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Questions tagged [political-philosophy]

Describing questions about the philosophy of politics and society which investigate concerns like liberty, justice and equality.

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What are Popper's views on employment and unemployment?

I recently read an interview where Popper ranked his interest in employment above education. Unfortunately, the interview was quite brief and didn't go further into Popper's thinking on this. Q. What ...
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What exactly is the philosophical genealogy of racism, in particular Locke and Hume?

Afua Hirsch in her book, Brit(ish) writes: I was in my thirties when I learned that both Locke and Hume were also important proponents of racism, pouring that same intellect they used to such great ...
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Is “class culture” an artificial construct or does it have “natural” motivation?

Is "class culture" an artificial construct or does it have "natural" motivation? A lof of things, at least judging by internet, are associated or measured relative to socio-economic class. However, ...
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Does Egalitarianism also mean having Equal Opportunity?

Egalitarianism proposes that everyone should have same access to political and civil rights, but does that mean include equal opportunity?
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What is “State” for Rousseau?

I guess this simple question has a simple answer, but I have not found it. I am reading "The Social Contract" and am really loving it. I understand Rousseau's distinction of sovereign and government....
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45 views

Classical liberalism and libertarianism

What is the distinction between classical liberalism and libertarianism?
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108 views

Authors who think war and violence are part of the American culture and economy

The United States Military budget exceeds the next 9 countries on the list combined ref. here. A great deal of Hollywood movies portrait the glory of war and present violence as something entertaining ...
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1answer
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Ernesto Laclau: 'Any repetition that is governed by a structural law of successions is space'

There is a debate going on about Ernesto Laclau's argument that any repetition that is governed by a structural law of successions is space But what does he actually mean by that?
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2answers
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What are the key points Thomas Nagel makes in his article “Moral Conflict and Political Legitimacy”?

Particularly, what is his view on liberalism? And what is the significance of the example he gives regarding Catholics? The article can be found here:
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1answer
45 views

What grounds did Spinoza give for the legitimacy of government?

How exactly does Spinoza ground the legitimacy of the government in the theologo-political treatise? More specifically in Chapter 16, what is the legitimacy of the government grounded in?
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190 views

What is the difference between 'socialism' and 'communism'?

I frequently hear about these two different concepts. What is the fundamental difference between them?
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33 views

What was the scholastic position on Monarchy?

I'm trying to look into the history of medieval political thought, and I am struggling with the scholastics, especially Scotus and Albert. Does anyone know what their views were on Monarchy ...
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What is Jean Jacques Rousseau's basic idea of individuality

Are we social or solitary by Rousseau's reckoning? How do his arguments stand in relation to Aristotle's idea of humans as essentially social or political?
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1answer
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Was Jan Smuts the father of Holism?

With reference: Jan C. Smuts, Holism and Evolution https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_Smuts With what I've found so far it seems he has had an enormous impact on the world that we have, so: Is ...
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1answer
35 views

Which philosophers were the strongest supporters of individual privacy?

Philosophers differ on their opinions of privacy. Who were the strongest supporters of individual privacy?
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251 views

Does philosophy shed any light on how parties can fruitfully debate without an agreed source of truth?

A hallmark of recent political developments is extreme partisanship, where each side has near total distrust of the other. To exacerbate this situation there has been a breakdown in agreement over ...
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1answer
74 views

What is John Locke's basic idea of individuality?

Are we social or solitary by Locke's reckoning? How can we use his argument to oppose Aristotle's idea of humans essentially being social or political? I have read the chapter 2 'Of the state of ...
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1answer
89 views

How does Aristotle argue for his claim that all humans are essentially social/political?

In relation to Aristotle's books Politics 1 and 2, how can you argue that all humans are social or political beings and what can you argue against that? What kind of arguments can be brought up ...
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1answer
73 views

Gun control and classical liberalism

Is gun control consistent with classical liberalism? Can a classical liberal case be made for restricting this liberty?
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1answer
35 views

Whose ideas are most influential for European Convention on Human Rights?

The European Convention on Human Rights is based on the idea of civil liberties, 18 articles in total. What philosophy is the foundation for these liberties? Specifically the right to privacy/private ...
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1answer
55 views

How do Marxists account for depreciating value of commodities

If Marxists claim that useful labor is the source of a commodities value then would a commodity that has an expiration date, strawberries for example have as much value when they turn rotten as when ...
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4answers
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Is there a name for a position that governments could be replaced with voluntary organizations?

The problem I see with governments is that you have "duties" (from the position of legislators) even despite the fact you didn't choose to be born in any particular state. Therefore, probably it would ...
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14answers
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Why are legal and moral responsibilities said to be different?

It seems in most cases which laws are adopted depends on what ethical views legislators hold. There might be counterexamples when a lawmaker does not adopt laws reflecting own moral views. But I do ...
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What does 'semantic blindness' mean here?

A public talk to be given by Philosopher Michael Patrick Lynch at Oxford is to address: Fake news spread online is a clear danger to democratic politics. One aspect of that danger is obvious: it ...
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1answer
46 views

What does Focault mean by “space”?

I’m reading “Of other spaces”, but it’s hard to follow for me because I don’t know what Focault means by “space”. So, what does Focault mean by space? What would be the definition?
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Philosophical approaches for a response to rape

I wasn't sure whether to post this here, or on law, or on politics. But I eventually landed here since this SE seemed like the most middle of the road option. My question concerns rape and how we ...
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How do marxists account for the value of land?

