Skip to main content

Questions tagged [plato]

Plato (424/423 BC – 348/347 BC) was a Classical Greek philosopher, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. Plato is considered to be the founder of Western philosophy.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0 votes
0 answers
16 views

What does Socrates mean by not reusing his initial objection to Cephalus’s definition of Justice to object to Polemarchus’s definition?

Plato’s Republic Book 1 331 C: Socrates says that if we return a weapon given to us by a sane friend who has since then turned insane, we are not being just. Polemarchus then defines Justice as the ...
Matt Harper's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
32 views

Axiomatic and formal establishment of Plato's dialectics

After years of studying Plato I have seen some attempts to formalize somehow Plato's dialectics. To be more precise, I have found writers who present Plato's dialectics (especially as it is presented ...
SK_'s user avatar
  • 388
11 votes
2 answers
1k views

How should I pronounce words from Ancient Greek philosophy?

A somewhat unusual question here. Naturally, while reading through Ancient Greek philosophy, I've encountered many Ancient Greek words like παιδεία, οὐσία, as well as sentences like 'πάντες ἄνθρωποι ...
John Smith's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
94 views

Did classical philosophers see a happy ending to the story of humanity?

Philosophical and religious views about the end of the world are predominantly in the room of doom and gloom. But did we have an exception, with more positive views on the future of humanity? Plato ...
TheMatrix Equation-balance's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
55 views

What was the reason why they (in Plato's Republic) chose to focus on justice?

I am trying to read Plato's The Republic. It is not easy to understand. There are two things I just can't understand. When Socrates and Glaukon come to Kephalos' house the discussion very quickly ...
harry jansson's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
51 views

How can immaterial soul exist without matter but immaterial redness can't?

So as the title says Aristotle and Aquinas held that soul which is substantial form of living things can exist even after separation from body. This is because soul is taken as immaterial substantial ...
Vihan 's user avatar
  • 121
6 votes
2 answers
138 views

Synthesis of Aristotle and Plato

I would like to know if there are any systematic and comprehensive texts on synthesising Aristotle and Plato (mainly that come from a Neoplatonism stand point since I know this joining of the two ...
Morgan's user avatar
  • 61
2 votes
3 answers
153 views

If Plato openly wrote his books about politics, did he not believe in the proposed Noble Lie policy?

If Plato openly spoke of the Noble Lie proposal, in what he took to be quite an imperfect society whose change he hoped and perhaps even worked towards, would he have himself really thought that the ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
78 views

How to use Stephanus numbers?

A technical question here. I'm new to Plato and want to learn how to cite using Stephanus numbers. I'm a little confused because I'm not sure if the numbers are accurate to the line from translation ...
John Smith's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
98 views

Philosophy king and sage rule

The concept of philosophy king seems to be somewhat similar to the Taoist doctrine of sage rule. Taoism has very high requirements for the virtues and realm for the ruler and the people, requiring the ...
Tianrui Jia's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
371 views

What did Plato and Plotinus mean by "beyond being?"

The question is exactly what the title says. Plato, in the Republic, famously referred to the Good as "beyond being in power and dignity," and Plotinus later expounded this assertion in his ...
Johnathan Green's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
80 views

Was Plato personally a mystic?

We know Plato is highly regarded among Neoplatonic mystics. His doctrine of knowledge as recollection, Ideal forms, human soul, love, transmigration or afterlife are congruent with mysticism. Now we ...
infatuated's user avatar
  • 1,665
7 votes
3 answers
2k views

For Plato, what is a perfect circle?

Of course we can't see a perfect circle through our eyes, but can I imagine a perfect circle in my mind? But Plato said that the ideal forms can't be seen. I don't know whether he meant that even ...
nye's user avatar
  • 71
2 votes
0 answers
34 views

In a Platonic utilitarianism, would the only commandment be, "Contemplate the Form of Happiness"?

Suppose that the Form of Happiness were the most happiness-bringing entity possible, i.e. that Platonic contemplation of this Form would cause the greatest happiness possible for any entity (including ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
318 views

What's the difference between elenchus and dialectic?

I know that "elenchus" is often associated with Socrates and the Socratic method whereas "dialectic" is more associated with Plato. But what is their relationship? Is elenchus a ...
John Smith's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
82 views

Aristotle and the Platonic Footnotes Alluded to by Whitehead

In Process and Reality, Alfred North Whitehead famously states: The safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato. I do ...
DDS's user avatar
  • 47
2 votes
1 answer
78 views

On Plato's Transmigration of Souls

In Plato's theory of transmigration of souls, do some souls ever make it to a place of eternal bliss or get remanded to a place of eternal punishment?
DDS's user avatar
  • 47
3 votes
2 answers
214 views

Objects and Platonic Forms

According to Plato, can an object have multiple forms depending on its uses? For example, can a table have the form of tableness but also the form of chairness if people decide to use it as furniture ...
harris 's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
34 views

Is the Form of the Good equivalent to the Form of the Intelligible Animal?

