Skip to main content

Questions tagged [physicalism]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
5 votes
4 answers
643 views

Under physicalism, should I still be sad if my murdered wife is replaced with a perfect clone?

Context: This question follows up on Under physicalism, can my consciousness reappear in a different body?. Assume, for the sake of argument, that some form of physicalism is true. Imagine my wife is ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 6,037
1 vote
4 answers
117 views

Under physicalism, can my consciousness reappear in a different body?

For the sake of argument, let's assume some form of physicalism is true. If physicalism holds, how fundamental can consciousness be? Would it make sense to talk about individual discretized ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 6,037
0 votes
0 answers
53 views

Can anyone provide an argument against astralphysical dualism that is not reductionist materialist, purely physicalist/supportive of physicalism?

In one of my recent literary works, I have chosen to posit an advance of the concept of dualism, via coining the term astralphysical dualism. This concept requires understandings of three root terms: ...
Sebastianjoseph333's user avatar
11 votes
9 answers
2k views

Is consciousness causally superfluous?

I cannot for the life of me even conceptualize the idea of conscious decisions causing an actual, physical effect (unless one becomes an idealist). Consciousness will always be a first person ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
505 views

Why take Panpsychism seriously?

This question is about Panpsychism, but it is also a question I have more generally about the requirement for proof in philosophy. Panpsychism is the view that mentality is fundamental and ubiquitous ...
Aph002's user avatar
  • 141
2 votes
2 answers
132 views

How do reductionist physicalist perceive social sciences?

For the reductionist naturalists, only physical sciences can describe reality (Shook 2011, 5): Other kinds of naturalism do not agree with reductionist universalism and feel comfortable with ...
Starckman's user avatar
  • 1,714
5 votes
6 answers
687 views

What's the difference between saying everything is made from mental substance and everything is made from physical substance?

Today it occurred to me that, to me, mental and physical content only really seem different when co-existing. But let's say everything is made of mental content: You're saying the mind and physical ...
edelex's user avatar
  • 1,079
6 votes
7 answers
805 views

Is physicalism the simplest worldview in terms of the complexity of its ontology? [closed]

Does physicalism enjoy the simplest ontology among all worldviews? Are there alternative conceivable views of reality with a simpler ontology than physicalism's that can explain the same data? For ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 6,037
10 votes
7 answers
2k views

Should the evidence of OBEs and NDEs increase our epistemic probability of non-physicalist views of consciousness?

Should reports of out-of-body experiences (OBEs) and near-death experiences (NDEs) increase our epistemic probability of non-physicalist views of consciousness? In other words, should we judge non-...
Mark's user avatar
  • 6,037
6 votes
5 answers
429 views

Can the goals of an organism be imputed from observation?

For example: we observe an ant carrying food back to its nest. We may speak like the ant has a goal of increasing the amount of food in the nest. We observe a student proofreading an essay. We may ...
causative's user avatar
  • 14.4k
22 votes
16 answers
3k views

Is knowledge non-physical?

What is the fundamental nature/ontology of knowledge? Is knowledge a physical state? Is knowledge a specific arrangement of physical particles in a brain, a book, a solid-state drive, a GPU, etc.? Or ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 6,037
2 votes
4 answers
197 views

What are examples of non-physicalist approaches to acquiring knowledge?

As a follow-up to my previous question Is non-physicalism reasonable?, I would like to know about non-physicalist ways of acquiring knowledge that philosophers have considered. What sorts of knowledge ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 6,037
9 votes
12 answers
3k views

Is non-physicalism reasonable?

My question has two components: Reasonableness. What does it mean for a position to be reasonable? What conditions does a position have to meet to be regarded as reasonable? Physicalism. Wikipedia ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 6,037
4 votes
2 answers
120 views

Can moral realism, physicalism, and physical causal closure be all true at the same time?

For illustrative purposes, let X be the set of all instances where Bob has tortured and eaten babies alive for fun. (Also assume that X is non-empty, to avoid trivial responses.) Suppose that ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 6,037
10 votes
17 answers
5k views

What is lost upon death?

If something at the moment of death contains the same matter as that something when alive, what is lost? How does physicalism (physical monism) explain what that loss is?
8Mad0Manc8's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
143 views

What's the difference between supervenience and reduction?

From IEP, supervenience is defined as follows: F, supervenes on a class of properties, G, just in case there is no difference in F-properties without some difference in G-properties. My question is, ...
John Smith's user avatar
10 votes
14 answers
4k views

How do we know that the mind is not a physical entity?

