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Questions tagged [political-philosophy]

Describing questions about the philosophy of politics and society which investigate concerns like liberty, justice and equality.

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Difference between 'marxist' and 'Marxist'?

What is the difference between 'marxist' (with a small 'm') and 'Marxist'? This question arose to me when I came across this: It follows from this belief that if you can totally change the '...
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1answer
68 views

What does Marx mean by “the real will of the cooperative”?

This is an extract from A Darwinian Left by Peter Singer: Marx: Under collective property, the so-called will of the people disappears in order to make way for the real will of the cooperative. ...
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53 views

Who wrote about levels of power?

Recently, a senator stated that a bill would not be voted upon “because I get to decide what we vote on.” I recall a complete philosophy of exercising power at various levels, of which deciding when ...
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118 views

How is egalitarianism even possible? [closed]

How is egalitarianism (broadly, any idea about equality between humans) even possible? I find it hard to chew as to how can egalitarianism be demonstrated to even exist in any, even simple sense. ...
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1answer
67 views

Why should I trust experts - and what's the place of experts in a democracy?

If we trust experts, do we then elevate them as determiners of the truth? When we trust our surgeon to do a good job in surgery because he is an expert, do I forfeit my right to criticize experts on ...
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94 views

Is this argument about ownership valid?

I came across an argument that I believe to be invalid: Ownership is defined as the ability to exclude others. "Everyone owns land" becomes "everyone has the ability to exclude others from land." I ...
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3answers
152 views

Is Socrates' happiness possible for average, normal people?

Socrates talked a big game in the Republic: we don't need money, family or friends to be happy; all that requires is that we pursue truth and wisdom. I can sort of see how this can make sense for ...
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1answer
168 views

What does Machiavelli say about friends of my enemies?

What does Machiavelli say about friends of my enemies? I read the Prince, and some continental stuff relating it to Marxism, such as Specters of Marx. The former mostly seemed like practical, in some ...
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1answer
122 views

Is there an established name for position that argues against law?

This is my position. But for some reason I'm sure I'm not the first to accept it (I guess some anarchists would have it). So, there likely should be other people with this position. Is there a name ...
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66 views

What is the historical entitlement conception of justice? How does it differ from the patterned conception?

Related to Nozick. What are the policy implications of the two approaches? Any examples?
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61 views

According to Nozick, what is a “patterned” conception of justice?

Any examples of a policy issue on which a patterned conception of justice might plausibly disagree with a historical entitlement based conception of justice
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419 views

If I want everyone to be a friend to everyone, am I an anarchist? [closed]

I am not defining friendship. It's easier to say what is not friendship. In most aspects there are some signifiers of friendship. What language do you use, how do you treat people, what do you feel. ...
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46 views

Did Nietzsche have anything to say about the trans-Atlantic slavery trade?

Given that there are over 300 references to slavery in Nietzsches work did he, in any of his works, address what was the most significant revival of slavery since Graeco-Roman times, that is the trans-...
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123 views

What did Confucius mean by saying that the 'rectification of names' is the first thing required to rule a state?

In Analects XII, a disciple asked Confucius the right principle of government whereupon Confucious said: The one thing needed first is the rectification of names. What did Confucius mean by this?
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1answer
64 views

In what order should I read The Republic, Aristotle's Politics, and The Prince?

I want to read Plato's The Republic, Aristotle's politics, and Machiavelli's The Prince. Is there an order in which I should read them to better understand the development of political philosophy?
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43 views

Did Nietzsche elaborate on his notion of a 'political caste to rule over Europe'

In Aphorism 251 in Beyond Good and Evil, Nietzche says: What is serious for me ... [is] the cultivation of a new caste to rule over Europe. And according to Nietzschean scholar Ronald Beiner, when ...
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Did Simone Weil analyse the conditions that allowed the growth of an oppressive bureaucratic state in the former Soviet Union?

In the short book by John Hellman, Simone Weil, an introduction to her thought, he quotes from her essay, La Revolutienne Proletarienne: Throughout history men have struggled, suffered and died to ...
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4answers
123 views

Can the affirmation “All taxes are theft” be considered an a priori truth?

Hans Hermann Hoppe is a popular Economist from the Austrian School whose central ideas seem fundamentally right. However, I see him as having very poor argumentation skills and more than once I read ...
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63 views

Privacy in the modern context [closed]

In Roman times, 'privacy' had more to do with one’s “private” domain where one is the master of one’s own house rather than the sense we have today where the emphasis is more on one’s private thoughts,...
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36 views

What are Popper's views on employment and unemployment?

I recently read an interview where Popper ranked his interest in employment above education. Unfortunately, the interview was quite brief and didn't go further into Popper's thinking on this. Q. What ...
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3answers
342 views

What exactly is the philosophical genealogy of racism, in particular Locke and Hume?

Afua Hirsch in her book, Brit(ish) writes: I was in my thirties when I learned that both Locke and Hume were also important proponents of racism, pouring that same intellect they used to such great ...
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1answer
70 views

Is “class culture” an artificial construct or does it have “natural” motivation?

Is "class culture" an artificial construct or does it have "natural" motivation? A lof of things, at least judging by internet, are associated or measured relative to socio-economic class. However, ...
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158 views

Does Egalitarianism also mean having Equal Opportunity?

Egalitarianism proposes that everyone should have same access to political and civil rights, but does that mean include equal opportunity?
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119 views

What is “State” for Rousseau?

