Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
6
votes
1answer
145 views

Where can one find the most fully developed version of EAAN with the four-part defense of premise 1?

Having just completed Alvin Plantinga's book Where the Conflict Really Lies, I was a bit surprised to learn that he now takes a different approach to defending premise 1 of the Evolutionary Argument ...
1
vote
1answer
317 views

Better Understanding Plantinga's Argument Against Naturalism

My advanced apologies if my question is not appropriate for this website. This is my first semester of Philosophy so I hope I'm not asking obvious, low-level questions. I have been reading Plantinga'...
4
votes
0answers
47 views

Does Alvin Plantinga's book Knowledge and Christian Belief offer any substantial updates to Warranted Christian Belief?

The stated primary goal of Plantinga's Knowledge and Christian Belief (2015) was to condense the content of Warranted Christian Belief (2000) into a shorter and more accessible book. My question is ...
33
votes
22answers
4k views

In what sense is atheism scientific?

I have been reading a bit of Dawkins and the like and they all seem to hold a very strong viewpoint on atheism and its associated ideology. I have not found a direct citation for this but he ...
4
votes
4answers
264 views

Does Plantinga's freewill defense approach to the problem of evil conflict with current standards of moral responsibility?

Alvin Plantinga provided a solution (or what he called a defense) to the problem of evil based on the value of freewill. Assuming one believes in God, the problem is how to reconcile the apparent ...
3
votes
1answer
189 views

Does Plantinga view God as knowing precisely what a human being will choose to do?

This question has been bothering me since I attempted an answer to Dmitry Ornatsky’s question about God’s omniscience: How does Plantinga's defense of free will align with omniscience I think ...
7
votes
6answers
451 views

Is the logical problem of evil still argued?

Mackie (in "The Miracle of Theism" for instance) has argued that the supposed incompatibility between an all-powerful, all-knowing, and morally perfect God and the existence of evil actually ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

What makes a basic belief a properly basic belief?

I'm currently looking into Plantinga's reformed epistemology and I'm trying to wrap my head around what makes a basic belief a properly basic belief. I understand what a basic belief is, in that it ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Evaluating One of the Premises of Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism

I learned Plantinga's Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism in the following form: The probability for the reliability of cognitive faculties conditional on naturalistic evolution, P(R|N&...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Clarification of a comment on Catholicism by Octavio Paz

In Octavio Paz's Labyrinth of Solitude while writing about the Aztec Religion in passing he says: The situation prefigured the introduction of Catholicism which is also a religion superimposed upon ...
1
vote
3answers
127 views

If a false scientific theory is seemingly 'proven', and contributes to the progress of society, is proving it wrong detrimental?

If, some well known and extremely well respected scientist of the modern world makes a seemingly unmistakable correlation between x (eating 33 bananas a day for instance) and y (ease in anxiety). The ...
32
votes
13answers
15k views

Why are believers criticized so much for being anti-science when so many scientists are … believers?

My first introduction to philosophical debate was through Sam Harris and Christopher Hitchens. The idea that they hammered into a younger me was that faith was stupid and irrational and any person ...
9
votes
7answers
1k views

Could there ever be evidence for an infinite being?

The God of Anselm is understood as "that than which nothing greater can be conceived." From this definition, God can be presumed to be omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, perfectly free, uncaused, ...
6
votes
3answers
335 views

Should one consider it a 'miracle' that the world exists?

Miracles are used generally in theological/religious contexts. Outside of them they're seen as either rationally explicable as signifiers of theological truths that are uncovered by hermeneutics of ...
4
votes
3answers
252 views

Is it necessary to read Neoplatonic works (e.g. Plotinus, Porphyry, etc…) to understand St. Augustine's books?

I heard that St. Augustine of Hippo did put Neoplatonic thoughts in his works like "Confessions" ( I have the book but didn't read it yet). Is it necessary to read neoplatonic books like the Enneads ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

What does wisdom mean for a secular person?

