Questions tagged [pragmatism]

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12
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2answers
1k views

What are the key differences between pragmatism and conventionalism?

What are the key differences between (classical) pragmatism and conventionalism? I'm reasonably familiar with the first, and have just become aware of the second via a reference to Henri Poincaré's La ...
11
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1answer
9k views

What is a straight-forward method for distinguishing pragmatic from utilitarian action or thought?

In common parlance, pragmatic and utilitarian are very similar ways of doing things. In philosophical traditions, Utilitarians and Pragmatists are very different. In terms of understanding an action ...
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1answer
2k views

What are the main differences between Peirce, James, & Dewey?

Peirce, James, & Dewey are generally regarded as the three originators of American pragmatism. Personally, I have noticed each of them for different reasons. James is interesting because of his ...
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1answer
170 views

Meaning in use and naturalisation of intentionality

What is the relation between pragmatism and intentionality? Two different enterprises in philosophy seem to be well established and yet contradicting: Inferential Pragmatism: from Wittgenstein and ...
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1answer
2k views

Do Wittgenstein and Quine give the same criticisms of semantics?

What is the connection between the criticisms offered by Wittgenstein and Quine of meaning and language? Are both philosophers generally criticizing the same semantic theories with similar arguments, ...
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7answers
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Why do we need a reason for believing that inductive method is necessarily true?

I've been a bit perplexed about the "problem" of induction. Hume challenges other philosophers to come up with a deductive reason for the inductive connection. If the justification of induction ...
8
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2answers
2k views

What are the consequences of pragmatism for empirical research?

Positivism tells us that only what is verifiable exists. Therefore scientists should study only what they can observe and measure, through which they can explain natural or social phenomena. ...
8
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3answers
488 views

Has pragmatism really been motivated to move away from necessity? Has it succeeded?

According to pragmatists, in ages of yesteryear the philosophical project aimed at determining the ultimate foundation of knowledge. Interspersed throughout history have been reactions to this ...
8
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1answer
481 views

Should modern empiricists embrace string theory?

Conventional wisdom says "no", lack of new predictions being the main criticism. Johansson and Matsubara review string theory from various empiricist perspectives, and the best they can say (for ...
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5answers
5k views

What are some real-life applications of metaphysics?

Metaphysics seems to be a field that is almost purely abstract. However, I am also interested in knowing how metaphysics has impacted the real world, if at all.
8
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1answer
1k views

What are the most significant philosophical consequences of instrumentalism?

Are there any significant philosophical consequences to the instrumentalist view of the universe? Does it quickly become a distinction without a difference (perhaps simply inline with pragmatism?), ...
7
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3answers
164 views

Does Brandom remain faithful to a Kantian autonomous intellect when he invokes Hegel?

There is a paradox about self-legislating norms that if the norms are self-legislated, they are not binding. In order to avoid this paradox, Brandom turns to Hegel's point that "normative statuses ...
6
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4answers
624 views

Is Peirce's pragmatic maxim self-evident?

Peirce's pragmatic maxim seems to have an appeal, at least as a "tiebreaker": Consider what effects, that might conceivably have practical bearings, we conceive the object of our conception to have....
6
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5answers
238 views

Is there still a place in modern philosophy for qualitative or non-mathematical philosophy?

Modern philosophy seems to have an inclination to mathematics and other scientific disciplines. Even moral philosophy is being "mathematized". Some peer-reviewed articles on the mere addition paradox, ...
5
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1answer
2k views

What is the relation between 'knowledge-that' and 'knowledge-how'?

Quick bit of definitions for the words: Knowledge-that is knowledge that answers a question about a thing. It is informative of a thing's nature or kind. Knowledge-how is knowledge that is expressed ...
5
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1answer
547 views

William James' definition of truth and rightheousness

In "The Meaning of Truth", William James advances the following: "The true is only the expedient in the way of our thinking, just as the right is only the expedient in the way of our behaving" What ...
5
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1answer
163 views

What makes a relation 'satisfactory' under William James's pragmatist account of truth?

