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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-science]

for applied philosophical questions about the study of science, the pursuit of scientific knowledge, and the scientific method

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1answer
346 views

How would anyone know if they saw the equation of everything?

Given this answer by user34445 to the question: Final theory in Physics: a mathematical existence proof? https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/76058/final-theory-in-physics-a-mathematical-...
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4answers
2k views

What exactly is the CTMU?

http://www.ctmu.org/ So recently I read about this guy with a really high IQ, Chris Langan, who crafted an ultimate theory of reality - CTMU, Cognitive-Theoretical Model of the Universe - which he ...
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1answer
128 views

Is a posteriori analytic philosophy just science?

Analytic philosophy primarily tries to solve problems a priori. Science can be considered to be synthetic a posteriori, based of some a priori theoretical framework. But would any conclusions that you ...
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4answers
610 views

Philosophy - Does Einstein's Block Universe theory prove Nietzsche's Eternal Return theory is true?

If the Past, Present, and Future all exist in exactly the same way, then every single moment would be a ‘Now’ moment for me. it would also mean that me being dead in the future is equally real in the ...
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2answers
178 views

What do you think? A blogger's thought and Mine : Falsifying Test [closed]

When I was googling with word "Marx, Wittegenstein", I encountered an very interesting site. The site owner ( the blogger ) asks, "Popper is not conducting his own theory, Falsifying test. Is it not ...
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1answer
516 views

Why are physicists debating the “multiverse” so detached from professional philosophy?

Something curious is happening in some corners of fundamental physics these days, and I am wondering if professional philosophers of science are fully aware of this, or else why there is not more ...
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10answers
14k views

Was Einstein a philosopher?

Albert Einstein described the fact that he believed in 'god'; yet, he did not define that god as a personal god who actually existed as a separate being. He used the concept to describe everything ...
8
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1answer
398 views

What is the Anti-Realist and Constructionist interpretation of empirical dating methods and existence of the past?

I'm fairly interested in the realism, anti-realism debate and would like to hear, if possible by an anti-realist or constructivist, how dating methods fit into their world view. As a realist, dating ...
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4answers
247 views

The demarcation problem and the materialism/dualism debate?

Presumably the end game of dualist philosophers is to definitively prove the existence of ontologically separate mental states which cannot be reduced to brain states. If they succeed in doing so, ...
8
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1answer
7k views

How does Kant respond to Hume's problem of induction?

It's generally well-known that Kant was responding, amongst other influences, to Hume's critique of the empirical method on purely logical grounds. One could consider him as a modern-day Pyrrhonniste. ...
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5answers
268 views

Social theory of science?

A lot of philosophers of science try to explain what science is through a normative approach. That it, they try to show what are norms and standards the satisfaction of which make a theory or practice ...
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2answers
336 views

Does Quine consider the Homeric gods to have predictive power?

Quine wrote in his 1951 paper "Two Dogmas of Empiricism": "Physical objects are conceptually imported into the situation as convenient intermediaries not by definition in terms of experience, but ...
6
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1answer
470 views

What is the relation between calculus and Aristotle's view of infinite divisibility?

According to an article by Rowan, Aristotle very practically, pointed out that there was a threshold to get something moving when there is resistance to friction: 'one man cannot move a ship' as ...
6
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1answer
345 views

Should modern empiricists embrace string theory?

Conventional wisdom says "no", lack of new predictions being the main criticism. Johansson and Matsubara review string theory from various empiricist perspectives, and the best they can say (for ...
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1answer
430 views

Occams principle is seen as a corner-stone of modern science, are there any examples where its opposite is shown to be useful?

Occams razor states that given a choice between differing explanations one should always choose the simplest. Of course this begs the question as to what one could mean by simplest. I'm interested in ...
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2answers
135 views

Are all the consequences of a science in the science's principles?

"Chaotic" differential equations are very simple principles compared to the more complex consequences of them. For example, the equations modeling the motion of a double-pendulum, ,are relatively ...
5
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1answer
7k views

When did psychology separate from philosophy and become a science?

