Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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36
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10answers
7k views

Is it a fallacy, and if so which, to believe we are special because our existence on Earth seems improbable?

People often use the argument that there must be a God, for example, because Earth and the laws of physics are perfectly situated for humans to exist the way we do. However, if Earth or even the ...
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2answers
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Can ancient religions with an omnipotent god be discussed into a definite answer about if the religion is real or not?

I find that trying to prove that a certain religion which has as a characteristic to have an omnipotent god is right or wrong according to current knowledge and well established observations is ...
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6answers
362 views

Is there merit to debating the moral nature of a deity that you do not think exists?

I have in my discussions on religion made the comment that to discuss the bad (or perceived bad) properties of a God(s) for the unbeliever is not good logic as a thing must first exist before we can ...
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1answer
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What is the significance of the large statue of Hindu god Shiva “ the destroyer” located at CERN? [closed]

Robert Oppenheimer famously quoted Hindu scripture when the first atomic weapon was detonated saying " now I have become death the destroyer of worlds" Is there some worry that the work done at CERN ...
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2answers
305 views

Would the ontological argument disprove the Christian god?

The ontological argument of Descartes tries to show that a supremely perfect being (=god) must logically exist. Let's assume that this logic were valid. We would have proven that a "perfect" god ...
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1answer
201 views

Yhwh: Exodus 3, 14. «I am that I am» and relationship to Metaphysics as Ontology

The passage of Exodus 3:14, where God presents Himself as «I am that I am», is it historically previous to Parmenides, the greek philosopher? I'm reading a manual on metaphysics as ontology. If I'm ...
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2answers
235 views

Moral realism: Can the Bible be a reliable moral guide for an atheist?

Assume both atheism and moral realism are true. Can a religious text, such as the Bible, still be a reliable moral guide? Or do the religious aspects invalidate the entire text? To put this another ...
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1answer
205 views

Possible ambiguity in Anselm's argument, and Kant's criticism

This is a follow-up to Could Anselm's argument also "prove" that a perfectly evil god must exist?, and also to Why is existence not a true predicate with respect to Anselm's ...
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3answers
184 views

Is 'immortality' outside the scope of philosophy?

Obviously religion offers hope or order through the promise or threat of an after life, etc.. As far as I can tell there's no scientific evidence for immortality, if only because it would be difficult ...
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4answers
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Should any philosophy tell one how to live if its adherents aren't completely able to “toe the line?”

If I myself am not perfectly able to do what a philosophy suggests/ demands of me, who am I to say "go and do (or avoid) such and so?" Or is this a philosophy of "Do as I say, not as I do?"
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6answers
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Is there a compendium of terse-but-devastating attempted refutations of religion?

I hear many arguments against religion in general, as well as against particular religions. Most of these arguments fall far short of being devastating; however, every so often I encounter an argument ...
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What does Einstein mean, about 'practical results' and 'completely false notion'?

Source: p 112, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed) by Solomon, McDermid. Primary Source: [I know not the page number because I found this online], The ...
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Is Kant a Christian Philosopher, not merely a Philosopher who happens to be Christian?

Kant categorical imperative simply seems to me a rational founding for a Christian ethic. As this is the centre-piece of his moral philosophy, it seems to me he is at least morally a Christian ...
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2answers
196 views

Does the notion of absoluteness exist?

Google defines absolute as: "a value or principle which is regarded as universally valid or which may be viewed without relation to other things." My work interests lie in the fields of computer ...
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2answers
235 views

Are some prominent atheists “religiously atheist” [closed]

There's a class of scientist (and non-scientist) that pursues the atheism argument religiously. It seems that their ears are closed to reasoned argument. They are typically, in all other spheres of ...
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3answers
349 views

Is there a list of philosophers grouped by their religion?

My knowledge on the subject is limited and by no means do I claim that my observation is representative of the actual trend but most philosophers whose works I care about reading are somewhere between ...
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3answers
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How do we know we believe things?

