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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-science]

for applied philosophical questions about the study of science, the pursuit of scientific knowledge, and the scientific method

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Is there any use for non-predictive method?

"Scientific method", as controversial as this phrase is, almost always contains the need for predictions - a theory will be scientific if it's (among other things, but at the very least) able to ...
4
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1answer
80 views

Can physics talk about non-physical entities/concepts, and if not which academic department does?

Of course, for this question the physical itself needs to be defined; I'll define it simply as the popular use of it today in physics - either an actual, material substance, or a physical concept such ...
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1answer
97 views

Is it true that there is no “long-run relative frequency” for a theory being true?

I watched a lecture on Bayesian statistics which made the point that theories are either true or not. Thus, there can be no "long-run relative frequency" at which the theory is true, and Frequentist ...
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141 views

On the nature of reality

On the last times of our history there have been lot of discoveries in neuroscience and physics-chemistry. Just to remember relativity and quantum mechanics, and how the brain is not only a device to ...
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5answers
204 views

Should viable philosophical theories not always be consistent with science?

One of the phenomena of modern philosophy which has troubled me, particularly in the discussion of analytical metaphysics, is its almost complete disregard for established science. It's as if ...
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0answers
95 views

On the explanation of facts

As a chemist, I have some philosophical doubts about explanation of facts. Short intro In Bertrand Russell's book 'History of Western Philosophy' he says that leading-to scientific knowledge is the '...
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33 views

Does anyone say that mind/brain type identity theory is just vacuous without scientific evidence that some part brain state is always the exact same?

Does anyone say that mind/brain type identity theory is just vacuous without scientific evidence that some part brain state is always the exact same experience? I think that's what type identity ...
6
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1answer
593 views

Was Kant a factor in forming Gauss's abstract view of mathematical objects?

Gauss argued for philosophical issues important to the development of mathematics, such as the identity of complex numbers, among others. I wonder what philosophical currents influenced his thinking ...
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5answers
248 views

What is vague about the definition of the scientific method?

I have asked a few questions and a statement ubiquitous throughout the answers and comments was There is no THE Scientific method, but only scientific methods. But I don't understand. There is THE ...
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6answers
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How is Philosophy related to Science?

I asked this question about Scientism and the answers there quite brilliantly explained to me why Scientism is philosophically inconsistent. But I just want to know: What is the relationship between ...
2
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1answer
80 views

Does Parmenides argue against the void?

I am reading History of Western philosophy by Bertrand Russell and, when talking about the Atomists, he says: he [Leucippus] conceded the monists that there could be no motion without a void. And ...
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9answers
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Why is scientism philosophically wrong?

I think a combination of science and philosophy alone leads to closer to truth. Why is it that it is wrong to think that science alone leads to truth? Isn't empirical truth the only one we can be ...
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2answers
159 views

Is there teleology in (modern) science?

Teleology (the research of a phenomenon according to its "finality", its end-goal) is a subject that's often controversial (at least to my knowledge), and I'm not sure I've seen it in science (more ...
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2answers
167 views

Is it right to say that pseudoscience confirms the past?

I was watching this video which compares Freud's and Einstein's theories, in reference to Karl Popper. Instead of looking backward and using past data to predict the present (like Freud), he (...
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3answers
289 views

Do theories come from observations or do they determine what is observed?

While re-reading Shimon Malin’s “Nature Loves to Hide” I was trying to get a better grasp of the distinction between Ernst Mach’s philosophy that theory comes from observable magnitudes alone and what ...
3
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1answer
113 views

Is positing a multiverse to replace randomness a desperate attempt to hide agency?

This question applies to any type of multiverse or many worlds that translates or actualizes each of a set of potentials into a separate universe. These potentials may come from quantum randomness or ...
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3answers
152 views

Can panpsychism be scientifically tested?

Panpsychism, in the general sense of everything in nature has some sort of consciousness (and I know, this is highly dependent on the way we define consciousness, but I want to talk about panpsychism ...
2
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1answer
74 views

Do materialists today consider physical forces as created from matter?

The distinction from materialism and physicalism is usually that materialists believe everything is matter, and physicalists believe that everything is physical, which lets them include modern science ...
3
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1answer
62 views

Contemporary philosophy of nature?

In the history of philosophy it's a well-known fact that philosophy of nature has separated from philosophy and moved to science as "natural science" in the late 19th century. My question is, are ...
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1answer
60 views

Can postmodernism conclude we should use philosophy/science only as tools to help us live better, rather than search for the nature of the universe?

A long title. Postmodernism is known for its post-truth ideas, that there's no objective truth that we can even wish to discover, or that it even matter. An idea came to me - if we do take a ...
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0answers
44 views

The line between science and philosophy - current status

(I know some will reject the idea of having a "line" between science and philosophy, but I don't want these answers, let's assume there is.) We often draw a line between science and philosophy that ...
3
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1answer
340 views

Do we consider theoretical physics as metaphysical theories?

Theoretical physics theories such as General/Special Relativity, Quantum Mechanics, Big Bang, String Theory (just stating the modern, popular ones) seems to stay in the "science" department, but ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Is there something trully unpredictable? [duplicate]

Let's say that a being or a machine has nearly infinite amount of information, about the world around us. It could easily find the outcome of a flipped coin knowing the force it was thrown, the ...
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1answer
92 views

Evaluating One of the Premises of Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism

I learned Plantinga's Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism in the following form: The probability for the reliability of cognitive faculties conditional on naturalistic evolution, P(R|N&...
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1answer
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Did we developed our science theories based on our characteristics?

