Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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What does it mean that a belief is scientifically compatible?

In the following thread ... Does culture bias weaken the argument that modern science and a religious world view are compatible? ... the questioner presents the following discussion between an atheist ...
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Theory of everything and God

I always reach this point when I think about physics and God: Assume that a theory of everything is found. And this ToE is a successful mathematical description of the entire universe. EDIT: By "...
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Was Bishop Berkeley part of the Enlightenment and if so - how did it fit his adherence to religion?

In his The Analyst Berkeley argued, among other things, that mathematicians must not "submit to Authority, take things upon Trust" and so expressed a view of the Enlightenment. This made me think: if ...
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Why would a God create animals that manifest homosexual behavior if he thought that homosexuality is a sin?

There are some people who think that homosexuality is a choice. They would argue that we can make this choice because we have free will. I will focus on those who think this way because of religious ...
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What are the limits (if any) of God's Omnipotence [closed]

What can a Omnipotence God Do and what he can't ? can he for example create logically incoherent things ? Can god Create A being more powerful than he/it is ? Or Can god Prove he doesn't Exist ? if ...
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How does “Plotinian discussion of unity and multiplicity” contribute to Al-Kindi's cosmological argument?

I'm reading a discussion of Al-Kindi's cosmological argument. Al-Kindi is widely considered "father of Islamic philosophy" and this argument is a version of what is now known as the "kalam ...
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What is god for religious people?

In order to discuss with religious friends about god, I would like to know if there's some accepted objective definitions of God for main religions, even if belief is subjective. For example, is he "...
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What is the difference between philosophy, religion, and science?

If philosophy is the rational investigation of truth, how is it different from science or mathematics? Is philosophy based at some level on a subjective feeling? If so, how is it different from ...
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How do religious pluralists decide on exclusion?

“Religious pluralism” here means believing that the teachings of the different religions are just variations of some “universal truth”… like John Hick did, for example. Surely religious pluralists ...
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What is the relationship between Science and Religion?

I recently came across the explanation that Science explains things that can be explained, religion explains things that can not be explained. Is this true? I feel like this is true because ...
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Which philosophers have touched on whether or not something is moral if it is commanded by a deity?

I'll explain further: if a deity tells you something is moral, is that truly moral? Which philosophers have touched on that specific topic?
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Has anyone used analytic methods to attempt to dissolve the question of God's existence (as opposed to solving it)?

One of the main ideas of the analytic schools of philosophy (logical atomism, ordinary language philosophy,...) is that many philosophical problems can be dissolved - as opposed to resolved - upon ...
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Hiddenness of God

I have some questions regarding the argument of the Canadian philosopher John Schellenberg (Hiddenness of God) or (nonresistant nonbelief). See it here: The argument from nonresistant nonbelief My ...
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Authors that compare nationalism to religion

If people didn't choose their birth place nor their parents why do people feel proud or ashamed of their country? Why do they feel somehow responsible for the actions people take in the present or ...
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Naturalism under a neo atheist definition

The Free Dictionary defines Naturalism (in regards to philosophy) as... "A scientific account of the world in terms of causes and natural forces that rejects all spiritual, supernatural, or ...
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What is “religion”?

In his 2013 book entitled Why Tolerate Religion?, Brian Leiter defined "religion" as follows: Central beliefs that issue in categorical demands on action -- that is, demands that must be satisfied ...
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Why would philosophical agnosticism and pragmatic atheism be considered more rational than philosophical agnosticism and pragmatic theism?

I'm referring to the accepted answer on this post. The answerer states that If one is both attentive to empirical scientific studies and to philosophical investigations of the limits of knowledge, ...
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Why did Aldous Huxley not include the Zohar/Kabbalah in “The Perennial Philosophy”?

The Perennial Philosophy presents a universalist interpretation of the world's religions through a comparative study of a collection of mystical writings, from both Eastern and Western philosophies. ...
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Why does Thomas Aquinas say that “in every composite there must be potentiality and actuality”?

In the chapter in Summa Theologica on the simplicity of God, Aquinas says the following in arguing that God is not composite: ... in every composite there must be potentiality and actuality; but ...
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Does culture bias weaken the argument that modern science and a religious world view are compatible?

A typical argument between an atheist and a theist goes along the following lines: ATH: "Modern science and reason are incompatible with a religious world view." TH: "That's not true, many scientists,...
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Why do people turn to atheism when they try to escape dogmas?

Sometimes people who were grown in some religious environment feel like they do not like that religion. Usually they do not like dogmas which tells them what is allowed and what's not. Since the ...
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Which philosophy should I follow as an Atheist? [closed]

Recently I decided to give up my religion. However I am confused which philosophy or philosopher should I follow to guide me in my life. I assume philosophy is mature and capable of replacing religion ...
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1answer
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Why does Leibniz require monads to act in concert?