I'm a Christian now, but I can remember the days when I was a rather unreflective atheist. Back then, I considered the word "wisdom" to be meaningless, and would be suspicious of anybody who claimed ...
-1
votes
5answers
208 views

Should all religions and science simply be called philosophies? [closed]

It could be argued that there are three great competing philosophies in the world right now. Democracy, Communism and Islam. Now because one of these philosophies also includes the presumption of a ...
3
votes
7answers
286 views

Is faith necessary for optimism?

I’ve been pondering this awhile now. I think possibly the most important thing to me is intellectual honesty when it comes to things - tending to be a realist; anticipating what is most likely going ...
-1
votes
5answers
297 views

Authors on religions as mental traps

Religions use mental concepts such as final judgement, sin, salvation, redemption, condemnation, karma, purification of the soul etc. A person who has been indoctrinated for years with these concepts ...
0
votes
2answers
196 views

If the bible says 'Thou shalt not judge' why do people judge LGBT lifestyle? [closed]

It's something that puzzles me. It's like the bible says one thing, but then many people turn it around and use it to bash other people with it. I've also seen so-called Christians make lies, and the ...
5
votes
8answers
1k views

Is the problem of evil due to a fallacy or a paradox?

Informally speaking the problem of evil is pretty straight forward. On one hand: God is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent. On the other hand: Evil exists in the world. This is a ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

How similar were Epicureans and Stoics to Buddhism on suffering?

One of the main goals of the Buddhist philosophy/religion is to be free of suffering. Buddhism identifies ego, desire, non acceptance of impermanence, ignorance and all negative emotions(because the ...
4
votes
4answers
112 views

In nondualistic religions (Shaivism/Hinduism/New Age) why does consciousness manifest the world at all?

Hi I do not understand why there is no religion stacks exchange but this question is more philosophy anyhow. Nondualistic eastern religions (Traditionally tantra movement, some Hinduism strands, ...
2
votes
5answers
337 views

If the deity is both omnipotent and omniscient can the deity then construct a riddle so difficult that even he can not solve it? [duplicate]

If he can't create a riddle he can't solve then he can't do everything so he is not omnipotent and if he can create a riddle he can't solve then he is not omniscient...So which is it? (Ok I know it'...
4
votes
6answers
2k views

Does omniscience negate free will?

If a tri-omni being knows what you're exactly going to do, then you can't do anything other than what he already knows you'll do. Further, if a tri-omni being created this reality in which things ...
3
votes
4answers
149 views

How to deal with self conflicting opinion with my potential religion on controversial issue?

I have conflicting opinion with my potential religion (Christian) on issues such as LGBT rights and euthanasia. Is it ethical and proper to continue to approach this religion? Could I interpret bible ...
2
votes
3answers
238 views

Wanted: literature on the ethics of creating a fake world (The morality of God)

WARNING (reader discretion is advised. Don't do these experiments if you are not familiar with existential philosophy or if you suffer from some mental disorder) This question is subtle. I think ...
2
votes
3answers
445 views

Is it unfair to eternally punish people in hell if determinism is true?

If determinism happens to be true, then people just do what the laws of Physics governing the chemical interactions of neurons in their brains make them do. In such a scenario, wouldn't it be unfair ...
1
vote
4answers
175 views

Trying to find all the arguments relating to gods

I'm trying to build a list of every argument relating to the existence, likelihood, evidence etc... of God in the Abrahamic tradition, or gods and the supernatural in general. I specifically want to ...
34
votes
15answers
14k views

Fundamental idea on proving God's existence with science

I think that proving God's existence or any deity from any culture with the rigors of science is fundamentally absurd. The popular arguments usually involve space-time and the big bang theory. (I ...
7
votes
6answers
13k views

What does Kant mean by “Existence is not a predicate”?

What does Kant mean by "Existence is not a predicate"? How does that invalidate the ontological arguments? and how can he show that it's not a predicate? By predicate, I think he means a "property"...
2
votes
4answers
185 views

How does somebody believe in anything out of science?

