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Questions tagged [presocratics]

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Why does Parmenides impose a limit on his Being?

Parmenides mentions twice in the poem what-is has limit in the part where he talks that what-is is “like the bulk of ball” (B8: lines 42, 49, pages 60, 61). 42: But since the limit is ultimate, ...
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2answers
137 views

Weren't there any philosophers from Africa,America, Middle East before Socrates?

It seems that philosophy began from 2 locations, Asia and Europe, but were there any philosophers from Middle East ,America (south and north) and Africa? I mean, Asia and Europe weren't friends yet ...
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2answers
418 views

Were any pre-Socratic philosophers interested in building schools/academies?

Plato, as a lot of people know created the Platonic Academy, which focused on teaching many subjects, but didn't any pre-Socratic philosophers think of making an academy/school for teaching subjects ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Thales's views on marriage and sexuality

What were Thales's views on marriage and sexuality? Allegedly, when someone asked him why he didn't have children, he replied "Because I am fond of children."
10
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3answers
406 views

Did a lot of Greek philosophers believe lying is impossible?

As I understand it, Parmenides and Heraclitus were two pre-Socratic Greek philosophers whose views could not be farther apart. Parmenides believed that all change is illusory, and that there is just ...
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0answers
43 views

Algorithmic extensions of “Moderation in All Things”? [closed]

The nature of my inquiry has to do with my work on partisan economic models and automata, and the need to align human and algorithmic intelligence from a moral perspective. To this end, I'm starting ...
1
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0answers
39 views

Which pre-Socratic believed the sun was a burning bar of iron?

I had it in my head that it was Anaximander, but I'm not finding it (and it's been a couple of decades since this concept was introduced to me;) Any help is much appreciated.
2
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2answers
172 views

Is Protagoras the philosophical root of the “Turing Test”?

Wikipedia places the philosophical root of the "Turing Test" with Descartes. Clearly Descartes is incredibly valuable in this regard, and also in regard to "cogito ergo sum", which can be applied to ...
4
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1answer
98 views

Why did Parmenides rely on a fantastic fable to explain a sensitive-refusing theory?

There's one point in Parmenides' philosophy where he distinguishes between the 'Way of the Truth' and the 'Way of the Doxa' in a poem called On Nature. In said manuscript, the philosopher states the ...
3
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2answers
171 views

Does Parmenides not face self-contradiction in his views on inquiry?

Parmenides holds that the purpose of inquiry is either to determine the existence of something (so as to say that whatever is, is indeed the case) or the nonexistence of something (so as to say that ...
9
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5answers
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Did Plato record actual conversations in his dialogues?

For example, Did Socrates really meet Zeno in Parmenides as a young man and the conversation that took place between them was recorded by Plato? Are ANY of Plato's dialogues recordings of actual ...
4
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5answers
988 views

Is there a theory of time consistent with Heraclitus?

Heraclitus is recorded as saying: Upon those who step into the same river, different and again different waters flow (Arius Didymus, Dox. Gr.) It is not possible to step twice into the same ...
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6answers
3k views

Why is Aristotle's objection not considered a resolution to Zeno's paradox?

It seems to me, perhaps naïvely, that Aristotle resolved Zenos' famous paradoxes well, when he said that, Time is not composed of indivisible nows any more than any other magnitude is composed of ...
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0answers
100 views

How to harmonise Empedocles theory of perception

In White Mythologies, in part a disquisition on poetics, Derrida quotes Du Marsais on metaphor: When we speak of the light of the mind, the word light is to be taken metaphorically; for just as ...
3
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4answers
137 views

Lecture about presocratic cosmology [closed]

I want to make a lecture of 60 minutes to my students about presocratic cosmology and I would like some advices and book suggestions. Thanks
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7answers
2k views

If a cone is divided in a plane parallel to its base, are the surfaces produced by the cut the same or different in size?

Democritus of Abdera, the ancient philosopher of Greece, reasoned over two thousand years ago: If a cut were made through a cone parallel to its base, how should we conceive of the two opposing ...
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3answers
122 views

How historically grounded is the standard narrative of the Irrationals in Antiquity?

Its commonly said that the Pythagoreans were unbalanced by the discovery of the irrationals; since their philosophy was predicated on ratios; ratios of two finite numbers. Still, it is natural to ...
9
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2answers
327 views

Did Thales really argue this?

Neil deGrasse Tyson in “Deeper, Deeper, Deeper Still” (Cosmos) says something to the following effect. The ancient Greek philosopher Thales argued that natural events such as weather patterns weren'...
5
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1answer
670 views

What did Democritus talk about when he talked about “atoms”?

What did the ancient atomists, e.g. Democritus, say about the number of different sorts of atoms? Did they assume four sorts, corresponding to the four elements (earth, water, air, fire, water)? Any ...
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0answers
51 views

Does pure Place have Being?

According to Aristotelian physics A vacuum, or void, is a place free of everything, and Aristotle argued against the possibility. Void doesn't seem to be the Parmenidian Non-Being. It still has ...
2
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1answer
88 views

Question Concerning A Line From Empedocles Works

Here is the paragraph containing the line to which I referred in the title: The powers spread over the body are constricted, and many afflictions burst in and dull their meditations. After ...
5
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1answer
5k views

Why did Thales say the water is the originating principle, according to Russell?

If I remember Russells Short History of Western Philosophy correctly, Russell unequivocally maintains that Thales was the first philosopher of note. He said: The world is made of water Russell ...
4
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1answer
149 views

Is there any similarity between Parmenides and Berkeley on this score?

J. Barnes says: "Berkeley's argument is in direct line of descent from Parmenides” (The Presocratic Philosophers, p171). This sentence shows up right after he interpreted what Parmenides means by "...
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2answers
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If Parmenides denied the reality of void, would he then have affirmed the reality of space?

Lucretious, in his poem de rerum natura had atoms moving through the void. It seems at least from a modern perspective that his void is what we would call space. The interesting question, which I ...
3
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2answers
250 views

Is Oedipus Rex as an encounter of reason with myth?

I'm interested in alternate readings of Oedipus Rex, as opposed to the orthodox modern position embedded in Philosophy since Freud. I've noticed, that the wikipedia entry on Sophocles treatment of ...
3
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1answer
257 views

Why are the hellenic philosophers before Platos time referred to as pre-socratic?

It seems plausible to me that they could equally have been called pre-Plato. Whats the significance of Socrates? Did he instill an ethical turn in Hellenic philosophy (or be seen to do so)?
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Is knowledge possible in the Heraclitean system?

Heraclitus proposed that everything was in flux always: The Greeks before Heraclitus focused on the essence of things, its nature and being, which they deemed unchangeable. In contrast, Heraclitus ...