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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-science]

for applied philosophical questions about the study of science, the pursuit of scientific knowledge, and the scientific method

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1answer
106 views

What did Kuhn specifically say about “history for philosophical purposes”?

Kuhn had little formal philosophical training but was nonetheless fully conscious of the significance of his innovation for philosophy, and indeed he called his work ‘history for philosophical ...
2
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4answers
200 views

Drawing from a box that contains all the Natural numbers

This question is basically about the fact that there exists no uniform distribution over the set of all Natural numbers. Imagine a situation in which we would draw from an urn that contains one ball ...
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3answers
211 views

Could we develop a notion of conceivability that would allow us to imagine impossible/inconsistent/illogical things?

There are things that we cannot imagine because they are impossible (like a solution to Russell's set theory, since it is impossible to reach that solution because it is illogical.) Some months ago, ...
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0answers
70 views

Should scientists stand against anything that cannot be statistically tested?

As I see it, scientists have three categories of non-science. Theories that actually have been falsified with data showing they are wrong. Theories that cannot be tested regardless of technological ...
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2answers
69 views

Philosophy and Mindset

All humans can think, question and make decisions. Because of that, all humans are philosophers according to their mindset. Does any philosopher argue like that? Is this True of False?
3
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1answer
39 views

Resources on materialism and physicalism?

I was wondering if there is anyone here who could recommend specific books or information specific resources from assorted philosophers on the topic of materiality and physicality? I've finished ...
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1answer
23 views

With regard to the methodological incommensurability, does Kuhn talk about astrology?

According to Kuhn's methodological incommensurability, puzzle-solutions from different eras of normal science are evaluated by reference to different paradigm and methods. This implies that what was ...
4
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3answers
361 views

Good resources for philosophers to learn more about quantum mechanics?

It is easy to find high-level descriptions of the implications of quantum mechanics, but they always seem a bit handwavy to me, or at least it is hard to know whether those interpretations are really ...
3
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1answer
39 views

Kuhn: in what sense is the changed part of an old taxonomy redefined in terms of an “unchanged part”?

The problematic nature of translation arises from two assumptions. First, as we have seen, Kuhn assumes that meaning is (locally) holistic. A change in the meaning of one part of the lexical structure ...
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0answers
53 views

What is uncomfortable science (Tukey 1954)?

I came across the term "uncomfortable science" on Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncomfortable_science) where it is defined: Situations where the same data is used for model development (...
2
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1answer
154 views

Time - Does the Big Crunch mean our existence would be cyclical?

Given Nietzsche's Eternal Return philosophy, would the Big Crunch mean that our existence is cyclical, and therefore coincide with Eternal Return philosophy?
0
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1answer
108 views

If time is going to end, then did it have a beginning? How do we know time will end?

Why do most physicists believe time is finite? What proof do we have that time is not infinite and therefore will never end? And how can 'time' actually come into existence if something coming into ...
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2answers
65 views

Philosophy - If Space and Time are infinite and therefore infinite copies of us would end up existing, then wouldn't we still be gone after we die?

I have a question pondering in my head that if Space and Time are infinite, then does that mean that Nietzsche's Eternal Return theory is true in the way that my life would recur that when 'I' ('I' ...
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1answer
96 views

Philosophy - Is Nietzsche's Eternal Return theory true?

Is Nietzsche's Eternal Return theory true? I am extremely worried that it is because of the very likely fact that Einstein's Block Universe theory is true, and what renders Einstein's Block Universe ...
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4answers
269 views

Philosophy - Does Einstein's Block Universe theory prove Nietzsche's Eternal Return theory is true?

If the Past, Present, and Future all exist in exactly the same way, then every single moment would be a ‘Now’ moment for me. it would also mean that me being dead in the future is equally real in the ...
0
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1answer
97 views

Philosophy - If both the Rebound Universe and Block Universe theories are true would that mean Nietzsche's Eternal Return theory true?

If the Block Universe is true, and if the Rebound Universe is also true where the universe goes from Big Crunch to Big bang then doesn't that mean that the Block Universe is shaped like a circle where ...
4
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5answers
192 views

Does believing in a Christian God logically imply believing in miracles?