William James wrote that "Ideas ... become true just in so far as they help us to get into satisfactory relations with other parts of experience" (James 1907). What makes any given relation more '...
5
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1answer
165 views

Responses to the bricklayer critique of Dewey's definition of Inquiry

Apparently, Russell and Dewey had a very provocative debate in the philosophical literature of their time. Unfortunately I am only familiar with Russell's side of the debate, and want to learn more ...
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2answers
233 views

If religious experiences are reducible to neurological events, can a pragmatist argue against their value?

This question is able to be stated fairly succinctly, and assumes that answerers will have a sufficient degree of familiarity with pragmatism and the notion of religious experience. My motivation in ...
4
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2answers
160 views

Would a pragmatist allow that meaning is representational of things in its use?

Pragmatism contends that use should be stressed when talking about the meaning of words before 'representation'. But what if we were to look at signification/representation as a sort of activity? If ...
4
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1answer
90 views

For Dewey, why is a beaver dam NOT a tool?

Source: p 216, Philosophy: A Complete Introduction (2012) by Prof. Sharon Kaye MA PhD (in Philosophy, U. Toronto) 3 Which of the following is not a tool, according to Dewey? a. Universities   b. ...
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0answers
95 views

Did any philosopher promote a “pure” pragmatic conception of truth?

William James often associated truth with usefulness (utility), but overall his conception of truth was not pure in this regard. It shares some elements of the correspondence and coherence theory. For ...
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3answers
459 views

Is evidence for the "big bang" superior to evidence for "god"?

The question needs little elaboration. Perhaps the big bang could be called an "event in spacetime," yet it is also prior to spacetime. God too is described as "causa sui," with no "before." Neither ...
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2answers
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How should I understand "pragmatic"?

I've read this here: Empiricists see empiricism as a pragmatic compromise between philosophical skepticism and nomothetic science; philosophical skepticism is in turn sometimes referred to as "...
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3answers
152 views

Is there a conflict between upholding rational justification and seeing societal norms as its ultimate source?

Societal norms in many philosophical schools has come to be seen as the end-all determinant of rational life. This attitude is displayed by Richard Rorty when he says "truth is simply a compliment ...
3
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2answers
158 views

What is an excellent, balanced book or review on contemporary philosophy (of science and in general)?

Can you recommend a book, review paper or other overview source on contemporary philosophy, esp. philosophy in relation to science (broadly understood, not only natural sciences), epistemology and ...
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1answer
355 views

Why would philosophical agnosticism and pragmatic atheism be considered more rational than philosophical agnosticism and pragmatic theism?

I'm referring to the accepted answer on this post. The answerer states that If one is both attentive to empirical scientific studies and to philosophical investigations of the limits of knowledge, ...
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0answers
169 views

Is there any normative theory within pragmatic ethics?

I've read wikipedia's article on pragmatic ethics and it does not produce any norms. Rather, it is only a template for normative ethical theories, like how deontology is a template and CI is a real ...
3
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1answer
286 views

Does pragmatism view death as optional?

In a paper Pragmatism and Umwelt-theory the author begins by contrasting pragmatism with scientific realism. He writes something very intriguing at a certain point. That from pragmatic perspective "...
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4answers
245 views

Are there any ethical/moral frameworks governing sexual behaviours? If so, what do they say?

Although the sexual domain is clearly an arena of reciprocity, altruism, selfishness, emotional blackmail, dominance-submission, guilt-inducement, etc. etc. posing ethical and moral questions of ...
2
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1answer
488 views

What is 'Pragmatic Encroachment'?

Question What is 'Pragmatic Encroachment'? Overview I tried to read https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/knowledge-analysis/#PragEncr but it was too dense + wordy (too many unnecessary complex ...
2
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3answers
252 views

How do pragmatists avoid this modal argument against their view of truth?

I am reading Harry Gensler's Introduction to Logic (Routledge, 2002) and doing exercise 1 of 7.3b in the "Basic Modal Logic" chapter. I think I follow the steps. The answer is in the book. ...
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3answers
225 views

Which limit for relativism?

I've taken this sentence by Wikipedia but I see it in a weird way. "Culture sophistic through criticism of the notion of truth arrives at a more radical form of relativism. Not only there is no ...
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2answers
146 views

Does anyone know where the following ideas are found in Peirce's collected works?