Most people believe that the mind is separate from the physical world. But how do we actually know that? Maybe the mind is a physical object. Of course, to answer this question, we need a rigorous ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,192
4 votes
4 answers
627 views

Which is the best explanation of the mind body relation, dualism or physicalism? [closed]

As far a my knowledge of philosophy there is two schools of thought dualism that the human mind is separate from the physical body, and the other school of thought is physicalism that the mind is ...
8Mad0Manc8's user avatar
5 votes
10 answers
3k views

Is it possible that non-living systems possess consciousness?

This relates to the physical nature of matter, not to metaphysics. I cannot find a robust, universal definition of consciousness, so perhaps the question is meaningless. I am thinking of the behaviour ...
Meanach's user avatar
  • 2,385
0 votes
2 answers
83 views

How in a purely physical universe would a perfect recreation of a human not necessarily imply a "transfer" of its conciousness? [closed]

I've been kicking around this idea for a while and I have attempted to propose it in different forums yet the idea is treated as illogical but I cannot find/understand why it would be so impossible. ...
Decod621's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
157 views

Physics and the question of context or environment

This is a reality check type of question. I am interested in whether it's a valid distinction and whether it's been considered by others. It occured to me the other day that the issue of 'context' or '...
Wayfarer's user avatar
  • 604
6 votes
11 answers
5k views

The ultimate absurdity: if consciousness is an illusion, how can anything we know be real?

Epiphenomenalism holds that conscious experience is an ineffectual by-product of brain activities. Eliminationists go further and add that this by-product is an illusion. I was wondering whether ...
infatuated's user avatar
  • 1,665
8 votes
11 answers
3k views

Do non physical causes exist?

When we decide to move an arm, some argue that it is an example of a mental event causing a physical effect. But doesn’t recent science show that free will may be illusory and from a time perspective, ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
96 views

How do modern platonists explain the objective, specific connections between the physical and abstract?

There seems to be an entirely objective, human-independent way in which specific physical objects relate/correspond to specific abstract objects. Example, we don't think the abstract inverse cube law ...
J Kusin's user avatar
  • 2,794
1 vote
2 answers
205 views

Problems with saying that our universe is physically closed (reformulating Kant's antinomies)

Initial caveat: some misapprehension seems to have arisen over my reference to physical sets. But in this, I am trying to follow the language of modern topology, which seems to be applied everywhere ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
3 votes
8 answers
3k views

What do professional philosophers mean by physicalism or "everything is physical"

What do professional philosophers mean by "physicalism" ? The definition I use is that physicalism is the worldview that the entities that actually exist in the world are those used for ...
Ameet Sharma's user avatar
  • 3,093
0 votes
3 answers
694 views

Fatalism vs Determinism vs Free-Will

To my understanding, physical causal Determinism means that if E is a physical event, then there is a physical event C such that C causes E. Fatalism means that if some event C happens, then any event ...
PW_246's user avatar
  • 1,433
2 votes
1 answer
135 views

Successfully mapping qualia to the physical?

So physicalists seem to often try to map qualia to something physical but then run into the problem: Leibniz’s argument seems to be this: the visitor of the machine, upon entering it, would observe ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
95 views

How does representationalism respond to the "Mary's room argument"?

So here's Frank Jackson himself responding to his own argument using "representationalism": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YPT0BE1WAHk So as I'm understanding Frank's newer view... when ...
Ameet Sharma's user avatar
  • 3,093
4 votes
2 answers
441 views

Objections to token-token identity theory in philosophy of mind

There are well known objections to type-type identity (IEP) such as multiple realization and Kripke's argument, but I don't know any objections acceptable (by the majority of philosophers) to this ...
Arian's user avatar
  • 313
3 votes
3 answers
385 views

Freud and (German) idealism

The French wikipedia article on German romanticism mentions a very strong tie between Freud psychoanalysis and German romanticism. German romantism is also said to have strong link with German ...
Starckman's user avatar
  • 1,714
-1 votes
3 answers
161 views

What is the definition of a physical thing?

Physicalism is the view that only the physical exists. But that raises the question, what is the definition of a physical thing or object? Has any philosopher defined physicality? I would like some ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,192
-2 votes
1 answer
116 views

The symbol grounding problem, physicalism and 2nd law of thermodynamics?

How does a physicalist resolve this dilemma (and what is it known as)? Consider a physicalist who wants to solve the symbol grounding problem. He postulates that a particular brain configuration ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
100 views

The mechanistic view, information and thermodynamics?

