Questions tagged [philosophy-of-science]

for applied philosophical questions about the study of science, the pursuit of scientific knowledge, and the scientific method

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Are the most fundamental questions about existence outside the scope of scientific inquiry?

Would you say this is a controversial point, or one most people in the sciences would agree on? Despite all our scientific progress in explaining (at least superficially) why things happen the way ...
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5answers
376 views

What empirical evidence would exclude the Intelligent Designer hypothesis?

While there aren't indisputable (to say the least) arguments supporting the Intelligent Designer thesis, I had never seen (or imagined myself) an argument that could definitively debunk this ...
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2answers
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Can science be described with a workflow? [closed]

If so, how would that workflow look like? I prefer authoritative sources for such a workflow/diagram, but you can make your own if you feel like that. I like yuml for that, but feel free to use ...
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1answer
523 views

Post-structuralist view of physics? [closed]

What is the post-structuralist approach to natural sciences, especially physics? Maybe post stucturalism is a bit too scattered to ask for a specific clear position, but what are the common ideas of ...
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1answer
83 views

Do we really know that the laws of physics are consistent with our observations?

The question of whether your observations are consistent with the laws of physics is pretty much a mathematically defined question. To say that the laws of physics are consistent with your ...
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1answer
186 views

Can our universe be a pocket in a bigger unseen eternal universe?

Taking time as a fourth dimension is due to Einstein because of the speed of light being fixed. But why should such a finding have so important consequence on our philosophical contemplation of ...
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1answer
74 views

Are paradigms still the driving force of scientific revolution?

I read long time ago about Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Kuhn's demonstrate that scientific paradigms are the driving force that makes science go on, but more for social reasons than ...
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1answer
39 views

What does ‘Disinterestedness’ mean in the context of Mertonian norms?

With ref to the CUDOS Mertonian norms...I used to think disinterestedness mean’t striving to be objective but I now think the intended meaning was for it to be taken literally.
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4answers
321 views

Does free will contradict the theory of infinite universes

Let's imagine that we live in a world with infinite universes. One of these universes is the same as the one we live in, except for one change: this morning I choose to cut off my leg for some reason, ...
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1answer
130 views

Does Descartes identify stimulus, perception and interpretation?

Thomas Kuhn, in The Structure of Scientific Revolution, refuses the cartesian philosophical paradigm because he separates observational stiumulus from interpretation and from sensation/interpretation ...
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2answers
391 views

How can I use logical positivism in the philosophy of education?

Logical Positivism is a teacher centered philosophy that rejects intuition, matters of mind, essences, and inner causes. This philosophy relies on laws of matter and motion as valid, and bases truth ...
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76 views

Why was the creation of philosophy so important to contributions in science and human development? [closed]

Why was the creation of philosophy so important to us humans? After all, we are curious and we always want answers, and philosophy was a field of thinking that helped develop sciences. But how did the ...
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1answer
115 views

If time is going to end, then did it have a beginning? How do we know time will end?

Why do most physicists believe time is finite? What proof do we have that time is not infinite and therefore will never end? And how can 'time' actually come into existence if something coming into ...
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1answer
126 views

Philosophy - If both the Rebound Universe and Block Universe theories are true would that mean Nietzsche's Eternal Return theory true?

If the Block Universe is true, and if the Rebound Universe is also true where the universe goes from Big Crunch to Big bang then doesn't that mean that the Block Universe is shaped like a circle where ...
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1answer
69 views

Is it true that modern statistics was created to prove eugenics? [closed]

Karl Pearson, Francis Galton, R.a Fisher were all prominent figures in the development of modern statistics and were all proponents of Eugenics. Is this true that it was a scientific/mathematical ...
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1answer
88 views

Can physics be approached from a worldview that's not naturalistic?

