Questions tagged [pragmatism]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
70 views

Did Bertrand Russell foresee, in 1943, the 21st century’s propensity to assign factuality to whatever information one finds most comfortable?

I recently read a short paragraph in Russell’s “History of Western Philosophy” which stunned me—it was the shock of recognition—to the extent that I put down the book and stared into space for a good ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

What Richard Rorty understands by science?

I just read Philosophy and social hope, a collection of essays by Richard Rorty. Except for the excess of academicism, I can say I’m definitely inspired by it and happy with the discussions it threw ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

What Does Dewey Mean By Educational “Aims” and “Ends”

In Chapter 8 of Democracy and Education, Dewey begins to discuss aims in education. He starts off by defining the nature of aims. At first I was under the impression that he was referring to the goals ...
1
vote
2answers
185 views

Is there a name for this theory of truth?

I am wondering if there is a name for the following theory of truth, which I might call "persuasionism." Truth, for an individual, is the set of beliefs that individual would eventually, in ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

**What are “experiential consequences”? Doesn't every experience have consequences?**

"[T]ruth and error are identical with these consequences"? You don't need "experiential consequences" to know "true and error"? I never played with fire and don't have &...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Where does Moore admit that no one really knows the truth about those propositions that supposedly we all know?

Alfred Jules Ayer, in a conference where he exposes the achievements of Moore, starts it by saying: "It is true that Moore diminishes the force of his position by adding that no one knows the ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Varieties of Evidentialism (Prudential, Moral, Epistemic)

re section 5 of this SEP https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-belief/#VarEvi I understand each has different aims, but I dont see how does the meaning of evidence and Evidentialism change in each ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Query the salient differences between the neo pragmatistism of Richard Rorty and Hillary Putnam (may they RIP)

While I have over the years read most of what Richard Rorty and Hillary Putnam have “popularly” written/edited [that is aside from their scholarly treatises in academic journals that have for years ...
-1
votes
1answer
145 views

How has Analytic Philosophy Survivied Quine's Criticism?

Analytic philosophy and techniques, in which philosophy is approached as a primarily linguistic and logic exercise, has been the dominant mode of philosophy in the Anglo-American world for most of the ...
4
votes
0answers
89 views

Did any philosopher promote a “pure” pragmatic conception of truth?

William James often associated truth with usefulness (utility), but overall his conception of truth was not pure in this regard. It shares some elements of the correspondence and coherence theory. For ...
1
vote
2answers
725 views

How could I possibly apply rule-utilitarianism in real life?

If I believe in rule-utilitarianism as the best moral system we have to judge what actions are right and wrong, how would I go about applying this system pratically in real life decisions? For ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Which Philosopher would you recommend for learning about the implied philosophy of gifted education?

I'm searching for a philosopher who either commented on gifted education or someone whose writings would critique/applaud gifted education in America. Someone who might be (or have been) a vocal ...
0
votes
0answers
295 views

Can you identify a philosophical argument involving Lifeboats? (Not 'Lifeboat Ethics')

long time since I studied philosophy. I'm trying to remember an argument / thought experiment that went something like, "lifeboats are placed throughout a ship and not just by the wealthy passenger ...
2
votes
1answer
364 views

What is 'Pragmatic Encroachment'?

Question What is 'Pragmatic Encroachment'? Overview I tried to read https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/knowledge-analysis/#PragEncr but it was too dense + wordy (too many unnecessary complex ...
2
votes
2answers
116 views

Social Response to Legal/Moral Duty Violation

When a person, especially a public figure, has committed a serious legal or moral violation, there is a tendency for friends/clients/companies/etc. to dissociate from that individual, even if the ...
2
votes
3answers
242 views

How do pragmatists avoid this modal argument against their view of truth?

I am reading Harry Gensler's Introduction to Logic (Routledge, 2002) and doing exercise 1 of 7.3b in the "Basic Modal Logic" chapter. I think I follow the steps. The answer is in the book. ...
8
votes
0answers
112 views

Meaning in use and naturalisation of intentionality

What is the relation between pragmatism and intentionality? Two different enterprises in philosophy seem to be well established and yet contradicting: Inferential Pragmatism: from Wittgenstein and ...
3
votes
0answers
162 views

Is there any normative theory within pragmatic ethics?