I fail to see how someone can believe in something such as a religion without any evidence of it being real when nowadays no one believes anything without seeing proof. I don't know if this goes for a ...
2
votes
4answers
158 views

Paradox with regards to detachment

Recently I got a chance to read 'Gita' where the central paradigm is 'Detachment', which goes absolutely against my intuition which I explain below. Let's take example of Feynman, who was so ...
1
vote
3answers
117 views

Skepticism towards Nirvana, Moksha

Doesn't the Experience Machine thought experiment by Robert Nozick refute the idea of Nirvana and Moksha?
3
votes
3answers
122 views

What does it mean that a belief is scientifically compatible?

In the following thread ... Does culture bias weaken the argument that modern science and a religious world view are compatible? ... the questioner presents the following discussion between an ...
1
vote
4answers
214 views

Theory of everything and God

I always reach this point when I think about physics and God: Assume that a theory of everything is found. And this ToE is a successful mathematical description of the entire universe. EDIT: By "...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Was Bishop Berkeley part of the Enlightenment and if so - how did it fit his adherence to religion?

In his The Analyst Berkeley argued, among other things, that mathematicians must not "submit to Authority, take things upon Trust" and so expressed a view of the Enlightenment. This made me think: if ...
3
votes
3answers
626 views

Why would a God create animals that manifest homosexual behavior if he thought that homosexuality is a sin?

There are some people who think that homosexuality is a choice. They would argue that we can make this choice because we have free will. I will focus on those who think this way because of religious ...
-2
votes
5answers
238 views

What are the limits (if any) of God's Omnipotence [closed]

What can a Omnipotence God Do and what he can't ? can he for example create logically incoherent things ? Can god Create A being more powerful than he/it is ? Or Can god Prove he doesn't Exist ? if ...
4
votes
3answers
256 views

How does “Plotinian discussion of unity and multiplicity” contribute to Al-Kindi's cosmological argument?

I'm reading a discussion of Al-Kindi's cosmological argument. Al-Kindi is widely considered "father of Islamic philosophy" and this argument is a version of what is now known as the "kalam ...
8
votes
8answers
745 views

What is god for religious people?

In order to discuss with religious friends about god, I would like to know if there's some accepted objective definitions of God for main religions, even if belief is subjective. For example, is he "...
8
votes
11answers
6k views

What is the difference between philosophy, religion, and science?

If philosophy is the rational investigation of truth, how is it different from science or mathematics? Is philosophy based at some level on a subjective feeling? If so, how is it different from ...
2
votes
1answer
210 views

How do religious pluralists decide on exclusion?

“Religious pluralism” here means believing that the teachings of the different religions are just variations of some “universal truth”… like John Hick did, for example. Surely religious pluralists ...
5
votes
6answers
2k views

What is the relationship between Science and Religion?

I recently came across the explanation that Science explains things that can be explained, religion explains things that can not be explained. Is this true? I feel like this is true because ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Which philosophers have touched on whether or not something is moral if it is commanded by a deity?

I'll explain further: if a deity tells you something is moral, is that truly moral? Which philosophers have touched on that specific topic?
8
votes
6answers
443 views

Has anyone used analytic methods to attempt to dissolve the question of God's existence (as opposed to solving it)?

One of the main ideas of the analytic schools of philosophy (logical atomism, ordinary language philosophy,...) is that many philosophical problems can be dissolved - as opposed to resolved - upon ...
5
votes
2answers
262 views

Hiddenness of God

I have some questions regarding the argument of the Canadian philosopher John Schellenberg (Hiddenness of God) or (nonresistant nonbelief). See it here: The argument from nonresistant nonbelief My ...
4
votes
2answers
137 views

Authors that compare nationalism to religion

If people didn't choose their birth place nor their parents why do people feel proud or ashamed of their country? Why do they feel somehow responsible for the actions people take in the present or ...
3
votes
4answers
315 views

Naturalism under a neo atheist definition

The Free Dictionary defines Naturalism (in regards to philosophy) as... "A scientific account of the world in terms of causes and natural forces that rejects all spiritual, supernatural, or ...
4
votes
4answers
442 views

What is “religion”?

In his 2013 book entitled Why Tolerate Religion?, Brian Leiter defined "religion" as follows: Central beliefs that issue in categorical demands on action -- that is, demands that must be satisfied ...