I'm reading the IEP entry on Plato's "organicism", which is the portrayal of the world as a universal animal. The article says that this entity participates in a Form of the Intelligible ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
94 views

Doubt about the third man argument

The third man argument says that for every form that resides over some group of things, there will have to be another form that can account for that group and the form. Necessitating an infinitude of ...
Leandro Tada's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
1k views

Does the arc of history bend toward justice.?

"I do not pretend to understand the moral universe; the arc is a long one, my eye reaches but little ways; I cannot calculate the curve and complete the figure by the experience of sight; I can ...
Meanach's user avatar
  • 2,385
1 vote
2 answers
96 views

Plato on 'lyric' opposed to his theory of forms

I have read some Plato, but not the parts relevant to my question (alas). I do know that artistic making is meant to be a copy of a copy (the world) of platonic forms. But how does that fit in with ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
58 views

Where does Plato discuss "having" and "possessing"?

I'm looking for textual references in Plato's dialogues where he discusses the difference between having and possessing with respect to actuality and potentiality. I would be grateful if anybody could ...
Frank Booth's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
129 views

When the soul is with the body, does the soul change the body, or does it make the body as perfect as possible?

I would be grateful if you could answer the question above. When the soul is with the body, does the soul change the body or does it make the body perfect [or should I say that as perfect as the body ...
Frank Booth's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
39 views

Does Russell's objection to Meinongianism apply whenever we take the meta-version of an existence-predicate distinction?

The point of departure: A third problem, one of Russell’s objections to Meinongianism (see [Russell 1905a, 1907]), turns on the fact that existence is, on Meinongianism, a property and hence figures ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
110 views

What is Virtue?

I have been reading Plato and re-reading Nietzsche and both of them discuss Virtue without saying what it is. In Thus Spake Zarathustra Virtue seems to come in flavours where you have to pick one or ...
Ethos 's user avatar
  • 39
1 vote
1 answer
243 views

Preferred Translation of Plato's *Laws*?

I have been delving deeper into Greek philosophy lately, and I must say, I am quite fond of C.D.C Reeve's translations. His interpretations of various philosophical texts have always resonated with me....
cricket900's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
234 views

What is a woman? or Are all social constructions contingent? [closed]

It is difficult these days to avoid becoming familiar with popular disputes surrounding gender. Particularly contentious are questions regarding the ontology of the concepts of woman and man. On one ...
Michael Kurak's user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
405 views

Platonic love and "sapiosexuality"

I'll admit I have an incredibly limited understanding of the works of Plato, but upon a glossing over of the Symposium, it seems he is saying that love of intelligence is of a higher importance/...
Shootsakovich's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
105 views

What does it mean to be a principle?

I would be grateful if you could direct me to relevant passages in Aristotle where I can read more about the nature of "principle." Not exacty about the principle of non-contradiction but ...
Frank Booth's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
35 views

Plato's forms - sparse realism and scope of forms

Was Plato a sparse realist about universals? (because "Carve nature at its joints") And did he think everyday human made objects and social kinds had forms? eg tables Thanks
kungfuhobbit's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
60 views

Is it ok, that translation of “Apology of Socrates” has a lot of grammatical mistakes?

This is a technical and pretty specifically question: I bought a book, that contains Apology of Socrates, and some dialogues (Kriton, Meneksen, Ion, etc) in Russian language ISBN 978-197-4015-03-0, ...
Stdugnd4ikbd's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
49 views

Why is knowledge knowledge of explanations?

I am reading Aristotle. He seems to me to believe that knowledge is knowledge of explanations (causes - aitiai). But what ground is there for this belief? I cannot formulate a reason for this. I would ...
Frank Booth's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
193 views

The disdain for sophism in Plato's dialogues vs. the real sophists

As we all know, sophism is regarded as the immoral, malformed twin of philosophy in Plato's dialogues. Socrates sees a fundamental distinction here: However, as I put it, cookery is flattery ...
viuser's user avatar
  • 4,841
5 votes
2 answers
745 views

Did Socrates' actual apology resemble Plato's Apology?