Assume you are a Christian and you believe that the descriptions of the life of Jesus are facts. Things like turning water into wine magically, walking on water and other miracles seem to be ...
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3answers
463 views

Philosophy - Does the block universe theory of time mean that life will repeat after death?

I have suffered severe anxiety, sadness, regret, and depression since I was 13, I had 2 trapped-feeling panic attacks when I was 13 I am now 17 and fighting off frequent urges to have a trapped-...
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0answers
32 views

is perceptual / observational incommensurability equivalent to ontological incommensurability?

perceptual/observational—observational evidence cannot provide a common basis for theory comparison, since perceptual experience is theory-dependent Kuhn expresses or builds on the idea that ...
2
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2answers
74 views

What kind of incommensurability does Kuhn claim rules out convergent realism?

A standard conception of the transition from classical to relativistic physics is that although Einstein's theory of relativity supersedes Newton's theory, what we have is an improvement or ...
3
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1answer
68 views

Is There a World That Exactly Mimics Our Own?

If parallel universes do indeed exist and if we are just viewing one tiny part of reality, is it possible that in an alternate universe there would appear an exact replica of our world? Note: I ...
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0answers
29 views

Where did Kuhn write his last thoughts about incommensurability?

Kuhn continued to develop his conceptual approach to incommensurability. At the time of his death he had made considerable progress on a book in which he related incommensurability to issues in ...
2
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1answer
45 views

What did Kuhn exactly say about the inscrutability of reference?

Early on Kuhn drew a parallel with Quine's thesis of the indeterminacy of translation (1970a, 202; 1970c, 268). According to the latter, if we are translating one language into another, there are ...
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2answers
518 views

Where does Kuhn talks about the five characteristics for the choice of theory?

Kuhn (1977, 321–2) identifies five characteristics that provide the shared basis for a choice of theory: 1. accuracy; 2. consistency (both internal and with other relevant currently accepted ...
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0answers
37 views

Kuhn's essay “Reflections on my critics” is named [1970b] or [1970c]?

About Thomas Kuhn's essay Reflections on my Critics I found two different refereces: In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy it's reported as [1970c], see: 1970c, “Reflections on my Critics”, ...
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1answer
68 views

Is it true that modern statistics was created to prove eugenics? [closed]

Karl Pearson, Francis Galton, R.a Fisher were all prominent figures in the development of modern statistics and were all proponents of Eugenics. Is this true that it was a scientific/mathematical ...
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1answer
83 views

Can physics be approached from a worldview that's not naturalistic?

This is both a theoretical and practical question. Physics (at least university-taught physics) is often based upon Newton's basic worldview, a naturalistic worldview that's said to be the ...
3
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1answer
77 views

which books or essays “Kuhn [1981]” is referred to?

I found a quote by Thomas Kuhn and the source reports: Kuhn [1981] but I cannot find that year in his bibliography . By googling "Kuhn [1981]" I found the following: What are Scientific ...
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3answers
182 views

Does a philosophy become a science once it can be tested?

Considering that physics used to be called Natural Philosophy. But then it became a "science" once there were numerical predictions and tests. Also when you look at Russell's theory of logic and ...
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5answers
160 views

Should all religions and science simply be called philosophies? [closed]

It could be argued that there are three great competing philosophies in the world right now. Democracy, Communism and Islam. Now because one of these philosophies also includes the presumption of a ...
6
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4answers
103 views

On the determination of scientific consensus

The question: Are there any philosophers or sociologists who have written about the process in which the scientific community decides that a body of evidence is enough to consider a particular theory ...
2
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3answers
116 views

Does engineering have an intrinsic moral dimension?

If you think engineering has an intrinsic moral dimension, please share your point of view. I think it does, but I would love to hear other points of view.
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0answers
28 views

Any book/article that talks about a difference in what science achieves and what society wants/needs?

I'm not trying to ignite a discussion on the topic, simply a reading reference for someone who talks about any difference between the academia and society - for example I've seen a book (published ...
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2answers
78 views

When did Kuhn talk about Aristotle's errors?

