Questions tagged [prediction]

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Is psychology relevant to whether the fulfilment of an unlikely prediction is evidence that the predicter had some sort of foreknowledge?

When someone makes a prediction that is very unlikely to come true, then if the prediction is fulfilled then we generally have strong reason to think that he had some prior knowledge or information ...
A-Level Student's user avatar
0 votes
4 answers
181 views

Is there any theory or postulate accepted in science that isn’t based on novel testable predictions?

I was watching a YouTube video of a guy named Tom Jump who summarizes his epistemology as “If a hypothesis can make new, testable predictions then that counts as evidence. Whichever hypothesis one has ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
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5 answers
110 views

Can an unlikely event be evidence of the existence of a new process?

Note the word “existence” in the question where I’m trying to be careful with my wording here. This can be better illustrated with an example. Take the example of the cheating process. Suppose one ...
thinkingman's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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Can we make nontrivial predictions about the potential future usefulness of specific forms of math, or is it too easy to manipulate math?

This question is motivated by something from the set-theorist Hugh Woodin, a prediction he has made and styled as empirical, according to which a subtheory that he uses will not be shown inconsistent ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
2k views

Can a new theory be proven just from what it predicts?

If we make predictions with a new theory, but cannot verify its internal mechanisms and causal processes, but find that the predictions turn out to be accurate every single time, is this enough ...
thinkingman's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
50 views

Is an outcome based on a prediction less likely than one without?

Suppose I predict that the lottery numbers that will be won tomorrow are a particular sequence and it comes true. Is this event less likely than it occurring without my prediction? Intuitively, it ...
thinkingman's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
226 views

Are random processes equivalent to unpredictable processes

I have seen random and unpredictable used interchangeably but sense there is a subtle difference that I have difficulty articulating. My sense is that predictability is based on my own personal ...
user avatar
4 votes
7 answers
1k views

Determinism vs prediction

What is the difference between determinism and predictable. I have heard classical mechanics is both predictable and deterministic , chaos theory is deterministic but unpredictable , quantum mechanics ...
quanity's user avatar
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1 answer
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Reasoning and Randomness

What is the relation between reasoning and randomness or more specifically finding any relation between logic and stochastic processes? Why does it work so well, I wonder. For instance, prices in ...
quanity's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
66 views

Future tense explanations?

Is it possible to explain in the future tense? For example, "there will be smoke" because "there will be fire"?
Richard Bamford's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
91 views

Does causality have a role in predicting the future compared to knowing the past?

Example: Buckling of a rod: It is easy to know the previous position of a buckled rod, but it is impossible to predict the direction of buckling from the unbuckled position. Does causality play any ...
David Jonsson's user avatar
0 votes
7 answers
293 views

Why do people make theories without predictive power?

I studied neuroscience and during my studies I had a course called "The philosophy of consciousness". There we looked at a theory called Qualia, which infuriated me to no ends. Reading up on ...
Hakaishin's user avatar
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How do the philosophical notions of schemas and paradigms differ?

In analytical philosophy, both schemas and paradigms are powerful conceptual structures for modeling phenomena, and I wonder which features define and differentiate them. Schemas (as explored in ...
iceburger's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
226 views

Did anyone argue against the possibility of a perfect prediction from within a system?

Did anyone offer an argument against the possibility of a perfect and complete prediction about a system from within that system along the following lines: Let's imagine a machine (like a desktop ...
Murey Tasroc's user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
2k views

Can I predict my future by observing all humans/events

There is NO RANDOM in the Universe (Atleat in our universe) Humans have NO FREE WILL (Determinism vs Free Will: Crash Course Philosophy #24) I believe everything happened/happening in the universe is ...
Veerendra K's user avatar
2 votes
6 answers
296 views

At what prediction level do we call a physical world theory true?

Alright, I am in a bind. I know that prediction is the ultimate test of a theory in the physical world. You can make any assumptions, you can come up with useless things like the math in string ...
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