Leibnizs metaphysics is illustrated in his Monadology. He states that there are many substances, but only one is infinite (God) the others are finite. He calls simple substances monads. Only the ...
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What is the definition of God? [duplicate]

The concept of God in different religions as well as deism seems to be inconsistent. So what is the best way of defining God?
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Thomas of Aquino vs. William of Ockham

Thomas of Aquinas mentions Aristotle´s views at length in his writings. It seems that Aristotle who I understand did not teach about an intervening God, is nevertheless considered a skilled mechanics ...
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1answer
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What would the world look like if we lived for several hundred years? [closed]

Hypothetical situation: within two or three generations our life expectancy globally has multiplied a number of times, to average 6-800 hundred years. Discarding the transitional phase for now, what ...
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Epistemic Parity

I am trying to work out if I understand the term epistemic parity. This is in the context of pluralism exclusivism ect. The resource I am working from states A religious exclusivist would deny the ...
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Is there a demarcation problem for religions?

So far, all of the philosophy of religion I have read focuses on the questions of God's existence and on the problem of evil. It seems to me that just as important would be the question of what a ...
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Does the “God of gaps” argument works in metaphysics too?

The widely used (especially by laymen atheists in theology debates) term of "God of gaps" (the idea that theists explain unexplained scientific phenomenons by invoking God as the reason, filling that ...
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In the Bhagavadgītā, what are some objections to its proposed solutions to the paradox of action?

For those un-familiar with indian philosophy, the Bhagavadgītā is a text that proposes a solution to the problem of rebirth. This problem of rebirth is as follows: We are in an endless cycle of ...
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How credible is William Lane Craig in academia?

How credible is William Lane Craig in academia? I often see atheists claiming that he is simply not credible and he simply a skilled debater. How credible is he at all? Does he make good arguments? ...
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Definitions and choice

My specific question that I want answered is: Among definitions, how do we choose which one is the best? When it comes to definitions of abstract concepts, it seems like we can define things willy-...
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“God doesn't play with dice”: does QM's randomness really contradict religion?

Everyone knows Einstein's popular phrase on Quantum Mechanics - "God doesn't play with dice", implying that the randomness theory that the universe "popped" into existence randomly doesn't align with ...
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Can someone help me find this article on the philosophy of religion?

There was this essay on the current state of the field of the philosophy of religion, which made a list of uncritically accepted premises in the field, mostly because the field is subsumed with the ...
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1answer
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Which texts of Plato/Aristotle give their religious views?

I'm not sure if Plato or Aristotle have any works that are exclusively about religion like, say, David Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion. If they do, that'd be easier; but, I imagine their ...
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Why is the emergence of Monotheism a cultural milestone in the development of mankind?

In the cultural development of humanity the emergence of Monotheism is often mentioned to be a milestone comparable to the ability to control fire or write. Of course it is true, that Monotheism ...
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Are there any counterarguments to the criticism of Christianity as too local in time and space?

A common criticism of Christianity is that it is too limited in time and space for its claims to be true: Christianity has only been around for a relatively short period of humanity's existence, and ...
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1answer
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What does Socrates mean by “gadfly attached to the state”?

Socrates likens himself to a “gadfly attached to the state.” What does he mean by this? Is this a good or bad thing? What would a similar character playing a similar role look like in our age?
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Does refuting the fine-tuning argument for the existence of God necessarily require belief in a Multiverse?

The fine-tuning argument for the existence of God is based on the fact that certain physical constants can only have very specific values for life to exist in the universe. If there was even the ...
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Is it impossible to KNOW how our apparent reality came to be through philosophical or scientific argumentation?

Lately, i've been contemplating the mysterious doctrine or belief that many religiously inclined theists have called revelation. It is through this revelation from a god, defined in a certain rational ...
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Why is existence not a true predicate with respect to Anselm's argument?

Kant criticized Anselm's argument for the existence of God by counter arguing the expression 'God exists' adds nothing to our meaning of God and so it cannot be true a God that exists is greater than ...
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What is the difference between being good and being divine? [closed]

https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-difference-between-being-good-and-being-divine/answer/Ted-Wrigley https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-difference-between-being-good-and-being-divine/answer/Valerie-Yip-...
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Can societal morals develop with no concept of religion?

My question is summed up in the title. Is it possible for a group of people who are completely devoid of religion to develop a set of common morals that differentiate between right and wrong? How ...
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Is there anything to call “the idea or concept of God”?

If there is, I wish someone would explain it to me so I could have it too. I have no idea or concept of anything that could be labeled "a concept of God". I have searched my head for an idea or a ...
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Please help me understand Huxley, agnosticism and christianity

There are people who say "I don't think we can ever know whether God exists or not but I would like to believe he exists." Are they agnostic theists? Knowledge and belief are two different things ...
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Are omniscience and omnipotence mutually inconsistent?

I see this in The God Delusion by Richard Dawkins: If God is omniscient, he must already know how he is going to intervene to change the course of history using his omnipotence. But that means ...
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A logical argument for the existence of a creator

I read the following argument for the existence of a creator. Basically, If there is no creator then a person caused his own existence or nothing caused his existence. Both consequences of the ...
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Different theistic religions contradict each other [closed]

Most religions mandate sets of religious rules. In theistic religions such as Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Hinduism, these are often presented as divinely ordained. But different religions have ...
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How can Science, Religion, Theoretical Philosophy, and Spirituality be compatible / not cause conflict with each other?

Suppose you believe in objective reality and "universal truth" -- What's the best way to find the "right" answer to any given question, given: When I say seek universal truth, what I mean is to ...
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Is atheism or agnosticism more rational?

While there is still widespread disagreement regarding the existing definition of atheism, it is normally considered as the "Rejection of belief in the existence of deities". One accepted definition ...

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