About the following quote from Thomas Kuhn, talking about the first time he read Aristotle: "The question I hoped to answer, was how much mechanics Aristotle had known, how much he had left for ...
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1answer
65 views

Where did Kuhn draw a parallel with Quine's thesis of the indeterminacy of translation?

About Thomas S. Kuhn, In the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy I read: Early on Kuhn drew a parallel with Quine's thesis of the indeterminacy of translation (1970a, 202; 1970c, 268) Which is the ...
0
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4answers
114 views

How to test electromagnetism avoiding circular reasoning?

I want to test electromagnetism. The first idea I came up with was to use an ammeter and voltmeter for circuitry. However, these instruments were designed based on electromagnetism. So I think this ...
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3answers
179 views

Proofs in math and physics

Suppose we have the case of a proof in math or physics and we want to compare the status of the derived information. I know that in math mostly all derived information or deduced details are a priori. ...
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1answer
170 views

Is Reality an intersection of Incompatible Ontologies?

Empiricists do not ask questions about the ontological status of mathematical or logical structures. Idealists don't explain how Ideas are developed, or how technological advancement in general takes ...
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2answers
284 views

What is the difference between an axiom, hypothesis and a postulate? [duplicate]

What is the difference between an axiom, a hypothesis and a postulate? I'm a student of physics and not know much of philosophy. All I know is that axioms (for example, the axioms of Euclidean ...
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0answers
76 views

Thomas Kuhn's “paradigm” and its 22 different uses

Thomas S. Kuhn, both in his Second Thoughts of Paradigms [1971] and in the Postscript to the second edition of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions [1970], refers to someone who found 22 different ...
2
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1answer
43 views

On the way we relate to the world\thinking the way we think

Walking down the streets I heard: Measuring means comparing. I was shocked. Why $A$ is better\bigger\higher\etc than $B$? It becomes somehow obvious: that simple idea shapes part of our reality. ...
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0answers
52 views

Kuhn's incommensurability of scientific theory

Kuhn's view of the development of scientific theory has it that changes in paradigms mean that a scientist cannot compare paradigms with one another to determine which one is objectively better since ...
3
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1answer
45 views

What is the 'idea' behind structural realism?

I have read a little bit about the structural realist's position. It is characterised by the belief that there are key ideas that must be retained in scientific theories, namely those mathematical/...
3
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1answer
67 views

Responses to the problem of Underdetermination

Underdetermination and the arationality in the process of theory choice is often brought up by anti-realists on science as a proof of the problems with the scientific process in tracking truth. What ...
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1answer
74 views

Please explain Good's solution to why we should make new observations

IJ Good's paper (1967) gives a solution to Ayer's problem on why we should make new observations. I'm trying to follow the steps in his solution. His assumptions are that: There are r mutually ...
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0answers
25 views

Models of explanations and their conditions

Carl Hempel's idea of explanation (D.N. model) in the sciences is that you should be able to make some deductive argument by which the fact you're trying to explain is the conclusion. I.e. you form an ...
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2answers
439 views

How is the concept of “beyond word” viewed in many school of thoughts?

This is my review on the concept of "beyond word": Taoism and Buddhism seems to share that wisdom can't be grasped intellectually. In Zen practice, the koans are presented as nonsensical questions so ...
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3answers
142 views

How do we obtain scientific knowledge

I have seen some posts about knowledge but want to explore another perspective. Here is the sort of thing I thought, maybe you can help with a complete answer or at least give some recommendation. ...
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5answers
261 views

Why is mathematics so fantastically successful at describing the universe?

Anyone who has studied physics will quickly see how fantastically successful mathematics is at describing the universe. The famous physicist Richard Feynman said in his book "the character of physical ...
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2answers
107 views

Is it true that Scientific “discovery” has more to do with notation and symbolic abstraction?

https://twitter.com/kixxonlee/status/550323075858722816 I was reading this twitter thread by the scholar, Greg Carr and he mentions how much of western science was discovered locally of already ...