Questions tagged [political-philosophy]

Describing questions about the philosophy of politics and society which investigate concerns like liberty, justice and equality.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Politics questions

Why was this question deleted without giving me a chance to ask on meta stack exchange?
0
votes
1answer
108 views

Why is Nietzche's “Amor Fati” descibed as the “key to fascism”?

I am trying to understand fascism (in its various forms) in philosophical/ideological terms. From what I've understood so far, it seems that (considered on its own terms) fascist ideology points ...
10
votes
4answers
365 views

Does the idea of a welfare state fundamentally conflict with an open immigration policy?

Progressives and liberals in the US (myself included) typically support two ideas: That immigration should be open so that undocumented immigrants should be allowed to stay and provided a so-called "...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Is anarcho-socialism an oxymoron?

I have regularly heard debate between anarcho-socialists and anarcho-capitalists about which one is the true oxymoron. If we take anarcho-socialism to mean no government and economic equality (+ ...
-2
votes
4answers
98 views

Is basing the political spectrum on economics actually meaningful?

In my view, the left doesnt support equality. It is a coalition of interest groups, which vaguely relate to each other. The meaningful definition i have seen is that the left represents progress, or ...
2
votes
2answers
700 views

Was Marcus Aurelius the first philosopher-king?

Marcus Aurelius, well-known for his Meditations, in the second century AD, was a Stoic philosopher and also emperor of the Roman empire. Plato, in his Republic, advised that the ideal rulers of his ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Essentialism as Philosophical Substrate of Realpolitik? [closed]

I was reading a political science paper, in a foreign language so there is no point in sharing, which described realpolitik as having a philosophical substrate of essentialism. The statement was ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Why does Derrida rarely use the word “exploitation”?

I was reading Antonio Negri's article on Derrida's controversial book the spectre of marx and in this article he points out Derrida rarely use the word "exploitation" and suppose this ...
0
votes
2answers
78 views

In the philosophy of Josiah Royce, is there a tension between the individual and society?

I'm reading through Josiah Royce's view on the self and this is what I think he believes the tension to be between the individual and society: "The tension between the individual and society is ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

What does Foucault mean by relations of truth?

I am reading 'Society must be defended' and I am currently on the 3rd lecture but am still quite confused about what Foucault means by 'truth' and relations of truth.
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Kant's disjunctive judgement and neoliberalism

Using the definition of neoliberalism (will not paste here), and Kan't third category being of relation, primarily his disjunctive judgement, hence community, and its application to the notion of ...
1
vote
4answers
154 views

Why can community benefit if its individuals be free to act selfishly?

I never studied philosophy. Can someone kindly explain like I'm 5 the emboldened sentences below? What does "the defendant may benefit from considerations such as the effect on the community if ...
4
votes
6answers
662 views

How can land and natural resources become “private property”?

I’ve been trying to understand how an anarchic society would be initiated, but the two main ideas- anarcho-communism and anarcho-capitalism- not only contradict each other, but seem to be riddled with ...
1
vote
7answers
4k views

Dictatorship, communism or democracy

Could anyone highlight the main difference between these 3? Also, i remember reading about the concept of communism which is very beautiful, however i do not really understand why there has been no ...
0
votes
1answer
144 views

How shall I understand Wittgenstein's comment on Russell's work?

Ludwig Wittgenstein said Russell’s books should be bound in two colours…those dealing with mathematical logic in red – and all students of philosophy should read them; those dealing with ethics and ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Is fascism intrinsically violent?

Has every group or nation that is generally considered to be fascist, descended from the nationalist ideology of Mussolini (I don't mean 'fascism' in the sense of just any right wing demagogy), ...
4
votes
2answers
162 views

Are there philosophically serious moral arguments against eugenics?

First, I'm sure there are, but I have yet to read much in this area. It seems that most moral arguments are or quickly become historical arguments about violent or judicial racism, which may then ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

In what ways does Dante's argument in the Monarchy differ from the one made by John of Paris in 'On royal and papal power?'

