Questions tagged [political-philosophy]

Describing questions about the philosophy of politics and society which investigate concerns like liberty, justice and equality.

39 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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How has Foucault Philosophy of Surveillance been critiqued?

One of the horrors of the communist police-states of Eastern Europe was the incredible amount of information that the police force kept on the general population. This was often not gathered just by ...
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How to argue that some inequality is justifiable in order to maximize the well-being of the worst off in Rawls's theory of justice?

In context, I have to describe what we think is a just society by Rawls theory of justice. I want to try and use Scandinavia, for example, the Nordic Model as a representation as a just society. ...
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Current academics exponents of (classical) liberalism

First of all, I don't want to cause polemic with the question. I know it's a delicate issue and I don't want to touch personal susceptibilities. My question is more on ignorance since I am from ...
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Difference between the ensemble of organizations in an anarchy and a state?

Even an anarchy needs organizations to provide security, legal judgment, roads, etc. and to prepare large-scale plans and arrangements. Probably, for the sake of efficiency and harmony, there should ...
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What is structural power in Miranda Fricker's Epistemic Injustice?

I'm reading Epistemic Injustice by Miranda Fricker (looking at pages 10 and 11 here) and she starts out by defining power. One of the things she says is [...] power can operate purely structurally. ...
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How many academic Philosophers in Australia are still influenced by John Anderson “Andersonians”

John Anderson was a well known Philosopher in at Sydney University whom influenced many involved in the Sydney push and the those involved in the sexual revolution of the 1960’s. Are any of his ideas ...
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What are Popper's views on employment and unemployment?

I recently read an interview where Popper ranked his interest in employment above education. Unfortunately, the interview was quite brief and didn't go further into Popper's thinking on this. Q. What ...
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47 views

What was the scholastic position on Monarchy?

I'm trying to look into the history of medieval political thought, and I am struggling with the scholastics, especially Scotus and Albert. Does anyone know what their views were on Monarchy ...
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Is there some way to distinguish between “better” and “worse” political ideologies on some general level?

Is there some way to distinguish between "better" and "worse" political ideologies on some general level? It's clear that there are some subjective beliefs/preferences such as being in favor of ...
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871 views

What does Hannah Arendt mean by 'Alienation from the World?'

In the introduction to Arendts book the Human Condition is the following: In a development Arendt traces to "alienation from the world," modern, automated societies engrossed by ever more efficient ...
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Couple of questions on Bernard Bolzano's philosophy of state

I read a summary of Bolzano's political views and his philosophy of the "best" state, and I have 3 questions - A) was Bolzano heavily influenced by the USA? His line of thought for some of his ideas ...
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114 views

Nozick-like argument for property rights?

So, upon reading Nozick again I ran into something I haven't seen any libertarians argue vis a vis justifications of property rights (I don't think Nozick wouldn't promote this as an argument since ...
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Aristotelian Analysis of Forgiveness?

I am in the process of responding to one of the latest Reading Comprehension Questions in my Ethics course. This week we were reading from pages 27-33 of Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics (2nd Ed.) ...
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Is Webers definition of a nation state applicable in other contexts?

Max Weber, in his essay politics as a vocation defined the nation state as that which can 'successfully uphold a claim on the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a specific ...
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What does Foucault mean by relations of truth?

I am reading 'Society must be defended' and I am currently on the 3rd lecture but am still quite confused about what Foucault means by 'truth' and relations of truth.
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Kant's disjunctive judgement and neoliberalism

Using the definition of neoliberalism (will not paste here), and Kan't third category being of relation, primarily his disjunctive judgement, hence community, and its application to the notion of ...
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Dialectics and Machiavelli

What is the relation between Marxist dialectics and Machiavelli's philosophy? I have read Lefort, and he seems good, but I was unsure if he was an academic playing games.
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Why does Hayek refer to French 'individualism' as the “Cartesian” school?

I am reading Frederick Hayek right now and saw that he refers to the French liberal tradition, what he calls French "individualism (vs the English liberal tradition of Smith, Ferguson, Burke, etc.) ...
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In Hegelian Dialectic is an antithesis ever a shift in the status quo, or only an opposition to the status quo?

