Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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3
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3answers
221 views

Does God need to create mathematics?

If someone knows the detail of everything and has endless life, did s/he need to create mathematics to describe the world?
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1answer
195 views

Why would philosophical agnosticism and pragmatic atheism be considered more rational than philosophical agnosticism and pragmatic theism?

I'm referring to the accepted answer on this post. The answerer states that If one is both attentive to empirical scientific studies and to philosophical investigations of the limits of knowledge, ...
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8answers
683 views

Will God ever die?

It seems to me that believing in the Big Bang theory and believing in God are not completely mutually exclusive. The Big Bang theory states that from a moment in time, caused by some conditions, the ...
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1answer
287 views

Why did Aldous Huxley not include the Zohar/Kabbalah in “The Perennial Philosophy”?

The Perennial Philosophy presents a universalist interpretation of the world's religions through a comparative study of a collection of mystical writings, from both Eastern and Western philosophies. ...
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4answers
206 views

Why does Thomas Aquinas say that “in every composite there must be potentiality and actuality”?

In the chapter in Summa Theologica on the simplicity of God, Aquinas says the following in arguing that God is not composite: ... in every composite there must be potentiality and actuality; but ...
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6answers
984 views

Does culture bias weaken the argument that modern science and a religious world view are compatible?

A typical argument between an atheist and a theist goes along the following lines: ATH: "Modern science and reason are incompatible with a religious world view." TH: "That's not true, many scientists,...
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3answers
423 views

Why do people turn to atheism when they try to escape dogmas?

Sometimes people who were grown in some religious environment feel like they do not like that religion. Usually they do not like dogmas which tells them what is allowed and what's not. Since the ...
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6answers
306 views

Which philosophy should I follow as an Atheist? [closed]

Recently I decided to give up my religion. However I am confused which philosophy or philosopher should I follow to guide me in my life. I assume philosophy is mature and capable of replacing religion ...
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1answer
260 views

Why does Leibniz require monads to act in concert?

Leibnizs metaphysics is illustrated in his Monadology. He states that there are many substances, but only one is infinite (God) the others are finite. He calls simple substances monads. Only the ...
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4answers
310 views

What is the definition of God? [duplicate]

The concept of God in different religions as well as deism seems to be inconsistent. So what is the best way of defining God?
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2answers
805 views

Thomas of Aquino vs. William of Ockham

Thomas of Aquinas mentions Aristotle´s views at length in his writings. It seems that Aristotle who I understand did not teach about an intervening God, is nevertheless considered a skilled mechanics ...
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8answers
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What are the fundamental differences between the belief system of science and religious belief systems?

While most religious belief systems affirm the existence of certain things, the belief system of (natural) science tends to deny the existence of certain "not-reproducible" things. Let's look at two ...
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1answer
51 views

What would the world look like if we lived for several hundred years? [closed]

Hypothetical situation: within two or three generations our life expectancy globally has multiplied a number of times, to average 6-800 hundred years. Discarding the transitional phase for now, what ...
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2answers
121 views

Epistemic Parity

I am trying to work out if I understand the term epistemic parity. This is in the context of pluralism exclusivism ect. The resource I am working from states A religious exclusivist would deny the ...
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6answers
532 views

Is there a demarcation problem for religions?

So far, all of the philosophy of religion I have read focuses on the questions of God's existence and on the problem of evil. It seems to me that just as important would be the question of what a ...
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3answers
220 views

Does the “God of gaps” argument works in metaphysics too?

The widely used (especially by laymen atheists in theology debates) term of "God of gaps" (the idea that theists explain unexplained scientific phenomenons by invoking God as the reason, filling that ...
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1answer
144 views

In the Bhagavadgītā, what are some objections to its proposed solutions to the paradox of action?

For those un-familiar with indian philosophy, the Bhagavadgītā is a text that proposes a solution to the problem of rebirth. This problem of rebirth is as follows: We are in an endless cycle of ...
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2answers
353 views

How credible is William Lane Craig in academia?

How credible is William Lane Craig in academia? I often see atheists claiming that he is simply not credible and he simply a skilled debater. How credible is he at all? Does he make good arguments? ...
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4answers
159 views

Definitions and choice

My specific question that I want answered is: Among definitions, how do we choose which one is the best? When it comes to definitions of abstract concepts, it seems like we can define things willy-...
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10answers
5k views

“God doesn't play with dice”: does QM's randomness really contradict religion?

Everyone knows Einstein's popular phrase on Quantum Mechanics - "God doesn't play with dice", implying that the randomness theory that the universe "popped" into existence randomly doesn't align with ...
3
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1answer
144 views

Can someone help me find this article on the philosophy of religion?

There was this essay on the current state of the field of the philosophy of religion, which made a list of uncritically accepted premises in the field, mostly because the field is subsumed with the ...
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3answers
710 views

Understanding Bertrand Russell on agnosticism and atheism as self-descriptions

I came across this very interesting quote, but it is giving me some confusion. Since Russel was a philosopher I thought it was best to come to the Philosophy stack exchange. And this is by no means a ...
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1answer
61 views

Which texts of Plato/Aristotle give their religious views?

I'm not sure if Plato or Aristotle have any works that are exclusively about religion like, say, David Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion. If they do, that'd be easier; but, I imagine their ...
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3answers
385 views

Why is the emergence of Monotheism a cultural milestone in the development of mankind?

In the cultural development of humanity the emergence of Monotheism is often mentioned to be a milestone comparable to the ability to control fire or write. Of course it is true, that Monotheism ...
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5answers
390 views

Are there any counterarguments to the criticism of Christianity as too local in time and space?

A common criticism of Christianity is that it is too limited in time and space for its claims to be true: Christianity has only been around for a relatively short period of humanity's existence, and ...
2
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1answer
222 views

What does Socrates mean by “gadfly attached to the state”?

