Questions tagged [philosophy-of-science]

for applied philosophical questions about the study of science, the pursuit of scientific knowledge, and the scientific method

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189 views

Does the analogy “dog is to proximal environment as human is to Reality” portend anything for a maximum theoretical level of intelligence?

As today has been a day for analogies: dog : proximal environment :: human : Reality A dog's ontology is presumably quite limited. A human's ontology is apparently maximal. While our average ...
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1answer
124 views

Circular nature of the cosmos. (π) [closed]

I've been pondering the irrational number that is pi and how it relates to the infinity of the universe. We often see many cycles in nature, current scientific theory states that the universe began as ...
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248 views

How long is now? [closed]

How long is present? When does present become past? Present exists as well it doesn't? How many seconds, miliseconds or whatever separates now from past?
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220 views

What sorts of models might be untestable?

What sort of models might be untestable? For instance, the model only concerns events in the past, or the model is too ambiguously specified for the experimenter to know what to measure, or we do not ...
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2answers
83 views

Single theory in the natural sciences

I understand why in natural sciences multiple theories are required to have a better understanding of the natural world. Such as in physics to understand schrodingers wave function we need wave ...
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34 views

David Lewis and naturalism

I am studying Lewis and I am wondering what are the cornerstones of his philosophical perspective. In particular, I am wondering if Lewis is a naturalist like his supervisor Quine.
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164 views

What can be the repercussion for Philosophy of Science the discard of Math in Theoretical Physics? [closed]

The peer-reviewed journal Physics Essays published two days ago a paper where it is proven that a wrong math procedure is used in nuclear physics, for the calculation of the magnetic moments for ...
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92 views

What justified consciousness is an experience and not an thing? [closed]

No philosophers has justified that consciousnesses can be measured. Many philosophers have tried to describe the mind, but are there any specific scholars who describe justified methods to describe ...
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187 views

Defending the value of Moral Philosophy against Scientism

What are the best arguments against someone who believes 'Moral philosophy is useless, what we call morality is simply evolutionary instincts to do what we were designed to do as a species'. This ...
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238 views

When do critical perspectives hinder the development of science?

So I was just wondering, we know that Popper said critical perspectives towards the scientific method is important and empirical falsification. But I was just wondering, is there ever a real world ...
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69 views

Can postmodernism conclude we should use philosophy/science only as tools to help us live better, rather than search for the nature of the universe?

A long title. Postmodernism is known for its post-truth ideas, that there's no objective truth that we can even wish to discover, or that it even matter. An idea came to me - if we do take a ...
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124 views

“Experimenting” and philosophizing

Science and philosophy relation is a wide array of questions in this site. I'd like to add another, that's related more to the way of researching in both fields. When a scientist does his work (...
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78 views

Does this moment 'now' has a time lap or not? If so how big is it?

Some people like to live in the moment, or in the now. That is possible a more psychological way of interpreting a moment. But physically seen, does this contain a time lap? So is it actually possible ...
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62 views

Is the business of science to construct models of objects and processes?

Prominent theoretical physicist and science educator David Hestenes begins his widely cited paper Modeling Games in the Newtonian World (American Journal of Physics 60, 732 (1992)) with this: The ...
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613 views

Is metaphysics dead after the emergence of modern science?

so I am currently doing a course on the history and philosophy of science, and we are learning about logical positivism/empiricism and the Vienna circle. It is to my understanding that the Vienna ...
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235 views

Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems and Implications for Science

A few days ago, I heard a biologist mention that one implication from Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems is that an unlimited number of general statements can account for a given set of observations. ...
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172 views

Do we consider all parameters when we deal the term, 'SCIENTIFIC'? [closed]

There are different sciences and different definitions to 'science'. But there must be some commonness when we use the term--'SCIENTIFIC'. Since it is supposed that almost all sciences are seeking ...
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91 views

Dependent existence of objects (non-properties)

"A magnetic field exists as long as the magnet (qua magnet) exists, but it is not a property of the magnet." Sadly, this simple example can be attacked in myriad ways: What are magnetic fields? Is it ...
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506 views

What is Intelligence in philosophical context?

At the beginning I have to state that I am a novice and an amateur in philosophy. However I am trying to expand my knowledge and that's why I decided to join this community. Recently I've came ...
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60 views

Can you feel a feeling you don't know about? Could it affect your emotions?

So, do you believe someone can feel lonely if they don't know what loneliness is? Don't you think people don't like / like loneliness based on experience (someone who never gets to be alone usually ...
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173 views

Does the potential to be an intelligent life not qualify an organism as being equally valuable?

This question made an argument about abortion "based on the philosophical concept of intelligent life being valuable". This answer to that question claimed that an early-stage fetus isn't yet "...
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111 views

Are “intelligent systems” really intelligent? [closed]

For the scope of this question, let's consider an intelligent system as something with the properties of accomplishing some kind of goal(s). By this definition, all people are technically intelligent ...
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80 views

wavefunction and contextuality

According to the French philosopher Michel Bitbol, the "deep-lying connection between the contextual character of observables, and the wave-like form of probability distributions was demonstrated ...
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120 views

Looking for a treatise on philosophy of “smoothness”

Forgive me, I don't know what to call it. During the Enlightenment there came about an idea that the main phenomena of the universe might be represented by simple equations. For example, Netwon's ...
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803 views

Are the most fundamental questions about existence outside the scope of scientific inquiry?

Would you say this is a controversial point, or one most people in the sciences would agree on? Despite all our scientific progress in explaining (at least superficially) why things happen the way ...
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378 views

What empirical evidence would exclude the Intelligent Designer hypothesis?