I've read wikipedia's article on pragmatic ethics and it does not produce any norms. Rather, it is only a template for normative ethical theories, like how deontology is a template and CI is a real ...
1
vote
7answers
2k views

Is philosophy a waste of time? [duplicate]

Philosophy has not advanced very far since Ancient Greece and Rome and every philosophical point of view, when extended, becomes absurd. Meanwhile, in little more than 3 centuries, and mostly in the ...
3
votes
1answer
322 views

Why would philosophical agnosticism and pragmatic atheism be considered more rational than philosophical agnosticism and pragmatic theism?

I'm referring to the accepted answer on this post. The answerer states that If one is both attentive to empirical scientific studies and to philosophical investigations of the limits of knowledge, ...
8
votes
3answers
485 views

Has pragmatism really been motivated to move away from necessity? Has it succeeded?

According to pragmatists, in ages of yesteryear the philosophical project aimed at determining the ultimate foundation of knowledge. Interspersed throughout history have been reactions to this ...
5
votes
1answer
502 views

William James' definition of truth and rightheousness

In "The Meaning of Truth", William James advances the following: "The true is only the expedient in the way of our thinking, just as the right is only the expedient in the way of our behaving" What ...
3
votes
3answers
151 views

Is there a conflict between upholding rational justification and seeing societal norms as its ultimate source?

Societal norms in many philosophical schools has come to be seen as the end-all determinant of rational life. This attitude is displayed by Richard Rorty when he says "truth is simply a compliment ...
4
votes
2answers
158 views

Would a pragmatist allow that meaning is representational of things in its use?

Pragmatism contends that use should be stressed when talking about the meaning of words before 'representation'. But what if we were to look at signification/representation as a sort of activity? If ...
2
votes
2answers
333 views

How is the conflict between created by reason and external aspects of knowledge resolved?

Pragmatism is, roughly, the stressing of actions in talking about the content of knowledge. Externalism is, roughly, the stressing of dependence on the external public world in talking about ...
7
votes
3answers
150 views

Does Brandom remain faithful to a Kantian autonomous intellect when he invokes Hegel?

There is a paradox about self-legislating norms that if the norms are self-legislated, they are not binding. In order to avoid this paradox, Brandom turns to Hegel's point that "normative statuses ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Is Brandom's account of history satisfactory to justify itself against doubts?

Brandom's idealism is multi-faceted and complicated. A rough summary of it might be as follows: Rationality is a conceptual normality, a typical way we do things. Specifically, it is a practical ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Are anti-realists faced with a point where they have to take for granted the referential function of words to things that are not words?

Pragmatism is strongly associated with anti-realism, the view that words are meaningful not because they represent a reality independent of the word itself but because of how they are used in a given ...
0
votes
2answers
299 views

How do pragmatists explain how words attach to things in reality?

If I'm feeling particularly despotic I can tell my daughter to go pick me up an apple in the dining room. A couple of seconds later and I am greeted with the thunk of an apple dropping on my lap. ...
6
votes
4answers
607 views

Is Peirce's pragmatic maxim self-evident?

Peirce's pragmatic maxim seems to have an appeal, at least as a "tiebreaker": Consider what effects, that might conceivably have practical bearings, we conceive the object of our conception to have....
1
vote
0answers
44 views

How is self-reference understood in the pragmatist tradition?

Gödel and Tarski's works have been especially influential in the pragmatist tradition, but what exactly did their theorems usher in? What is left of self-reference in the pragmatist tradition? More ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the relation between 'knowledge-that' and 'knowledge-how'?

Quick bit of definitions for the words: Knowledge-that is knowledge that answers a question about a thing. It is informative of a thing's nature or kind. Knowledge-how is knowledge that is expressed ...
1
vote
3answers
767 views

What is the nature of pragmatism as a claim? Can pragmatism ever be understood as a claim in light of its own conditions?

Pragmatism is the suggestion that truth-value and meaning should be talked about in terms of the way we use those terms. All such talk should be hashed out in terms of the practical bearings of such ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Do Wittgenstein and Quine give the same criticisms of semantics?