John is taking the middle ground whereas Dante is pro-monarchy. How do their arguments differ? Like, for example, Dante is taking an Aristotelian idea and justifying his claims based on Aristotle's ...
2
votes
4answers
6k views

What is the difference between political philosophy and political theory?

I had a look on Wikipedia but I'm not clear about how the two differ. Political philosophy: "Political philosophy is considered by some to be a sub-discipline of political science; however, the name ...
16
votes
6answers
7k views

Why would Aristotle argue that “a mechanic or a mercantile life” is “ignoble and inimical to virtue”?

All paid jobs absorb and degrade the mind. (Aristotle) UPDATE: As Michael notes below, a better translation of the above is in Rackham (reproduced from Michael's citation): But at present we are ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Questions about Marx's second, third, and fourth thesis in ''Theses on Feuerbach''

The question whether objective truth can be attributed to human thinking is not a question of theory but is a practical question. a. What does Marx mean here by ”objective truth,” what is he alluding ...
-1
votes
1answer
99 views

Is political equality meaningfully achievable as a political goal? [closed]

In a recently closed post Is equality as a political goal meaningless?, the OP posed this question [as edited by me]: Is the concept of political equality, itself, meaningless, without referencing ...
-1
votes
1answer
51 views

What does it mean for someone to “found a state/government”? And why can they do it? [closed]

What does it mean for someone to "found a state/government"? And why can they do it? E.g. George Washington is referred to as the "founder" of American republic. Intuitively it's ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

Looking for references to political/moral philosophy literature on communal child-rearing and the institution of the family

[Note: this question was previously closed under the reason "needs to be more focused". I subsequently edited the question to make it more focused and then hoped it would be reopened, but no ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Question about Marx´s book (German Ideology)

In 'The German Ideology' Marx claims that in his materialist conception of history 'ascends from earth to heaven', unlike the German philosophy of the time that 'descends from heaven to earth'. What ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Under what conditions is work alienated?

Why, for Marx, is alienation a condition of work under capitalism? I´ve been reading Marx's texts and I don't understand why.
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Are social crises good for the bourgeoisie, according to Marx?

Are social crises good for the bourgeoisie, according to Marx? Clearly social crises can be bad for the working class. For example, the world wars were bad and count as 'social crises', but they may ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Dialectics and Machiavelli

What is the relation between Marxist dialectics and Machiavelli's philosophy? I have read Lefort, and he seems good, but I was unsure if he was an academic playing games.
1
vote
3answers
139 views

What is use-value according to Marx and why is it what is valuable in a commodity?

According to Marx, labor is what gives a commodity its value, specifically useful labor(das mudpie). My question here is what exactly is useful labor and why is labor itself what provides value and ...
3
votes
3answers
168 views

How do Marxists account for depreciating value of commodities

If Marxists claim that useful labor is the source of a commodities value then would a commodity that has an expiration date, strawberries for example have as much value when they turn rotten as when ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Is there any second-hand, open-source literature on Georges Bataille's essay “The Psychological Structure of Fascism”?

A while ago, I read Bataille's essay “The Psychological Structure of Fascism”, translated into English by Carl Lovitt. As I haven't followed any philosophy courses at a university (I'm mostly a self-...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Who does 'men of letters' refer to?

Jean-Jacques Rousseau, in his discourse on the origin of inequality and discourse on the arts and sciences, mentioned the 'men of letters', men he associated with negative connotations. However, who ...
8
votes
2answers
5k views

What did Acton mean by saying “absolute power corrupts absolutely”?

John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton said that "[p]ower tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely." What did he mean by this? How might power compel evil or restrict free will?
2
votes
3answers
203 views

Paradox: if people are too immoral to be left free in their choice, then why is democracy the solution?