I was hearing a recorded lecture on the philosophy of science, and I heard the author mention that various disciplines (math, physics, etc...) separated from philosophy and became established ...
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2answers
251 views

Is a theory of physics possible with no constants?

The Standard Model of Physics has a number of constants. Obviously the fewer the better - simply in terms of there being less fundamentally inexplicable constants to explain. It seems to me, in as ...
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7answers
2k views

Can there be a priori truths for science?

Can there be a priori truths for science, even if science is heavily based on the scientific method with empirical evidence? What if we're using examples like theoretical physics? Please explain.
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181 views

How has big data affected theory formation, underdetermination and the realist/construtivist debate? [closed]

How has [or will] the prevalence of “big data” – the exploding plethora of information and computing power to correlate it – impact[ed] (i) the scientific method’s theory/hypothesis formation, (ii) ...
4
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1answer
171 views

What is the consensus on metaphysical innocence of social construction (2N2C)?

What is the consensus about 2N2C? Is there any broad consensus on its truth, or utility? That's the fun abbreviated title of Boyd's No Non Causal Contribution (double N, double C) thesis, see ...
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5answers
407 views

Is Philosophy about living?

I read some arguments in this forum about Western vs Eastern viewpoints. And about the idea that modern-Western thought applies Science principles and eastern, being older merely applies a more ...
4
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1answer
159 views

Does the propensity interpretation of probability rely on the principle of indifference?

According to the late Popper, among others, probability is the propensity of a set of conditions to produce certain long run relative frequencies. Therefore if we say that a certain set of conditions ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the difference between determinism and superdeterminism?

I know I need to add some body to the question, so I'll give you some links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Determinism and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superdeterminism. I have seen some comments that ...
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109 views

Reductionism as explanation of facts

I was wondering why is so frequent to hear explanations in science relying on what -in philosophical terms- is called reductionism. Do you have any idea why explain and reduce it to minimal part of ...
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5answers
2k views

Was Kant right about space and time (and wrong about knowledge)?

According to Kant our empirical experience is synthesized from sensations through categories. Apparently, unconscious "productive ability of imagination" mediates the process using the schemes of ...
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2answers
467 views

How is the concept of “beyond word” viewed in many school of thoughts?

This is my review on the concept of "beyond word": Taoism and Buddhism seems to share that wisdom can't be grasped intellectually. In Zen practice, the koans are presented as nonsensical questions so ...
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2answers
232 views

Measurement devices and empiricism

In the first physics lecture I ever visited, the professor shortly demonstrated the fallibility of our senses with a spinning disc optical illusion to justify the use of measurement devices. He didn't ...
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5answers
1k views

Could the assumption of materialism be a flaw in the scientific method?

The scientific method operates by validating theories through observation and experimentation, if the observations and experimentation is inconsistent with the theory, the theory must be rethought. ...
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1answer
281 views

What is the relationship between Kripke's rigid designators and scientific realism?

In a lecture on philosophy of science, the lecturer said something to the effect that the necessity of identity and Kripke's theory of rigid designators "provides a path back to scientific realism" in ...
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3answers
268 views

Epistemology of “Creationism Debate”

Epistemologically, is there any difference between a belief in non-interventionist evolution and a belief in young-earth creationism? If so, what is it? I'm not interested in the question of whether ...
2
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1answer
591 views

Can sheaf-theory help interpret Quantum Mechanics?

The Copenhagen interpretation posits a boundary in the World between the observer and the non-observer (that is the rest of the World). There is knowledge (Observables measured) associated with each ...
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2answers
436 views

The blind adherence to progress

Does science need a moral framework from which it should operate? How would we go about choosing such a framework? There is various religions that can provide such a framework or even secular humanism....
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2answers
400 views

Newtons law saved by ad-hoc hypothesis?