I have seen that Plato's writings have traditionally been classified as Early, Middle or Late and that the earlier the work, the closer it resembles what Socrates might have actually said. In view of ...
Saegusa's user avatar
  • 185
4 votes
4 answers
541 views

Speaking what is not = speaking about non-being?

In Plato's The Sophist, a stranger from Elea argues with Theaetetus, a young friend of Socrates, about the definition of "sophist". They come to the conclusion that the sophist imitates the ...
viuser's user avatar
  • 4,841
0 votes
1 answer
397 views

What dialogues should a newcomer to Plato read first?

I have gotten my hands on Plato's Complete Works and I would like to know what would be interesting to read on a first read-through of his and what should maybe be reserved for later. I am not ...
Saegusa's user avatar
  • 185
3 votes
1 answer
103 views

Does Plato think we can have synthetic a posteriori knowledge?

I understand that Plato thinks our knowledge of universals is innate, and therefore synthetic a priori knowledge. However, does he think we can have any knowledge that is synthetic and a posteriori? ...
dav's user avatar
  • 31
2 votes
0 answers
45 views

Friendships towards humans vs. things and animals in Plato's Lysis

In Plato's Lysis, Socrates and Menexenus argue if friendship must be reciprocal: S: Then this notion is not in accordance with our previous one. We were saying that both were friends, if one only ...
viuser's user avatar
  • 4,841
1 vote
3 answers
185 views

How can universal truths lead to particular truths?

Disclaimer: I have not read philosophy outside of limited Greek works So, Plato theorized that there was a world of "universals" and "particulars", the world of general principles (...
Dusty574's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
146 views

Euthyphro's Dilemma

I'm current reading one of the first of plato's dialogues, Euthyphro, concerning piety. At one point in their conversation, Euthyphro proposes to Socrates the following definition, I) What all of the ...
ArielK's user avatar
  • 43
1 vote
3 answers
304 views

Did Nietzsche cite anywhere in his writings Plato's Gorgias regarding Callicles?

Nietzsche's theory has many similarities with Callicles thought in Plato's Gorgias (Nietzsche and Callicles on Happiness, Pleasure, and Power). However, he did not explicitely mention Callicles in his ...
user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
167 views

What does Plato mean by kingly arts?

In Euthydemus, Plato says that "the politician’s art and the kingly art were the same" (ἔδοξε γὰρ δὴ ἡμῖν ἡ πολιτική καὶ ἡ βασιλική τέχνη ἡ αὐτὴ εἶναι, 291 c 4–5). I have difficulty ...
Frank Booth's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
362 views

In Plato's Symposium, why is Diotima a woman?

Excuse the odd title - what I mean is: Diotima is the sole woman that has her say in Plato's dialogues. There are a multitude of opportunities in which he could've let a woman speak, but it never ...
viuser's user avatar
  • 4,841
2 votes
3 answers
238 views

Was Socrates hypocritical about Eros?

Taken at face value, in the Symposium and Phaedrus gay love that remains unconsummated is regarded as the highest form of love between humans men. It makes the soul rise upward to the form of beauty, ...
viuser's user avatar
  • 4,841
1 vote
1 answer
106 views

The Third Man argument in the history of Platonism

Plato lived from 428-7 BCE to 348-7 BCE, but Platonism surpassed him for hundreds or thousands of years. Neoplatonism was the dominant philosophical school of late antiquity and exerted strong ...
viuser's user avatar
  • 4,841
3 votes
1 answer
101 views

Why does Hestia stay at home in Plato's Phaedrus?

In Plato's Phaedrus we find a description of the divine procession to the realm beyond heaven. Zeus, the mighty lord, holding the reins of a winged chariot, leads the way in heaven, ordering all and ...
viuser's user avatar
  • 4,841
2 votes
0 answers
161 views

What is the distinction between Ancient Philosophy and Religion?

I'm currently reading Pierre Hadot book What is "Ancient Philosophy?" (Qu'est-ce que la philosophie antique?) and as I reach the third part of the book i can't stop thinking about, how ...
ArielK's user avatar
  • 43
1 vote
1 answer
505 views

Where did Socrates describe the tripartite of the soul in the Republic?

Reading through the books I to V, I couldn't a real explanation about the tripartite of the soul as I could find in the Phaedo. Reading in some analysis of the books[1], and the wikipedia article ...
VP.'s user avatar
  • 111
6 votes
6 answers
840 views

Should happiness be attained by reforming the world around us for the better or by accepting it as it is?

Two of the most influent philosophers in the antiquity proposed different perspectives on how we should attain happiness: Plato and Epictetus. Plato points out that our civilization contains ...
trigress09's user avatar

1
2 3 4 5
8