Podcast #128: We chat with Kent C Dodds about why he loves React and discuss what life was like in the dark days before Git. Listen now.

Questions tagged [philosophy-of-science]

for applied philosophical questions about the study of science, the pursuit of scientific knowledge, and the scientific method

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Prove the following facts about Conditionalization

Prove that when an agent conditionalizes on new evidence, her credence in a proposition that entails the evidence cannot decrease. That is, when H entails E, it must be the case that cr2(H)
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Where can I find arguments for animal rights?

I'm asking this question on behalf of https://philosophy.stackexchange.com/users/47/curi I'm a philosopher (and programmer) attempting to research and diagram arguments relating to animal rights. I'm ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Confusion about the nature, defininition, and subject of study of Epistemology, Gnosiology and Phillosophy of Science

I am confused with the terms and the branches of phillosophy. Here is an example where all 3 terms were used. I always though phillosophy of science and epistemology were the exact same thing while ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Post-Positivism's Relationship to Post-Modernism

In A Nice Derangement of Epistemes by John H. Zammito, he attempts to "deflate" certain "extravagant gestures in philosophy of language" as he believes they "threaten to undermine indispensable canons ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Corroboration in Popper's system

Why corroboration gives to a theory increasing "value", as he states in his "logic of scientific discovery". The question is simple, but I need a complex answer, one that can't be used to justify ...
-1
votes
2answers
112 views

Epistemology and definition of Theory in Science

Which branch of philosophy is the authority and thus has the capacity to define what IS theory in science? I have linked to the definition of Theory by Simon Blackburn in Oxford Dictionary of ...
14
votes
8answers
5k views

Does every truth have to be provable based on evidence?

I know the answer is "no" in general due to Gödel's Theory of Incompleteness, but I mean this question in a more real-world sense (i.e. scientific sense). In other words, I am talking about empirical ...
1
vote
5answers
247 views

Has science ever disproved philosophical theories?

I am aware that science and philosophy, in their modern guise, are two separate beasts that never cross the same domains but sometimes it happens that philosophy influences science and that science ...
4
votes
3answers
170 views

Understanding Kant vs. Hume for a non-philosopher

I am trying to self-study a bit of philosophy. I am an applied mathematician by trade, and am therefore drawn to Kant's work on the limits of human knowledge, in particular his exchange with Hume. I ...
1
vote
3answers
175 views

How to reconcile that physicists and science educators use the word “theory” incompatibly?

When science denialists say "just a theory", they are roundly chastised. Science educators (teachers, reporters, essayists, etc) are united that the word theory has a strong requirement: Berkeley: "a ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

Please help with clarifying whether a science assumes the following axiom

It seems to me that the goal of science is to describe with the most precision the world we perceive through our senses. It seems to me that actually science has an axiom: There exists some final ...
0
votes
4answers
77 views

When writing scientific papers Why there is not a standard to declare all the things based on which a person will argue?

Lets say I am a scientists and I want to write a scientific paper about some matter of a physics for example. In that paper I would say for example that the universe is expanding (or some other well ...
-1
votes
1answer
42 views

Boltzmann brain - how are the laws of physics presented?

Does the Boltzmann brain scenario also assume that the laws of physics are presented consistently for each individual brain? In other words: 1) Why do we assume that the types of brains fluctuated ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Leo Strauss' Critique of Modern Science

I recently read Leo Strauss's views on modern science, as expanded in Alan Bloom's "The Closing of the American Mind". In a (very small) nutshell, Strauss had the extraordinary idea that modern ...
6
votes
2answers
587 views

What is the difference between 'accidental' and 'contingent'?

What is different between 'accidental' and 'contingent'? I thought that accidental contains intentional notation while Contingent does not. But there could be an intentional action that turns out to ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

What is Quine’s Confirmation theory?

I have just read that Quine relies on his confirmation theory to establish if a scientific theory is “valid” or not. But I am not sure to have understood what is Quine’s confirmation theory and why ...
2
votes
3answers
124 views

What kind of questions can science answer?

Please bear with me, as I am self-studying philosophy as a beginner. My questions are about the limitations of empirical science. During my reading of some books, I've come across statements of the ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

Does Darwin owe a debt to Hegel?

I just realized that Darwin's theory of evolution is very much historicist, and resembles Hegel's notion of an arc of history: evolution is progressive and moves with purpose in an almost dialectical ...
3
votes
2answers
48 views

What is the difference between instrumentalism and operationalism?

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy has the following definitions for these two perspectives on science: Instrumentalism: "the view that theories are merely instruments for predicting ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Why jain philosophy denies indeterminate stage of perception?

Ok ,so I'm reading now Indian philosophy and I found that Buddhism and many other Indian philosophy recognise both ' determinate and indeterminate stage of perception ' while jainas don't !
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Language and Sociology [closed]

Could someone systematically, methodologically, organisedly research Sociology, Civilisation, Culture through Language? I.e The state of Language would be the observation and one would give a ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

How are geometry and space related? [closed]

How are geometry and space related? I am asking in what type of relationship are "space" and "geometry". I can think of the relationship "necessity", but it's a very general relationship. I can't ...
1
vote
4answers
262 views

Is it true that we are almost certainly Boltzmann Brains?

I read an article and I got curious about the topic of Boltzmann Brains. I read some more articles and posts about the topic and it seems to me that the arguments are that BBs would outnumber us by ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

Single theory in the natural sciences

I understand why in natural sciences multiple theories are required to have a better understanding of the natural world. Such as in physics to understand schrodingers wave function we need wave ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

What are the main sources of the social constructivist view in the philosophy of science?

