Questions tagged [postmodernism]

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What is Anti-humanism?

I tried to do my own research on it but I'm not very much cleared about it. Please explain it to me in simple language. this term is being used by Post-structuralism and postmodernists.
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Dialectics and postmodernism as competing attacks on liberalism

I recently posted an inquiry over the attitude of Hegelian and Marxist dialectics toward Enlightenment liberalism. A comment mentioned postmodernism as an example of a tradition more plainly ...
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Does Critical Theories (CRT, Queer Studies etc.) come from the Frankfurt school or post-modernism?

I know post colonial studies which is a critical theory began with Orientalism which uses Foucault's concept of discourse. But also Frankfurt School is widely credited with finding critical theory ...
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What is the difference between Modernism and Modernity?

Modernity began during the Renaissance, and was basically the dominance of humanism or human exceptionalism. But a lot of things that are very different have been called Modernist. Fascism, Marxism ...
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Is it possible to reconcile post-structuralism with the scientific method?

Post-structuralist thought seems, to me, to be quite hard to argue with as a concept. Clearly, we understand the world through language, which both stems from culture, loading concepts with cultural ...
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What does postmodernism say about Human Nature?

Chomsky who is anti-postmodernism believes humans have a nature which makes them inherently creative which can be achieved in a free society. This is in opposition to Foucault who talks bout the ...
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Why didn't Nietzsche's work take off in his time? [closed]

Was it becaue he just didn't breakout as a writer or was it because of the dominance of certain philosophical narratives that made his philosophy unacceptable ? he did attack everything ever
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Why is post-modernism so often equated to Relativism, are there any responses in postmodern philosophy that challenges this?

I am refering to critiques of postmodernism that are presented here: https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/postmodernism-didnt-cause-trump-it-explains-him/2018/08/30/0939f7c4-9b12-11e8-843b-...
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How did the french postmodernists and Rorty arrive to the same conclusion using different methodology?

Rorty founded pragmatism -> which is basically that words only get their meanign based on how they're used French postmodernists on the other hand did different things all attacking Grand ...
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What is the difference between Subaltern and any other oppressed group?

This is in the context of deconstructionist Marxist Gayatri Spivak's reply to Foucualt and Deleuze and defense of Marx in her famous work Can The Subaltern Speak ? Are the subaltern just uneducated ...
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What do poststructuralists mean by "power legitimates itself"?

"The post-structuralists assert that in any culture power legitimates itself through its connection to the validating mechanism for truth claims." How is it possible to use truth as an ...
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To what extent is postmodernism an attempt to nullify our biological tendencies?

Postmodernism is an intellectual stance or mode of discourse defined by an attitude of scepticism toward what it considers as the grand narratives and ideologies of modernism, as well as opposition to ...
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How can one argue against absolute Relativism while being a Postmodernist?

A common criticism of postmodernism by the misunderstood and its opponents is that postmodernism justifies absolute moral relativism. I.e The claim that any claim is as true or good as any other, thus ...
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Why do post-modernists like Baudrillard, Rorty reject that label and classification ? What would they call themselves otherwise?

Both of them were influential in problematizing grand narratives and conceptions of truth. They are also considered post-modernists by a lot of scholars. Why then do so many reject this label ?
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Is it possible to reconcile the Enlightenment with post-modernism especially the work of Derrida?

I am referring to Derrida's response to Sokal where he claims his work does not criticize the Enlightenment. However, given the enlightenment promoted the attitude that there existed truths, which ...
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What is the post-modernist response to Francis Fukuyama's theory that technological developments give history a specific direction?

Since post-modernists reject unity points and Foucault's work shows one episteme to the other evolves completely randomly without any pattern, Fukuyama's theory here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=...
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Was Existentialism completely refuted by Structuralism ? Are there existentialist answers to Structuralism?