I guess this simple question has a simple answer, but I have not found it. I am reading "The Social Contract" and am really loving it. I understand Rousseau's distinction of sovereign and government....
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1answer
80 views

Classical liberalism and libertarianism

What is the distinction between classical liberalism and libertarianism?
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124 views

Authors who think war and violence are part of the American culture and economy

The United States Military budget exceeds the next 9 countries on the list combined ref. here. A great deal of Hollywood movies portrait the glory of war and present violence as something entertaining ...
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Ernesto Laclau: 'Any repetition that is governed by a structural law of successions is space'

There is a debate going on about Ernesto Laclau's argument that any repetition that is governed by a structural law of successions is space But what does he actually mean by that?
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129 views

What are the key points Thomas Nagel makes in his article “Moral Conflict and Political Legitimacy”?

Particularly, what is his view on liberalism? And what is the significance of the example he gives regarding Catholics? The article can be found here:
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1answer
100 views

What grounds did Spinoza give for the legitimacy of government?

How exactly does Spinoza ground the legitimacy of the government in the theologo-political treatise? More specifically in Chapter 16, what is the legitimacy of the government grounded in?
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2answers
313 views

What is the difference between 'socialism' and 'communism'?

I frequently hear about these two different concepts. What is the fundamental difference between them?
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38 views

What was the scholastic position on Monarchy?

I'm trying to look into the history of medieval political thought, and I am struggling with the scholastics, especially Scotus and Albert. Does anyone know what their views were on Monarchy ...
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1answer
166 views

Natural sociality in Rousseau and Aristotle

Are we social or solitary by Rousseau's reckoning? How do his arguments stand in relation to Aristotle's idea of humans as essentially social or political?
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1answer
53 views

Was Jan Smuts the father of Holism?

With reference: Jan C. Smuts, Holism and Evolution https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_Smuts With what I've found so far it seems he has had an enormous impact on the world that we have, so: Is ...
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1answer
42 views

Which philosophers were the strongest supporters of individual privacy?

Philosophers differ on their opinions of privacy. Who were the strongest supporters of individual privacy?
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454 views

Does philosophy shed any light on how parties can fruitfully debate without an agreed source of truth?

A hallmark of recent political developments is extreme partisanship, where each side has near total distrust of the other. To exacerbate this situation there has been a breakdown in agreement over ...
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1answer
146 views

What is John Locke's basic idea of individuality?

Are we social or solitary by Locke's reckoning? How can we use his argument to oppose Aristotle's idea of humans essentially being social or political? I have read the chapter 2 'Of the state of ...
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1answer
165 views

How does Aristotle argue for his claim that all humans are essentially social/political?

In relation to Aristotle's books Politics 1 and 2, how can you argue that all humans are social or political beings and what can you argue against that? What kind of arguments can be brought up ...
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1answer
117 views

Gun control and classical liberalism

Is gun control consistent with classical liberalism? Can a classical liberal case be made for restricting this liberty?
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1answer
41 views

Whose ideas are most influential for European Convention on Human Rights?

The European Convention on Human Rights is based on the idea of civil liberties, 18 articles in total. What philosophy is the foundation for these liberties? Specifically the right to privacy/private ...
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1answer
68 views

How do Marxists account for depreciating value of commodities

If Marxists claim that useful labor is the source of a commodities value then would a commodity that has an expiration date, strawberries for example have as much value when they turn rotten as when ...
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4answers
136 views

Is there a name for a position that governments could be replaced with voluntary organizations?

The problem I see with governments is that you have "duties" (from the position of legislators) even despite the fact you didn't choose to be born in any particular state. Therefore, probably it would ...
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14answers
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Why are legal and moral responsibilities said to be different?

It seems in most cases which laws are adopted depends on what ethical views legislators hold. There might be counterexamples when a lawmaker does not adopt laws reflecting own moral views. But I do ...
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58 views

What does 'semantic blindness' mean here?

A public talk to be given by Philosopher Michael Patrick Lynch at Oxford is to address: Fake news spread online is a clear danger to democratic politics. One aspect of that danger is obvious: it ...
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60 views

What does Focault mean by “space”?

I’m reading “Of other spaces”, but it’s hard to follow for me because I don’t know what Focault means by “space”. So, what does Focault mean by space? What would be the definition?
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108 views

Philosophical approaches for a response to rape

I wasn't sure whether to post this here, or on law, or on politics. But I eventually landed here since this SE seemed like the most middle of the road option. My question concerns rape and how we ...
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1answer
47 views

How do marxists account for the value of land?

Under the labor theory of value, land should on its own have no value if no useful labor has been put into it yet its exchange value on the market extremely high. How is this contradiction addressed? ...
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2answers
66 views

What is use-value according to Marx and why is it what is valuable in a commodity?

According to Marx, labor is what gives a commodity its value, specifically useful labor(das mudpie). My question here is what exactly is useful labor and why is labor itself what provides value and ...
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2answers
127 views

How can laissez-faire capitalism not turn to corporatocracy?

An idea of corporatocracy (pretty dystopian) exists in some movies and videogames. Typically huge corporations ar epresented as having own armies and those armies can force citizens do their work. We ...
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69 views

Is there some way to distinguish between “better” and “worse” political ideologies on some general level?

Is there some way to distinguish between "better" and "worse" political ideologies on some general level? It's clear that there are some subjective beliefs/preferences such as being in favor of ...
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4answers
161 views

Can a ban on certain words be justified rationally?

In our world there is a notion of political correctness. There are some words which can be considered rude or abusive in themselves, regardless of the thought behind them. However, this seems awkward ...