I am asking if there are noted philosophers that have thought about the following paradox before, or something resembling it. Democracy is seen here as a system in which a nation is governed by a ...
0
votes
3answers
157 views

Is political correctness a result of a more rational society?

Yes, I am aware of the insanity in the question. However, that is precisely why I am asking. The insanity stems from the popular idea, especially amongst academics or the type of people you might find ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Why does Hayek refer to French 'individualism' as the “Cartesian” school?

I am reading Frederick Hayek right now and saw that he refers to the French liberal tradition, what he calls French "individualism (vs the English liberal tradition of Smith, Ferguson, Burke, etc.) ...
7
votes
6answers
739 views

Does philosophy shed any light on how parties can fruitfully debate without an agreed source of truth?

A hallmark of recent political developments is extreme partisanship, where each side has near total distrust of the other. To exacerbate this situation there has been a breakdown in agreement over ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Who first suggested that the state should hold the monopoly on violence?

I'm reading Stirner's The Ego and Its Own and I'm struck by how modern some of the ideas he's presenting are. In particular, he defines the state as the group of people with the autority to do ...
2
votes
6answers
387 views

What does it really mean for something to be tolerated?

A word that often comes up when discussing societies with problems is that everyone needs to tolerate those that are different, or hold different beliefs; we need to encourage tolerance, and so on... ...
3
votes
5answers
1k views

Philosophers on alternatives to capitalism and communism

Philosopher Karl Marx envisioned an economic system called communism to fight the abuses suffered by working class people during the industrial era. The exploration of man by man and the excessive ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

What did Marx mean by “revolutionary terror”?

there is only one way in which the murderous death agonies of the old society and the bloody birth throes of the new society can be shortened, simplified and concentrated, and that way is ...
13
votes
4answers
20k views

What is the Difference Between Human Rights and Natural Rights?

When people discuss the human rights and natural rights, there seems to be a distinction between the two, where standard interpretations of human rights (such as the Universal Declaration of Human ...
1
vote
2answers
174 views

Is freedom from discrimination a positive or a negative right?

Because of the recent controversy regarding pronouns on Meta, I started thinking about this question. In general, is freedom from discrimination as protected in most modern liberal states a positive ...
-9
votes
1answer
150 views

Is it possible that Israel - despite being a self-named Jewish state is not a Jewish state at all? [closed]

An aunt of mine, when she arrived in Britain, once jeered at me, calling me a Christian, mostly because she thought of Britain as being Christian. These were the only categories of thought she had. I,...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

Current academics exponents of (classical) liberalism

First of all, I don't want to cause polemic with the question. I know it's a delicate issue and I don't want to touch personal susceptibilities. My question is more on ignorance since I am from ...
2
votes
3answers
108 views

Should we place our own good before our nation's good? [closed]

I'm currently writing a screenplay, and one of the philosophical themes arises out of a very specific conflict, with I call: INDIVIDUAL BENEFIT vs STATE BENEFIT. One of the characters sacrifices ...
-1
votes
3answers
197 views

Utilitarianism revisited

I assume utilitarianism to be the doctrine that one should act to maximize the overall amount of "happiness". Next to the fact that it's not quite clear what happiness is supposed to be and how it ...
3
votes
2answers
445 views

What is the difference between “Continental liberalism”, “English liberalism”, and “Old Whiggism”?

In an essay entitled "Why I am not a Conservative", Hayek distances himself from both "Continental liberalism" and "English liberalism", while calling himself an "Old Whig": I have already ...
2
votes
1answer
229 views

Assistance in interpreting this excerpt concerning political philosophy

The article comes from "The Rhetorical Functions of Slogans: Classifications and Characteristics" by Robert E. Denton. The title should give away what the entire article is about. I've come to the ...
1
vote
2answers
124 views

Who writes the natural laws of a constitution?

If we say that the natural law of a constitution in a democratic government has to protect the minority from the majority, by whom is it written? If the majority writes it, it might not protect the ...

1
2 3 4 5
9