I know that people like Deleuze who came after the structuralists continue to read Nietzsche who was an existentialist. Does structuralism refute existentialism? How is it brought back by Post-...
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What Does Zizek Mean by Post-Oedipal capitalism?

Zizek says Post-Oedipal capitalism is the dominant system today, and this is in reference to Deleuze and Guattari's work and issue against Freud. From WP: Deleuze and Guattari analyze desire and ...
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How has Foucault and post modernism in general become the dominant lense of analysis in Western Academia and how do Hegelians and others oppose that?

I have read of the strong impact of Foucault (the most cited author ?) and post-modernist lenses in particular in Academia. From Edward Said's Orientalism to Spivak's work (which even doe was a ...
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What are some good easily understood books explaining the Postmodernist thinkers (Baudrillard, Derrida, Foucualt, Deleuze)?

I am talking bout books like Hegel: A Biography by Terry P. Pinkard which makes his philosophy accessible. I am an engineering student and don't know a lot of theory but I have read Durant, The Second ...
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Is Baudrillard's work left-wing or right-wing?

What hints can we draw from his philosophy to situate his politics ? For example the French philosopher Deleuze is obviously an anticatapitalist as understood from his ideas in Anti-oedipus. Drawing ...
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Aren't Foucault's arguments that society thus far has been power evolving to exert itself more efficiently a grand narrative and thus not postmodern?

Post-modernism is a movement that demonstrates that the Modernist way of thinking that conceptions of truth could be arrived to via empricism, reason, science and that all of that could be put ...
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What is the difference between Modernity and Enlightenment?

I know several Enlightenment-era philosophers such as Smith and Locke were responsible for diminishing what Arendt calls "the realm of the political" and then they proceeded to reduce humans ...
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Does Foucault's "power-knowledge" contradict the scientific method?

I am trying to understand Foucault’s power-knowledge concept. It seems that Foucault viewed knowledge not as an understanding of an objective reality but a way to exert power? (1) It seems that one ...
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What are some theories attacking postmodernism preserving objective truth and morality without assuming a God?

From my simplified understanding postmodernism claims ?: there is no objective truth, only interpretation there is no objective morality, morality usually represent the interest of the powers that be ...
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Philosophy and personal identity

It seems to me that the concept of personal identity - as a coherent whole - is a corner stone of Western culture. We build a LinkedIn/Facebook/etc. profile to sell a whole personality. We go to ...
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Is postmodernism the historical source of epistemic relativism? And does epistemic relativism logically derive from postmodernism?

It seems that epistemic relativism denies the possibility of science per se; because if there are no objective facts then there can be no scientific evidence neither as inductive basis (to be used as ...
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Unconventional/underground philosophy

Are there any modern concepts of unconventional philosophy? I endeavour to keep up with all modern books and scholars, yet I have no idea about "underground philosophy"? Do you know ...
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Can someone identify this school of thought?

There have been many articles, videos, etc. where I have encountered a philosophy similar to the following, so I'm sure it has a name, I'm just unable to find it and therefore to read up a bit more ...
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What is bourgeois liberalism (as associated with Rorty)?

In his SEP-article on Richard Rorty, Bjorn Ramberg on two occasions mentions bourgeois liberalism without offering any details of what Rorty or others mean by it. I have never come across this ...
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Does structuralism have preference for thinking through structures?

Structuralism states we are governed by narrow cultural structures. I believe post-modernism and post-structuralism acknowledge the existence of this structures as well. Is the difference in the ...
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Is there a novel that incorporates all of the theories included in Jacques Derrida's 'Seven Missiles, Seven Missives'?

Jacques Derrida came up with some theories about postmodern apocalypses in his Seven Missiles, Seven Missives. I'm looking for a novel that incorporates most of that, if not all.
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Does postmodernism hold that science is one social narrative among many, no better or worse than any other way of knowing?

I'm reading postmodern theory, and it seems to be all allusion and beating around the bush. I'm having a hard time getting at what the foundational ideas are. One thing I have heard is that ...
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How to make sense of philosophical text that might seem like "nonsense" but isn't?

