Edward Feser's work?

Have there been any critiques of Feser in academia, particularly philosophy of religion? I'd also like to see if there have been critiques of Aristotelian-Thomism which is what Feser's framework is ...
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7answers
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Authors on religions as mental traps

Religions use mental concepts such as final judgement, sin, salvation, redemption, condemnation, karma, purification of the soul etc. A person who has been indoctrinated for years with these concepts ...
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Could philosophers via Logic prove the validity of some holy books, then use them as a source of trustful knowledge?

Could philosophy or philosophers or some philosophers prove the validity of the text of a holy book, e.g: Qur'an or the Bible, or some holy books, using logic and philosophical means, then use these ...
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484 views

Does anyone say that dying for a cause is always irrational? [closed]

Does anyone say that dying for a cause is always irrational? I wouldn't gloss Heidegger's freedom-toward-death, like that, but it might be broadly similar. On the one hand, I would prefer to die ...
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Paradox with regards to detachment

Recently I got a chance to read 'Gita' where the central paradigm is 'Detachment', which goes absolutely against my intuition which I explain below. Let's take example of Feynman, who was so ...
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How much math must tenured full philosophy professors know?

I'm talking math not logic. I'm referring to full tenured Professors of Philosophy at world famous universities like Oxbridge, Ivy League, Stanford, or MIT. Please be specific and type the math course ...
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Fundamental idea on proving God's existence with science

I think that proving God's existence or any deity from any culture with the rigors of science is fundamentally absurd. The popular arguments usually involve space-time and the big bang theory. (I ...
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0answers
248 views

Do those who deny a univocal understanding of “God is good” conflate sense and connotation?

Several theologians following Aquinas have said that when we say things like "God is good" that this must mean something different to when we call other things good; this is called analogical use of ...
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Some questions about the cosmological argument given by Samuel Clarke

The exercise I am doing is as follows: The following are my questions: Why the exercise says that Samuel Clarke's argument "allow for the possibility of causal chains with no beginning"? ...
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3answers
236 views

Authors on consciousness and its relation with suffering

Let's say we take a group of volunteers willing to receive a 120V discharge under fMRI scanners. They all may receive the same intensity but how can we know that they all recieve the same amount of ...
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1answer
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Does St. Thomas Aquinas' cosmological argument from contingency assume that an infinite regress of contingent things is impossible?

The Third Way: Argument from Possibility and Necessity (Reductio argument) We find in nature things that are possible to be and not to be, that come into being and go out of being i.e., ...
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Can simulation theory be considered a form of religion?

The simulation theory has gained track in recent years; even Elon Musk has spoken on it. As it follows the associated, can belief in the simulation theory be considered a form of religion? The ...
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116 views

Are some religious claims subject to empirical testing?

Almost all (Christian) theists assert that humans experience everlasting bliss in heaven. Is this possible? So the real issue is whether it is logically possible that an unending life (in which one ...
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Divine temporality and spacetime

According to the IEP, The majority position today, at least among philosophers, is that God is everlasting but temporal. How is the idea of divine temporality reconciled with special relativity? ...
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2answers
422 views

A small reformulation of the Cosmological Argument

I am sure the cosmological argument has been raised here by people like me who know nothing about philosophy numerous times before on this board. But I'm wondering if a slightly different approach can ...
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1answer
212 views

Why do we punish crime?

I have no formal training whatsoever in philosophy but have a question nonetheless. I am sorry if this is way off topic for this site. Crime begets punishment: let us say that punishment is prison. ...
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257 views

Does God still know what He has forgotten?

The following is from the Christian text Hebrews 10:15-17: [my emphasis] 15 The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says: 16 “This is the covenant I will make with them ...
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Does the notion of an all-powerful God conflict with the idea of free will?

In Abrahamic religions, God is often believed to be wholly omnipotent. People also seem to believe that humans have "free will", especially insofar that they feel they are in control of their own ...
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Does the Kalam cosmological argument prove that the prime Creator created this universe directly

I was reading about the Kalam cosmological argument on wikipedia. The conclustion of which is: An uncaused, personal Creator of the universe exists, who sans the universe is beginningless, ...
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231 views

Can theism be reconciled with the apparent state of dualism?

The SEP states that "dualism has come upon hard times lately, and is widely regarded as being discredited." It seems to me that most theists (I'm thinking mostly of Christians here) accept dualism to ...
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How can a theist justify not having children?

Most theists (perhaps, most people in general) would say that having a happy person is better than having no person at all. Indeed, most theists admit to this by saying that God "wanted to" or "...
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1k views

What is that French phrase about having innate knowledge of God?

I've got something right on the tip of my tongue, and I'd really like to figure it out. The most I remember about it was that it was in French, was two or three words, and had something to do with ...
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Which philosophy views “value” as the god?

What spiritual philosophy does Robert Lawrence Kuhn describe here? This view says that everything exists because of the value of the totality of universe.
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Why are there so many religions and gods? [closed]

Why are there so many religions and gods all over the world? Come to think of it, when the idea spread, why did people develop different gods and beliefs rather than follow the same one? If the idea ...
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If religion is a human trait, does that prove all religions are false?

Does the fact that there was prehistoric religion and that humans have displayed religious behaviour by worshipping gods long before the creation/rise of the Abrahamic religions (and the other major ...
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1answer
158 views

Do people tend to immorality like every Abrahamic religion told? [closed]

In many sentences of the Quran and other Abrahamic religious books, we are told about many different people who were immoral (thieves, corruption, adultery, etc.) until prophets come and help them ...
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1answer
671 views

Principle of proportionate causality - what are virtual and eminent causes?

I'm reading Edward Feser's book Five Proofs of the Existence of God. On pages 32-33 he introduces the principle of proportionate causality (PPC). I'm having trouble understanding what precisely ...
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1answer
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Is it immoral to make a living off of a religious product that I made?

I'm a software developer, and I'm making an application that is, basically, a religious-inspired social media platform. It's free, not freemium, no consumables, nothing to pay for and users have ...
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1answer
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Is existence essential to God?

Thomas Aquinas said that God was absolute perfect, God being pure actuality and had no potentiality. If there was a time where there wasn't an existence, then God would have a potentiality and not ...

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