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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-science]

for applied philosophical questions about the study of science, the pursuit of scientific knowledge, and the scientific method

2
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1answer
894 views

Is Poppers criticism of Kant valid?

Hume applying rationality to causality showed that it could not exist - the question is then how does it exist. Kants reply was to place it in the mind. Popper discusses this in his *Conjectures & ...
3
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0answers
89 views

Explanation vs. prediction in statistics and in the philosophy of science?

In the realm of statistics and machine learning, a lot of discussion has arisen recently around the difference between explaining and predicting: That the two are not the same, and that the difference ...
1
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0answers
11 views

Ethically dilemmas, empathy,aggression [on hold]

Respected group members, I want ask you that if food scarcity in group and other group have limited resources for survive , my wife and children dying with starvation would I morally right to attack ...
-1
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0answers
28 views

Is there a particular name/origin for the hypothesis “every x seconds, y event occurs” [on hold]

I'm interested in whether there is a particular name for the above (part mesaurement, part prediction) formula/hypothesis (e.g. "every second, 4 babies are born","every minute, 330,000 google searches ...
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0answers
30 views

What is the point does she missed? [on hold]

This video tells a story of a smart woman succeeded in genetic engineering that creates better human with longer lifespan, low sickness and mentally stable. But however, after a few generations, human ...
4
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9answers
1k views

Shouldn't fallibilism be a reason to abandon science?

The Wikipedia page on Fallibilism (currently) makes the intriguing claim that "Fallibilism is related to Pyrrhonistic Skepticism, in that Pyrrhonists of history are sometimes referred to as ...
-3
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0answers
149 views

How do we get science interested in formal logic as a model of logic? [closed]

To the extent that deductive logic is thought of as a capacity of the human brain, and to the extent that formal logic is meant to be a model of it, I believe a scientific approach is badly needed. ...
1
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0answers
63 views

How and why Aristotelian essentialism is a problem for Quine?

I cannot understand how and why the Aristotelian essentialism is problematic for Quine. I have tried to read articles on the theme but probably I am not smart enough to understand them. Could you ...
3
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3answers
119 views

Does falsifiability merely demarcate science from non-science, or does it actually say we should reject non-science?

I see from a quick read of the Wikipedia article that falsifiability is argued by some philosophers to be the defining criterion of science, setting it apart from non-science (there's lots of talk ...
1
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0answers
24 views

What is Quine’s reductionism?

I am especially interested in how reductionism is related to the fact that even though science broadly comprehends a number of subjects, physics is paradigmatic.
4
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4answers
957 views

What are the problems with Plantinga's evolutionary argument against naturalism (EAAN)?

Alvin Plantinga's formulation of the argument is here. I'll try to summarize it as I understand it. Naturalistic evolution selects for traits that tend to lead to survival. Some true beliefs about ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Is there any correlation between Quine’s underdetermination and bayesian issues of old evidence and new theories?

Bayesianism has some faults some of them are the problem of old evidence and the issue of new theories. Are these two problems linked to Quine’s underdetermination? Or are they contrasting it? What is ...
11
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11answers
6k views

Any argument against determinism?

I'm a very logical person. I like mathematics, software engineering, physics... everything in that area. Also I'm an anti-theist. My understanding of the universe: If you would take every atom (as ...
1
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5answers
93 views

Is Vox Day right about “extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence”?

https://donotlink.it/YOAV It's quite amusing to hear self-proclaimed "rationalists" attempt to make use of this quote, since the claim that "extraordinary evidence" is required is fundamentally ...
0
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0answers
19 views

Pragmatic encroachment: how is the basis for X being accurate different from the basis of when it is accurate to say someone knows that X is accurate?

When is it accurate to say that a person (P) knows that X is true/accurate? This question seems to be answered by the idea/concept of 'Pragmatic Encroachment'; The basic idea/concept of 'Pragmatic ...
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1answer
58 views

Can the height in another dimension look different from different dimensions? [closed]

Can the height in another dimension look different from different dimensions that we know? For example, can the width looks different than we see it?
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2answers
111 views

Do the dimensions have an infinite number of combinations of the appearance? [closed]

Can a piece of paper in our universe have more depth. something that we can't see. something that's more material. something that's more material. something that's more material. something that's more ...
39
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12answers
5k views

What should philosophers know about math and natural sciences?