I am trying to understand how the Hegelian dialectic evolves over time. I will use tn (where n is a constant integer) informally, such that tn+2 - tn+1 is not necessarily the same duration as tn+1 - ...
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57 views

Did Nietzsche elaborate on his notion of a 'political caste to rule over Europe'

In Aphorism 251 in Beyond Good and Evil, Nietzche says: What is serious for me ... [is] the cultivation of a new caste to rule over Europe. And according to Nietzschean scholar Ronald Beiner, when ...
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116 views

Understanding the act of banning

(I'm new to Philosophy Stack Exchange so let me know if I'm not wording things properly, if I have to improve my question, etc.) I want to understand why humans always find a way to "ban" each other ...
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71 views

On Rousseau's consent and legitimacy

Right now I'm reading Rousseau's Second Discourse and Discourse on Political Economy. Rousseau describes the founding of civil society in the Second Discourse as a step that everyone agrees to, and ...
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82 views

How does Hegel develop the notion of freedom in his metaphysics?

It is agreed by everyone that liberty is a good thing; and one cannot have enough of a good thing; thus unlimited liberty must be one of the most perfect of goods. For in liberty unlimited one can ...
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Singer's Principle of Sacrifice & Miller's Principle of Sympathy

The debating area is global political philosophy and is particularly about global distributive justice. Singer's principle of Sacrifice: If it is one's power to prevent something very bad from ...
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219 views

Does analytical political philosophy discuss both capitalism and communism as an inheritence of Christianity?

John Gray, discusses in his book, Black Mass, the similarities between both Capitalism and Communism in terms of Christianity in a Post-Christian Europe - he calls them both Political Religion: He ...
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Measuring freedom in republican theories?

The liberal, or pure negative, approach to freedom, which identifies freedom with non-interference, often allows for freedom to be measured, e.g. in the works of Ian Carter and Matthew Kramer. Are ...
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Politics questions

Why was this question deleted without giving me a chance to ask on meta stack exchange?
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Why does Derrida rarely use the word “exploitation”?

I was reading Antonio Negri's article on Derrida's controversial book the spectre of marx and in this article he points out Derrida rarely use the word "exploitation" and suppose this ...
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In what ways does Dante's argument in the Monarchy differ from the one made by John of Paris in 'On royal and papal power?'

John is taking the middle ground whereas Dante is pro-monarchy. How do their arguments differ? Like, for example, Dante is taking an Aristotelian idea and justifying his claims based on Aristotle's ...
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Questions about Marx's second, third, and fourth thesis in ''Theses on Feuerbach''

The question whether objective truth can be attributed to human thinking is not a question of theory but is a practical question. a. What does Marx mean here by ”objective truth,” what is he alluding ...
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Are social crises good for the bourgeoisie, according to Marx?

Are social crises good for the bourgeoisie, according to Marx? Clearly social crises can be bad for the working class. For example, the world wars were bad and count as 'social crises', but they may ...
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Is the term 'Quantum Supremacy' symptomatic of the sick state of quantum physics today?

I overheard the following dialogue recently: Letitia: Quantum what? Josef: Quantum supremacy! Letitia: Is that a game quantum theorists play to show who is supreme in quantum mechanics? Josef: No, ...
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Is gaslighting a totalitarian measure?

The term gas-lighting means: manipulate (someone) by psychological means into doubting their own sanity. This is given in individual terms; by this, I mean that gaslighting is done by some-one to ...
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Who said, “a parliament with no opposition should be dissolved”?

I've found a reference in a Jewish text from the mid-19th century to a "gentile sage" (an expression usually referring to a Greek philosopher, but it could be any non-Jewish person really) who said ...
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Did Nietzsche have anything to say about the trans-Atlantic slavery trade?

Given that there are over 300 references to slavery in Nietzsches work did he, in any of his works, address what was the most significant revival of slavery since Graeco-Roman times, that is the trans-...
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Has anyone discussed the computerisation of democracy?

Has anyone discussed the computerisation of democracy? I read that a lot of middle class jobs are going to go missing soon, due to technological progress. Does that include government roles, such ...
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In the philosophy of Josiah Royce, is there a tension between the individual and society?

I'm reading through Josiah Royce's view on the self and this is what I think he believes the tension to be between the individual and society: "The tension between the individual and society is ...
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Is “class culture” an artificial construct or does it have “natural” motivation?

Is "class culture" an artificial construct or does it have "natural" motivation? A lof of things, at least judging by internet, are associated or measured relative to socio-economic class. However, ...
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Maximizing freedom in a society

A friend and I were trying to come up with the most basic rule that, if followed, would lead to a functional (and preferably good) society. He said: "People should be free to do whatever they want, ...