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Questions tagged [positivism]

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Looking for a book to compliment Zammito and Mohanty in understanding the ethos of post positivistic realism

There are two books which I consider to be indispensable to an understanding of contemporary western culture’s post-truth/alternative facts (scientific and cultural post modernism/structuralism/...
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1answer
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What does it mean to say that the relation between evidence and hypotheses is “syntactic”?

Positivists construe the relation between evidence and hypotheses to be syntactic (L1990, 23). Consequently, "what would count as evidence for a hypothesis is determined by the form of the ...
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1answer
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What is the distinction between positivism and logical positivism?

I've heard that positivism aimed to be purely empirical, while logical positivism recognised that empiricism needed to be combined with logic in order to actually be able to figure out anything. Is ...
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What are the main critiques of positivism?

What are the main critiques of positivism? Define Positivism as: a philosophical system that holds that every rationally justifiable assertion can be scientifically verified or is capable of logical ...
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1answer
90 views

How to argue for physical continuity, positivistically?

Consider the following quote from Dirac's book, The Principles of Quantum Mechanics (4th ed., p. 36): When we measure a real dynamical variable ξ, the disturbance involved in the act of measurement ...
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2answers
93 views

Is there a term for the belief that science provides no knowledge at all even empirical?

Is there a term for the belief that science provides no knowledge at all even empirical? I'm arguing with someone who claims that the alternative is just "positivism".
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5answers
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How empiricism and positivism is distinguished? What's their differences?

According to Wikipedia, Empiricism is a theory that states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience. One of several views of epistemology, the study of human knowledge, along ...
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4answers
3k views

The Opposite Point of Positivist Epistemology

In the philosophy of science, I wanted to know what is the exact opposite point of the positivist epistemology? Actually I'm not from the philosophy area and thus not familiar with different ...
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1answer
48 views

Is Interpretivism Opposed to Using Mathematics in Understanding Social Reality?

Interpretivism rejects the the Positivist claim that social reality can be studied objectively the way we study physical occurrences. In addition, positivists believe that we can use mathematics to ...
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convince me reality exists [duplicate]

Most contemporary uses of the word reality are empirical assertions. What argument can be given that we are discovering Plato's true forms, or that there are any true forms to be found. Is there a ...
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1answer
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How do Logical Positivists respond to the “Positivism is self-defeating” argument

Positivism asserts that any statement that cannot be empirically tested is meaningless. But obviously, this is a self-refuting statement, because it can't be empirically verified as well. How do the ...
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1answer
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Explain Henri Bergson's stance on Time and Space?

I understand that he was, in general, a positivist or realist thinker; however, I am confused when he begins to talk about time existing as two points (A and B) and its differences from a determinist'...
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2answers
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Is this a 'bug' in positivism?

In this speculative article - a view from the future, historians ponder the failure of civilization in face of the global warming - the authors criticize positivism as one problem in facing global ...
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3answers
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Positive vs. Normative--Is falsification required?

I have some confusion on positive vs. normative. I am under the impression that a positive claim is a claim regarding a state of reality, while a normative claim is one of a value judgment on ...
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14answers
39k views

, it is precisely facts that do not exist, only interpretations… As translated in The Portable Nietzsche (1954) by Walter Kaufmann, p. 458

I came across this philosophical thought. There are no facts, only interpretations written by Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900). I tried to understand it but cannot get a satisfying answer. What ...
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4answers
445 views

Positivism and leftist politics

Why is positivism seen as belonging to leftist philosophers? I would have thought that the principle of following the law as it is and not as it ought to be is more right wing than left wing? In his ...
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3answers
540 views

Did positivism influence the development of Marxism?

Positivism (as formulated by Mills & Comte) advocated an epistemology based solely around the 'scientific method'. No doubt due to the stunning successes it had already achieved by then. Marx ...
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5answers
641 views

Is it meaningful to distinguish between two possibilities which are observationally equivalent?

There are many questions in philosophy of the following kind: Does my friend have a soul, or is my friend a zombie? Is the mind separate from the body, or is it the same? Where does the universe come ...