My question is whether a lack of knowledge about formal mathematics or theoretical science in general would have an impact on a philosopher's ability to think and make judgments. Why should a ...
2
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4answers
146 views

How do we know what we know is right?

The more i study science and maths these days, the more i continuously question myself whether all the knowledge we have built up until now is in fact true or correct. But before being picky with ...
4
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7answers
2k views

Can there be a priori truths for science?

Can there be a priori truths for science, even if science is heavily based on the scientific method with empirical evidence? What if we're using examples like theoretical physics? Please explain.
1
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1answer
83 views

Must an analysis of Being precede the positive sciences?

In the first few pages of Being and Time Heidegger writes: such an inquiry [into foundations]... still needs a guideline... it remains naive and opaque if... it leaves the meaning of being in ...
5
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2answers
238 views

Rudolf Carnap's opinion about free will

I know that the logical positivists thought that many old philosophical questions are meaningless, but I never found a source on the internet about their position on free will. So what was their ...
2
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0answers
53 views

Why is there no “Mario Bunge” entry in the SEP? Where could I find a valuable presentation of Mario Bunge's philosophy?

I only have a rudimentary knowledge of Mario Bunge's philosophy. But what I've read in the Ontology part of his Treatise of basic philosophy seems much promising. I'm astonished that Bunge is not ...
0
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3answers
277 views

Does free will contradict the theory of infinite universes

Let's imagine that we live in a world with infinite universes. One of these universes is the same as the one we live in, except for one change: this morning I choose to cut off my leg for some reason, ...
1
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1answer
90 views

Ultimate goal of science? [closed]

Sorry if I seem to be redundant about this or if my exposition is not clear enough. May you help me clarify about what to rationally expect for the 'final explanation' that science could give us when ...
0
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0answers
58 views

Can anyone explain the concept of “being-thus”?

I was reading a letter from Einstein to Max Born that says something like this: It is further characteristic of these physical objects that they are thought of as arranged in a space-time ...
0
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1answer
90 views

Has there been any philosophical guidance regarding when to use logic vs empirical testing?

One obvious disadvantage of testing a given claim with scientific constraints is that one may never know the number of possible constraints to try, in which combinations, and in which order to modify ...
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1answer
65 views

Can a different universe be built with three dimensions? [closed]

Can you theoretically create a universe that will have the same dimensions but will look different? For example, a paper that has a limit, or another similar dimension can it be different?
1
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2answers
103 views

Does linguistic idealism imply scientific anti-realism, and are any existentialists committed to anti-realism for that reason?

Does linguistic idealism imply scientific anti-realism? By scientific anti-realism I mean the opinion that the unobservable world we study with science is not real, not mind independent. By ...
2
votes
1answer
315 views

What is the relevance of applicability to the natural sciences in pure mathematics?

I think I am coming to a good, new understanding of the relationship of pure mathematics to the natural sciences. A major concern of mine is just how reliable is rigorous (characteristically "pure") ...
1
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0answers
48 views

What are the accomplishments of critical theory vs. logical positivism

Coming from a natural science viewpoint I find that logical positivism is much more important for scientific research than is critical theory. I've read the critics/flaws of logical positivism and ...
0
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1answer
86 views

What justified consciousness is an experience and not an thing? [closed]

No philosophers has justified that consciousnesses can be measured. Many philosophers have tried to describe the mind, but are there any specific scholars who describe justified methods to describe ...
5
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8answers
277 views

Does believing in a Christian God logically imply believing in miracles?

