Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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Better Understanding Plantinga's Argument Against Naturalism

My advanced apologies if my question is not appropriate for this website. This is my first semester of Philosophy so I hope I'm not asking obvious, low-level questions. I have been reading Plantinga'...
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“God doesn't play with dice”: does QM's randomness really contradict religion?

Everyone knows Einstein's popular phrase on Quantum Mechanics - "God doesn't play with dice", implying that the randomness theory that the universe "popped" into existence randomly doesn't align with ...
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Which texts of Plato/Aristotle give their religious views?

I'm not sure if Plato or Aristotle have any works that are exclusively about religion like, say, David Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion. If they do, that'd be easier; but, I imagine their ...
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Are there any counterarguments to the criticism of Christianity as too local in time and space?

A common criticism of Christianity is that it is too limited in time and space for its claims to be true: Christianity has only been around for a relatively short period of humanity's existence, and ...
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What does Socrates mean by “gadfly attached to the state”?

Socrates likens himself to a “gadfly attached to the state.” What does he mean by this? Is this a good or bad thing? What would a similar character playing a similar role look like in our age?
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Has anyone claimed that any eternal return is not for and to me, because “a perfect repletion is the same”?

Has anyone claimed that any eternal return is not for and to me, because "a perfect repletion is the same"? I use quotes cos it's something a friend said, and I reckon that (if their original ...
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280 views

What is the difference between being good and being divine? [closed]

https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-difference-between-being-good-and-being-divine/answer/Ted-Wrigley https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-difference-between-being-good-and-being-divine/answer/Valerie-Yip-...
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What makes a basic belief a properly basic belief?

I'm currently looking into Plantinga's reformed epistemology and I'm trying to wrap my head around what makes a basic belief a properly basic belief. I understand what a basic belief is, in that it ...
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Is there anything to call “the idea or concept of God”?

If there is, I wish someone would explain it to me so I could have it too. I have no idea or concept of anything that could be labeled "a concept of God". I have searched my head for an idea or a ...
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A logical argument for the existence of a creator

I read the following argument for the existence of a creator. Basically, If there is no creator then a person caused his own existence or nothing caused his existence. Both consequences of the ...
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How can Science, Religion, Theoretical Philosophy, and Spirituality be compatible / not cause conflict with each other?

Suppose you believe in objective reality and "universal truth" -- What's the best way to find the "right" answer to any given question, given: When I say seek universal truth, what I mean is to ...
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Is it impossible to KNOW how our apparent reality came to be through philosophical or scientific argumentation?

Lately, i've been contemplating the mysterious doctrine or belief that many religiously inclined theists have called revelation. It is through this revelation from a god, defined in a certain rational ...
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Different theistic religions contradict each other [closed]

Most religions mandate sets of religious rules. In theistic religions such as Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Hinduism, these are often presented as divinely ordained. But different religions have ...
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Hiddenness of God

I have some questions regarding the argument of the Canadian philosopher John Schellenberg (Hiddenness of God) or (nonresistant nonbelief). See it here: The argument from nonresistant nonbelief My ...
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Can belief in reincarnation be justified using empirical evidence?

It's claimed in An Introduction to Parapsychology, 5th ed.: The survival hypothesis concerns the notion of postmortem survival, that is, that a disembodied consciousness or some such discarnate ...
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Can societal morals develop with no concept of religion?

My question is summed up in the title. Is it possible for a group of people who are completely devoid of religion to develop a set of common morals that differentiate between right and wrong? How ...
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907 views

Why would a God create animals that manifest homosexual behavior if he thought that homosexuality is a sin?

There are some people who think that homosexuality is a choice. They would argue that we can make this choice because we have free will. I will focus on those who think this way because of religious ...
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Who were the late renaissance/early enlightenment atheists?

Descartes (1596 – 1650) gave arguments against atheism, as did Blaise Pascal (1623 – 1662). Yet the first prominent atheist I can think of is David Hume (1711 - 1776), and even he wasn't explicit. ...
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Are most philosophers atheists, monotheists, polytheists or what?

Has anybody made such analysis? It would be interesting to know the position of the majority of philosophers regarding metaphysics/mythology/religion, maybe by region and/or period.
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In the Bhagavadgītā, what are some objections to its proposed solutions to the paradox of action?

For those un-familiar with indian philosophy, the Bhagavadgītā is a text that proposes a solution to the problem of rebirth. This problem of rebirth is as follows: We are in an endless cycle of ...
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Is there a difference between ideology and religion, and if not, what does secularism achieve?

Both espouse world views that are seen as complete by their followers. Both consider opposing views as incorrect. Both tend to impact human psychology in similar ways through creating an 'us and them' ...
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Which philosophy views “value” as the god?

What spiritual philosophy does Robert Lawrence Kuhn describe here? This view says that everything exists because of the value of the totality of universe.
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Did Descartes really doubt the existence of God?

I've learned about Descartes' universal doubt and as I understood it, he says mind that is supposed to interact with God isn't part of res extensa and therefore isn't part of the senses we can doubt. ...
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Is good the absence of evil or is it the other way round?

Is good the absence of evil or is evil the absence of good?What do religions tell us?
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What kind of arguments are there for the existence of the soul?

Arguments for the existence of God generally fall into certain categories (e.g. cosmological arguments, moral arguments, arguments from design, etc). But into which categories arguments for the ...
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How to argue for science against religion (ft. IASIP)?