I am reading the work of Jean Baudrillard. Some of his ideas "feels" right: they make sense to me in a weird way, but I can't get deeper because I can't understand most of what I read. Take ...
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Why is postmodernism apparently so ill-perceived in philosophy of science?

In the introduction to Massimo Pigliucci's book Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem, a collection of essays about the topic, I found the following bit: (...) we ...
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Do postmodernism says that now science, politics, arts can't criticized each other? Or is it an observation that they can't anymore?

According to Francois Lyotard in The Postmodern Condition (1979), with metanarratives like the Enlightenment or Marxism, the belief that scientific, political or artistical progress were measured ...
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Why is “The Name of the Rose” by Umberto Eco often regarded as postmodern?

Why is “The Name of the Rose” by Umberto Eco often regarded as postmodern? The only somewhat plausible explanation (yet I’m still quite sure that it is not correct) I’ve managed to come up with is ...
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Post-Positivism's Relationship to Post-Modernism

In A Nice Derangement of Epistemes by John H. Zammito, he attempts to "deflate" certain "extravagant gestures in philosophy of language" as he believes they "threaten to undermine indispensable canons ...
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Do followers of Lyotard consider modernism deconstructive?

Do followers of Lyotard consider modernism deconstructive? I ask only because I've read that Furthermore, says Lyotard, a work can become modern only if it is first postmodern, for postmodernism ...
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What does 'require' mean in this statement of Danto's view on (institutional) art?

According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: The groundwork for institutional definitions was laid by Arthur Danto, better known to non-philosophers as the long-time influential art critic ...
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Should we accept non-predictive inductive arguments based on cultural judgments?

Some inductive arguments that are taken seriously are based on observations about society/culture that cannot be objectively confirmed and do not produce any predictions. Does that make them less ...
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What is the difference between Adorno's 'fragmentation' and post-modern art's fragmentation?

the most authentic art is modernist art which reflects in its own fragmentation the fragmentation of society. What is the difference between Adorno's 'fragmentation' and post-modern art's ...
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Is Baudrillard able to communicate an inability to meaningfully communicate?

Someone suggested to me (not an academic) Baudrillard is saying: the means of communication and meaning become increasing self centred, i.e. communication about communication, simulation, hyper ...
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Are there any good sources that would help me read Lacan's Seminar XVII?

I've been interested in psychoanalysis for the past year or so; I've read a little bit of Freud (the introductory lectures, the case study on the Rat Man, Beyond the Pleasure Principle, and about half ...
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Self refuting pillar of postmodernism

One of the defining tenets of posmodernism is "incredulity towards meta narratives". However, with its ubiquitous emphasis on the oppression of power structures and the consequent victim mentality ...
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Why is Nietzsche associated with postmodernism?

This is not the first commentary in which I have seen Nietzsche associated with postmodernism. I see daylight between him and the core ideas of postmodernism, as represented by the likes of Derrida, ...
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What are the relationships between Foucault's medical gaze, scientific investigation, and Buddhist detachment?

From this note from a clinical psychologist, the Foucault's gaze is described as: ... with this powerful gaze the physician could penetrate illusion and see through to the underlying reality, that ...
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Is there no basis for differentiating a personal from a historical narrative?

Is there no basis for differentiating a personal from a historical narrative? My narrative is a mess, so I'd like to get to grips with the question, ideally as it links to literature. Who in ...
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Would Carl Jung be considered a postmodernist?

All of Jung's colleagues were modernists, primarily because postmodernism wasn't around yet; they were all Freudian, and, as such, followed the Oedipal grand narrative. Jung, however, had a completely ...
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Looking for a book to compliment Zammito and Mohanty in understanding the ethos of post positivistic realism

There are two books which I consider to be indispensable to an understanding of contemporary western culture’s post-truth/alternative facts (scientific and cultural post modernism/structuralism/...
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