Consider the following fictional dialogue between a someone A, who holds the view the universe is mechanistic and someone B, who doesn't. A: Everything that exists in the world is purely physical. B: ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
187 views

Is physicalism ultimately essentialist?

Classical Greek atomism arose basically as a response to the Eleatic criticism of the concept of change. The Eleatic argument was basically that if X=Y, then all properties of X must also be ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
6 votes
5 answers
1k views

On the connection between science and reality

My question is basically targetting various sciences that we use to understnad the real world and how we form laws in them. For example, in physics, we first see sometthing in the real world. Let it ...
Aveer Singh's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
180 views

Experience as an initial value problem?

Question The argument seems to say just as I have a physical initial value problem and with the laws of physics tell the time evolution, similarly, I can have an initial value problem of experience ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
176 views

Scrutiny on the definition of the Turing Machine?

Wiki states: A Turing machine is a mathematical model of computation describing an abstract machine that manipulates symbols on a strip of tape according to a table of rules. Has this intuitive ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
5 votes
6 answers
629 views

PhilPapers Survey 2020, Why do so many physicalists deny consciousness of future AI systems?

According to PhilPapers Survey from 2020 there are 239 philosophers who identify as accepting or leaning towards Physicalism and yet reject consciousness of future AI. To me this seems very puzzling, ...
ArAj's user avatar
  • 823
1 vote
1 answer
167 views

Non-random indeterminism in physicalist reductionism?

In lectures on free will, often a dichotomy between determinism and random is alluded. This dichotomy always is not a true dichotomy, there are some known and even trivial examples of non-random ...
tkruse's user avatar
  • 4,770
0 votes
3 answers
361 views

Which arguments support Dualism as the best view of the human person?

If you had to choose between Dualism, Physicalism, and Hylomorphism, which one do you think is more likely to be accurate and why? I think Dualism is the most plausible, but that might be because I am ...
Cristiana's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
952 views

Physicalism + book recommendations

I'm 17 years old and I'm starting out in philosophy on my own. To get started I would like to get to know myself more and the way I think since according to what I have researched, I could define ...
WiseMode's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
35 views

Emergence and status of the wave function, do any philosophers define physics and physicalism in 21st Century?

Emergence not as the antithesis of physical reduction, more the realization every level can be wildly different. This view of emergence supports reduction, that things are just quarks and fields after ...
J Kusin's user avatar
  • 2,794
1 vote
0 answers
55 views

Something similar to The Knowledge Argument which works within Physicalism?

Here is The Knowledge Argument according to SEP (Mary is either monochrome or views the world through monochrome monitor): (1) Mary has all the physical information concerning human color vision ...
J Kusin's user avatar
  • 2,794
0 votes
0 answers
51 views

Knowing the laws of the universe but not its total state or ontology, what does philosophy have to say?

Since GR but also in special relativity and QM we can have laws, yet never access to the total physical state of the universe at any time. And that the ontology of science, the physical, is changing ...
J Kusin's user avatar
  • 2,794
1 vote
2 answers
101 views

How does a dualist explain changing their mind?

If I'm a monist about the mind and physicalism and/or causal determinism, when I change my mind about some topic, I can posit something causally linked to my mind as changing my opinion. Perhaps I ...
J Kusin's user avatar
  • 2,794
1 vote
1 answer
264 views

Experiment to prove that dualism is true

To prove experimentally that dualism is true, the dualist would need to show that: Let be a person in physical state A at some instant t1 with conscious experience X. Now, in another instant t2, the ...
Carlitos_30's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
245 views

How can materialists make claims?

I dont have all the modern philosophical terms down, but I cannot see how materialists/physicalists can make any claims. If there is nothing but physical universe, then there is no “truth”. Actually ...
Al Brown's user avatar
  • 486
0 votes
0 answers
53 views

Every experience is a new qualia? In reference to Dennett and RoboMary

Preliminary: RoboMary is a robot, but so are we - large robots made of smaller robots made of smaller robots. She does not yet have the experience of color. Dennett puts forth a physicalist way for ...
J Kusin's user avatar
  • 2,794
1 vote
5 answers
238 views

Is a physical process identical to an algorithm computing it?

I have read three questions about algorithms and their relation to the human brain. Two recent ones: Question on Godel's Remark on Algorithmic Nature of Mind and: Why doesn't Searle's ...
Deschele Schilder's user avatar