(I previously asked posted this in Skeptics SE but was told that this might be a better SE for my specific question.) I was watching this scene from "It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia" where Mac (a ...
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Any philosopher considers theology as another mythology? [closed]

Polytheisms are usually considered mythology (e.g. Greek mythology, Amerindian mythologies), while monotheisms are usually considered religion, or even "truth", and studied by theology alone. To me, ...
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Is the idea of the word of God a means to understand human nature, and prayer?

The idea may sound stupidly ridiculous, but I wonder, can the word of God (Christ?) be read as an allegory on how it is that prayer works. If you see John 1:1-3 it says: In the beginning was the ...
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Authors that compare nationalism to religion

If people didn't choose their birth place nor their parents why do people feel proud or ashamed of their country? Why do they feel somehow responsible for the actions people take in the present or ...
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Can someone help me find this article on the philosophy of religion?

There was this essay on the current state of the field of the philosophy of religion, which made a list of uncritically accepted premises in the field, mostly because the field is subsumed with the ...
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Does religion negate innovation?

I've recently been reading a lot about human innovation and optimistic plans for the future (Elon Musk's work in specific). I have tried to speak with many of my colleagues in trying to get their ...
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What fallacy in Pascal's Wager allows replacing God with the devil?

I wanted to know the name of the fallacy or fallacies the Pascal's Wager in the sense that it can be applied to motivate one's belief in many things. A similar argument to the original Wager can be ...
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How can hard atheism & physicalism be adhered with confidence given quantum mechanics? [closed]

This is something I've wondered about. At first it didn't seem to be a problem and everything seemed nice and clear but as I read more, clarity of course gave way to mud, again. I am not sure whether ...
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What is the difference between philosophy, religion, and science?

If philosophy is the rational investigation of truth, how is it different from science or mathematics? Is philosophy based at some level on a subjective feeling? If so, how is it different from ...
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Is humility necessarily despicable?

The believer feels superior to the unbeliever. I will believe in Christian humility when I see the how the believer humbles himself before the unbeliever Nietzche, cited in Dostoevsky, ...
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How may Nikolaus von Kues’ “concept of concept” be applied as a bridge between logic and theology?

I am neither a specialist for logic nor for theology. Yet, I was electrified about Nikolaus von Kues statement that God is the concept of concept. Has Kues’ proposition somehow been applied as a real ...
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215 views

Religious belief as a consequence of self-reliance

Self-reliance doesn't come naturally to many people, but one could argue that self-reliance is an important factor in both natural and sexual selection. Also many religious people achieve self-...
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Is the logical problem of evil still argued?

Mackie (in "The Miracle of Theism" for instance) has argued that the supposed incompatibility between an all-powerful, all-knowing, and morally perfect God and the existence of evil actually ...
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4answers
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Doesn't population increase logically preclude reincarnation?

If reincarnation is about humans dying and their souls taking on new bodies, doesn't a net increase in human population size contradict it? I know I'm assuming that non-human organisms do not possess ...
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How far can compatibilism go: God as active creator with perfect foreknowledge and free will

One of the main arguments of compatibilists trying to save free will from God's foreknowledge seems to be that free will is still possible in the face of perfect foreknowledge as long as God only ...
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What is the fallacy in deriving necessity of an event from God's foreknowledge of it?

Here is the form: If God knows I will eat lentils tonight, then necessarily I will eat lentils tonight God knows I will eat lentils tonight Therefore, necessarily I will eat lentils tonight. Now, ...
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What arguments are there for the existence of a personal God?

Classical arguments for God's existence, like ontological, cosmological, teleological, etc., only derive the existence of something very abstract, greatest entity, first cause, etc., which is then "...
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Does this modal ontological argument prove the existence of God?

What are some objections to this form of the argument? It seems like the only premise that can be disputed is premise 1, but nobody has successfully disproven the possibility of a maximally great ...
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Cause and effect

A standard argument for the existence of God is the Kalam Cosmological Argument. The first premise of this argument is that if something begins to exist then it must have a cause. My question is this. ...
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Does culture bias weaken the argument that modern science and a religious world view are compatible?

A typical argument between an atheist and a theist goes along the following lines: ATH: "Modern science and reason are incompatible with a religious world view." TH: "That's not true, many scientists,...
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Is praying to God against what we say about God? [closed]

We say God is Just. He never does injustice to anyone but still we pray to God for our interest. For example, Consider two shop-owners who have their shops adjacent to each other and they sell the ...
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Does Proving god scientifically implies that he is unfair? [closed]

EDIT : So I think my question was not well understood by many members here.I am not trying to make an argument, I am proposing the question "What if atheists requirements to believe were all true ?" . ...
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Why is it considered illogical to have a new fact that supports a previously-unsupported spiritual claim?

This question is about the general ideas of acceptance and rejection in scientific fields, and while largely theoretical, is based on a conversation I'm having with a self-styled skeptic. I'm hoping ...
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Thomas of Aquino vs. William of Ockham

Thomas of Aquinas mentions Aristotle´s views at length in his writings. It seems that Aristotle who I understand did not teach about an intervening God, is nevertheless considered a skilled mechanics ...
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Can a society with an arbitrary social rule be moral?

Suppose there existed an isolated society somewhere with a central ruling (church-like) committee that dictates how people should live. If that committee came up with a set of social rules that no ...

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