Under the labor theory of value, land should on its own have no value if no useful labor has been put into it yet its exchange value on the market extremely high. How is this contradiction addressed? ...
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2answers
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What is use-value according to Marx and why is it what is valuable in a commodity?

According to Marx, labor is what gives a commodity its value, specifically useful labor(das mudpie). My question here is what exactly is useful labor and why is labor itself what provides value and ...
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2answers
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How can laissez-faire capitalism not turn to corporatocracy?

An idea of corporatocracy (pretty dystopian) exists in some movies and videogames. Typically huge corporations ar epresented as having own armies and those armies can force citizens do their work. We ...
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Is there some way to distinguish between “better” and “worse” political ideologies on some general level?

Is there some way to distinguish between "better" and "worse" political ideologies on some general level? It's clear that there are some subjective beliefs/preferences such as being in favor of ...
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4answers
152 views

Can a ban on certain words be justified rationally?

In our world there is a notion of political correctness. There are some words which can be considered rude or abusive in themselves, regardless of the thought behind them. However, this seems awkward ...
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4answers
169 views

Do anarchists want to eliminate all the power or only juridical one?

I often see as a criticism of anarchism that power has a natural occurrence. It's impossible to eliminate power. There will always be an authority. However, I always thought that the total ...
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2answers
524 views

Does utilitarianism justify racism in some circumstances?

Utilitarianism says that we should maximize aggregate utility. Greatest happiness for the greatest number is the usual catchphrase. Suppose there is a wealthy country A with lots of extra resources, ...
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2answers
174 views

What was Plato's purpose behind Atlantis?

I've heard that Atlantis is simply a story about hubris. But since Plato was interested in political philosophy I would be surprised if there weren't anything along those lines to Atlantis. So my ...
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2answers
268 views

What is meant by: “Human rights were discovered (not invented!)”?

I recently encountered the claim that "Human rights were discovered (not invented!) during the French Revolution" by a person who appears to be quite a Hegel fan (this might make the question easier ...
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1answer
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Burke on the social contract

What did Burke say about the social contract in Reflections on the Revolution in France or elsewhere, and how much did he develop his idea of a 'social contract for the ages'? How does this fit within ...
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3answers
56 views

Thoughts Regarding a Hypothetical Ethics Dilemma [closed]

I'm not a philosopher, so I apologize if this is a generally stupid question, but I was curious to hear what people thought. Scenario: Consider a "Star Trek" like future, with a technological ...
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106 views

In order for politics to be “scientific”, what does it require? Are there existing scientific political ideologues (measurement et al)?

In order for politics to be "scientific", what does it require? Are there existing scientific political ideologues (measurement et al)? Particularly, because I still feel that a lot around politics ...
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1answer
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The social aspect of epistemology

Though not an issue in the debates surrounding rigorous, theoretical epistemology, in practice culture and trust in authorities plays an enormous role for most of our beliefs outside of our expertise. ...
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112 views

Russell on freedom of realm of thought from public control

In Political Ideals (1917), Bertrand Russell wrote The whole realm of thought and opinion is utterly unsuited to public control; it ought to be as free, and as spontaneous as is possible to those ...
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How can land and natural resources become “private property”?

I’ve been trying to understand how an anarchic society would be initiated, but the two main ideas- anarcho-communism and anarcho-capitalism- not only contradict each other, but seem to be riddled with ...
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How journalism's rationale to tell facts feasible? How objectivity may be achieved if at all by journalists?

On background of some recent events - that regarding Jerusalem's status (the US step of moving their embassy from Tel-Aviv to Jerusalem) and the clash between IDF and Hamas and Palestinians in the ...
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How can we stop power abuse without anarchy? [closed]

One of my arguments for anarchy is that power abuse can only be eliminated by eliminating power "on paper" itself. But maybe I am wrong and there exist other ways to prevent power abuse without ...
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Pendulum Theory / Cyclical Theory in Philosophy?

In political science, the Cyclical Theory states that societal attitudes (Liberal-Conservative spectrum) move like a pendulum moving from one extreme to the other. Are there any philosophers who ...
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What does Hannah Arendt mean by 'Alienation from the World?'

In the introduction to Arendts book the Human Condition is the following: In a development Arendt traces to "alienation from the world," modern, automated societies engrossed by ever more efficient ...
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What branch of philosophy studies 'clouds' of concepts that spread as intellectual templates?

I am currently reading Andreas Wimmer's Waves of War, he makes an argument that I found interesting and I was wondering if anyone knew of what Philosophical Theory that style of reasoning would be ...
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Why didn't Kant end up in anarchy?

Let us assume the proposition: one might take leader role. Then we apply universalization: if everyone takes leader role, no one is the leader. Thus, we proved that taking leader role is useless ...
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For a political ruler is it better to be loved or feared?

Let's suppose the title question applies especially (but not exclusively) in the context of a leadership role (where the goal is to sustain power) and for simplicity let's say the choice is strictly ...
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3answers
112 views

An alternative foundation for political philosophy?

The pragmatic revolution (postmodern revolution) is thought to have significantly/completely changed philosophy and its vocabulary. However with regard to politics, we still seem to be using Platonic ...
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113 views

How does it make sense to talk about meritocracy?

To talk about meritocracy to me sounds a bit meaningless. If we have a system S and a person P within system S who is capable of actions A and those actions lead to rewards R, then we may define ...