Assume you are a Christian and you believe that the descriptions of the life of Jesus are facts. Things like turning water into wine magically, walking on water and other miracles seem to be ...
0
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1answer
76 views

Differences and similarities between Kuhn and Quine about the indeterminacy of translation

About Thomas Kuhn's semantic incommensurability: Early on Kuhn drew a parallel with Quine's thesis of the indeterminacy of translation (1970a, 202; 1970c, 268). According to the latter, if we are ...
8
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6answers
1k views

Why are homologies evidence for evolution instead of common design?

I have seen some creationists arguing that when evolutionary biologists use homologies (anatomical or genetic) as evidence for evolution, they are committing the fallacy of affirming the consequent. ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

Would truly random events be strictly equivalent to events without a cause?

There are a couple of questions (one, another) about this topic, and as I was thinking about this for a while, I started wondering whether there has been any systematic research into this that raises ...
1
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3answers
105 views

Philosophy - If Space and Time are infinite and therefore infinite copies of us would end up existing, then wouldn't we still be gone after we die?

I have been pondering a question in my head. If Space and Time are infinite, then does that mean that Nietzsche's Eternal Return theory is true in the way that my life would recur, that when 'I' ('I' ...
2
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2answers
230 views

Fallibilism and truth by science

I know that a fallibilist believes that our current beliefs may not be true but i'm trying to argue that one can be a fallibilist and also believe that science progresses towards the truth. Does it ...
9
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6answers
1k views

Are philosophy and science mergeable today?

In the past, both Philosophy and Science were one. However, because of the vastness of Science, it was cut off. I am inclined to go along the same line of thinking, but, is there a way to merge both ...
1
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2answers
100 views

Is it problematic to use indeterministic models for deterministic processes

The title basically says it all. My question is whether it is problematic that deterministic processes such as coin tosses are modelled as indeterministic random processes by Frequentist statisticians....
0
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1answer
79 views

Do we really know that the laws of physics are consistent with our observations?

The question of whether your observations are consistent with the laws of physics is pretty much a mathematically defined question. To say that the laws of physics are consistent with your ...
1
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3answers
74 views

Albert Camus's thoughts on Science in the “Myth of Sisyphus”

I am not able to completely comprehend his thoughts on science from the below excerpts from The Myth of Sisyphus. I would appreciate insights. And here are trees and I know their gnarled surface, ...
-1
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2answers
82 views

Can shapes be relative from different perspectives? [closed]

Can a material thing (being) have different shapes at the same time? I mean, can the sun be circular and quadratic at the same time? And can it be just as material. To simplify the question. Can a ...
2
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0answers
79 views

Quine, subjective probability and QM

I have just read Confessions of a Confirmed Extensionalist where Quine says: “Probability? Of events? Restore extensionality (...). Of states of affairs? Treat quotationally, like de dicto. How much ...
4
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3answers
121 views

Testing scientific theories inside a simulated universe

The background of my question relies on the following points. Quine-Duhem thesis: it is difficult to test a theory with an experiment, because the test would rely on other theories. The discussion of ...
2
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2answers
101 views

What's the difference between logical modalities and physical modalities?

I am just wondering what's the difference between the two. I would say that there is something different, but honestly I can't define what it is exactly. What do you think?
2
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3answers
108 views

Probability calculus and Quantum Mechanics [closed]

I am not an expert and probably this question highlights this. Anyway, is the probability calculus used in Quantum Mechanics? Does the concept of probability adopted in Quantum Mechanics satisfy the ...
0
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0answers
27 views

Probabilistic, indeterministic and random in QM

This is a question about terminology used in QM since I need to clarify this aspect. Is “probabilistic” a synonym of “indeterministic”? And in case they are not synonyms, what do they exactly mean? ...
1
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4answers
476 views

Philosophy - Does Einstein's Block Universe theory prove Nietzsche's Eternal Return theory is true?

If the Past, Present, and Future all exist in exactly the same way, then every single moment would be a ‘Now’ moment for me. it would also mean that me being dead in the future is equally real in the ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Could generalization of scientific theories be possible by just adding an ad hoc hypothesis?

In a seventeenth century world the Newtonian model did mostly very well to describe how gravity works in the universe and did well with most empirical evidence of that time. Of course now we know that ...