This is both a theoretical and practical question. Physics (at least university-taught physics) is often based upon Newton's basic worldview, a naturalistic worldview that's said to be the ...
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117 views

Is it true that Scientific “discovery” has more to do with notation and symbolic abstraction?

https://twitter.com/kixxonlee/status/550323075858722816 I was reading this twitter thread by the scholar, Greg Carr and he mentions how much of western science was discovered locally of already ...
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201 views

Is Philosophy the source of all other fields of study?

[CONTEXT] I started a self-education plan to learn computer science from foundations. then, I found my self in need to learn electrical engineering, after that I understant that I should learn Physics ...
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1answer
100 views

Is coherence a fact or value, a la Hillary Putnam?

Is there a collapse between fact and values? Are they the same thing or not? See the essay: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-349-25249-7_15 Where Putnam states: So far, what I ...
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1answer
218 views

What is difference between semiotics and memetics?

A long time ago, in High School, I was interested in meaning of symbols. Recently when I read "The Selfish Gene" I starting reading up on memetics and I encountered semiotics criticism of memetics ...
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1answer
79 views

Putnam's argument against the possibility of nominalising 'distance-statements' in “Philosophy of Logic” (1972)

In chapter V, The Inadequacy of Nominalistic Language, of Philosophy of Logic (1972), Putnam argues that there can be no nominalistic "translation scheme" of sentences of the form "the distance ...
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1answer
278 views

Is falsificationism a reliable scientific methodology?

Initially it seemed to me that falsificationism is a reliable scientific methodology for disregarding hypotheses/theories. Upon some thinking, however, I conclude that it is not. Below I explain why. ...
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1answer
154 views

Can an Argument be ever a hypothesis? [closed]

Can I have an argument which can be a hypothesis?
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1answer
33 views

Distinction between claim based on quantified versus subjective

Is there a term that defines the distinction between a claim based on measurements versus claim based on subjective "guess"? Specifically, in s/w development I can estimate ("make a claim") the cost ...
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1answer
106 views

Are Nontransitive Dice a problem for probability interpretations?

A set of dice is nontransitive if the binary relation – X rolls a higher number than Y more than half the time – on its elements is not transitive. Different sets of such dice are known. 'Rolling ...
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1answer
45 views

Are propositions of sciences to be considered propositions of natural language, in the Tractatus?

Given the following assumptions: 1) When Wittgenstein speaks about meaningful propositions he does refer to propositions of natural sciences. 2) About the problem of the perfection of language, he ...
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Is there a term for the belief that science provides no knowledge at all even empirical?

Is there a term for the belief that science provides no knowledge at all even empirical? I'm arguing with someone who claims that the alternative is just "positivism".
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146 views

Why do old theories take priority over new ones?

Given two scientific theories that both agree with experiment, it seems that unless the new one is much simpler, the older one is accepted. Why is this so? Examples: Special Relativity wasn't ...
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1answer
77 views

Infinity recursive simulation on a turing machine? [closed]

Do you think, that it would be possible to run a infinite and recursive simulation of the universe on an turing machine?
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236 views

How do social sciences today tend to see the contributions of biology and other natural sciences? [closed]

The old debate "nature" vs. "nurture" has given space to a new debate between "natural sciences" vs. "postmodernism" (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Science_wars, http://www.quackwatch.com/...
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135 views

On the foundations of physics

Scientific theories in physics have to be validated by experiments. But experiments are to be interpreted in the context of scientific theories. Isn'it like a snake biting its own tail? For example, ...
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243 views

are something and nothing the same “thing”? if is something infinitely small is equivalent to nothing then what are the implications of this? [closed]

are something and nothing the same "thing"? if is something infinitely small is equivalent to nothing then what are the implications of this? in regards to the the universe v.s before big bang ...
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Are formal sciences rationalistic and natural sciences empiricist?