So this question came up to me today. Have we made all of our theories based on what our bodies can feel and sense? We figured out that nothing can go faster than light. What if there is something ...
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1answer
84 views

In a Many Worlds scenario, where everything is possible, what is the point of choice?

If the Many Worlds theory (an infinite number of alternate realities where any and all possibilities are realized) is real, and we were able to travel to alternate realities where we could see how ...
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1answer
82 views

“Experimenting” and philosophizing

Science and philosophy relation is a wide array of questions in this site. I'd like to add another, that's related more to the way of researching in both fields. When a scientist does his work (...
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1answer
101 views

Is the “measurement problem” really about Quantum Mechanics?

Philosophers (Popper in particular) have long debated the interpretation of probability as applied to the world. Their concerns echo those of physics (frequency, preparation, ensembles, ). It would ...
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2answers
113 views

Does the idea of falsification assume the existence of an objective reality?

In order to falsify a hypothesis, an observation must be compared to some statement of fact that would be true if the hypothesis were true. The unspoken assumption seems to be that the observation, ...
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1answer
47 views

What would Popper say about Kuhn’s notion that Normal Science is a good thing [closed]

Have read the book and still unable to finalize the answer
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55 views

Have phenomenology influenced much of our contemporary science?

I'm reading the phenomenology page on IEP, which talks about the relation between phenomenology and science, and I must say, not that I haven't met with phenomenology before, but as it's presented on ...
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1answer
188 views

Better Understanding Plantinga's Argument Against Naturalism

My advanced apologies if my question is not appropriate for this website. This is my first semester of Philosophy so I hope I'm not asking obvious, low-level questions. I have been reading Plantinga'...
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0answers
57 views

Is there any supporter of Michael Polanyi's criticism of scientific objectivism?

I just found out about Michael Polanyi and his ideas fascinate me. One of those, is his criticism of objectivism in science, which he historically links to Galileo. Historically, he mainly goes ...
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1answer
42 views

Can any piece of knowledge be produced without depending on another piece of knowledge? [closed]

In the case of sciences, for example, can the birth of a new branch of science be considered as utterly "new"?
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“God doesn't play with dice”: does QM's randomness really contradict religion?

Everyone knows Einstein's popular phrase on Quantum Mechanics - "God doesn't play with dice", implying that the randomness theory that the universe "popped" into existence randomly doesn't align with ...
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0answers
58 views

Is there anything left in contemporary epistemology and science from the German Idealism?

Kant, Reinhold, Fichte, Schelling, Hegel.. Is there anything left from the Kantian movement today in the thoughts of knowledge and nature? The question is focused especially after Popper essentially "...
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1answer
107 views

Is instrumentalism popular in contemporary philosophy of science?

I've just read about the distinction between instrumentalism and realism in philosophy of science, and would like to know, did instrumentalism gain popularity nowadays?
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2answers
317 views

Does Popper's falsification view of the problem of induction have any implications for the NEW riddle of induction?

Popper claims to solve Hume's problem of induction by explaining that science does not use induction at all, but rather science can be described by the process of putting forward hypotheses and then ...
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3answers
594 views

Axioms in science and the scientific method

Do axioms exist in the scientific method like in physics, chemistry, biology, …? E.g. Ockham's Razor for picking the best theory – is it an axiom? Another example is that science gathers data, ...
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1answer
47 views

Should I analyse my dataset first and formulate hypotheses later, or formulate my hypothesis first and analyse the relevant part of the dataset later?

I've got a huge dataset with hundreds of variables. However, I'm not sure which scientific method is more sophisticated in this case. The two scenarios are the following: Analyse my huge dataset ...
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2answers
176 views

Are there contemporary philosophers of nature that don't accept 20th century science?

Are there any 20/21th century philosophers that talk about a different approach to the study of nature other than science? Are there any that criticize science?
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1answer
92 views

The Law of Identity and Emptiness

If all rational, logical, philosophical, scientific, and mathematical reasoning starts with the initial axiom that 'X=X' - that is a 0 information tautology - can it be said that all ensuing rational, ...
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1answer
82 views

What mean philosophy? [duplicate]

My question is clear: what is philosophy and why it is exist and why people still care about philosophy when we have science?
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1answer
166 views

What is the universal constant? Does one exist? [closed]

Well, I can't believe nobody did anything with what I gave you. You make me sad. So I take answer away. you should have tried the solution to the universe was right there in front of your eyes. But it ...
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3answers
228 views

Does science forces us to embrace materialism?

This is practically a climate of many of my questions, and it's a simple question with possibly many complex answers, so I'd like to know what you will answer. Please note this in your answers: A) I'...
3
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1answer
122 views

Paradox for permanent bodies?

For many objects we have the (wrong) intuition, based on our experience, that they are "eternal". As an example, for our purposes, Planets, maybe monuments, ... looks like ever lasting bodies. ...
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2answers
153 views

Is Philosophy the source of all other fields of study?

[CONTEXT] I started a self-education plan to learn computer science from foundations. then, I found my self in need to learn electrical engineering, after that I understant that I should learn Physics ...
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6answers
312 views

Is science really the best solution we have for our world view and analysis?

I've been fighting throughout my philosophical reading with the question of the necessity of science as the only permitted view we (since the late 19th century) have on the world. My question can be ...
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1answer
183 views

Does computer science have an impact on Philosophy?

Recently I found some books in the domain "Philosophy of Computer Science." However, the majority of these books described how the logic and analytical philosophy can develop and understand computer ...
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51 views

Do physical models of physical theories give a good picture of reality?

There are various physical models to make visible how a theory works, for example: Falaco solitons, see also here, where it is said that the swimming pool model corresponds to black holes and cosmic ...