What are the main sources of the social constructivist view in the philosophy of science? I am looking for the main books that introduce or develop this view of science.
1
vote
2answers
256 views

Is philosophy a science and can it prove facts like science?

I would like to know whether philosophy can be treated as science since both science and philosophy search for truth, but philosophical theories, I think, are not provable. So my question is: ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

What is pseudoscience? How is it different from non-science? [closed]

*** I searched the question here in Stack Exchange and it wasn't reasonable
-1
votes
1answer
324 views

Noam Chomsky vs 9/11 Truth movement. Is Noam's Logic legit?

When Noam Chomsky was asked about what he thought about the collapse of building 7 at the University of Florida in 2013, he replied that only a minuscule part of the scientific community backed up the ...
1
vote
5answers
380 views

Do some philosophers believe there is no present, past, and future — and if so how on earth do they?

Nor does 20th (21st) -century physics countenance the idea that there is anything ontologically special about the past, as opposed to the present and the future. In fact, it fails to use these ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Question related to “construct validity”

Yet another quiz question. I feel so ignorant when I get such quizzes :(. The lecture notes are written in a non pedagogical way. This course is a compulsory course. I would be happy to hear your ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Minimalist philosophical assumptions to reason, deductively/inductively

I've been thinking a lot about foundations of science recently and I was wondering. Are there existing books/essays/works, or were there attempts that try to achieve the following: With a ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Related to “vagueness” definition

We got quiz today in the classroom. One of the questions are given below. I would be happy to hear your feedback on my answers. Which ones are true for "vague" definition? It means that it ...
6
votes
7answers
304 views

Is mathematics a mental idea?

Is mathematics a mental idea? According to this answer, a mental idea cannot exist without a mind. If mathematics is a mental idea, what does this imply about the laws of physics which can be ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

The Sartre Paradox

"According to Sartre, humans are the only beings that dont have an essence." Do't look a little "weird" J.P Sartre, tells that the "Man is comdemned to be free", in case conjuring that, the freedom ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Question on Hypothetico-Deductive Method

I had another quiz related Hypothetico-Deductive (HD) Method. I couldn't answer this because the way it was posed is so baffling to me. I am so sorry to ask all the basic questions (I think all ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Reasoning for Inductive inference?

Just out of curiosity, if I should replace the deductive inference related questions to inductive inference, then which are true? Inductive inferences rearrange current knowledge in such a way that ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Scientific truth vs. mathematical truth

It is said that in the real world nothing can be proven to be absolutely true because there is always a way for a statement to be disproved by a counterargument. For example, a person "A" could say ...
1
vote
3answers
89 views

Does infinity imply uncertainty? (Or the other way around?)

This is a follow on question from my question here Consider the hypotenuse of a right angle triangle where the opposite and adjacent sides both have length 1. The hypotenuse has length sqrt(2)... ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Quine's perspective on laws of nature

I am studying Lewis and his best system account of laws of nature so I am wondering what is Quine's viewpoint on laws on nature and if his perspective is similar to the lewisian one.
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Humean supervenience and Quine

I am wondering if Quine would adopt the Lewis' Humean supervenience theory to make sense of probability. Quine is a subjectivist about probability (even though regarding probability in QM he thinks ...
0
votes
2answers
74 views

What is the relationship between experience and science?

Say a farmer tries a new method on farming, and he realizes that this method makes all of his plants die. The next season, he tries again, with experience from the last season, he modifies the method ...
4
votes
3answers
995 views

Authors on the Credibility and Corruption of Modern Science

During the Renaissance and Industrial eras science was a way to remove superstition, religious misconception, and irrational fears. The scientific method was proved to be valid and available to ...
2
votes
2answers
388 views

A small reformulation of the Cosmological Argument

I am sure the cosmological argument has been raised here by people like me who know nothing about philosophy numerous times before on this board. But I'm wondering if a slightly different approach can ...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

What is conditional probability? [closed]

I need help understanding conditional probability. I was reading an answer here which talks about conditional probability. But, frankly I do not know what it is.
0
votes
2answers
116 views

Are formal sciences rationalistic and natural sciences empiricist?

As the title say, are the formal sciences (mathematics, logic, etc) fundamentally rationalistic while the natural ones (chemistry and physics) fundamentally empiricist? Physics, Chemistry, and ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

Philosophical papers based on modern cosmological theories

Einstein's theory of relativity was the big ground breaking discovery of the 20th century, and one of the most influential of all time. He laid the foundations not only of all the physics and ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

David Lewis and naturalism

I am studying Lewis and I am wondering what are the cornerstones of his philosophical perspective. In particular, I am wondering if Lewis is a naturalist like his supervisor Quine.
2
votes
3answers
76 views

Popper on probability

I cannot understand how and why Popper rejects the idea of a theory being "probably true". If a theory can be -more likely- than another (as he states), it means that a theory is more likely to be ...
0
votes
4answers
105 views

How can one explain this conflict between philosophy and classical physics? [duplicate]

Consider two moving objects along X-axis direction with different speeds and different initial starting points. Let the initial distance of the objects be d0 and v1 is greater than v2 i.e v1>v2. ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Natural/Artificial distinction

Is there in reality a distinction between natural and man-made products? Can airplane be considered natural as much as a squirel or a mountain?