Questions tagged [propositional-logic]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Proof that if an inference holds in propositional logic, then the inference holds in superevaluationism

I am currently trying to work on problem 8, but I'm not sure exactly how to start it. I was thinking of starting it by trying to prove that phi is indeed PL valid. I would have to show how that is ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

How to solve: Show that a formula is PL-valid if and only if it is LP-valid

I don't really understand this problem, but I'm going to spill out what I've taken notes on. I know that in order to solve this we would need to use the contrapositive in each direction. I'm going ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

How do I solve: Valuation of I(a v b)=1 iff VI(a)=1 or VI(b)=1 (full question in body)

Given the definition of the defined symbol 'v', show that for any PL-interpretation, I, and any wff a and b, V of I(a v b) =1 if and only if V of I(a) =1 or V of I(b)=1 So I have attempted this ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

Classical propositional logic. Are all formulas sentences?

Let L the language of classical (two-valued) propositional logic consisting of a denumerable set of sentential variables as well as the usual operations of negation, disjunction, conjunction, ...
-1
votes
0answers
39 views

Propositional Logic: Proving ¬ (A → B) ⊢ A ∧¬B without the use of ⊥?

I am stuck on this natural derivation problem. Although I have been able to find solutions on this forum, I am wondering if it is possible to to solve the natural deduction without using ⊥. Thanks in ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Proving A ⊨ B iff ⊨A → B

Let A and B represent arbitrary formulas. Also let 1 ≡ True and 0 ≡ False Prove that A ⊨ B iff ⊨A → B For my proof, I break down the biconditional into two conditionals and prove each conditional. ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

looking for tool(s) for making diagrams with

I am looking for some tool to create symbolic logic derivation diagrams with horizontal and vertical scope line and sub derivations. Then I want to be able to add them to a word document. Word doesn'...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Is this proof valid (noob)?

I'm trying to prove that from P we can conclude that Q implies (P and Q). I understand how this is true intuitively, but I'm just getting a grasp of how to use propositional logic, its rules, etc. to ...
-4
votes
1answer
85 views

do 'p & ~p' , '~p & ~~p' equal 'either p or ~p'? [closed]

In classical logic, (1) p & ~p is equivalent to (2) ~p & ~~p; if we read 'p & ~p' as p, ~p are both true/the case, and if we read '~p & ~~p' as p, ~p are both false/not the case (...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

A set of three statements, of which only two at a time can be true: is there a specific term for this type of combination game?

Here's two examples of what I'm talking about 1 An ideal citizen would be smart, ethical and politically engaged. However, what usually happens in reality is this: If they're smart ...
4
votes
1answer
92 views

Did William of Soissons prove the law of explosion in the 12th century?

In the 12th century, William of Soissons attempted to prove that any proposition can be inferred from a contradiction. I've adapted his proof into a logical system I'm more familiar with: Let E ...
-1
votes
1answer
69 views

How to derive P > (Q > R) from (P > Q) > R in Fitch?

I am having a little bit of difficulty coming up with a Fitch-style natural deduction proof. Presumably, I need to use a few conditional introduction rules, but I am not sure what I can get out of ...
4
votes
3answers
150 views

Why is it argued that an argument has one and only one conclusion?

Why can't an argument have more than just one conclusion? If we assume some premises and we assume them to be true, then by some inference rules we are sometimes able to deduce more than just one true ...
0
votes
2answers
46 views

What are some key differences between an argument in logic and a theory in mathematics?

Both are composed from rules and assumptions which enable us to deduce other inevitable truths that results from these rules and assumptions, right?
2
votes
6answers
165 views

Is it true in some sense that the only “truth” people are capable of knowing is the “truth” that they assume to be true?

What are some viewpoints on the following assertion in philosophy and logic? Anything people argue to be true is only their assertion based on some axioms or premises which they assume to be true (...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the difference between a premise and an assumption in logic?

It seems to me that an assumption is an untold premise in my argument. Is it right?
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Is there a reference list of classic tautologies that are not intuitionistic tautologies for propositional logic?

An example of a classic tautology would be ¬¬A ↔ A. Since double negative elimination is not intuitionistically valid, this classic tautology would not be an intuitionisitic tautology since ¬¬A → A is ...
1
vote
2answers
164 views

Confused about the answers to two logic problems

True or False? If monkeys can fly, then 1 + 1 = 3. What is logically equivalent to all x (p(x) + ~q(x))? For the first one I think it is False.
4
votes
2answers
575 views

What are the conditions for RAA?

My textbook states that: In this case, however, what about situations where we can get Q ^ ~Q (sorry, unfamiliar with this formatting) without depending on P? For instance, the proof of EFQ: 1 (1) ...
0
votes
1answer
205 views

Using predicate logic, how to solve symmetric and anti reflexive

The networks is: A->B->C->D The channels used by the network are: lo, med, hi h-hi, l-lo, m-med i) A network uses one, and only one channel. ii) Networks within close proximity cannot both use the ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Is b⊢C∧¬b⊢C∧b⇒C∧¬b⇒C possible?

Are there any cases where b and C are real world statements where b⊢C∧¬b⊢C∧b⇒C∧¬b⇒C where b and C are not tautologies? It may seem like a silly question, but after searching hard and deep, I couldn't ...