Questions tagged [philosophy-of-science]

for applied philosophical questions about the study of science, the pursuit of scientific knowledge, and the scientific method

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46 views

Does infinity imply uncertainty? (Or the other way around?)

This is a follow on question from my question here Consider the hypotenuse of a right angle triangle where the opposite and adjacent sides both have length 1. The hypotenuse has length sqrt(2)... ...
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31 views

Quine's perspective on laws of nature

I am studying Lewis and his best system account of laws of nature so I am wondering what is Quine's viewpoint on laws on nature and if his perspective is similar to the lewisian one.
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Humean supervenience and Quine

I am wondering if Quine would adopt the Lewis' Humean supervenience theory to make sense of probability. Quine is a subjectivist about probability (even though regarding probability in QM he thinks ...
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55 views

What is the relationship between experience and science?

Say a farmer tries a new method on farming, and he realizes that this method makes all of his plants die. The next season, he tries again, with experience from the last season, he modifies the method ...
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1answer
62 views

The electron and the superego [on hold]

Neptune’s’ detection was based on observation of Uranus. The new planet could be observed using the same instruments as used to observe Uranus. It thus manifested itself on the same level as Uranus. ...
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3answers
911 views

Authors on the Credibility and Corruption of Modern Science

During the Renaissance and Industrial eras science was a way to remove superstition, religious misconception, and irrational fears. The scientific method was proved to be valid and available to ...
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Do You feel Your self in a Solipsistic Condition?

If we use Rational thinking, we understand that Solipsism is True and False at the same time. Why? I ( alone ( 1 in N )) Share a Self(1) Expression to => N; Since we all deal with information and ...
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2answers
378 views

A small reformulation of the Cosmological Argument

I am sure the cosmological argument has been raised here by people like me who know nothing about philosophy numerous times before on this board. But I'm wondering if a slightly different approach can ...
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3answers
82 views

What is conditional probability? [closed]

I need help understanding conditional probability. I was reading an answer here which talks about conditional probability. But, frankly I do not know what it is.
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90 views

Are formal sciences rationalistic and natural sciences empiricist?

As the title say, are the formal sciences (mathematics, logic, etc) fundamentally rationalistic while the natural ones (chemistry and physics) fundamentally empiricist? Physics, Chemistry, and ...
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2answers
101 views

Philosophical papers based on modern cosmological theories

Einstein's theory of relativity was the big ground breaking discovery of the 20th century, and one of the most influential of all time. He laid the foundations not only of all the physics and ...
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19 views

David Lewis and naturalism

I am studying Lewis and I am wondering what are the cornerstones of his philosophical perspective. In particular, I am wondering if Lewis is a naturalist like his supervisor Quine.
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3answers
69 views

Popper on probability

I cannot understand how and why Popper rejects the idea of a theory being "probably true". If a theory can be -more likely- than another (as he states), it means that a theory is more likely to be ...
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35 views

Different ways of interpreting propensities

I am studying the propensity interpretation of probability and I am wondering if propensities are irreducibly intensional or if there is a possibility to interpret them in an extensional way. Could ...
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4answers
100 views

How can one explain this conflict between philosophy and classical physics? [duplicate]

Consider two moving objects along X-axis direction with different speeds and different initial starting points. Let the initial distance of the objects be d0 and v1 is greater than v2 i.e v1>v2. ...
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76 views

Magical explanations in science? [closed]

Why can scientists use a magical explanation such as "we do not know what's the origin of the first energy particle that existed in the universe, so we assume it was always there" with total impunity ...
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36 views

Natural/Artificial distinction

Is there in reality a distinction between natural and man-made products? Can airplane be considered natural as much as a squirel or a mountain?
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42 views

David Lewis and probability

I have read a general overview on David Lewis in order to have an idea of his philosophical perspective and in particular about humean supervenience. I am wondering how Lewis considers probability in ...
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3answers
96 views

How to select between two competing theories?

Suppose we have two scientific theories A and B. They have different postulates but both make the same predictions. If the selection can not be taken out by Ochkam razor then how we select what theory ...
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1answer
198 views

Can any philosophy of mind be empirically verified?

(This is sort of a follow-up from this question) Can dualism, materialism, or anything in between be empirically verified? There seems to be some disagreement here. This page presents both views ...
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1answer
157 views

What can be the repercussion for Philosophy of Science the discard of Math in Theoretical Physics? [closed]

The peer-reviewed journal Physics Essays published two days ago a paper where it is proven that a wrong math procedure is used in nuclear physics, for the calculation of the magnetic moments for ...
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112 views

Reference request - philosophy of history of science

I am interested in exploring philosophical aspects of the history of science, or philosophy of history of science, if you will. Are there any canonical texts dealing particularly with the philosophy ...
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1answer
56 views

Popper and indeterminism, why is it part of philosophy?

Popper states that: ...There can be 2 incompatible theory, equally irrefutable; for example, determinism and his opposite, indeterminism. Popper; Conjecture and Confutation chapter 8. How can ...
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52 views

Popper on metaphisics [closed]

It'a actually a simple question, not articulated at all. What's the role of metaphisic for Popper? I know that for him philosophy is not just non-sense nore simply a "lenguage clarificator", but apart ...
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0answers
14 views

Ethically dilemmas, empathy,aggression [closed]

Respected group members, I want ask you that if food scarcity in group and other group have limited resources for survive , my wife and children dying with starvation would I morally right to attack ...
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121 views

Explanation vs. prediction in statistics and in the philosophy of science?

