Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
4answers
314 views

Can one ask for more than they deserve?

I would appreciate if answers can cite the individuals or religious-paradigm that derive the answer. The concept of being 'deserving' suggested an availability, if not a right, to something. '...
6
votes
11answers
3k views

Are religious assertions as authentic as scientific ones? [closed]

If we're made to believe that water is composed of billions of molecules actually, but we've never saw it or observed it, still that scientific fact establishes a conceptual notion that yes, things ...
2
votes
1answer
335 views

Why is 'Omnibenovelance' a trait of the Abrahamic god? [closed]

[EDIT]: Short-form, less-ranty version: Many philosophers take omni-benevolence of god to be a required attribute. This is not apparent from the source material - so where does the idea stem from, ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Is (are) there a civic religion(s) in Western Europe?

The sociologist Robert Bellah considered The United States to have a civic religion centred around national figures (Lincoln etc) and documents (The Declaration of Independence). Its worth noting ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Is induction as a means to reach a conclusion rational?

According to Humes's argument, induction by its nature assumes a uniformity that is not justified. This is a very deep and interesting observation, and a point often used by the religious to justify ...
4
votes
2answers
702 views

What are atheism and agnosticism? [closed]

(Apologies for the crazy length question) Whenever the thorny issue of theism vs. atheism comes up -- especially on the internet -- a further issue always seems to arise concerning what these ...
3
votes
1answer
290 views

Existentialism in relation to Roberto Unger's Beyond Nihilism

Roberto Mangabeira Unger's series of talks Beyond Nihilism sorts historical religions and other -isms (democracy, liberalism, socialism, romantizism etc.) eloquently into three orientations, namely ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

How can you satisfy Pascal's Wager in the eyes of the greatest number of living people?

Leaving aside the obvious objections to Pascal's Wager, imagine a general form of the Wager that could be formulated from the perspective of any religious belief system. Since some religions are more "...
3
votes
2answers
292 views

Does science need support from religion or philosophy to explain the creation? [closed]

Science is trying to explain how the universe is made. The beginning of the universe explains the Big Bang theory. But what happened before Big Bang? Science cannot go before that. So, does this mean ...
3
votes
3answers
564 views

Are all advanced civilizations are likely to have a religious phase?

I am not sure if I should be posting this in the philosophy section, or the biology section. Anyway though, I was wondering if people think the believing in a deity is part of the evolution process? ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

Chinese Beliefs about God and the physical world [closed]

I'm not sure if this question ought to be here, but I hope someone can help me out anyway... What is the major religious belief in China nowadays? Traditional buddhism taught by Gautama Buddha (i.e. ...
1
vote
6answers
453 views

Would the prediction of scientific discoveries give credence to a holy book claiming to be inspired?

The academy cries foul and asks "where is your evidence religious person" and lo and behold here comes this little discovery which validates the very first claim the Bible makes. So with this in mind ...
0
votes
3answers
428 views

Are religious beliefs inherently self-contradictory? [closed]

Religious people practice compassion, generosity, and altruism to save themself of eternal suffering in the afterlife. Isn't that behaviour motivated by pure self-interest?. Also most religions ...
6
votes
3answers
500 views

Do Nietzsches arguments against Christian morality also stand against the other main world religions?

All the major world religions, without being a specialist in theology, emphasise compassion. A quality that Nietzsche would find "feminine". Does his arguments apply only to Christian morality or ...
1
vote
2answers
292 views

Does Nietzsche's Free Death apply to God?

Nietzsche’s philosophy is notorious for its famous pronouncement that “God is dead. And we have killed him. Yet his shadow still looms. How shall we comfort ourselves, the murderers of all murderers?” ...
1
vote
1answer
175 views

Is there a pantheistic religion built by Xenophanes?

In my philosophical overview book its said that Xenophanes was the first to criticize the greek polytheism. He concluded that there can only be one god. My book also says that this god is omnipresent ...
1
vote
4answers
2k views

Russell's Paradox & Existence of God

Russell's paradox is a famous theorem in set theory. It asserts that "the collection of all sets is not a set itself". In the other words "the set of all sets doesn't exist" in the world which ZFC ...
4
votes
2answers
230 views

If religious experiences are reducible to neurological events, can a pragmatist argue against their value?

This question is able to be stated fairly succinctly, and assumes that answerers will have a sufficient degree of familiarity with pragmatism and the notion of religious experience. My motivation in ...
4
votes
7answers
411 views

Would we create God again? [closed]

If we took a modern society and erased all memory and knowledge of religion and somehow lengthened the life span to be infinite. And then allowed that society to progress, would religion be recreated? ...
1
vote
1answer
174 views

Does Asharite atomism affirm that space & time must necessarily be atomic?

I've read (probably in wikipedia but can't track down the reference now) that the Asharite strand in Islamic theology couldn't accept that substance necessarily exists pre-eternally as the Quoran ...
5
votes
1answer
394 views

Does Kant have a Fourth Critique?

Those familiar with the architectonic nature of Immanuel Kant's philosophy argue about the difference between the three critiques (Critique of Pure Reason; Critique of Practical Reason; and the ...
2
votes
1answer
867 views

Is the teleological argument for God completely refuted?