Socrates likens himself to a “gadfly attached to the state.” What does he mean by this? Is this a good or bad thing? What would a similar character playing a similar role look like in our age?
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9answers
533 views

Does refuting the fine-tuning argument for the existence of God necessarily require belief in a Multiverse?

The fine-tuning argument for the existence of God is based on the fact that certain physical constants can only have very specific values for life to exist in the universe. If there was even the ...
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3answers
94 views

Is it impossible to KNOW how our apparent reality came to be through philosophical or scientific argumentation?

Lately, i've been contemplating the mysterious doctrine or belief that many religiously inclined theists have called revelation. It is through this revelation from a god, defined in a certain rational ...
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4answers
319 views

Why is existence not a true predicate with respect to Anselm's argument?

Kant criticized Anselm's argument for the existence of God by counter arguing the expression 'God exists' adds nothing to our meaning of God and so it cannot be true a God that exists is greater than ...
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1answer
238 views

What is the difference between being good and being divine? [closed]

https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-difference-between-being-good-and-being-divine/answer/Ted-Wrigley https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-difference-between-being-good-and-being-divine/answer/Valerie-Yip-...
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5answers
258 views

Can societal morals develop with no concept of religion?

My question is summed up in the title. Is it possible for a group of people who are completely devoid of religion to develop a set of common morals that differentiate between right and wrong? How ...
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7answers
276 views

Is there anything to call “the idea or concept of God”?

If there is, I wish someone would explain it to me so I could have it too. I have no idea or concept of anything that could be labeled "a concept of God". I have searched my head for an idea or a ...
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2answers
487 views

Please help me understand Huxley, agnosticism and christianity

There are people who say "I don't think we can ever know whether God exists or not but I would like to believe he exists." Are they agnostic theists? Knowledge and belief are two different things ...
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12answers
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Are omniscience and omnipotence mutually inconsistent?

I see this in The God Delusion by Richard Dawkins: If God is omniscient, he must already know how he is going to intervene to change the course of history using his omnipotence. But that means ...
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3answers
209 views

A logical argument for the existence of a creator

I read the following argument for the existence of a creator. Basically, If there is no creator then a person caused his own existence or nothing caused his existence. Both consequences of the ...
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1answer
395 views

Different theistic religions contradict each other [closed]

Most religions mandate sets of religious rules. In theistic religions such as Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Hinduism, these are often presented as divinely ordained. But different religions have ...
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2answers
106 views

How can Science, Religion, Theoretical Philosophy, and Spirituality be compatible / not cause conflict with each other?

Suppose you believe in objective reality and "universal truth" -- What's the best way to find the "right" answer to any given question, given: When I say seek universal truth, what I mean is to ...
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10answers
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Is atheism or agnosticism more rational?

While there is still widespread disagreement regarding the existing definition of atheism, it is normally considered as the "Rejection of belief in the existence of deities". One accepted definition ...
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1answer
198 views

Can belief in reincarnation be justified using empirical evidence?

It's claimed in An Introduction to Parapsychology, 5th ed.: The survival hypothesis concerns the notion of postmortem survival, that is, that a disembodied consciousness or some such discarnate ...
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2answers
200 views

Who were the late renaissance/early enlightenment atheists?

Descartes (1596 – 1650) gave arguments against atheism, as did Blaise Pascal (1623 – 1662). Yet the first prominent atheist I can think of is David Hume (1711 - 1776), and even he wasn't explicit. ...
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2answers
110 views

Name of fallacy that argues against the tools necessary for the argument

Let's say that someone believes that philosophy in itself is a bad thing. If I'm correct, the only way to combat this premise is to use philosophy (which is off limits since it's on trial)! ...
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2answers
766 views

Are most philosophers atheists, monotheists, polytheists or what?

Has anybody made such analysis? It would be interesting to know the position of the majority of philosophers regarding metaphysics/mythology/religion, maybe by region and/or period.
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2answers
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Did Descartes really doubt the existence of God?

I've learned about Descartes' universal doubt and as I understood it, he says mind that is supposed to interact with God isn't part of res extensa and therefore isn't part of the senses we can doubt. ...
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0answers
782 views

Define Internal and external vs Essence and illusion

In Buddhism, external reality is an illusion and internal reality is an essence. Luke 17, 21. Neither shall they say: Behold here, or behold there. For lo, the kingdom of God is within you. How do ...
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1answer
116 views

What kind of arguments are there for the existence of the soul?

Arguments for the existence of God generally fall into certain categories (e.g. cosmological arguments, moral arguments, arguments from design, etc). But into which categories arguments for the ...
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2answers
711 views

Is good the absence of evil or is it the other way round?

Is good the absence of evil or is evil the absence of good?What do religions tell us?
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9answers
1k views

How to argue for science against religion (ft. IASIP)?

(I previously asked posted this in Skeptics SE but was told that this might be a better SE for my specific question.) I was watching this scene from "It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia" where Mac (a ...
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2answers
210 views

Any philosopher considers theology as another mythology? [closed]

Polytheisms are usually considered mythology (e.g. Greek mythology, Amerindian mythologies), while monotheisms are usually considered religion, or even "truth", and studied by theology alone. To me, ...
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10answers
3k views

Does the “Lord's Prayer” increase corruption?

Consider this part of the Lord's Prayer: "and forgive (1) us our offenses, as we also have forgiven (2) our offenders" "perdoai (1) as nossas ofensas assim como nós perdoamos (2) a quem nos ...
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3answers
431 views

Nazism & ISIS and the misinterpretation of ideologies?

Some claim that ISIS is a political ideology stemming directly from religion. Others claim that it has little to do with religion per se and more to do with the interpretation of religion. A similar ...