In the realm of statistics and machine learning, a lot of discussion has arisen recently around the difference between explaining and predicting: That the two are not the same, and that the difference ...
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71 views

How and why Aristotelian essentialism is a problem for Quine?

I cannot understand how and why the Aristotelian essentialism is problematic for Quine. I have tried to read articles on the theme but probably I am not smart enough to understand them. Could you ...
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26 views

What is Quine’s reductionism?

I am especially interested in how reductionism is related to the fact that even though science broadly comprehends a number of subjects, physics is paradigmatic.
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3answers
130 views

Does falsifiability merely demarcate science from non-science, or does it actually say we should reject non-science?

I see from a quick read of the Wikipedia article that falsifiability is argued by some philosophers to be the defining criterion of science, setting it apart from non-science (there's lots of talk ...
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5answers
135 views

Is Vox Day right about “extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence”?

https://donotlink.it/YOAV It's quite amusing to hear self-proclaimed "rationalists" attempt to make use of this quote, since the claim that "extraordinary evidence" is required is fundamentally ...
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30 views

Pragmatic encroachment: how is the basis for X being accurate different from the basis of when it is accurate to say someone knows that X is accurate?

When is it accurate to say that a person (P) knows that X is true/accurate? This question seems to be answered by the idea/concept of 'Pragmatic Encroachment'; The basic idea/concept of 'Pragmatic ...
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1answer
70 views

Can the height in another dimension look different from different dimensions? [closed]

Can the height in another dimension look different from different dimensions that we know? For example, can the width looks different than we see it?
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2answers
125 views

Do the dimensions have an infinite number of combinations of the appearance? [closed]

Can a piece of paper in our universe have more depth. something that we can't see. something that's more material. something that's more material. something that's more material. something that's more ...
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4answers
161 views

How do we know what we know is right?

The more i study science and maths these days, the more i continuously question myself whether all the knowledge we have built up until now is in fact true or correct. But before being picky with ...
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59 views

Why is there no “Mario Bunge” entry in the SEP? Where could I find a valuable presentation of Mario Bunge's philosophy?

I only have a rudimentary knowledge of Mario Bunge's philosophy. But what I've read in the Ontology part of his Treatise of basic philosophy seems much promising. I'm astonished that Bunge is not ...
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1answer
107 views

Ultimate goal of science? [closed]

Sorry if I seem to be redundant about this or if my exposition is not clear enough. May you help me clarify about what to rationally expect for the 'final explanation' that science could give us when ...
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59 views

Can anyone explain the concept of “being-thus”?

I was reading a letter from Einstein to Max Born that says something like this: It is further characteristic of these physical objects that they are thought of as arranged in a space-time ...
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1answer
72 views

Can a different universe be built with three dimensions? [closed]

Can you theoretically create a universe that will have the same dimensions but will look different? For example, a paper that has a limit, or another similar dimension can it be different?
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51 views

What are the accomplishments of critical theory vs. logical positivism

Coming from a natural science viewpoint I find that logical positivism is much more important for scientific research than is critical theory. I've read the critics/flaws of logical positivism and ...
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1answer
40 views

Is there any correlation between Quine’s underdetermination and bayesian issues of old evidence and new theories?

Bayesianism has some faults some of them are the problem of old evidence and the issue of new theories. Are these two problems linked to Quine’s underdetermination? Or are they contrasting it? What is ...
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1answer
84 views

Do we really know that the laws of physics are consistent with our observations?

The question of whether your observations are consistent with the laws of physics is pretty much a mathematically defined question. To say that the laws of physics are consistent with your ...
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3answers
109 views

Albert Camus's thoughts on Science in the “Myth of Sisyphus”

I am not able to completely comprehend his thoughts on science from the below excerpts from The Myth of Sisyphus. I would appreciate insights. And here are trees and I know their gnarled surface, ...
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83 views

Quine, subjective probability and QM

I have just read Confessions of a Confirmed Extensionalist where Quine says: “Probability? Of events? Restore extensionality (...). Of states of affairs? Treat quotationally, like de dicto. How much ...
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2answers
86 views

Can shapes be relative from different perspectives? [closed]

Can a material thing (being) have different shapes at the same time? I mean, can the sun be circular and quadratic at the same time? And can it be just as material. To simplify the question. Can a ...
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1answer
85 views

Must an analysis of Being precede the positive sciences?

In the first few pages of Being and Time Heidegger writes: such an inquiry [into foundations]... still needs a guideline... it remains naive and opaque if... it leaves the meaning of being in ...
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27 views

Probabilistic, indeterministic and random in QM

This is a question about terminology used in QM since I need to clarify this aspect. Is “probabilistic” a synonym of “indeterministic”? And in case they are not synonyms, what do they exactly mean? ...
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2answers
124 views

Testing scientific theories inside a simulated universe

The background of my question relies on the following points. Quine-Duhem thesis: it is difficult to test a theory with an experiment, because the test would rely on other theories. The discussion of ...
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3answers
110 views

Probability calculus and Quantum Mechanics [closed]

I am not an expert and probably this question highlights this. Anyway, is the probability calculus used in Quantum Mechanics? Does the concept of probability adopted in Quantum Mechanics satisfy the ...
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80 views

Distributions of outcomes in Quantum Mechanics

I have read an answer here about the probabilistic nature of QM and I am curious about why QM is able to predict only distributions of outcomes of an experiment. To be clearer, is QM’s inability of ...
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1answer
88 views

What is Wittgenstein referring to in 4.113

Philosophy limits the disputable sphere of natural science Does this refer to the demarcation problem (what is natural science) or occam's razor (what is the best explanation)? Or is it meant ...