While there aren't indisputable (to say the least) arguments supporting the Intelligent Designer thesis, I had never seen (or imagined myself) an argument that could definitively debunk this ...
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145 views

Can science be described with a workflow? [closed]

If so, how would that workflow look like? I prefer authoritative sources for such a workflow/diagram, but you can make your own if you feel like that. I like yuml for that, but feel free to use ...
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531 views

Post-structuralist view of physics? [closed]

What is the post-structuralist approach to natural sciences, especially physics? Maybe post stucturalism is a bit too scattered to ask for a specific clear position, but what are the common ideas of ...
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45 views

Boltzmann brain - how are the laws of physics presented?

Does the Boltzmann brain scenario also assume that the laws of physics are presented consistently for each individual brain? In other words: 1) Why do we assume that the types of brains fluctuated ...
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92 views

Leo Strauss' Critique of Modern Science

I recently read Leo Strauss's views on modern science, as expanded in Alan Bloom's "The Closing of the American Mind". In a (very small) nutshell, Strauss had the extraordinary idea that modern ...
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49 views

What are the main sources of the social constructivist view in the philosophy of science?

What are the main sources of the social constructivist view in the philosophy of science? I am looking for the main books that introduce or develop this view of science.
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44 views

Reasoning for Inductive inference?

Just out of curiosity, if I should replace the deductive inference related questions to inductive inference, then which are true? Inductive inferences rearrange current knowledge in such a way that ...
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85 views

Do we really know that the laws of physics are consistent with our observations?

The question of whether your observations are consistent with the laws of physics is pretty much a mathematically defined question. To say that the laws of physics are consistent with your ...
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186 views

Can our universe be a pocket in a bigger unseen eternal universe?

Taking time as a fourth dimension is due to Einstein because of the speed of light being fixed. But why should such a finding have so important consequence on our philosophical contemplation of ...
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78 views

Are paradigms still the driving force of scientific revolution?

I read long time ago about Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Kuhn's demonstrate that scientific paradigms are the driving force that makes science go on, but more for social reasons than ...
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43 views

What does ‘Disinterestedness’ mean in the context of Mertonian norms?

With ref to the CUDOS Mertonian norms...I used to think disinterestedness mean’t striving to be objective but I now think the intended meaning was for it to be taken literally.
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338 views

Does free will contradict the theory of infinite universes

Let's imagine that we live in a world with infinite universes. One of these universes is the same as the one we live in, except for one change: this morning I choose to cut off my leg for some reason, ...
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131 views

Does Descartes identify stimulus, perception and interpretation?

Thomas Kuhn, in The Structure of Scientific Revolution, refuses the cartesian philosophical paradigm because he separates observational stiumulus from interpretation and from sensation/interpretation ...
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623 views

How can I use logical positivism in the philosophy of education?

Logical Positivism is a teacher centered philosophy that rejects intuition, matters of mind, essences, and inner causes. This philosophy relies on laws of matter and motion as valid, and bases truth ...
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81 views

Why was the creation of philosophy so important to contributions in science and human development? [closed]

Why was the creation of philosophy so important to us humans? After all, we are curious and we always want answers, and philosophy was a field of thinking that helped develop sciences. But how did the ...
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116 views

If time is going to end, then did it have a beginning? How do we know time will end?

Why do most physicists believe time is finite? What proof do we have that time is not infinite and therefore will never end? And how can 'time' actually come into existence if something coming into ...
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136 views

Philosophy - If both the Rebound Universe and Block Universe theories are true would that mean Nietzsche's Eternal Return theory true?

If the Block Universe is true, and if the Rebound Universe is also true where the universe goes from Big Crunch to Big bang then doesn't that mean that the Block Universe is shaped like a circle where ...
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70 views

Is it true that modern statistics was created to prove eugenics? [closed]

Karl Pearson, Francis Galton, R.a Fisher were all prominent figures in the development of modern statistics and were all proponents of Eugenics. Is this true that it was a scientific/mathematical ...
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88 views

Can physics be approached from a worldview that's not naturalistic?

This is both a theoretical and practical question. Physics (at least university-taught physics) is often based upon Newton's basic worldview, a naturalistic worldview that's said to be the ...
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118 views

Is it true that Scientific “discovery” has more to do with notation and symbolic abstraction?

https://twitter.com/kixxonlee/status/550323075858722816 I was reading this twitter thread by the scholar, Greg Carr and he mentions how much of western science was discovered locally of already ...
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224 views

Is Philosophy the source of all other fields of study?

[CONTEXT] I started a self-education plan to learn computer science from foundations. then, I found my self in need to learn electrical engineering, after that I understant that I should learn Physics ...
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104 views

Is coherence a fact or value, a la Hillary Putnam?

Is there a collapse between fact and values? Are they the same thing or not? See the essay: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-349-25249-7_15 Where Putnam states: So far, what I ...
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246 views

What is difference between semiotics and memetics?

A long time ago, in High School, I was interested in meaning of symbols. Recently when I read "The Selfish Gene" I starting reading up on memetics and I encountered semiotics criticism of memetics ...
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80 views

Putnam's argument against the possibility of nominalising 'distance-statements' in “Philosophy of Logic” (1972)

In chapter V, The Inadequacy of Nominalistic Language, of Philosophy of Logic (1972), Putnam argues that there can be no nominalistic "translation scheme" of sentences of the form "the distance ...
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285 views

Is falsificationism a reliable scientific methodology?

Initially it seemed to me that falsificationism is a reliable scientific methodology for disregarding hypotheses/theories. Upon some thinking, however, I conclude that it is not. Below I explain why. ...