Questions tagged [philosophy-of-religion]

Philosophy of religion is a branch of philosophy concerned with questions regarding religion, including the nature and existence of God, the examination of religious experience, analysis of religious vocabulary and texts, and the relationship of religion and science. Note that term is somewhat ambiguous as questions regarding atheism, secular humanism and agnosticism is included in the discipline.

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What is the name of the view of 'pulling up the ladder of Judeo-Christian morality'?

I overheard a friend say: We have progressed as a society to the point where the Judeo-Christian morality that once benefited us now holds us back. We have to pull up the ladder of XXX. (I didn't ...
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Name of fallacy that argues against the tools necessary for the argument

Let's say that someone believes that philosophy in itself is a bad thing. If I'm correct, the only way to combat this premise is to use philosophy (which is off limits since it's on trial)! ...
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What is the utility of non-falsifiable beliefs about God?

Note: This question is derived from comments by the original poster of an earlier question (on my answer to that question, How can theists respond to the argument that God is "unfalsifiable"...
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How can theists respond to the argument that God is “unfalsifiable”?

In this short essay, "Theology and Falsification", Anthony Flew argues that the idea of God is unfalsifiable. Flew gives the following example: A person of faith asserts that God loves his children. ...
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Logical positivism on religious language

I was searching for an essay on logical positivists’ view of religious language but I can't seem to find any good one. Can someone point out to me some links related to this?
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Why is the emergence of Monotheism a cultural milestone in the development of mankind?

In the cultural development of humanity the emergence of Monotheism is often mentioned to be a milestone comparable to the ability to control fire or write. Of course it is true, that Monotheism ...
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Does omniscience negate free will?

If a tri-omni being knows what you're exactly going to do, then you can't do anything other than what he already knows you'll do. Further, if a tri-omni being created this reality in which things ...
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4answers
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The use and abuse of logic (and picking apart an absurd statement)

As an engineer, I am used to thinking logically in a very narrow sense. In everyday life, I often come across claims that are passed off as logical, but instantly trigger my bullshit detector. Yet, ...
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Is there an innate drive to offer sacrifices for a higher being?

I have heard that philosophy recognizes or recognized a human inner drive to offer sacrifices to a higher being/authority and that this is the basis of early pagan practices and the foundation of ...
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What is god for religious people?

In order to discuss with religious friends about god, I would like to know if there's some accepted objective definitions of God for main religions, even if belief is subjective. For example, is he "...
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How do you resolve the issue: logically reasoning about 'god' (or even physics; mathematics) when sometimes logic is not valid or is partially broken?

Granted, the start of the following discussion may use some common everyday common sense logic, and therefore may not be valid in some new paradigm. However, the question is, in the face of Russel's ...
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Is it a fallacy, and if so which, to believe we are special because our existence on Earth seems improbable?

People often use the argument that there must be a God, for example, because Earth and the laws of physics are perfectly situated for humans to exist the way we do. However, if Earth or even the ...
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Is there a formal philosophical position equivalent to the popular “spiritual but not religious” idea?

Is there a formal philosophical position equivalent to the popular "spiritual but not religious" idea? You hear lots of people identify as "spiritual but not religious", presumably because they want ...
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What is the significance of the large statue of Hindu god Shiva “ the destroyer” located at CERN? [closed]

Robert Oppenheimer famously quoted Hindu scripture when the first atomic weapon was detonated saying " now I have become death the destroyer of worlds" Is there some worry that the work done at CERN ...
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Is it necessary to read Neoplatonic works (e.g. Plotinus, Porphyry, etc…) to understand St. Augustine's books?

I heard that St. Augustine of Hippo did put Neoplatonic thoughts in his works like "Confessions" ( I have the book but didn't read it yet). Is it necessary to read neoplatonic books like the Enneads ...
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Would the ontological argument disprove the Christian god?