As the title say, are the formal sciences (mathematics, logic, etc) fundamentally rationalistic while the natural ones (chemistry and physics) fundamentally empiricist? Physics, Chemistry, and ...
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David Lewis and naturalism

I am studying Lewis and I am wondering what are the cornerstones of his philosophical perspective. In particular, I am wondering if Lewis is a naturalist like his supervisor Quine.
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Pragmatic encroachment: how is the basis for X being accurate different from the basis of when it is accurate to say someone knows that X is accurate?

When is it accurate to say that a person (P) knows that X is true/accurate? This question seems to be answered by the idea/concept of 'Pragmatic Encroachment'; The basic idea/concept of 'Pragmatic ...
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59 views

Can anyone explain the concept of “being-thus”?

I was reading a letter from Einstein to Max Born that says something like this: It is further characteristic of these physical objects that they are thought of as arranged in a space-time ...
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27 views

Probabilistic, indeterministic and random in QM

This is a question about terminology used in QM since I need to clarify this aspect. Is “probabilistic” a synonym of “indeterministic”? And in case they are not synonyms, what do they exactly mean? ...
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80 views

Distributions of outcomes in Quantum Mechanics

I have read an answer here about the probabilistic nature of QM and I am curious about why QM is able to predict only distributions of outcomes of an experiment. To be clearer, is QM’s inability of ...
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58 views

How is justification related to truth?

We all learned to believe in true belief; some of us don’t anymore. I’ve found that better ideas are available to us if we don’t. Some ideas are better (better justified by evidence and logic) than ...
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1answer
146 views

Why Quantum Mechanics states that nature is probabilistic? [duplicate]

I am new here and I am studying the philosophical implications of Quantum Mechanics. I read somewhere that QM and determinism are mutually exclusive and that QM involve a number of philosophers to ...
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68 views

Why do there exist “logical fallacies” that are not really consistent logical fallacies?

Why do there exist "logical fallacies" that are not really consistent logical fallacies? By logical fallacy, consider e.g. ad hominem. By consistent logical fallacy I refer to a type of logical ...
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1answer
103 views

Has there been any philosophical guidance regarding when to use logic vs empirical testing?

One obvious disadvantage of testing a given claim with scientific constraints is that one may never know the number of possible constraints to try, in which combinations, and in which order to modify ...
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1answer
84 views

Differences and similarities between Kuhn and Quine about the indeterminacy of translation

About Thomas Kuhn's semantic incommensurability: Early on Kuhn drew a parallel with Quine's thesis of the indeterminacy of translation (1970a, 202; 1970c, 268). According to the latter, if we are ...
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Where did Kuhn write his last thoughts about incommensurability?

Kuhn continued to develop his conceptual approach to incommensurability. At the time of his death he had made considerable progress on a book in which he related incommensurability to issues in ...
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Kuhn's essay “Reflections on my critics” is named [1970b] or [1970c]?

About Thomas Kuhn's essay Reflections on my Critics I found two different refereces: In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy it's reported as [1970c], see: 1970c, “Reflections on my Critics”, ...
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284 views

Is there any way disputes over a knowledge claim due to different interpretations of data can be resolved?

I'm quite stumped as to how to answer the question because it would be rather difficult to correct the interpretations of others...
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162 views

On the nature of reality

On the last times of our history there have been lot of discoveries in neuroscience and physics-chemistry. Just to remember relativity and quantum mechanics, and how the brain is not only a device to ...
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269 views

Can shared-subjective knowledge be part of science?

On one hand, Einstein's relativity was non-scientific knowledge until it was proven using the scientific method. Since then, we can say that relativity is part of scientific knowledge. On the other ...
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Do any contemporary philosophers say “physical” space is ideal, just not the rest of it? Is it possible to?

Do any contemporary philosophers say "physical" space is ideal, just not the rest of it? Is it possible (I guess, consistent) to say that, even? I do not know what space is in physics.
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Is the progress from philosophy to science reasonable? [duplicate]

Is the progress from philosophy to science (or scientific thought/practice) reasonable? Or in other words, is it reasonable to see science as a subset of philosophy that has departed from philosophy....