In the early 1800’s it was found that the observed orbit of Uranus deviated from the theoretical predictions (based on Newton’s theory of gravity and a seven planet model of the solar system). Instead ...
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3answers
1k views

Is “Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences” a tautology?

According to Gelfand, "Eugene Wigner wrote a famous essay on the unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics in natural sciences. He meant physics, of course. There is only one thing which is more ...
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6answers
769 views

Has the Problem of Induction been solved?

The problem as to acquiring knowledge about times where we cannot experiment/observe. For e.g, you haven't seen the future, so you cannot make any definitive statements, or rather, scientifically ...
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1answer
330 views

What is the relevance of applicability to the natural sciences in pure mathematics?

I think I am coming to a good, new understanding of the relationship of pure mathematics to the natural sciences. A major concern of mine is just how reliable is rigorous (characteristically "pure") ...
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3answers
552 views

Philosophers who wrote about limits of knowledge?

What if "the truth" about any concept (consciousness, reality, religion,physics, etc.), turns out to be a complex idea such that our brains can't simply process it in a single lifespan. For example, ...
2
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1answer
892 views

How is Lakatos's hard core of theoretical assumptions different than Kuhn's paradigm?

Listening to a course on philosophy of science, Lakatos was presented as a middle way between Popper and the positivists strictly rational description of scientific theories and Kuhn's historical/...
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1answer
51 views

Where dows Kuhn talk about intension of concepts?

Kuhn talks about changement of concepts during scientific revolutions and says it affects both their intension and extension, and that within the new paradigm old terms, concepts, and experiments fall ...
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1answer
134 views

Why did Scientists still follow Newton's scientific framework, even though Kant debunked it?

Why did physicists still followed Newton's framework all the way until the early 20th century, Pre-Einstein Kant wrote a book criticizing Newtonian mechanics (metaphysics) did many physicists simply ...
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1answer
129 views

Knowing whether a discipline is science or philosophy [duplicate]

There are certainly no clear boundaries within science and philosophy. Science is about knowledge of nature, hypothesis, tests and repetition, and philosophy is about knowledge generated purely by ...
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1answer
67 views

Where did Kuhn draw a parallel with Quine's thesis of the indeterminacy of translation?

About Thomas S. Kuhn, In the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy I read: Early on Kuhn drew a parallel with Quine's thesis of the indeterminacy of translation (1970a, 202; 1970c, 268) Which is the ...
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4answers
155 views

Tu quoque and scientific anti-philosophy [closed]

Unless I misunderstood this recent thread, the scientifically minded can legitimately only believe in science (not philosophy), and what is "robust and reliable", it's just that they don't prove it's "...
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2answers
158 views

Einstein on induction [closed]

Einstein says here the researcher always starts out from facts, whose mutual connections are his aim, he does not find his system of ideas in a methodical, inductive way Surely, I am thinking, ...
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6answers
299 views

What are examples of causes that do not require energy to produce an effect?

As a comment to an answer Conifold mentioned that "Causes may not require any energy to produce the effect". After thinking about that, I couldn't come up with any such causes outside of metaphysical ...
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1answer
48 views

Kuhn: in what sense is the changed part of an old taxonomy redefined in terms of an “unchanged part”?

The problematic nature of translation arises from two assumptions. First, as we have seen, Kuhn assumes that meaning is (locally) holistic. A change in the meaning of one part of the lexical structure ...
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3answers
389 views

Difference between Science and Arts according to Mae Jemison

Here is a quotation from Mae Jemison: "Science provides an understanding of a universal experience. Arts provide a universal understanding of a personal experience." Could you help me making sense ...
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2answers
125 views

Machines vs Chaos of Human Language

Will it ever be possible for machines to understand language the way humans do? It is a famous XKCD comic strip pointing out how "Language isn't a formal system. It is a glorious chaos". It ...
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8answers
338 views

About Religion and Science [duplicate]

Sometimes I think, for example, that a mathematician cannot be religious. I mean, the idea of belief in a God is very antiquated and not coherent for a scientist like a mathematician. But I know that ...