The ontological argument of Descartes tries to show that a supremely perfect being (=god) must logically exist. Let's assume that this logic were valid. We would have proven that a "perfect" god ...
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437 views

Does philosophical knowledge always conflict with religion?

I read somewhere that more than 70 ℅ of philosophers are atheists and I was amazed and curious that what part of philosophy supports religion ? Or is religion itself is somehow it's own philosophy ? ...
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Moral realism: Can the Bible be a reliable moral guide for an atheist?

Assume both atheism and moral realism are true. Can a religious text, such as the Bible, still be a reliable moral guide? Or do the religious aspects invalidate the entire text? To put this another ...
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Can ancient religions with an omnipotent god be discussed into a definite answer about if the religion is real or not?

I find that trying to prove that a certain religion which has as a characteristic to have an omnipotent god is right or wrong according to current knowledge and well established observations is ...
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Possible ambiguity in Anselm's argument, and Kant's criticism

This is a follow-up to Could Anselm's argument also "prove" that a perfectly evil god must exist?, and also to Why is existence not a true predicate with respect to Anselm's ...
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Could Anselm's argument also “prove” that a perfectly evil god must exist?

As far as I know, Anselm's argument for the existence of god goes like this: Let's imagine the most perfect being possible. If we imagine it being most perfect but not existing, it would be even more ...
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Is 'immortality' outside the scope of philosophy?

Obviously religion offers hope or order through the promise or threat of an after life, etc.. As far as I can tell there's no scientific evidence for immortality, if only because it would be difficult ...
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What is the oldest known ethical list?

Preface This is not an attempt to appeal to tradition. Rather, general curiosity. Brass Tacks What list like ethical code of ancient religions is similar to the Ten Commandments or the five/ eight ...
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What is “religion”?

In his 2013 book entitled Why Tolerate Religion?, Brian Leiter defined "religion" as follows: Central beliefs that issue in categorical demands on action -- that is, demands that must be satisfied ...
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Does Alvin Plantinga's book Knowledge and Christian Belief offer any substantial updates to Warranted Christian Belief?

The stated primary goal of Plantinga's Knowledge and Christian Belief (2015) was to condense the content of Warranted Christian Belief (2000) into a shorter and more accessible book. My question is ...
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1answer
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What is the point of prayer for theological rationalists?

Of course, there are psychological aspects, you can unify a community or concentrate on your life goals. I feel like Christians try to do something like that when they say that prayer should be a ...
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362 views

What are some philosophical defenses of the existence of God?

What are some philosophical defenses of the existence of God? Specifically, I'd be interested in any philosophers who have provided a thorough and rigorous defense of the existence of a Judeo-...
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Should any philosophy tell one how to live if its adherents aren't completely able to “toe the line?”

If I myself am not perfectly able to do what a philosophy suggests/ demands of me, who am I to say "go and do (or avoid) such and so?" Or is this a philosophy of "Do as I say, not as I do?"
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Are some prominent atheists “religiously atheist” [closed]

There's a class of scientist (and non-scientist) that pursues the atheism argument religiously. It seems that their ears are closed to reasoned argument. They are typically, in all other spheres of ...
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What does Einstein mean, about 'practical results' and 'completely false notion'?

Source: p 112, Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed) by Solomon, McDermid. Primary Source: [I know not the page number because I found this online], The ...
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Definitions and choice

My specific question that I want answered is: Among definitions, how do we choose which one is the best? When it comes to definitions of abstract concepts, it seems like we can define things willy-...
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Does the notion of absoluteness exist?

Google defines absolute as: "a value or principle which is regarded as universally valid or which may be viewed without relation to other things." My work interests lie in the fields of computer ...
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How do we know we believe things?

This is my first philosophy question, so please bear with me. Wikipedia says belief is Belief is the state of mind in which a person thinks something to be the case, with or without there being ...
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A critique of the epistemoloical models of religion

I'm interested to find any existing critique of the epistemological models by which religions (especially the various branches of Christianity) determine their theological conclusions. What I ...
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6answers
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Is it honest to accept only part of a story as being metaphorical?