Teleological arguments for the existence of God have a long history and straddle Greek Antiquity (Platos Divine Artificer), Islam (Averroes) and Christianity (Aquinas) and currently and most famously ...
1
vote
4answers
547 views

What can suffice as a scientific proof for God? to what domain can such a proof belong to? [closed]

"Scientific" theories require proof, and there are certain guidelines and standards for the proofs to be acceptable to the "scientific" community in that domain (Algebra, Computer Science, etc.). ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

The real question of the Holocaust is not ‘where was God?’, but ‘where was man?’ [closed]

For a debate I have to argue "The real question of the Holocaust is not ‘where was God?’, but ‘where was man?'" I am arguing for the point (not my personal view). So far the points I have got are: ...
-3
votes
2answers
729 views

What are the consolations of Atheism? [closed]

Religion is often popularly characterised by atheists as a consolation. One can turn this around and ask what are the consolations of atheism? To answer this question correctly is to mirror the usual ...
8
votes
9answers
2k views

Is it reasonable to arrive at a conclusion based on lack of evidence to the contrary?

I was having a discussion last night about my atheism, and it was suggested to me that agnostism is the only reasonable conclusion, as it leaves the door open for new information. This made me think, ...
2
votes
1answer
226 views

devolving or self-limiting omnipotence

A being that is omnipotent should have within its own scope of power possess the ability to deprive self of this omnipotence; limit own power, either permanently or for a time; alternatively to ...
-1
votes
1answer
85 views

How can I start learning about Philosophy of religion? [closed]

every religion has unique philosophy that may have Common Traits and Common definitions. What are the deals Philosophy of religion? What are the resources Philosophy of religion? How can people ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

Is gender a property of essence or existence?

In his address, the Holy Father said: According to the biblical creation account, being created by God as male and female pertains to the essence of the human creature. The use of the word "...
1
vote
0answers
199 views

Is there any connection between the catholic conception of confession and psychotherapy?

Confession is healing of the soul by repentence to God mediated by a priest, psychoanalysis indulges in a confession of the secrets of the soul in order to heal. Is there any connection here or am I ...
2
votes
1answer
998 views

What differentiates a cult from a religion? [closed]

Say for example scientology from hinduism? What are the hallmarks of a cult that sets it aside from a religion?
0
votes
3answers
1k views

The problem is choice, (paradox) Or is enhancing choice the solution to increasing free will [closed]

While reading Incognito by David Eagleman, there was a chapter about justice and the neural plasticity of the brain. The ability (or in some cases inability) to regulate "moral" functioning. The legal ...
2
votes
0answers
164 views

How are we to interpret the logos with God in the beginning? [closed]

We've all heard of the Gospel of John and "In the beginning was the logos and the logos was with God." Many commentators and scholars have etymologically traced the term back to the notion of Word or ...
5
votes
1answer
613 views

What is the origin of the concept of “axis mundi”, and how has it influenced Western philosophy?

Historically, many civilizations have contained in their culture, in one way or another, the concept of the "axis mundi" or world axis. Examples of this include Yggdrasil from Norse culture and Mount ...
4
votes
2answers
515 views

What does this quotation suggest about Gurus in religion?

I was reading this article on the concept of "Gurus" in various religions, and the following quotation regarding Sikhism caught my attention: On the importance of guru, Nanak says: "Let no man in ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Is reductio ad absurdum a valid logical proof?

It strikes me that atheists often in the religion debate will try to characterize religion in a funny or silly way, often comparing religion to belief in fairies or unicorns or flying spaghetti ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there something in the real world that cannot be proved nor disproved? [closed]

It is often said that you cannot prove nor disprove God. People who bring forward this kind of reasoning often try to persuade you that there is a kind of balance, a truce; you can't prove your point (...
5
votes
1answer
267 views

In what works does Nietzsche give a critique of Christianity?

I realize that it's in nearly all of his works that he does this, but does anyone happen to know in what sections of what books? I understand there's a great critique of Christianity in Human, All Too ...
-2
votes
1answer
120 views

Do Traditionalists still exist? [closed]

I was wondering if the philosophy of Traditionalism (a la Rene Guenon and followers) still had followers and thinkers writing? If so, who?
1
vote
1answer
264 views

Theology, “study of religion” or “study of God” [closed]

In wiktionary.org theology is defined as "study of God", while in Microsoft's Encarta Dictionaries, it's defined as "study of Religion". Can we use theology in terms of "study of religion"? I mean ...
8
votes
1answer
504 views

Are there more modern schools that follow Epicurean philosophy?

As Wikipedia says in its article, Epicureanism in short means: pleasure is the highest good, thus gain it through living virtuous life and expecting less. Based on this definition, is there a ...
0
votes
4answers
286 views

Are the limitations of language proof against the divinity of holy books? [closed]

Many religions like Islam and Hinduism have holy books(the Quran and the Vedas, respectively) which claim some kind of superhuman origin. However, are the limitations of languages then counter to ...