What is the connection between the criticisms offered by Wittgenstein and Quine of meaning and language? Are both philosophers generally criticizing the same semantic theories with similar arguments, ...
5
votes
1answer
161 views

What makes a relation 'satisfactory' under William James's pragmatist account of truth?

William James wrote that "Ideas ... become true just in so far as they help us to get into satisfactory relations with other parts of experience" (James 1907). What makes any given relation more '...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Why would Dewey opine that reading Shakespeare is not an instance of true learning?

8. Which of the following is most likely to be an instance of true learning, in Dewey's view? a. You finally untangled the knot in your shoelaces b. You memorized the multiplication table ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

For Dewey, why is a beaver dam NOT a tool?

Source: p 216, Philosophy: A Complete Introduction (2012) by Prof. Sharon Kaye MA PhD (in Philosophy, U. Toronto) 3 Which of the following is not a tool, according to Dewey? a. Universities   b. ...
8
votes
1answer
454 views

Should modern empiricists embrace string theory?

Conventional wisdom says "no", lack of new predictions being the main criticism. Johansson and Matsubara review string theory from various empiricist perspectives, and the best they can say (for ...
8
votes
5answers
5k views

What are some real-life applications of metaphysics?

Metaphysics seems to be a field that is almost purely abstract. However, I am also interested in knowing how metaphysics has impacted the real world, if at all.
2
votes
4answers
242 views

Are there any ethical/moral frameworks governing sexual behaviours? If so, what do they say?

Although the sexual domain is clearly an arena of reciprocity, altruism, selfishness, emotional blackmail, dominance-submission, guilt-inducement, etc. etc. posing ethical and moral questions of ...
3
votes
2answers
157 views

What is an excellent, balanced book or review on contemporary philosophy (of science and in general)?

Can you recommend a book, review paper or other overview source on contemporary philosophy, esp. philosophy in relation to science (broadly understood, not only natural sciences), epistemology and ...
3
votes
3answers
449 views

Is evidence for the “big bang” superior to evidence for “god”?

The question needs little elaboration. Perhaps the big bang could be called an "event in spacetime," yet it is also prior to spacetime. God too is described as "causa sui," with no "before." Neither ...
1
vote
3answers
205 views

Practicing Philosophy, and Relations Among Man [closed]

Assuming relations the purpose of man, is it possible for one to practice philosophy in speech only, and not in deed? In other words, can one simply read and write alone in a room and be properly ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

What are the obscure elements in Deweys Pragmatism?

Roberto Unger, in an essay called Science and Politics between a domesticated and radicalised Pragmatism says: The philosophical heroes of Domesticated Pragmatism are Wittgenstein and Dewey, ...
2
votes
2answers
95 views

What is Brandom's notion of implicitness?

Robert Brandom seems to have a very distinct notion of implicitness when he says things like: For while that vocabulary is not itself descriptive vocabulary, its use is implicit in the use of ...
2
votes
3answers
220 views

Which limit for relativism?

I've taken this sentence by Wikipedia but I see it in a weird way. "Culture sophistic through criticism of the notion of truth arrives at a more radical form of relativism. Not only there is no ...
0
votes
3answers
162 views

Could philosophy still work as well or better as multiple isolated, clearly delineated deduction systems?

I presume that philosophy could not work as well or better as such, or it would be going on already. But why couldn't it? I'm sure there are good reasons I can't think of. But those not in the ...
6
votes
5answers
225 views

Is there still a place in modern philosophy for qualitative or non-mathematical philosophy?

Modern philosophy seems to have an inclination to mathematics and other scientific disciplines. Even moral philosophy is being "mathematized". Some peer-reviewed articles on the mere addition paradox, ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

How do empiricism, pragmatism and nominalism fit into one another?

How do the previously mentioned schools or methods fit into one another? Is nominalism a type of pragmatism? Is pragmatism always a form of empiricism etc.
1
vote
1answer
145 views

Quine's Naturalized Epistemology

Quine argues for a naturalized epistemology over traditional kinds. The implications of this move lead to pure descriptions that relinquishes all normativity. Is Quine's method of science as a "...