The following excerpt is from the book "Science Wars: What Scientists Know and How They Know It": Charles Sanders Peirce [...] argued that our ideas are a response to problems that we ...
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2answers
349 views

How is the conflict between created by reason and external aspects of knowledge resolved?

Pragmatism is, roughly, the stressing of actions in talking about the content of knowledge. Externalism is, roughly, the stressing of dependence on the external public world in talking about ...
2
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2answers
314 views

What is value of a philosphical argument/theory when a conclusion can never be reached?

I have seen several questions and discussions recently on this forum concerning p-zombies, whether or not what we call consciousness is a tangible entity or merely an illusion or elaborate scheme ...
2
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1answer
79 views

Why would Dewey opine that reading Shakespeare is not an instance of true learning?

8. Which of the following is most likely to be an instance of true learning, in Dewey's view? a. You finally untangled the knot in your shoelaces b. You memorized the multiplication table ...
2
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2answers
102 views

What is Brandom's notion of implicitness?

Robert Brandom seems to have a very distinct notion of implicitness when he says things like: For while that vocabulary is not itself descriptive vocabulary, its use is implicit in the use of ...
2
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2answers
116 views

Social Response to Legal/Moral Duty Violation

When a person, especially a public figure, has committed a serious legal or moral violation, there is a tendency for friends/clients/companies/etc. to dissociate from that individual, even if the ...
2
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1answer
88 views

Is Brandom's account of history satisfactory to justify itself against doubts?

Brandom's idealism is multi-faceted and complicated. A rough summary of it might be as follows: Rationality is a conceptual normality, a typical way we do things. Specifically, it is a practical ...
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0answers
60 views

What Richard Rorty understands by science?

I just read Philosophy and social hope, a collection of essays by Richard Rorty. Except for the excess of academicism, I can say I’m definitely inspired by it and happy with the discussions it threw ...
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0answers
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Query the salient differences between the neo pragmatistism of Richard Rorty and Hillary Putnam (may they RIP)

While I have over the years read most of what Richard Rorty and Hillary Putnam have “popularly” written/edited [that is aside from their scholarly treatises in academic journals that have for years ...
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2answers
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How do empiricism, pragmatism and nominalism fit into one another?

How do the previously mentioned schools or methods fit into one another? Is nominalism a type of pragmatism? Is pragmatism always a form of empiricism etc.
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1answer
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What exactly is Peirce trying to argue here?

This paragraph from SEP under the sub-heading Peirce on Reality and Truth: We can then think of the real only as the cause of the (singular) sensations which, in turn, provide our sole ...
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3answers
205 views

Practicing Philosophy, and Relations Among Man [closed]

Assuming relations the purpose of man, is it possible for one to practice philosophy in speech only, and not in deed? In other words, can one simply read and write alone in a room and be properly ...
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2answers
82 views

What Does Dewey Mean By Educational "Aims" and "Ends"

In Chapter 8 of Democracy and Education, Dewey begins to discuss aims in education. He starts off by defining the nature of aims. At first I was under the impression that he was referring to the goals ...
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7answers
2k views

Is philosophy a waste of time? [duplicate]

Philosophy has not advanced very far since Ancient Greece and Rome and every philosophical point of view, when extended, becomes absurd. Meanwhile, in little more than 3 centuries, and mostly in the ...
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3answers
780 views

What is the nature of pragmatism as a claim? Can pragmatism ever be understood as a claim in light of its own conditions?

Pragmatism is the suggestion that truth-value and meaning should be talked about in terms of the way we use those terms. All such talk should be hashed out in terms of the practical bearings of such ...
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1answer
147 views

Quine's Naturalized Epistemology

Quine argues for a naturalized epistemology over traditional kinds. The implications of this move lead to pure descriptions that relinquishes all normativity. Is Quine's method of science as a "...
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2answers
864 views

How could I possibly apply rule-utilitarianism in real life?

If I believe in rule-utilitarianism as the best moral system we have to judge what actions are right and wrong, how would I go about applying this system pratically in real life decisions? For ...