I will take the example of Christianity, but my question applies to any other religious material The majority of christians seems to accept that parts of the Bible are metaphors that should not be ...
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Could we take the fully rational and fully informed idealized agent that Peter Railton talks about as God, to give a theistic metaethics?

Recently, I finished Alexander Miller's book "An Introduction to Contemporary Metaethics." After reading about Peter Railton's reductionism, I wondered if it would be possible to take the agent which ...
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What does Kant mean by “Existence is not a predicate”?

What does Kant mean by "Existence is not a predicate"? How does that invalidate the ontological arguments? and how can he show that it's not a predicate? By predicate, I think he means a "property"...
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Where can one find the most fully developed version of EAAN with the four-part defense of premise 1?

Having just completed Alvin Plantinga's book Where the Conflict Really Lies, I was a bit surprised to learn that he now takes a different approach to defending premise 1 of the Evolutionary Argument ...
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495 views

Existence and afterlife [closed]

There is a finite possibility of you existing in this moment, compared to an infinitely long afterlife. Therefore the probability that an eternal afterlife, such as the stereotypical ideas of "heaven" ...
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Are neopagan religious views taken seriously by academic philosophers?

It seems 'normal' that philosophers of religion and divinities scholars in the West would focus mostly on the Abrahamic religions. Along with that, many philosophers have engaged with Eastern ...
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3answers
155 views

Unitedness of environment and self philosophical movement

This, I believe is a well known concept within Nichren Buddhism (and perhaps other parts of Buddhism; I don't know), but I am wondering if there is a name for the idea that the environment and self ...
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Are Tillich and Dewey saying the same thing with regard to “ultimate concern”?

Both Dewey and Tillich refer to "God" in their respective interpretations of the object of faith. Also, each of them uses similar terms in speaking of faith. Tillich speaks of being "ultimately ...
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How does “Plotinian discussion of unity and multiplicity” contribute to Al-Kindi's cosmological argument?

I'm reading a discussion of Al-Kindi's cosmological argument. Al-Kindi is widely considered "father of Islamic philosophy" and this argument is a version of what is now known as the "kalam ...
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Are religions at the end more humble comparing with the more Asian streams?

The three monotheistic religions all have a God who provides commandments and rules which are to be obeyed. In Asian religions like Buddhism, Hinduism, and Taoism there isn't such a God who gives ...
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140 views

Almighty entities cannot be brave nor trust in the power of love

Given that a all powerful/almighty thing exists (example gods from different religions). Something almighty has nothing to fear, because they are almighty. Since it has nothing too fear it cannot be ...
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Why did Aquinas distinguish his first three “cosmological argument” for God?

The first three of Aquinas' Five Ways seem to be very similar to each other. They can be generalized into one argument and they all rely on the impossibility on infinite regress and argued that God is ...
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Has anyone used the challenges facing the demarcation of science problem to justify religious and mystical worldviews?

Quine gave a serious challenge to the positivist program of establishing a purely observation and logic based epistemology. This essentially lead to the failure of the logical positivist's attempt to ...
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181 views

Has anyone made a good defence of Nietzsche's nihilism being available to Christians?

I've read, in the mainstream press, suggestions that Christians have a lot to learn from Nietzsche. Is there any reason to think that his corpus is dedicated to improving, rather than destroying, ...
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252 views

What is the Hindu Advait philosophy?

I have read that, this world is formed with the single fabric known as Bramhan which is the Goal of Advait philosophy of Hinduism, Is it true ? What is the exact Advait Philosophy?
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Are there any counter arguments to the claim God does not exist because there is evil in the world?

It's been argued that God doesn't exist because there is so much evil in the world. For example, suppose a person is violently murdered - an innocent child say. They argue, God could have prevented ...

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