This is my first philosophy question, so please bear with me. Wikipedia says belief is Belief is the state of mind in which a person thinks something to be the case, with or without there being ...
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0answers
96 views

A critique of the epistemoloical models of religion

I'm interested to find any existing critique of the epistemological models by which religions (especially the various branches of Christianity) determine their theological conclusions. What I ...
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6answers
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Is it honest to accept only part of a story as being metaphorical?

I will take the example of Christianity, but my question applies to any other religious material The majority of christians seems to accept that parts of the Bible are metaphors that should not be ...
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0answers
54 views

Could we take the fully rational and fully informed idealized agent that Peter Railton talks about as God, to give a theistic metaethics?

Recently, I finished Alexander Miller's book "An Introduction to Contemporary Metaethics." After reading about Peter Railton's reductionism, I wondered if it would be possible to take the agent which ...
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4answers
561 views

“Saving” Nietzsche?

Nietzsche claims we must say "yes" to life, and be healthy and strong that way. But he also makes scathing remarks both in Zarathustra and in his late notebooks, about the Biblical maxim "thou shalt ...
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6answers
686 views

Are neopagan religious views taken seriously by academic philosophers?

It seems 'normal' that philosophers of religion and divinities scholars in the West would focus mostly on the Abrahamic religions. Along with that, many philosophers have engaged with Eastern ...
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5answers
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Is 'Transcendental' originally a philosophical concept or a theological one?

I had understood 'transcendental' to be religiously inspired terminology and in fact exclusively so, so it came as a surprise to me that it had a philosophical side to it - as a term it was introduced ...
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1answer
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What is the reputation of Schuon in the Perennial Philosophy or Philosophy of Religon?

I've just come across the writings of Fritjof Schuon and they appear to be impressive. There is a hint of new-ageism about him, and having never heard of him before I have no idea of his general ...
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Are religions at the end more humble comparing with the more Asian streams?

The three monotheistic religions all have a God who provides commandments and rules which are to be obeyed. In Asian religions like Buddhism, Hinduism, and Taoism there isn't such a God who gives ...
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2answers
141 views

Almighty entities cannot be brave nor trust in the power of love

Given that a all powerful/almighty thing exists (example gods from different religions). Something almighty has nothing to fear, because they are almighty. Since it has nothing too fear it cannot be ...
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157 views

Has anyone used the challenges facing the demarcation of science problem to justify religious and mystical worldviews?

Quine gave a serious challenge to the positivist program of establishing a purely observation and logic based epistemology. This essentially lead to the failure of the logical positivist's attempt to ...
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2answers
375 views

Why did Aquinas distinguish his first three “cosmological argument” for God?

The first three of Aquinas' Five Ways seem to be very similar to each other. They can be generalized into one argument and they all rely on the impossibility on infinite regress and argued that God is ...
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3answers
191 views

Has anyone made a good defence of Nietzsche's nihilism being available to Christians?

I've read, in the mainstream press, suggestions that Christians have a lot to learn from Nietzsche. Is there any reason to think that his corpus is dedicated to improving, rather than destroying, ...
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What is the Hindu Advait philosophy?

I have read that, this world is formed with the single fabric known as Bramhan which is the Goal of Advait philosophy of Hinduism, Is it true ? What is the exact Advait Philosophy?
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5answers
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What if early religion was created for closure [closed]

What if religion was created based solely on the fact that humans have an inherent fear of death, and have the need to be something more than human, because they're not satisfied with the mortal state ...
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1answer
334 views

Why did only science and religion became widespread instead of magic? [closed]

and why is only science reproducible enough to be demonstrated to others at will? ========================== The books Harry Potter and the TV series The Librarian opened my curiosity to the 3rd major ...
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1answer
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What is substance dualism, it is required for either belief in a life after death or arguments for life after death?

Many traditional(philosophical and empirical ) arguments for life after death are based on substance dualism. What is substance dualism? is it necessarily required for either in a life after death or ...
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4answers
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If God is pure act of being, where does the essence of being come from?

According to the Thomistic view in Ontology, essence and 'the act of being' (I'm translating from a romance language) are different, in which 'to be' is the act received by the essence, which is the ...
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3answers
139 views

Why be human species? [closed]

Has the earth benefited from the presence of the human species? What is the method to determine a blessing or a curse that relates to human existence?
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6answers
627 views

Is evil a problem for secular philosophy?

Does the existence of evil impinge on atheist philosophy, such that it could be seen as a "problem" with, and not just within, these philosophies in a similar way too theism? Could e.g. Marxism be ...
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5answers
557 views

Is it inconsistent to praise God for apparent action while claiming that apparent inaction is a mystery?

Finally the site is open! I've been waiting to ask this for a week or so. I have been pondering typical responses concerning intercession and resultant positive/negative outcomes and am hoping someone ...
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1answer
139 views

Is there a name for the inverse of the naturalistic fallacy?

It is a naturalistic fallacy if someone concludes from there is something to something ought to be. If you reverse that order you have someone concluding from something ought to be to there is ...
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6answers
999 views

What is the proper definition of atheism? [closed]

What is the proper definition of atheism? I have heard people talking about atheism being a lack of beliefs or an absence of faith. That does not strike me as a very good definition though as every ...
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1answer
95 views

Has studying philosophy altered anyone's religious beliefs?

Has studying philosophy altered anyone's religious beliefs (example, devout Jew/Muslim/Christian to atheist/agnostic)? Would you recommend intro to philosophy (uni level course) to a religious person?
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7answers
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Are there any proofs that miracles are impossible? [duplicate]

Are there any logical proofs that miracles are impossible? In this case I define a miracle as an interference with nature by a supernatural power. [Edit: Possibly due to confusion about the ...
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2answers
594 views

What makes an experience religious?

Throughout the history of mankind, religious leaders - Moses, Muhammad, Jesus, Buddha, and many others, have recorded experiences which they considered ‘religious experiences’. But what is a ...
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6answers
958 views

Does Strong Agnosticism (as opposed to Weak Agnosticism) justify taking Pascal's wager?

Definitions: Weak Agnosticism: not knowing whether God exists or not, but remaining open to deciding later (presumably after thinking more on the subject or gaining more facts). Strong Agnosticism: ...
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4answers
299 views

Question about praying [closed]

This is a theoretical question about God (or about "a god"). If the best way to talk to God was not to talk to God at all, how would I know?
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Has anyone ever argued that religious beliefs are unjustified true beliefs?

Consider the following: It can be argued that some ethical rules are good for humanity, even from a utilitarian or evolutionary point of view. Some of these ethical rules are common to most religions....
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1answer
244 views

Is religion a kind of mythology, or the opposite?

Can we define religion as "the mythologies that don't assume they are mythologies"? First, mythology is the oldest way of describing Nature. Polytheisms, extant or extinct, usually know|knew their ...
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1answer
381 views

In Fides et Ratio, how did John Paul II describe the role of reason and philosophy in the search for the meaning of life?

What is John Paul II saying in the introduction of Fides et Ratio, §§1-6 "Know Yourself"? What exactly is this question asking? I think the Pope is saying that excessive pessimism about the power of ...
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6answers
613 views

Do messenger-based religions contradict the idea of an all wise God?

Many religions believe that their holy book is the literal word of God (and not the word of the messenger). For instance, the announcement of "new rules" for humanity, such as Quranic injunctions like ...
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4answers
462 views

Can Pascal's wager be made to work?

There are many objections to the Pascal's wager, as originally stated, see for instance here. Personally, I don't think that the wager can be defended. However, I am wondering if it is possible to ...
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6answers
980 views

Is there a way to prove that God, if he were to exist, can intervene upon human lives?

Suppose there are two people, one who believes in a god and one who does not. Both suffer from a common cold or some mild sickness. The person who believes in a god prays to ask his god to heal him of ...

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